Treatment Experience for Opioid Use Disorder During COVID-19 in India: Learning from Patients
The COVID-19 pandemic and its containment strategies have presented unique challenges to India ’s healthcare infrastructure. While a national lockdown initially resulted in the closure of all licensed liquor shops, it also made healthcare facilities dedicated to the treatment of substance use disorders challenging to access. Addiction treatment services have been functioning at limited capa city with a lack of consensus on operating procedures. In this article, we present actual case scenarios where lockdown affected substance use and the treatment process, and discuss the policy implications and considerations for b...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - September 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Prabhat Mani Pandit, Gayatri Bhatia, Siddharth Sarkar Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of an adaptation of the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale to assess aggregated drug craving
Clinicians need a broad spectrum measurement of psychoactive substance craving (i.e., alcohol and/or drug) to assess collective treatment effects, especially in the context of polysubstance use. In three separate studies, we investigated the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS), designed to measure broad range substance craving. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - September 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Mary Jean Costello, Chris Viel, Yao Li, Assaf Oshri, James MacKillop Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Expanding outcomes when considering the relative effectiveness of two evidence-based outpatient treatment programs for adolescents” [J. Subst. Abuse Treat. 118 (2020) 108075]
The authors regret that the appendix figures contained older versions of the omitted variable graphics and include here revised, up-to-date versions. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - September 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Beth Ann Griffina, Lynsay Ayera, Joseph Paneb, Brian Vegetabilec, Lane Burgetteb, Daniel McCaffreyd, Donna L. Coffmane, Matthew Cefaluc, Rod Funkf, Mark D. Godleyf Source Type: research

Patient-centered Care ’s Relationship with Substance Use Disorder Treatment Utilization
Calls for more patient-centered care are growing in the substance use disorder (SUD) treatment field. However, evidence is sparse regarding whether patient-centered care improves access to, or utilization of, effective treatment services. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - September 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sunggeun (Ethan) Park, Jennifer E. Mosley, Colleen M. Grogan, Harold A. Pollack, Keith Humphreys, Peter D. Friedmann Source Type: research

Treatment of opioid use disorder during COVID-19: Experiences of clinicians transitioning to telemedicine
This study described how, in the context of the early stages of the pandemic, clinicians used telemedicine for OUD in conjunction with in-person care, barriers encountered, and implications for quality of care. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lori Uscher-Pines, Jessica Sousa, Pushpa Raja, Ateev Mehrotra, Michael Barnett, Haiden A. Huskamp Source Type: research

Inside Alcohol Behavioral Couple Therapy (ABCT): In-Session Speech Trajectories and Drinking Outcomes
This study aimed to explore temporal patterns of in-session speech in alcohol behavioral couple therapy (ABCT), including the unique interplay between client and partner speech and the role of speech trajectories in predicting client drinking outcomes. Participants were 165 heterosexual couples receiving ABCT in one of four clinical trials. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Kathryn F. Fokas, Jon M. Houck, Barbara S. McCrady Source Type: research

Implementing guidelines for interventions in Swedish substance abuse treatment: A national evaluation of outcomes from 2010 to 2014
This study was a naturalistic prospective follow-up study of a sample of 3,063 participants in 203 municipalities via five consecutive online surveys. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Mats Fridell, Johan Billsten, Robert Holmberg, Andr éas Ivarsson Source Type: research

Patterns of substance use before and after hospitalization among patients seen by an inpatient addiction consult service: A latent transition analysis
The objective of this study was to identify patterns of substance use at admission and after discharge among hospitalized patients with substance use disorders who saw an ACS. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Caroline King, Christina Nicolaidis, P. Todd Korthuis, Kelsey C. Priest, Honora Englander Source Type: research

Association between adult ADHD, self-report, and behavioral measures of impulsivity and treatment outcome in cocaine use disorder
A large and growing body of literature supports the association between cocaine addiction and impulsivity. The aim of the study was to test whether pretreatment screening for adult ADHD, and self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity have prognostic utility in clinical practice with cocaine users. We enrolled a cohort of N= 86 treatment-seeking cocaine users, assisted by a public addiction service, in a 24 week study. At baseline, we performed screening for adult ADHD, assessed the presence of co-occurring mental disorders, and applied measures of drug use severity, trait-like impulsivity (Barratt Impulsiveness Sca...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Pierpaolo Congia, Silvia Mannarino, Stefania Deiana, Melania Maulu, Elisabetta Muscas Source Type: research

