Follow-up after ED visits for opioid use disorder: Do they reduce future overdoses?
The objective this paper is to examine the rate of 7-day follow-up after an OUD-related ED visi t and the association with future overdoses. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 20, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: The Medicaid Outcomes Distributed Research Network Source Type: research

“Can we get a black rehabilitation center”? Factors impacting the treatment experiences of black people who use opioids
With opioid overdose rates doubling in the state of Kentucky over the last year, the opioid crisis is having a deadly impact on the state. Among Black individuals in particular, overdose rates have increased by nearly a third. As such, we must examine ways to effectively intervene to reduce deaths among this underrepresented population. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 20, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Candice N. Hargons, Brittany D. Miller-Roenigk, Natalie J. Malone, Destin L. Mizelle, Jovonna D. Atkinson, Danelle J. Stevens-Watkins Source Type: research

What is success in treatment for opioid use disorder? Perspectives of physicians and patients in primary care settings
Clinicians and researchers have traditionally relied on treatment retention and opioid abstinence as the primary measures of treatment success for people with opioid use disorder (OUD). However, these measures may not capture the range of clinically important treatment outcomes. The study sought to identify indicators of success in primary care –based medication for OUD (MOUD) treatment from the perspectives of patients with OUD and the physicians who treat them. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 19, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Stephanie A. Hooker, Michelle D. Sherman, Mary Lonergan-Cullum, Tanner Nissly, Robert Levy Source Type: research

Multimorbidity classes indicate differential patterns of health care engagement among people who inject drugs
Aging people who inject drugs (PWID) have complex health needs. Health care management could be complicated by persistent substance use, multiple health challenges, and inconsistent access to care. However, we know little about the relationship between chronic multimorbidity and health care engagement in this population. The purpose of this study is to characterize patterns and correlates of chronic disease multimorbidity among PWID. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 19, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Omeid Heidari, Becky L. Genberg, Nancy Perrin, Derek T. Dangerfield, Jason E. Farley, Gregory Kirk, Shruti H. Mehta Source Type: research

Research to law: A qualitative study of Massachusetts' 2018 Care Act expanding emergency department initiation of medication for opioid use disorder
Initiating medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) during emergency department (ED) visits is an important innovation to engage individuals in addiction treatment. In 2018, Massachusetts passed the CARE Act, becoming the first state to legislate that hospitals with EDs must be able to offer MOUD. We performed a qualitative study to explore factors influencing policy enactment. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 16, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Rachel H. Alinsky, Catherine Silva, Hoover Adger, Emma E. McGinty Source Type: research

Mobile-based brief interventions targeting cannabis-impaired driving among youth: A Delphi study
Brief interventions delivered using mobile technologies have become popular to reduce youth alcohol use, however, few have been applied to cannabis use and driving under the influence of cannabis (DUIC). This Delphi study sought to create and compare consensus among a panel of experts (potential intervention developers) and a panel of youth (intervention audience) on the characteristics to prioritize in a youth DUIC mobile-based brief intervention. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 13, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Robert Colonna, Patricia Tucker, Jeffrey Holmes, Jessie Wilson, Liliana Alvarez Source Type: research

Impact of prenatal substance use policies on commercially insured pregnant females with opioid use disorder
States' approaches to addressing prenatal substance use are widely heterogeneous, ranging from supportive policies that enhance access to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment to punitive policies that criminalize prenatal substance use. We studied the effect of these prenatal substance use policies (PSUPs) on medications for opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment, including buprenorphine, naltrexone, and methadone, psychosocial services for SUD treatment, opioid prescriptions, and opioid overdoses among commercially insured pregnant females with OUD. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 10, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Nadia Tabatabaeepour, Jake R. Morgan, Ali Jalali, Shashi N. Kapadia, Ang élica Meinhofer Source Type: research

Poking the bear: The inapplicability of the RNR principles for justice-involved women
For more than five decades, the development of risk classification assessments, corrections-based treatment, and the associated outcome research have been focused on justice-involved men. Thus, not surprisingly treatment frameworks and correctional policies have been established from a male perspective. Women have also been incarcerated for more than five decades, without suitable recognition of the literature to guide policy and procedures for their specific needs. Parallel statements have been repeated in dozens of research articles, books, other scholarly works, and policy recommendation reports as early as 1980, with m...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 8, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Nena P. Messina, Patricia Esparza Source Type: research

Treatment retention, return to use, and recovery support following COVID-19 relaxation of methadone take-home dosing in two rural opioid treatment programs: A mixed methods analysis
In March 2020, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration permitted Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs) to relax restrictions on take-home methadone and promoted telehealth to minimize potential exposures to COVID-19. We assessed the effects of COVID-19-related changes on take-home methadone dosing in two OTPs serving five rural Oregon counties. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 8, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Kim A. Hoffman, Canyon Foot, Ximena A. Levander, Ryan Cook, Javier Ponce Terashima, John W. McIlveen, P. Todd Korthuis, Dennis McCarty Source Type: research

C2: editorial board
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

TOC (update)
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 7, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Serial mediation analysis of treatment-specific processes in two contrasting alcohol treatments
This study explored whether treatment-specific processes linking therapist behaviors, post-session client ratings, and 3-month proximal outcomes (i.e., end of treatment) can explain 12-month outcomes for two contrasting alcohol treatment conditions with equivalent overall outcomes. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 6, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Jacques Gaume, Nick Heather, Gillian Tober, Joseph Studer, Andr é Bedendo, Duncan Raistrick, Jim McCambridge Source Type: research

“If I had them, I would use them every time”: Perspectives on fentanyl test strip use from people who use drugs
Fentanyl contamination in the illicit drug supply has contributed to a significant increase in overdose deaths in the United States. Fentanyl test strips (FTS), which can detect the presence of fentanyl in drugs, are increasingly given to people who use drugs (PWUD) as an overdose prevention intervention. No studies to date have described PWUD's perspectives from a real-world setting about ideal FTS program characteristics. These perspectives, specifically any identified facilitators, barriers, and suggestions for use, are crucial to informing scalability and implementation of FTS. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 5, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Megan K. Reed, Venise J. Salcedo, Amanda Guth, Kristin L. Rising Source Type: research

Deaths associated with opioids, race and ethnicity, and years of potential life lost in Washington State
This study examined disparities in years of potential life lost (YPLL) related to opioid use among racial and ethnic groups adjusting for individual- and neighborhood-level characteristics. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - May 3, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: Solmaz Amiri, Christine D. Pham, Samantha Castonguay, Justin T. Denney, Dedra S. Buchwald Source Type: research

The phenotype of recovery VIII: Association among delay discounting, recovery capital, and length of abstinence among individuals in recovery from substance use disorders
Research defines recovery capital as the amount of tangible and intangible resources (e.g., human/personal, physical, social, and cultural) available to initiate and sustain recovery from substance use disorders (SUDs). An individual's amount of recovery capital is dynamic over time and influenced by a number of factors such as baseline amount at initiation of recovery/treatment, length of abstinence, access/availability of resources, and individual factors such as the decision to utilize available resources. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - April 29, 2022 Category: Addiction Authors: D.R. Keith, A.N. Tegge, L.N. Athamneh, R. Freitas-Lemos, D.C. Tomlinson, W.H. Craft, W.K. Bickel Source Type: research