[Integrity of swallowing apparatus-past, present, and future].
CONCLUSION: The need for anatomical and functional rehabilitation by reconstructive surgery is as pertinent as ever. Particularly in the oncological context, improved early detection and novel local treatment modalities could minimize treatment-associated damage to swallowing. PMID: 33438078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Quality in the appraisal of head and neck sonography results in university hospitals-a random sample].
CONCLUSION: In general, there is potential for optimization regarding the completeness and quality of routinely prepared head and neck sonography findings at the selected university ENT departments. The implementation of structured reporting masks and the conversion of analogue documentation into digital solutions as well as digital networking with the hospital information systems, picture archiving and communication systems should be promoted. Supervision by senior doctors is required to ensure the quality of findings of inexperienced colleagues and to help to achieve standards in reporting. PMID: 33439274 [PubMed - a...
Source: HNO - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Use of the Carina active middle ear implant in otosclerosis patients].
Authors: Didczuneit-Sandhop B, Langer J Abstract Patients with otosclerosis can suffer from different grades of combined hearing loss. In addition to surgery (stapedectomy), conventional hearing aids can be used in the treatment of otosclerosis. In cases of severe conductive components in addition to sensorineural hearing loss, treatment with normal hearing aids can be difficult or impossible. In these patients, implantable hearing systems such as cochlear implants represent a possible alternative. The totally implantable Carina middle ear system can be used in patients with even high-grade sensorineural hearing lo...
Source: HNO - January 10, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Ultrasound-guided minimally invasive diagnostics and treatment in the head and neck area].
Authors: Bozzato A, Neubert C, Yeter Y Abstract Tumoral lesions in the head and neck region represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in otorhinolaryngologic routine. High-resolution ultrasound is usually able to guide diagnosis. Nevertheless, a definite differentiation between benign and malignant lesions can only be achieved by tissue biopsy. The various options for obtaining samples for histopathological or cytological examination-from minimally invasive ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy to punch biopsy and open surgical biopsy-will be discussed in the first part along with the associated advantag...
Source: HNO - January 10, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialisation : Part  52].
[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialisation : Part 52]. HNO. 2021 Jan 08;: Authors: Bendas A, Neudert M PMID: 33416911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - January 10, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[On the function and physiology of the maxillary sinus].
Authors: Sieron HL, Lindemann J PMID: 33349895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[What functions do the paranasal sinuses have?]
Authors: Behrbohm H PMID: 33349896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Navigated endoscopically controlled transtympanic resection of an infracochlear cholesteatoma recurrence. German version].
Authors: Ketterer MC, Arndt S, Knopf A, Jakob TF, Beck R, Aschendorff A Abstract An infracochlear cholesteatoma of the petrous apex with direct contact to the internal carotid artery (ICA) is rare. Due to the risk of cochlear injury with consecutive deafness or injury of the ICA, precise preoperative planning of the approach and strategy is recommended, as well as thorough preoperative counseling of the patient for their informed consent. This case report presents navigated endoscopically controlled transtympanic resection of such a cholesteatoma recurrence. Hearing capacity was not impaired and the patient sh...
Source: HNO - December 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Severe right-sided cephalalgia with right sixth nerve palsy].
Authors: Ickrath P, Moratin H, März A, Pham M, Neugebauer H, Wilhelm C, Hagen R, Hackenberg S PMID: 33336307 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Validation of the D üsseldorfer screening tool: a trait-based approach to assess psychological distress of cancer patients].
CONCLUSION: The results show that a trait-based approach to identify patients' level of psychological distress can purposefully and safely assess cancer patients' stress level. A new approach to screening in psycho-oncology has thus emerged. PMID: 33337508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Erratum to: Preoperative coronavirus testing in Germany : Experiences with applying the recommendations of the German Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery].
Authors: Stuck BA, Dennler U, Hoffmann TK PMID: 33330945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Hygiene during otorhinolaryngological examinations : Prevention of nosocomial infections].
Authors: Rohrmeier C, Schneider-Brachert W, Holzmann T, Bohr C, Haubner F Abstract Awareness of the importance of working as aseptically as possible first emerged in the 19th century. In the meantime, there is an obligation to prevent transmission and further spread of pathogens, including adherence to the Infection Protection Act. Pathogens can also survive for a long time on inanimate surfaces, from where they can be transferred via the hands of personnel and thus lead to infections. Studies have shown that even contamination of untouched instruments after an otorhinolaryngological examination is not a rare ...