A mixed methods study exploring methadone treatment disclosure and perceptions of reproductive health care among women ages 18-44 years, Los Angeles, CA
Opioid use disorder (OUD) and methadone treatment are increasing among women ages 18 –44 years old, a population with unique healthcare needs. Despite this increase, there is little research on the healthcare experiences of women with OUD, particularly experiences with reproductive healthcare. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Marta Bornstein, Agatha Berger, Jessica D. Gipson Source Type: research

C2: editorial board
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

TOC (update)
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The role of perceived treatment need in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in the use of substance abuse treatment services
The current study examined the role of perceived treatment need in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in treatment utilization for a substance use disorder (SUD). (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: M. Pinedo, A.P. Villatoro Source Type: research

The role of perceived treatment need on Latino-White disparities in the use of substance abuse treatment services
The current study examined the role of perceived treatment need in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in treatment utilization for a substance use disorder (SUD). (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: M. Pinedo, A.P. Villatoro Source Type: research

Integrating harm reduction and clinical care: Lessons from Covid-19 respite and recuperation facilities
In response to the novel coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic, many people experiencing homelessness and substance use disorders entered respite and recuperation facilities for care and to isolate and prevent subsequent SARS-CoV-2 transmission. However, because drug use was officially prohibited in these facilities, we observed people who use substances leaving isolation temporarily or prematurely. The initial Covid-19 surge magnified the need for harm reduction access for those who use substances to ensure their safety and well-being and that of their local communities. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Simeon D. Kimmel, Angela R. Bazzi, Joshua A. Barocas Source Type: research

Factors associated with psychotic symptoms among a sample of male prisoners with substance use disorder: A cross-sectional study
Prisoners have a higher prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) than the nonincarcerated population. Many studies report that an SUD increases the likelihood of psychotic symptoms/disorders. Inmates, therefore, may be at higher risk for psychotic disorders. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Enrico Capuzzi, Alice Caldiroli, Filippo Besana, Francesca Cova, Massimiliano Buoli, Massimo Clerici Source Type: research

Adaptation of Contingency Management for Stimulant Use Disorder During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly spread across the world. Individuals with stimulant use disorder are a vulnerable population, who are particularly at risk of negative outcomes during this pandemic due to several risk factors, including mental and physical comorbidities, weakened immune responses, high-risk behaviors, and barriers to healthcare access. Engaging patients with stimulant use disorder in regular treatment has become even more difficult during this pandemic, which has resulted in many cuts to addiction treatment programs. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Evelyn Zastepa, Jane C. Sun, Jennifer Clune, Nickie Mathew Source Type: research

Editorial: Health Equity in Substance Use Disorder Treatment
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: LaTrice Montgomery, Peter Friedmann, Amanda Abraham, Elizabeth Evans, Joseph Glass, Mark Ilgen Source Type: research

Geographic access to buprenorphine prescribers for patients who use public transit
We examined travel times to buprenorphine prescribers by car and public transit in urban areas, and determined whether car-based Medicaid regulatory standards produce their intended geographic coverage. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: C. Drake, J.M. Donohue, D. Nagy, C. Mair, K.L. Kraemer, D.J. Wallace Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Withdrawal Symptoms And Anger Among People Resuscitated From An Opioid Overdose By Take-Home Naloxone: Exploratory Mixed Methods Analysis
Take-home naloxone (THN) is a clinically effective and cost-effective means of reducing opioid overdose fatality. Nonetheless, naloxone administration that successfully saves a person ’s life can still produce undesirable and harmful effects. Aim: To better understand factors associated with two widely reported adverse outcomes following naloxone administration; namely the person resuscitated displays: i. withdrawal symptoms and ii. anger. Methods: A mixed methods study combini ng a randomized controlled trial of overdose education and naloxone prescribing to people with opioid use disorder and semi-structured qualit...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Joanne Neale, Nicola J. Kalk, Stephen Parkin, Caral Brown, Laura Brandt, Aimee N.C. Campbell, Felipe Castillo, Jermaine D. Jones, John Strang, Sandra D. Comer Source Type: research

Making lemonade from SARS coronavirus-2 lemons: Transitioning a smoking cessation trial to a virtual platform
Clinical trials represent an essential component of improving treatment for substance use disorders (SUD). The SARS coronavirus-2 pandemic disrupted our ongoing clinical trial of smoking cessation and forced us to rapidly implement changes to assure participants access to ongoing counseling and monitoring via telephone calls and/or video chat sessions. Our experiences suggest that this pandemic will lead to changes for both future clinical trial participants and project staff. While challenges remain, it will be important to assessing the impact of these changes with regard to participant experiences and treatment outcomes...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Martin C. Mahoney, Rebecca Ashare, Nicolas Schlienz, CeCe Duerr, Larry W. Hawk Source Type: research

