Cognitive insight, medication adherence and methamphetamine cessation in people enrolled in a pharmacotherapy trial for methamphetamine use
The current study examined correlates of cognitive insight in people enrolled in a methamphetamine pharmacotherapy trial; whether cognitive insight at the start of the trial predicted medication adherence and reductions in methamphetamine use during the trial; and, whether insight would remain stable over the trial or improve with reductions in methamphetamine use. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Dayle Raftery, Peter J. Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Gregory Carter, Olivia M. Dean, Dan I. Lubman, Alyna Turner, Rebecca McKetin Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Feasibility and acceptability of mindful recovery opioid use care continuum (M-ROCC): A concurrent mixed methods study” [Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 130 (2021) 108415]
The authors regret errors in the way the coefficients were presented in the abstract. The abstract should read “Participant mindfulness increased from baseline to 24-weeks (β = 0.24, p = 0.001, d = 0.51), and increases were correlated with informal mindfulness practice frequency (r = 0.7, p  (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas Fatkin, Sarah K. Moore, Kayley Okst, Timothy B. Creedon, Farah Samawi, Alaine Kiera Fredericksen, David Roll, Alexandra Oxnard, Benjamin L ê Cook, Zev Schuman-Olivier Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Emergency department-based efforts to offer medication treatment for opioid use disorder: What can we learn from current approaches?
This study's objective is to identify features of ED-based OUD treatment programs that relate to program implementation, effectiveness, and sustainability. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Maureen T. Stewart, Neto Coulibaly, Daniel Schwartz, Judith Dey, Cindy Parks Thomas Source Type: research

“A good mother”: Impact of motherhood identity on women's substance use and engagement in treatment across the lifespan
Women are underrepresented in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Interpersonal and structural factors affect women's access to SUD treatment, but limited research evaluates how motherhood is a potential barrier and facilitator to engagement in SUD treatment. We focus on women from young to middle adulthood, and capture women's identities as mothers, caretakers, and grandmothers, outside of pregnancy and the postpartum period. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Zoe M. Adams, Callie M. Ginapp, Carolina R. Price, Yilu Qin, Lynn M. Madden, Kimberly Yonkers, Jaimie P. Meyer Source Type: research

An evaluation of StaySafe, a tablet app to improve health risk decision-making among people under community supervision
Background:A self-administered tablet app,StaySafe, helps people under community supervision to make better decisions regarding health risk behaviors, especially those linked to HIV, viral hepatitis, and other sexually transmitted infections. The multi-session StaySafe design uses an interactive, analytical schema called WORKIT that guides users through a series of steps, questions, and exercises aimed at promoting critical thinking about health risks associated with substance use and unprotected sex. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Wayne E.K. Lehman, Jen Pankow, Roxanne Muiruri, George W. Joe, Kevin Knight Source Type: research

Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion: Qualitative evaluation of barriers and facilitators of program implementation
Despite widespread interest in adoption, there has been limited systematic examination of Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) implementation, a model for police-led arrest diversion for those with substance use disorders (SUD). In the fall of 2017, the City of New Haven started a LEAD program. During the first 9 months of the pilot, only 2 clients were successfully diverted from arrest. Therefore, we examined the and barriers and facilitators of LEAD implementation. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Paul J. Joudrey, Christina R. Nelson, Kelly Lawson, Kenneth L. Morford, Dakibu Muley, Cynthia Watson, Martha Okafor, Emily A. Wang, Cindy Crusto Source Type: research

Self-reported reductions in tobacco and nicotine use following medical cannabis initiation: Results from a cross-sectional survey of authorized medical cannabis patients in Canada
Despite decades of campaigns aimed at reducing tobacco/nicotine (T/N) use and the development of many different T/N reduction and cessation strategies, the impacts on international public health remain significant. Some studies have found an association between medical and non –medical cannabis use and T/N use, although the evidence on whether cannabis/cannabinoids increase or decrease the odds of reducing or ceasing T/N use remain contradictory. This paper explores the self-reported use of cannabis and associated changes in T/N use among a Canadian medical cannabis pat ient population. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philippe Lucas, Zach Walsh, Peter S. Hendricks, Susan Boyd, M.-J. Milloy Source Type: research

