(F)utility of preoperative pulmonary function testing in pectus excavatum to assess severity
ConclusionsWe found that PFT completers were not significantly different from non-completers in most structural and functional measures of pectus deformity and cardiopulmonary function. Inability to complete PFT is not an indicator of pectus severity. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 8, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of ring block and dorsal penile nerve block on parental satisfaction for circumcision operation in children: randomized controlled trial
ConclusionRB and DPNB were compared in circumcision, which is the most common surgical procedure for children. Parental satisfaction, anesthesia, and analgesic effects of both blocks were found to be similar.Clinical trialsACTRN12622001211752. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 8, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

(F)utility of preoperative pulmonary function testing in pectus excavatum to assess severity
ConclusionsWe found that PFT completers were not significantly different from non-completers in most structural and functional measures of pectus deformity and cardiopulmonary function. Inability to complete PFT is not an indicator of pectus severity. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 8, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of ring block and dorsal penile nerve block on parental satisfaction for circumcision operation in children: randomized controlled trial
ConclusionRB and DPNB were compared in circumcision, which is the most common surgical procedure for children. Parental satisfaction, anesthesia, and analgesic effects of both blocks were found to be similar.Clinical trialsACTRN12622001211752. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 8, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Management of complex pediatric and adolescent liver trauma: adult vs pediatric level 1 trauma centers
ConclusionOur retrospective review of high-grade pediatric and adolescent liver trauma demonstrated higher rates of IR and operating room use at the ATC compared to the PTC in the setting of higher Injury Severity Score and age. While the PTC successfully managed  >  95% of Grade 4/5 liver injuries non-operatively, prospective data are needed to determine the optimal algorithm for management in the older adolescent population.Level of evidenceLevel IV. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 7, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Analysis of gap length as a predictor of surgical outcomes in esophageal atresia with distal fistula: a single center experience
ConclusionA gap length  ≥ 2.0 cm was considered as defining LGEA and was associated with an extremely high complication rate after primary repair. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Percutaneous core needle biopsy of neuroblastoma in the pediatric population: what have we learned in the last decade
ConclusionsCNB is a safe method and should be considered the first choice for obtaining tissue diagnosis when feasible due to its high adequacy in terms of tumor histopathological features. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of two formulations of intravenous lipid emulsions in pediatric intestinal failure
ConclusionThe administration of ML did not alter the incidence or resolution of IFALD compared to SL in pediatric IF. There was rapid resolution of IFALD and enhanced weight gain in the ML cohort compared to SL in pediatric IF. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Analysis of gap length as a predictor of surgical outcomes in esophageal atresia with distal fistula: a single center experience
ConclusionA gap length  ≥ 2.0 cm was considered as defining LGEA and was associated with an extremely high complication rate after primary repair. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Percutaneous core needle biopsy of neuroblastoma in the pediatric population: what have we learned in the last decade
ConclusionsCNB is a safe method and should be considered the first choice for obtaining tissue diagnosis when feasible due to its high adequacy in terms of tumor histopathological features. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of two formulations of intravenous lipid emulsions in pediatric intestinal failure
ConclusionThe administration of ML did not alter the incidence or resolution of IFALD compared to SL in pediatric IF. There was rapid resolution of IFALD and enhanced weight gain in the ML cohort compared to SL in pediatric IF. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 6, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

How effective is nephrectomy in curing hypertension in children with unilateral poorly functioning kidney? A systematic review
ConclusionsIn children with HTN and a unilateral PFK, nephrectomy cured the HTN in two-thirds of children. Unilateral atrophic kidney due to VUR was the most common cause of PFK. An increase in the utilisation of laparoscopy was observed in recent publications, hence laparoscopic nephrectomy may be considered a first choice of treatment in these children. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 3, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Assessment of long-term quality of life, bowel and voiding function outcomes in patients with anorectal malformation at a single UK centre
ConclusionPatients with ARM have significantly worse QoL, bowel and voiding function than normal healthy controls. There is a need for long-term monitoring of function and further support for these children.Level of evidenceIII. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 3, 2024 Category: Surgery Source Type: research