The Association of Cannabis use Late in pregnancy with engagement and retention in perinatal substance use disorder Care for Opioid use Disorder: A cohort comparison
Prenatal use of cannabis and opioids are increasing and very concerning. Engagement and retention in comprehensive, perinatal substance use disorder (PSUD) care are associated with better outcomes for mothers and babies. We compared the characteristics and engagement in care among women with opioid use disorder who used cannabis late in pregnancy versus those who didn't. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Shelley L. Galvin, Melinda Ramage, Emily Mazure, Carol C. Coulson Source Type: research

Patterns of drug screen results and court-ordered substance use treatment referrals and completion among justice-involved youth
Substance use is prevalent among justice-involved youth and given the risk of recidivism and other poor outcomes associated with substance use, justice systems have implemented efforts to improve substance use screening and connection to treatment. Although many justice systems use drug screening to monitor substance use, research on patterns of substance use based on drug screen records is lacking. The current study examined court records of drug screens among youth to explore patterns of substance use as well as rates of court-ordered referral to substance use treatment and treatment completion. (Source: Journal of Subst...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Allyson L. Dir, Richelle L. Clifton, Lauren A. Magee, Annalee V. Johnson-Kwochka, Sarah E. Wiehe, Matthew C. Aalsma Source Type: research

Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in Emergency Departments: Review of the Impact on Healthcare Costs and Utilization
To review the published evidence of the impact of alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) delivered in emergency departments (EDs) on healthcare utilization and costs. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Carolina Barbosa, Lela R. McKnight-Eily, Scott D. Grosse, Jeremy Bray Source Type: research

Healthcare utilization of individuals with substance use disorders following Affordable Care Act implementation in a California healthcare system
Practitioners expected the Affordable Care Act (ACA) to increase availability of health services and access to treatment for Americans with substance use disorders (SUDs). Yet research has not examined the associations among ACA enrollment mechanisms, deductibles, and the use of SUD treatment and other healthcare services. Understanding these relationships can inform future healthcare policy. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Derek D. Satre, Vanessa A. Palzes, Kelly C. Young-Wolff, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Constance Weisner, Joseph Guydish, Cynthia I. Campbell Source Type: research

Feasibility and acceptability of safety screening among patients receiving addiction treatment
The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized screen for suicide and overdose among patients receiving addiction treatment. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Amanda N. Stover, Ian R.H. Rockett, Gordon S. Smith, Traci LeMasters, Virginia G. Scott, Kimberly M. Kelly, Erin L. Winstanley Source Type: research

C2: editorial board
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

TOC (update)
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Sheltering in place and social distancing when the services provided are housing and social support: The COVID-19 health crisis and recovery housing
Recovery housing is a vital service for individuals with substance use disorders who need both recovery support and safe housing. Recovery housing is a residential service, and it relies heavily on social support provided by peers both within the residence and in outside mutual help groups. As such, efforts to keep residents safe from SARS CoV-2, the virus that causes the illness COVID-19, pose a number of challenges to social distancing. Further, residents are some of the more vulnerable individuals in recovery. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Amy A. Mericle, Dave Sheridan, Jason Howell, George S. Braucht, Katherine Karriker-Jaffe, Douglas L. Polcin Source Type: research

Recurring Call for Papers: Health Equity in Substance Use Treatment
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Editorial: COVID-19 and its impact on SUD treatment
The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges for the delivery of healthcare. The system of care for people with substance use disorders (SUD) has not been immune to these challenges. JSAT recently called for brief commentaries that speak to the implications of COVID-19 for the present and future of SUD treatment. The first of these papers appear in the current issue. They will be published in print over the next few months, but will be available open-access as an online collection at [WEBLINK]. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Peter D. Friedmann, Amanda Abraham, Elizabeth Evans, Joseph Glass, Mark Ilgen, LaTrice Montgomery Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial of smartphone self-managed recovery support services
This study examines the effectiveness of smartphone-based ecological momentary interventions (EMI) and assessments (EMA), delivered separately and combined, to provide recovery support following substance use disorder (SUD) treatment engagement. We recruited adults (N=401) from SUD treatment programs in Chicago and, after engagement for at least two sessions, nights, or medication dosages, we randomly assigned them to one of four conditions that lasted 6 months: (1) EMI only, (2) EMA only, (3) both EMI and EMA, and (4) control condition of neither EMI nor EMA. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Christy K. Scott, Michael L. Dennis, Kimberly A. Johnson, Christine E. Grella Source Type: research