Trends in visits to substance use disorder treatment facilities in 2020
To describe weekly changes in the number of substance use disorder treatment (SUDT) facility visits in 2020 compared to 2019 using cell phone location data. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Jonathan Cantor, David Kravitz, Mark Sorbero, Barbara Andraka-Christou, Christopher Whaley, Kathryn Bouskill, Bradley D. Stein Source Type: research

Personal, provider and system level barriers and enablers for hepatitis C treatment in the era of direct-acting antivirals: Experiences of patients who inject drugs accessing treatment in general practice settings in Australia
This study investigates barriers and enablers to DAA treatment of HCV in general practice settings in Australia, from the patient perspective. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 patients; of these patients, seventeen participants were currently on opioid agonist therapy, and four were currently injecting drugs. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Emma Heard, Andrew Smirnov, Luciana Massi, Linda Selvey Source Type: research

Attitudes toward opioid use disorder pharmacotherapy among recovery community center attendees
Despite their proven efficacy, medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) are underutilized. Negative beliefs and attitudes toward MOUD are quite common, yet rapidly expanding recovery community centers (RCCs) may offer a promising venue for fostering MOUD support as they operate under the maxim, “many pathways [to recovery], all should be celebrated” and are utilized mainly by those with opioid use disorder. The current study provides a first look at MOUD attitudes and their correlates in RCC attendees. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Lauren A. Hoffman, Corrie L. Vilsaint, John F. Kelly Source Type: research

Effects of a cannabis use disorder text message –delivered treatment on young adult alcohol misuse: Differential effects by gender
Alcohol misuse is more prevalent, frequent, and severe among young adults who use cannabis. Treatment of dual alcohol and cannabis users may have mixed results, with some studies reporting that alcohol misuse increases when cannabis use decreases (substance substitution), others report that alcohol misuse decreases along with decreasing cannabis use (treatment spillover), while others report no association. Additionally, little research tests whether gender differences are found in treatment of dual alcohol and cannabis users, which may be expected given previous alcohol-focused treatments showing larger effects for female...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael A. Russell, Rachel N. Bomysoad, J. Douglas Coatsworth, Michael J. Mason Source Type: research

A comparison of structural features and vulnerability between government and nongovernment alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment providers
Both public (government-run), and not-for-profit (nongovernment) service providers provide alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment services. Research has rarely studied the structural features of these providers, such as workforce characteristics, procurement arrangements, and funding security. The study reported here sought to document and analyze the differences between these two AOD treatment provider types in Australia. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K. Van de Ven, A. Ritter, T. Vuong, M. Livingston, L. Berends, J. Chalmers, T. Dobbins Source Type: research

A pilot randomized clinical trial of mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement as an adjunct to methadone treatment for people with opioid use disorder and chronic pain: Impact on illicit drug use, health, and well-being
Chronic pain is highly prevalent among people in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for opioid use disorder and is known to be an important contributor to treatment discontinuation and opioid relapse. Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) is one of the few interventions developed and tested as an integrated treatment to simultaneously address both pain and illicit opioid use; however, this study is the first to evaluate MORE as an adjunct to MMT. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nina A. Cooperman, Adam W. Hanley, Anna Kline, Eric L. Garland Source Type: research

Association between discharges against medical advice and readmission in patients treated for drug-injection related skin and soft tissue infections
The prevalence of injection drug use (IDU)-related skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in Philadelphia has been steadily increasing since 2013. Patients seeking treatment for these infections are more likely to be discharged against medical advice (AMA), increasing the likelihood that they will end antibiotic treatment prematurely and require additional medical interventions. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Amanda Hazen, Lia Pizzicato, Jeffrey Hom, Caroline Johnson, Kendra M. Viner Source Type: research

