JAMA Psychiatry
Mission Statement: JAMA Psychiatry strives to publish original, state-of-the-art studies and commentaries of general interest to clinicians, scholars, and research scientists in psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science, and allied fields. The journal seeks to inform and to educate its readers as well as to stimulate debate and further exploration into the nature, causes, treatment, and public health importance of mental illness. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - October 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Error in Value in Abstract
This article has been corrected online. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Escalating and Deescalating Financial Incentives vs Usual Care to Improve Antidepressant Adherence
This pilot randomized clinical trial examines whether giving a financial incentive in an escalating or deescalating pattern (vs no incentive) to patients receiving antidepressants can enhance medication adherence. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations Between Prenatal Cannabis Exposure and Adverse Childhood Outcomes
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study to evaluate whether cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes among offspring. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Current Epidemiological Trends in Firearm Mortality in the United States
This Viewpoint assesses firearm mortality trends from 1999 to 2018 and current regional/demographic trends. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

JAMA Psychiatry Editorial Fellow
JAMA Psychiatry is offering a 2-year uncompensated editorial fellowship position for a qualified individual. The fellow will receive hands-on training in the editorial processes and policies of a psychiatry journal and will be well prepared to take an editorial role in a psychiatry or other peer-reviewed journal at the end of the fellowship. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Error in Author Byline
This article was corrected online. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Error in Nonbyline Author Name
This article was corrected onl ine. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Guidance for Working With a Patient Who Elicits Fear in the Psychiatrist
This essay offers advice to psychiatrists and other mental health clinicians regarding working with a patient who evokes anxiety and fear in the clinician regarding their own physical safety or the safety of others. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Poor Family Functioning With Preadolescent Behavior and Subcortical Brain Development
This population-based cohort study uses data from the Generation R Study to investigate the association of poor family functioning with subcortical brain development and preadolescent behavioral problems from pregnancy onward. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Rise of Venture Capital Investing in Mental Health
This Viewpoint discusses potential concerns and benefits related to increasing use of applications for mental health care created by venture capital –backed companies. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Black Individuals
This systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the pooled prevalence and identifies the potential risk factors associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among US Black children, adolescents, and adults. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sophisticated Study Designs and Casual Inferences
This Viewpoint presents considerations for assessing evidence for causal inference when using sophisticated study designs with regression analyses of longitudinal observational data. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatry ’s Myopia—Reclaiming the Social, Cultural, and Psychological in the Psychiatric Gaze
This Viewpoint proposes that psychiatry should more closely attend to the poverty, justice system involvement, and housing issues of people with serious mental illness, supporting this view with quotes from philosophers. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Error in Figure and Table
This article was corrected online. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of SSRIs With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Children and Adolescents
This pediatric cohort study evaluates the safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use in children and adolescents with respect to risk of type 2 diabetes. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Balancing the Public Health Costs of Psychosis vs Mass Incarceration
This Viewpoint examines the association of cannabis legalization with mental health vs the current association of cannabis with incarceration. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

JAMA Psychiatry
Mission Statement: JAMA Psychiatry strives to publish original, state-of-the-art studies and commentaries of general interest to clinicians, scholars, and research scientists in psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science, and allied fields. The journal seeks to inform and to educate its readers as well as to stimulate debate and further exploration into the nature, causes, treatment, and public health importance of mental illness. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Opportunities for Research on the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders in the Context of COVID-19
This Viewpoint assesses the different ways treatment and research on psychiatric disorders have shifted because of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and suggests what changes should remain after the pandemic. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - September 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development of Proteomic Prediction Models for Transition to Psychotic Disorder
This diagnostic study investigates whether proteomic biomarkers may aid the prediction of transition to psychotic disorder in the clinical high-risk state and adolescent psychotic experiences in the general population. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Virtual Histology of Cortical Thickness and Shared Neurobiology in 6 Psychiatric Disorders
This study evaluates neurobiologic correlates of group differences in cortical thickness between cases and controls in 6 psychiatric disorders. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does Degarelix Hold Potential for the Treatment of Pedophilic Disorder?
To the Editor The study by Landgren et al aimed at generating evidence to use degarelix for the treatment of pedophilic disorder in men. Notwithstanding the importance of the topic covered and ingenious method of assigning temporary identification numbers to the participants, there were some methodologic issues that deserve attention. The study population was men who were required to self-report their urges and behaviors, some of which were reportable by law if revealed in their entirety. The study equated the presence of sexual desire and pedophilic attraction (part of the primary outcome) with sexually abusive behavior, ...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does Degarelix Hold Potential for the Treatment of Pedophilic Disorder? —Reply
In Reply We welcome the interest in our Original Investigation expressed by ElSayed and Gupta. Regarding the question posed in their title, the answer is yes, the results from our clinical trial show that degarelix holds potential to be a tolerable treatment with significant short-term risk-reduction effects in help-seeking patients with pedophilic disorder, including high-risk patients. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Beyond Gun Laws —Innovative Interventions to Reduce Gun Violence in the US
This Viewpoint describes methods other than legislation and law enforcement that can help reduce the high rate of gun violence in the US. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Errors in the Figure and Reference 38
This article has been corrected online. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Recent Stressful Life Events With Mental and Physical Health in Schizophrenia
This cohort study assesses whether recent stressful life events interact with genetic and environmental liability for schizophrenia in models of mental and physical health in the Dutch adult population. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficacy of Yoga vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Stress Education for Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of yoga vs a psychological control condition vs cognitive behavior therapy for the management of generalized anxiety disorder. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prediction, Not Association, Paves the Road to Precision Medicine
This Viewpoint articulates the distinction between association and prediction in psychiatric research studies. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Association Between Antidepressant Exposure and Birth Defects
Few moments are more concerning to parents than learning that their infant has a birth defect. Compounding this news is the possibility that the medication used to manage the mother ’s mood disorder may have increased the risk for her infant developing a birth defect. As health care professionals, we have an enormous obligation to get the science right. In 2007, an editorial was published in response to 2 large case-control studies, “Teratogenicity of SSRIs: Serious Concern or Much Ado about Little?” What have we learned over the ensuing 13 years? (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal Use of Specific Antidepressant Medications During Early Pregnancy and the Risk of Selected Birth Defects
This case-control study examines associations between individual antidepressants and specific birth defects for women who used antidepressants during early pregnancy. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Tapering Antipsychotic Treatment
This Viewpoint discusses principles for tapering antipsychotic treatment when deprescribing them. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