Temporal dynamics of the relationship between change in depressive symptoms and cannabis use in adolescents receiving psychosocial treatment for cannabis use disorder
Cannabis use disorder (CUD) and depression frequently co-occur in youth. How depressive symptoms change over the course of CUD treatment and how they impact substance use treatment outcomes is unknown. In the current study, we examine the temporal relationships between cannabis use and depression in adolescents receiving evidence-based treatments for CUD as part of a multisite clinical trial. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Albert J. Arias, Christopher J. Hammond, Joseph A. Burleson, Yifrah Kaminer, Richard Feinn, John F. Curry, Michael L. Dennis Source Type: research

Treating cannabis use disorder: Exploring a treatment as needed model with 34-month follow-up
Research has demonstrated that motivational enhancement (MET) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are some of the most effective interventions for adults with cannabis use disorder (CUD). As few as two sessions of combined MET and CBT has produced abstinence and reductions in cannabis use greater than delayed treatment controls. Despite their efficacy, outcomes in previous studies yielded abstinence rates from cannabis in the range of 20 –30% at follow-ups of 6 to 12 months, and CUD remained a chronic condition for many. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Robert S. Stephens, Robrina Walker, Josephine DeMarce, Brian E. Lozano, Jared Rowland, Denise Walker, Roger A. Roffman Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic and gender differences in receipt of brief intervention among patients with unhealthy alcohol use in the U.S. Veterans Health Administration
Brief intervention (BI) for unhealthy alcohol use is a top prevention priority for adults in the U.S, but rates of BI receipt vary across patients. We examine BI receipt across race/ethnicity and gender in a national cohort of patients from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) —the largest U.S. integrated healthcare system and a leader in implementing preventive care for unhealthy alcohol use. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Jessica A. Chen, Joseph E. Glass, Kara M. Bensley, Simon B. Goldberg, Keren Lehavot, Emily C. Williams Source Type: research

Predictors of premature treatment termination in a large residential addiction medicine program
While inpatient programs are a common setting for addiction treatment, patients' premature termination is a major concern. Predicting premature treatment termination has the potential to substantially improve patient outcomes by identifying high-risk profiles and suggesting care paths that might reduce dropout. The current study examined the predictors of premature termination from an inpatient addiction medicine service. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sabrina K. Syan, Meenu Minhas, Assaf Oshri, Jean Costello, Sarah Sousa, Andriy V. Samokhalov, Brian Rush, James MacKillop Source Type: research

Expanding outcomes when considering the relative effectiveness of two evidence-based outpatient treatment programs for adolescents
The current study seeks to advance understanding about how to address substance use and co-occurring mental health problems in adolescents. Specifically, we compared the effectiveness of two evidence-based treatment programs (Motivational Enhancement Treatment/Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 5 Sessions [MET/CBT5] and Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach [A-CRA]) for both substance use and mental health outcomes (i.e., crossover effects). We used statistical methods designed to approximate randomized controlled trials when comparing nonequivalent groups using observational study data. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Beth Ann Griffin, Lynsay Ayer, Joseph Pane, Brian Vegetabile, Lane Burgette, Daniel McCaffrey, Donna L. Coffman, Matthew Cefalu, Rod Funk, Mark D. Godley Source Type: research

A randomized comparison of extended-release naltrexone with or without patient navigation vs enhanced treatment-as-usual for incarcerated adults with opioid use disorder
The objective of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX, Vivitrol ®; Alkermes Inc) alone or in conjunction with patient navigation (XR-NTX + PN) for jail inmates with OUD. We randomized a sample of 135 sentenced jail inmates with moderate to severe OUD to (1) XR-NTX only; (2) XR-NTX + PN; or (3) enhanced treatment-as-usual (ETAU) with drug education, each initiated prior to release from jail. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: David Farabee, Timothy Condon, Kevin A. Hallgren, Barbara McCrady Source Type: research

Lessons from COVID 19: Are we finally ready to make opioid treatment accessible?
COVID-19 has devastated Americans across many communities, bringing unprecedented challenges to our economy, our healthcare system, and our way of life as we knew it. Like many historical moments and life-changing events, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to look inward and reflect deeply on our existing systems, shining a painful light on profound inequities and shortcomings of our healthcare and social support structures. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - July 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Noa Krawczyk, Michael I. Fingerhood, Deborah Agus Source Type: research

C2: editorial board
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

TOC (update)
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Chronic prescription opioid use predicts stabilization on buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid use disorder
The objective of this study was to measure the adjusted odds of successful stabilization on buprenorphine in patients with baseline prescription opioid use compared to those not prescribed opioids. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Tyler Varisco, Chan Shen, Douglas Thornton Source Type: research