Utilizing patients ’ perception of group treatment in exploring medication adherence, social support, and quality of life outcomes in people who inject drugs with Hepatitis C
This study sought to explore the association between indicators of group treatment environment and improved outcomes in HCV-infected PWID. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Kerry A. Howard, Lior Rennert, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Moonseong Heo, Brianna L. Norton, Matthew J. Akiyama, Linda Agyemang, Alain H. Litwin Source Type: research

Correlates of methamphetamine use severity among patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment for opioid use disorder in Vietnam
To assess the severity of methamphetamine use among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients in Vietnam with opioid use disorder and concurrent methamphetamine use, and to identify risk factors associated with higher severity of methamphetamine use. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Le Minh Giang, Michael J. Li, Chukwuemeka N. Okafor, Nguyen Bich Diep, Steven J. Shoptaw Source Type: research

Perspectives on electronic portal use among patients treated with medications for opioid use disorder in primary care
Office-based opioid treatment (OBOT) with buprenorphine is increasingly integrated in primary care to treat opioid use disorder (OUD). Online portals seek to engage patients in care of their chronic medical conditions, yet we know little about how patients with OUD experience these portals. Our study explores how patients with OUD perceive the impact of portal use on addiction treatment and clinical care. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Joan Chen, MarkJason Cabudol, Emily C. Williams, Joseph O. Merrill, Judith I. Tsui, Jared W. Klein Source Type: research

Substance use disorders among older populations: What role do race and ethnicity play in treatment and completion?
Research that explores the role of substance use treatment among older individuals is scarce. This paper offers a historical investigation of admissions and discharges for treatment episodes over the past two decades across race, ethnicity, gender, and age. Our results suggest that although older individuals are not typically associated with risky behavior, they are increasingly seeking treatment for substance use disorders. We find that substance use treatment admissions for people aged 50 and older have persistently increased over our sample period. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Jevay Grooms, Alberto Ortega Source Type: research

The principles and practices of psychoeducation with alcohol or other drug use disorders: A review and brief guide
In the current work, we build upon a small body of literature that delineates cross-cutting factors, or processes, of evidence-based alcohol or other drug (AOD) therapies. Here, we discuss Psychoeducation. We define psychoeducation as a brief process of therapy focused on the communication of varied aspects of disease- and/or treatment-related information. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Molly Magill, Steve Martino, Bruce Wampold Source Type: research

Incarceration and compulsory rehabilitation impede use of medication for opioid use disorder and HIV care engagement in Vietnam
This study estimates the effects of incarceration and compulsory rehabilitation on MOUD and HIV treatment outcomes in Vietnam. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Caroline King, Ryan Cook, Le Minh Giang, Gavin Bart, Kim Hoffman, Elizabeth Needham Waddell, P. Todd Korthuis Source Type: research

Guidelines for authors
The Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (JSAT) features original research; systematic reviews and meta-analyses; and commentaries and symposia/conference proceedings that advance the care of substance use disorders (including alcohol, illicit and prescription drugs, cannabis and nicotine) and their consequences. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Peter D. Friedmann Source Type: research

Naturalistic Follow-up after a Trial of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder: Medication Status, Opioid Use, and Relapse
This report examined naturalistic opioid use outcomes and utilization of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) 36 weeks post-randomization in the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) Extended-Release Naltrexone (XR-NTX) versus Buprenorphine-Naloxone (BUP-NX) for Opioid Treatment trial (CTN-0051, X:BOT). (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Miranda G. Greiner, Matisyahu Shulman, Tse-Hwei Choo, Jennifer Scodes, Martina Pavlicova, Aimee N.C. Campbell, Patricia Novo, Marc Fishman, Joshua D. Lee, John Rotrosen, Edward V. Nunes Source Type: research