Source: HNO - December 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Rare diagnosis of a  bone-destructive lesion of the sphenoid sinus].
[Rare diagnosis of a bone-destructive lesion of the sphenoid sinus]. HNO. 2020 Dec 14;: Authors: Gey A, Plontke SK, Scheller C, Kösling S, Fathke C, Glien A PMID: 33315128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Influence of cochlear parameters on the current practice in cochlear implantation : Development of a concept for personalized medicine. German version].
Authors: Rak K, Ilgen L, Taeger J, Schendzielorz P, Voelker J, Kaulitz S, Müller-Graff FT, Kurz A, Neun T, Hagen R Abstract Since the introduction of cochlear implants into clinical routine, the interest in measuring cochlear parameters, particularly the cochlear duct length (CDL) has increased, since these can have an influence on the correct selection of the electrode. On the one hand, coverage of an optimal frequency band is relevant for a good audiological result, and on the other hand, cochlear trauma due to too deep insertion or displacement of the electrode must be avoided. Cochlear implants stimul...
Source: HNO - December 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Dank an die Gutachter 2020.
Authors: PMID: 33296004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - December 11, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Experimental oncology].
Authors: Lang S PMID: 33242113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Tumor biology of oropharyngeal carcinoma].
CONCLUSION: The tumor biology of OPSCC is primarily defined by its HPV status. Additionally, HPV-independent genetic, epigenetic, and immunological signatures are being defined. From these advances, rationales for new treatment concepts may evolve. PMID: 33215226 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Reducing tinnitus intensity : Pilot study to attenuate tonal tinnitus using individually spectrally optimized near-threshold noise].
CONCLUSION: Subjective TL could be reduced in 16 out of 22 patients during stimulation. For a possible success of a future therapy, the HL seems to be of relevance. PMID: 33185745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Accreditation and certification of Skull Base Centres in Germany by the Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft f ür Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB).
Accreditation and certification of Skull Base Centres in Germany by the Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft für Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB). HNO. 2020 Nov 12;: Authors: Schipper J, Schaumann K, Gerlach R, Reinert S, Schramm A, Schwager K Abstract The German Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft für Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB) has developed a protocol for the certification of GSB skull base centres. The development of such a protocol has led to numerous open and sometimes controversial discussions among the GSB members. The various critical discussion points...
Source: HNO - November 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Late toxicity following primary conservative treatment : Dysphagia and xerostomia].
Authors: Jensen AD, Langer C Abstract Dysphagia and xerostomia are still among the most important acute and late side effects of radiotherapy. Technical developments over the past two decades have led to improved diagnostics and recognition as well as understanding of the causes of these side effects. Based on these findings and advances in both treatment planning and irradiation techniques, the incidence and severity of treatment-associated radiogenic late sequelae could be clearly reduced by the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), which could contribute to marked long-term improvements in the quality ...
Source: HNO - November 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Frequency of secondary tonsillectomy in Germany].
Authors: Schieferbein V, Windfuhr JP Abstract BACKGROUND: Tonsillar remnants are occasionally the subject of clinical negligence claims in tonsillectomy patients, but obligatory in every tonsillotomy procedure. In both cases, clinically relevant symptoms can require a secondary tonsillectomy (STE). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective longitudinal study was to identify the prevalence of STE in Germany between 2005 and 2018, using a report commissioned by the Federal Office for Statistics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: STE was identified using the operation and procedure key (Operationen- und Proz...
Source: HNO - November 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Treatment of patients with head and neck cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic].
Authors: Hoffmann TK, Greve J, Laban S, Schuler PJ PMID: 33170312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 11, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Preoperative coronavirus testing in Germany : Experiences with applying the recommendations of the German Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery].
Authors: Stuck BA, Demmler U, Hoffmann TK PMID: 33170313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 11, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Options for reconstruction of nasal defects].
Authors: Sadick H, Häussler D, Rotter N Abstract As far as aesthetic and functional aspects are concerned, local as well as regional flaps are mainly recommended for facial plastic surgery. A careful preoperative planning is essential. Adequate knowledge of various surgical options of reconstruction as well as their implementation into clinical practice are of utmost importance. The surgical procedure is selected on the basis of the patients' demands and the properties of the surgical site to which the selected technique must be adapted. The current review presents frequently used and recommendable method...
Source: HNO - November 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Noise-induced hearing damage : Revised edition of the standard VDI 2058 Part  2 (2020-08)].