Correlates of lifetime blunt/spliff use among cigarette smokers in substance use disorders treatment
We examined rates of lifetime (i.e., ever vs. never) cannabis use among current cigarette smokers in SUD treatment, and we identified the subgroup who had used tobacco and cannabis together in the form of blunts and/or spliffs. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Barbara K. Campbell, Thao Le, Kwinoja Kapiteni, Noah R. Gubner, Joseph Guydish Source Type: research

Adoption of telemedicine services by substance abuse treatment facilities in the U.S.
To describe trends in licensed substance use treatment facilities' adoption of telemedicine and how adoption varies across local factors, including county-level drug overdose rates, urbanicity measures, and state policy laws. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lori Uscher-Pines, Jonathan Cantor, Haiden A. Huskamp, Ateev Mehrotra, Alisa Busch, Michael Barnett Source Type: research

Benzodiazepine misuse in adults with alcohol use disorder: Prevalence, motives and patterns of use
Benzodiazepines are among the most commonly misused drugs. Despite the known risks of combining benzodiazepines and alcohol, little is known about misuse among people with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Our aim was to characterize the prevalence, correlates, and patterns of misuse of benzodiazepines in adults with AUD. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: R. Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R. Votaw, Nadine R. Taghian, Margaret L. Griffin, Roger D. Weiss Source Type: research

Adherence to buprenorphine treatment guidelines among individuals with an opioid use disorder who have private insurance
Although treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) with medications is expanding, the extent to which practitioners are prescribing medications following best practices has received little attention. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Tami L. Mark, Jesse Hinde, Gary A. Zarkin, William Parish, Marianne Kluckman Source Type: research

The process of skills training: A content analysis of evidence-based addiction therapies
In this report, we target a single therapeutic factor —skills training for addictive behavior change—and we operationalize this factor in a manner that will aid clinical training and quality control. Specifically, we identify principles, which we defined as broader understandings on the part of the therapist that must be kept in mind when implement ing a specific therapeutic practice. We define a practice as discrete action step or specific type of intervention that the therapist uses when addressing skills training content with clients. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Molly Magill, Steve Martino, Bruce Wampold Source Type: research

Awareness about and willingness to use long-acting injectable pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAI-PrEP) among people who use drugs
In the Bangkok Tenofovir Study of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP; TDF/FTC), adherence was poor. Long-acting injectable pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAI-PrEP) for HIV prevention may help overcome adherence challenges and is currently being tested in clinical trials, but not in people who use drugs (PWUD), an important key population that remains highly vulnerable to HIV. Since PWUD are not currently included in trials of LAI-PrEP, we sought to examine awareness about LAI-PrEP and factors associated with willingness to use LAI-PrEP in this understudied population. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Roman Shrestha, Elizabeth E. DiDomizio, Rayne S. Kim, Frederick L. Altice, Jeffrey A. Wickersham, Michael M. Copenhaver Source Type: research

Oxytocin-enhanced group therapy for methamphetamine use disorder: Randomized controlled trial
Methamphetamine (METH) use is a public health crisis that disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). There are currently no FDA-approved pharmacological interventions to treat methamphetamine use disorder (MUD). MUD is associated with social impairments and extremely high treatment attrition rates. Administration of oxytocin, a neuropeptide involved in social attachment, may be a novel approach to addressing these issues. Moreover, oxytocin administration has shown promise for reducing METH-related addictive behavior in animal models, but has not yet been investigated in clinical trials for MUD. (Source: J...
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Christopher S. Stauffer, Jenna M. Moschetto, Scott McKernan, Nathan Meinzer, Chavy Chiang, Rachel Rapier, Elaine Hsiang, Jerika Norona, Brian Borsari, Joshua D. Woolley Source Type: research

On providing smoking cessation services in alcohol and other drug treatment settings: Results from a U.S. national survey of attitudes among recovering persons
Nicotine addiction through cigarette use is highly prevalent among individuals suffering from alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems and remains a prominent risk factor for morbidity, mortality, and healthcare utilization. Whereas most people agree that providing smoking cessation services (SCS) to this vulnerable population is vitally important, the timing of such service provision has been hotly debated, including whether such services should be excluded, available (but not offered), offered, or fully integrated into AOD treatment settings. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - June 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: John F. Kelly, M. Claire Greene, Lauren A. Hoffman, Bettina B. Hoeppner, Brandon G. Bergman Source Type: research