Substance Use Among Women who are Pregnant: Examining Treatment Completion by Race and Ethnicity
Substance use during pregnancy is a critical public health issue that affects both the mother and the fetus. While research has assessed racial differences in treatment completion among women who are pregnant for specific types of substances, few studies have evaluated treatment completion for a variety of substances. As such, the purpose of this study was to examine racial differences in substance use treatment completion among women who are pregnant. The study derived data from the 2017 Treatment Episode Data-Discharges (TEDS-D) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Zainab Suntai Source Type: research

“It could potentially be dangerous... but nothing else has seemed to help me.”: Patient and clinician perspectives on benzodiazepine use in opioid agonist treatment
Benzodiazepine use among patients receiving opioid agonist treatment (OAT) presents a conundrum: benzodiazepines increase overdose risk, yet can treat anxiety and insomnia. How best to balance the risks and benefits of benzodiazepines among OAT patients is unclear. Using qualitative methods, we examined patient motivations for benzodiazepine use and understanding of risks, and the context in which benzodiazepine use and prescribing occurs. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tae Woo Park, Jennifer Sikov, Vanessa dellaBitta, Richard Saitz, Alexander Y. Walley, Mari-Lynn Drainoni Source Type: research

Brief alcohol interventions in U.S. medical settings: A systematic review of the implementation literature
This systematic review provides a synthesis of the literature on brief alcohol intervention (BAI) implementation in medical settings. We utilized the Proctor et al. (2011) taxonomy of eight implementation outcomes (acceptability, adoption, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity, implementation cost, penetration, and sustainability) to organize and describe the qualitative and quantitative literature regarding BAI implementation. An electronic search of the PubMed database identified 25 articles that met inclusion criteria. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Travis A. Loughran, Jacob L. Scharer, Lauren Rodriguez, Martin J. De Vita, Stephen A. Maisto, Jennifer S. Funderburk Source Type: research

Parent SMART (substance misuse in adolescents in residential treatment): Pilot randomized trial of a technology-assisted parenting intervention
Adolescents in residential level of care for substance-related problems have high risk of relapse following discharge. Parent engagement lowers relapse risk, but there are myriad barriers to engaging parents in residential treatment and continuing care. Parent SMART (Substance Misuse in Adolescents in Residential Treatment) is a technology-assisted parenting intervention that was designed to circumvent barriers associated with traditional, office-based continuing care interventions to better engage parents. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Sara J. Becker, Sarah A. Helseth, Tim Janssen, Lourah M. Kelly, Katherine Escobar, Timothy Souza, Thomas Wright, Anthony Spirito Source Type: research

Evaluating buprenorphine prescribing and opioid-related health outcomes following the expansion the buprenorphine waiver program
To evaluate associations between new types of buprenorphine waivers (nurse practitioner and physician assistant [NP/PA]; 275-patient limit [MD/DO-275]) and both buprenorphine prescribing and health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Christopher L. Rowe, Jennifer Ahern, Alan Hubbard, Phillip O. Coffin Source Type: research

Employing the risk-need-Responsivity (RNR) model and predicting successful completion in an alternative drug court program: Preliminary findings from the Orleans parish drug court
Drug courts have been in operation for decades to provide treatment alternatives to individuals whose substance use and related behaviors have brought them into contact with the criminal justice system. As research on drug courts have evolved, it has been demonstrated that different types of offenders have different mental health and substance use treatment needs. One way of approaching treatment in court-mandated substance use treatment is by the application of the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model (Andrews et al., 1990b). (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Amy J. Mikolajewski, Nicholas P. Allan, Livia Merrill, Melissa C. Carter, Gina Manguno-Mire Source Type: research

Hepatitis C treatment outcomes among patients treated in co-located primary care and addiction treatment settings
This study evaluated HCV outcomes of patients treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) by primary care providers in two sites of co-located addiction/HCV care. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Belle V. Ngo, Jocelyn R. James, Kendra L. Blalock, Sara L. Jackson, Lisa D. Chew, Judith I. Tsui Source Type: research