[Noise-induced hearing damage : Revised edition of the standard VDI 2058 Part 2 (2020-08)]. HNO. 2020 Nov 02;: Authors: Michel O, Liedtke M PMID: 33140164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Stimulatory and inhibitory signaling pathways of the T  cell-APC interaction and the effect of TLR agonists on APCs].
CONCLUSION: TLR stimulation causes APCs in the tumor microenvironment to upregulate PD-L1 in an NF-κB-mediated fashion, thereby contributing to CD8+ T cell exhaustion. The effect of PD‑1 blockade after TLR stimulation might be impaired due to upregulation of other checkpoint inhibitors. PMID: 33128107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 3, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Primary extra-axial chondroid chordoma of the anterior nasal septum: case report of a  rare chordoma with literature review].
[Primary extra-axial chondroid chordoma of the anterior nasal septum: case report of a rare chordoma with literature review]. HNO. 2020 Oct 23;: Authors: Holley C, Breining T, Scheithauer M, Möller P, Barth TFE Abstract An 87-year-old patient reported a nodular, progressively enlarging mass of the anterior nasal septum leading to partial obstruction of the nostrils. The tumor showed no infiltration of the subcutis, bone, or paranasal sinuses in imaging or intraoperatively. Histological examination revealed a chondroid tumor with lobular growth and physaliferous cell morphology. Immu...
Source: HNO - October 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Subjective significance of olfactory dysfunction after laryngectomy : Let's ask our patients].
Authors: Steinau P, Walter S, Hübner J, Büntzel J Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Laryngectomy is usually associated with olfactory dysfunction. How do laryngectomees personally experience and feel about this change? MATERIALS AND METHODS: In cooperation with the Bundesverband der Kehlkopfoperierten (German Association of Throat Cancer Patients) and together with laryngectomized patients, a new questionnaire was created and distributed via the regional offices according to the population sizes of the federal states (n = 293) for the first time in spring 2018. The questionnaire covers ...
Source: HNO - October 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Diagnosis and treatment of external otitis].
Authors: Simon F Abstract External otitis is one of the most common infections in the head and neck region, as about 10% of all people suffer from it at least once during their life. It is an infection of the cutis and subcutis of the outer ear canal caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungus as well as allergens or degenerative toxic substances. A concomitant infection of the eardrum (myringitis) may develop. Patients typically present with unilateral, rarely bilateral, earache (otalgia), with accompanying hearing loss and sometimes discharge from the ear (otorrhea). In general, otalgia is one of the most common...
Source: HNO - October 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[De-escalation concepts for chemoradiotherapy of HPV-positive oropharyngeal carcinomas: pros and cons].
CONCLUSION: Treatment de-escalation should be performed exclusively in prospective studies and can currently not be recommended in clinical routine. PMID: 33048200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Management of transmodiolar and transmacular cochleovestibular schwannomas with and without cochlear implantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Cochleovestibular schwannomas with transmodiolar and transmacular extension represent a rare entity with specific management requirements. Hearing rehabilitation with CI is a principal option in these patients. PMID: 33044580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Mutation signatures in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma : Pathogenesis and therapeutic potential].
Authors: Plath M, Hess J, Zaoui K Abstract BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a complex and multistage process which results from the interaction of exogenous and endogenous cellular processes. Each of these processes leaves a characteristic pattern of mutations on the tumor genome, a so-called mutational signature. STATE OF THE ART: The subject of current studies is to decipher specific signatures of mutational processes operating during HNSCC pathogenesis and to address their prognostic value. Computational analysis of genomic sequencing data by The...
Source: HNO - October 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Quality of cochlear implant rehabilitation under COVID-19 conditions.
CONCLUSION: The implementation of the new hygiene modalities within the therapeutic rehabilitation setting was well-accepted by patients allowing access to auditory rehabilitation. A successful rehabilitation should ensure a fear-free environment by adhering to the necessary hygiene modalities. PMID: 33034674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 11, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialisation : Part  51].
[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialisation : Part 51]. HNO. 2020 Oct 06;: Authors: Jung M, Mlynski R, Weiss NM PMID: 33021686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 8, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Liquid biopsy-a  possible key player in immuno-oncology].
DISCUSSION: Before any of these approaches can be established in clinical routine, long-term data and standardization of the methods for isolating and analyzing the markers are needed. PMID: 32995896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 2, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Dorsal preservation septorhinoplasty].