JAMA Psychiatry
Mission Statement: JAMA Psychiatry strives to publish original, state-of-the-art studies and commentaries of general interest to clinicians, scholars, and research scientists in psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science, and allied fields. The journal seeks to inform and to educate its readers as well as to stimulate debate and further exploration into the nature, causes, treatment, and public health importance of mental illness. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Targetable Biological Mechanisms Implicated in Emergent Psychiatric Conditions Associated With SARS-CoV-2
This Viewpoint discusses targetable biological mechanisms implicated in emergent psychiatric conditions associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mood Homeostasis Before and During the COVID-19 Lockdown Among Students in the Netherlands
This cohort study investigates mood homeostasis in Dutch students before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reward-Processing Behavior in Depression
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates whether depression is associated with impairments in reward-processing behavior. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychosocial Pain Management Intervention for Men and Women With Substance Use Disorders and Chronic Pain
This randomized clinical trial examines the efficacy of a behavioral pain management intervention for men and women with substance use disorders to treat pain, functioning, and substance use. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Consideration of Adolescent Pain in Responses to the Opioid Crisis
This Viewpoint discusses need to converge in earnest on adolescent pain and mental health to combat the opioid crisis. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Current Status of Psychedelics in Psychiatry
This Viewpoint describes current regulations and research on psychedelic use in psychiatry. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dialectical Behavior Therapy for PTSD vs Cognitive Processing Therapy in Women Survivors of Childhood Abuse
This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of 2 therapies for childhood abuse –associated posttraumatic stress disorder in women by randomizing participants to receive dialectical behavior therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder or cognitive processing therapy. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identification of Neuropsychiatric Copy Number Variants in a Health Care System Population
This cohort study evaluates the suitability of including pathogenic copy number variants associated with neuropsychiatric disorders in population screening by determining their prevalence and penetrance and exploring the personal utility of disclosing results. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging All Over Again
This Viewpoint supports using the phrase differences on MRI measurements when referring to differences representing cerebral structure as evidence of brain structural abnormalities. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Now Is the Time to Support Black Individuals in the US Living With Serious Mental Illness
This Viewpoint discusses how mental health researchers and clinicians can support Black individuals in the US, especially those with serious mental illness. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Methadone for Opioid Use Disorder
In 1974, President Nixon signed the Narcotic Addiction Treatment Act, which gave statutory authority to the regulations governing the provision of methadone for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) in the US. The original name for the bill was revealing: the Methadone Diversion Control Act. These regulations that were meant to restrict dispensation on methadone have undergone only modest revision over the ensuing decades even in the midst of a current overdose epidemic. In the US, methadone for OUD can only be provisioned at federally certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs). Patients receiving methadone must prese...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in Self-Payment for Outpatient Psychiatrist Visits
This study uses survey data to assess changes in the rates of self-payment for outpatient psychiatric care compared with primary care. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Early Mental Health Services After an Offense With Reoffending in Psychosis
This cohort study examines the association between early contact with mental health services after an offense and reoffending in individuals with psychosis. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of Driving Times to Opioid Treatment Programs and Pharmacies in the US
This cross-sectional study compares driving access to methadone maintenance programs between opioid treatment program and pharmacy dispensing models. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics vs Usual Care on Time to First Hospitalization in Early-Phase Schizophrenia
This randomized clinical trial examines the association of use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics for patients with early-phase schizophrenia with delayed time to hospitalization. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Meeting Maternal Mental Health Needs During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This Viewpoint discusses current mental health concerns for pregnant and postpartum women in light of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Requisite Skills and the Meaningful Measurement of Cognition
In 1931, the noted neuropsychologist Alexander Luria, along with his supervisor Lev Vygotsky, led an expedition from Moscow to Uzbekistan with an honorable objective: to understand cognition in a population with low educational levels. However, they concluded that the minimal educational background of the population could prevent these individuals from engaging in the basic elements of a cognitive evaluation and that existing cognitive tests were not valid for their study population, so they created specialized tests that would be more appropriate. The study by Stone et al shares features of this expedition 90 years ago. S...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association Between Duration of Untreated Psychosis and Selective Cognitive Performance
This cross-sectional study uses neuropsychological assessments to examine the association between the duration of untreated psychosis and cognitive performance among community-dwelling individuals with chronic untreated schizophrenia in rural China. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research