Low-barrier buprenorphine during the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid transition to on-demand telemedicine with wide-ranging effects
Low barrier addiction clinics increase access to medications to treat substance use disorders, while emphasizing harm reduction. The Harm Reduction and BRidges to Care (HRBR) Clinic is an on demand, low barrier addiction clinic that opened in October 2019. In the first three months of operation (November through January , 2020), HRBR saw steadily increasing numbers of patients.Oregon saw its first case of novel coronavirus in February, and declared a state of emergency and enacted a formal “Stay at Home” order in March. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Bradley M. Buchheit, Haven Wheelock, Abby Lee, Kimberly Brandt, Jessica Gregg Source Type: research

Alcohol use disorder and treatment receipt among individuals aged 50 years and older: Other substance use and psychiatric correlates
We examined associations of past-year AUD with other substance use and any mental illness (AMI) and associations of past-year AUD treatment receipt with other substance use, AMI, and mental health treatment receipt among those with AUD. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Namkee G. Choi Source Type: research

The short-term effectiveness of real-time video counselling on smoking cessation among residents in rural and remote areas: An interim analysis of a randomised trial
This study aimed to assess the short-term effectiveness of real-time video counselling compared to telephone counselling or written materials (minimal intervention control) on smoking cessation and quit attempts among rural and remote residents. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Judith Byaruhanga, Christine L. Paul, John Wiggers, Emma Byrnes, Aimee Mitchell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Jennifer Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Karen Gillham, Flora Tzelepis Source Type: research

Changes in methadone program practices and fatal methadone overdose rates in Connecticut during COVID-19
This study examines opioid treatment program (OTP) changes to methadone treatment during COVID-19 and changes in fatal methadone-involved overdose rates in Connecticut. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Sarah Brothers, Adam Viera, Robert Heimer Source Type: research

Motherhood, substance use and peer support: Benefits of an integrated group program for pregnant and postpartum women
Little is known though about the experiences that pregnant and postpartum women have in integrated care programs for substance use disorder and the mechanisms that may contribute to the treatment success. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Inga Gru ß, Alison Firemark, Autumn Davidson Source Type: research

Racial Inequity in Methadone Dose at Delivery in Pregnant Women with Opioid Use Disorder
Medications for opioid use disorder, including methadone, combined with comprehensive wraparound services, are the gold standard for treatment in pregnancy. Higher methadone doses are associated with treatment retention in pregnancy and relapse prevention. Given known inequities where individuals of color tend to be prescribed lower doses of opioids for other conditions, the purpose of this study was to determine whether there is racial inequity in methadone dose at delivery in pregnant women with opioid use disorder. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Emily W. Rosenthal, Vanessa L. Short, Yuri Cruz, Cecily Barber, Jason K. Baxter, Diane J. Abatemarco, Amanda R. Roman, Dennis J. Hand Source Type: research

Drum-assisted recovery therapy for Native Americans (DARTNA): Results from a feasibility randomized controlled trial
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) is a significant health issue in the United States.  However, few evidence-based substance use interventions that utilize AI/AN traditional practices, such as drumming, exist. The current study is a feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) analyzing the potential benefits of DARTNA (Drum-assisted recovery therapy for Native Americans) among 63 AI/AN adults seeking substance use treatment within an urban area in southern California. We compared DARTNA participants to usual care plus, which involved an integrated multimedia health ed...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Daniel L. Dickerson, Elizabeth J. D ’Amico, David J. Klein, Carrie L. Johnson, Benjamin Hale, Feifei Ye, Blanca Dominguez Source Type: research

Impact of a pharmacist-led substance use disorder transitions of care clinic on postdischarge medication treatment retention
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has made significant improvements in increasing prescribing of medication treatment for opioid use disorder (MOUD) and medication treatment for alcohol use disorder (MAUD); however, several barriers to treatment retention remain. In an effort to improve MOUD/MAUD retention, a Veterans Affairs (VA) facility established a pharmacist-led substance use disorder (SUD) transitions of care telephone clinic for patients discharged from an inpatient hospitalization on MOUD/MAUD, including buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP/NAL) and extended-release (ER) naltrexone injections. (Source: Journal of Su...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Austin Smith, Jamie Hansen, Michelle Colvard Source Type: research

Validity and item response theory properties of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test for primary care alcohol use screening in Mozambique (AUDIT-MZ)
No validated tools exist to screen for substance use or dependence in Mozambique. The aim of this study was to validate the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) for use in primary care settings in Mozambique. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Dana L. Atkins, Vasco F.J. Cumbe, Alberto Muanido, Nelia Manaca, H élder Fumo, Pedro Chiruca, Leecreesha Hicks, Bradley H. Wagenaar Source Type: research

Motivational Interviewing Telephone Counseling to Increase Postpartum Maintenance of Abstinence from Tobacco
We examined the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in maintaining postpartum abstinence from smoking among pregnant women who recently quit smoking (N = 382), randomized to receive five brief MI phone counseling calls or to a prenatal and postpartum care as usual control condition. Relapse to smoking was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum based on self-report and urine cotinine. Cox regressions compared conditions on relapse outcomes and hazard ratio of total number of MI calls was examined to probe dose-response effects. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Cara M. Murphy, Lauren Micalizzi, Alexander W. Sokolovsky, Belinda Borrelli, Ernestine G. Jennings, Christina S. Lee, Donna R. Parker, Patricia Markham Risica Source Type: research

Association between availability of medications for opioid use disorder in specialty treatment and use of medications among patients: A state-level trends analysis
Access to medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) is a recognized public health challenge to improving the health of people with opioid use disorder (OUD) in many communities. Prior studies have shown that although MOUD availability has increased over time, particularly in some states, many substance use treatment facilities still do not offer medications. The relationship between greater availability of MOUD and use of MOUD among patients in treatment programs is not well understood. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Keisha T. Solomon, Sachini Bandara, Ian S. Reynolds, Noa Krawczyk, Brendan Saloner, Elizabeth Stuart, Elizabeth Connolly Source Type: research

Facilitating engagement of persons with opioid use disorder in treatment for hepatitis C virus infection via telemedicine: Stories of onsite case managers
Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has high prevalence and incidence in persons with opioid use disorder (PWOUD), their engagement in HCV care has been limited due to a variety of factors. In an ongoing multisite study at 12 opioid treatment programs (OTPs) throughout New York State (NYS), we have been evaluating telemedicine accompanied by onsite administration of direct acting antiviral (DAA) medications compared with usual care including offsite referral to a liver specialist for HCV management. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Andrew H. Talal, Urmo Jaanim ägi, Kathleen Davis, Jordan Bailey, Barbara M. Bauer, Arpan Dharia, Saliyah George, Anthony McLeod, Karen Morton, Ann Nugent, Marija Zeremski, Amreen Dinani, Don C. Des Jarlais, Ponni V. Perumalswami, Jonathan N. Tobin, Suzan Source Type: research

Barriers to retention in substance use treatment: Validation of a new, theory-based scale
Few studies and no theory-based scales have addressed specific barriers to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment retention. The current study, building on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), sought to (a) identify those barriers that are most strongly associated with treatment retention, and most common, and (b) develop and validate a new scale of retention barriers, focusing on TPB attitude and perceived control components. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Sarah E. Zemore, Orrin D. Ware, Paul A. Gilbert, Miguel Pinedo Source Type: research

Utilization of substance use treatment among criminal justice-involved individuals in the United States
We examined the extent to which criminal justice-involvement affects substance use treatment utilization among participants from one of the largest annual surveys on substance use in the U.S., the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Multivariable logistic regression analyses indicated that criminal justice involvement was significantly associated with receiving substance use treatment in the past year (AOR 8.00, 95% CI: 6.23 –10.27, p  (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tawandra L. Rowell-Cunsolo, Meghan Bellerose Source Type: research

Digital delivery of a contingency management intervention for substance use disorder: A feasibility study with DynamiCare health
This study examined feasibility, engagement (duration and consistency of app utilization), and impact on usual care treatment participation when a community substance use treatment program implemented this digital therapy among its patients. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alexis S. Hammond, Mary M. Sweeney, Tanyaradzwa U. Chikosi, Maxine L. Stitzer Source Type: research

Examining factors associated with postintervention recidivism in DUI repeat offenders after alcohol treatment: One-year follow-up study
In this study, 231 DUI repeat offenders with alcohol use problems screened out by the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test were referred from the prosecutors' office to one psychiatric hospital for SBIRT-based alcohol treatment. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Wan-Ju Cheng, Lian-Yu Chen, Su-Chen Fang, Hu-Ming Chang, Tien-Wei Yang, Ru-Chi Chang, Tai-Chao Hsing, Ming-Chyi Huang Source Type: research

Developing a model of care for substance use in pregnancy and parenting services, Sydney, Australia: Service provider perspectives
The absence of a clear model of care for services supporting pregnant women and mothers with substance use disorders has impeded opportunities to build an evidence base for the effectiveness of these services. Previous research has typically focused on the needs of pregnant women or mothers, as two distinct groups. This paper explores service providers' perceptions of key components of a model of care, extending from perinatal care to community-based support for up to 17  years post-delivery. A model of care is outlined and feasibility factors affecting implementation are highlighted. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Heidi Coupland, Maja Lindegaard Moensted, Sharon Reid, Bethany White, John Eastwood, Paul Haber, Carolyn Day Source Type: research

Using machine learning to identify predictors of imminent drinking and create tailored messages for at-risk drinkers experiencing homelessness
Adults experiencing homelessness are more likely to have an alcohol use disorder compared to adults in the general population. Although shelter-based treatments are common, completion rates tend to be poor, suggesting a need for more effective approaches that are tailored to this understudied and underserved population. One barrier to developing more effective treatments is the limited knowledge of the triggers of alcohol use among homeless adults. This paper describes the use of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to identify predictors of “imminent drinking” (i.e., drinking within the next 4 h), among a s...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Scott T. Walters, Michael S. Businelle, Robert Suchting, Xiaoyin Li, Emily T. Hebert, Eun-Young Mun Source Type: research

Examining factors that shape use and access to diverted prescription opioids during an overdose crisis: A qualitative study in Vancouver, Canada
Prescription opioid (PO) diversion is widely regarded as a driver of overdose mortality. However, less is known about the rationale for using diverted POs during an overdose epidemic and how contextual factors (e.g., poverty, drug policies) may affect this practice. Therefore, we sought to examine this phenomenon. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Andrew Ivsins, M. Eugenia Soc ías, Thomas Kerr Source Type: research

Patterns of patient discontinuation from buprenorphine/naloxone treatment for opioid use disorder: A study of a commercially insured population in Massachusetts
Research has shown buprenorphine/naloxone to be an effective medication for treating individuals with opioid use disorder. At the same time, treatment discontinuation rates are reportedly high though but much of the extant evidence comes from studies of the Medicaid population. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mahmudul Hasan, Noor-E-Alam, Prathamesh Mohite, Saiful Islam, Alicia Sasser Modestino, Alyssa M. Peckham, Leonard D. Young, Gary J. Young Source Type: research

Racial differences in overdose training, naloxone possession, and naloxone administration among clients and nonclients of a syringe services program
To evaluate racial (Black/White) differences in overdose response training and take-home naloxone (THN) possession and administration among clients and nonclients of the Baltimore syringe service program (SSP). (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: A.A. Jones, J.N. Park, S.T. Allen, K.E. Schneider, B.W. Weir, D. Hunt, S.G. Sherman Source Type: research