CONCLUSION: The preliminary experience of 205 cases with a revision rate of less than 10% is promising. A final evaluation of the technique will only be possible after further studies and evaluation of long-term results. PMID: 32995897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - October 2, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[The microbiome in head and neck tumors-initial findings and outlook].
Authors: Lang S, Brandau S, Marchesi JR, Jablonska J, Thurnher D, Mattheis S, Buer J, Hussain T Abstract Technical progress in molecular biology has allowed for a more detailed analysis of the composition of the human microbiome in recent years. Inter- and intraindividual differences in microbiome composition have been demonstrated, which in part correlate with the occurrence of certain diseases. For some of the so-called oncomicrobes, a direct relationship between their effect on the host organism and carcinogenesis has been demonstrated, predominantly for gastrointestinal cancers. Initial results for head an...
Source: HNO - October 2, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Accreditation and certification of skull base centres in Germany by the German Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft f ür Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB). German version].
[Accreditation and certification of skull base centres in Germany by the German Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft für Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB). German version]. HNO. 2020 Sep 30;: Authors: Schipper J, Schaumann K, Gerlach R, Reinert S, Schramm A, Schwager K Abstract The German Society for Skull Base Surgery (Gesellschaft für Schädelbasischirurgie, GSB) has developed a protocol for the certification of GSB skull base centres. The development of such a protocol has led to numerous open and sometimes controversial discussions among the GSB members. The various c...
Source: HNO - October 2, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Clear resection margins to avoid escalation of adjuvant therapy in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma].
CONCLUSION: Unclear resection status reduces OS and RFI in patients with OPSCC. Therefore, in surgical therapy, clear resection status in the first pass should be strived for to avoid escalation of adjuvant therapy due to an unclear R status. PMID: 32975607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Hearing classification in patients with vestibular schwannoma using German-language test procedures].
CONCLUSION: The Gardner-Robertson and AAO-HNS classifications can be used in German-speaking settings. The Freiburg monosyllabic test can be used to determine speech discrimination scores or maximum word recognition. PMID: 32975608 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Prize winners in otorhinolaryngology].
Authors: Praetorius M PMID: 32968855 [PubMed - in process] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Slowly progressive soft tumor of the anthelix].
Authors: Breitrück NY, Ortmann M, Klussmann JP, Meyer MF PMID: 32944819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Unusual cause of dysphagia in the emergency department].
Authors: Plößl S, Gufler H, Plontke SK PMID: 32944820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Sore throat as indication for tonsillectomy before and after implementation of the German guideline for tonsillitis : Longitudinal study covering 115.839 procedures].
Authors: Windfuhr JP, Schmuker C, Günster C Abstract BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy is a reasonable indication in the management of sore throat not responding to antibiotic treatment. This longitudinal patient-level study was conducted to estimate the impact of the German guideline for the management of tonsillitis which was published in 2015. METHODS: Data of inpatient and outpatient healthcare were retrieved from a database provided by one of the largest German health insurance companies (i.e., Allgemeine Ortskrankenkassen). Procedures for the management of chronic tonsillitis (code: J35.0) between ...
Source: HNO - September 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialization : Part  50].
[Medical examination: Preparation for ENT specialization : Part 50]. HNO. 2020 Sep 17;: Authors: Eichhorn T PMID: 32940770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 19, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Tumor microenvironment in salivary gland carcinomas: Consequences for new therapeutic concepts].
CONCLUSIONS: LAG3 is particularly detectable in aggressive entities and advanced tumors. Hence, LAG3 inhibition poses a potential targeted therapy for advanced and metastatic SGCs. PMID: 32929519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Epistaxis and anticoagulation therapy: an analysis based on health insurance data from Lower Saxony].
CONCLUSION: In addition to arterial hypertension, the predominant male sex and the typical age distribution, we found that cases of epistaxis often received anticoagulation therapy. This study showed an increase of epistaxis along with rising prescriptions of NOAC. In contrast, no increase of severe epistaxis cases leading to hospitalization was found. PMID: 32929520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Functional outcome after transmandibular resection and primary chemoradiation in advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma].
Authors: Knopf A, Mansour N, Hofauer B, Johnson F, Bier H, Wakonig F, Teutsch S Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the functional outcome after transmandibular resection and reconstruction via a radial forearm flap (TMR+RFF) compared to primary chemoradiotherapy (pCRT) in advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). METHODS: The study compared 50 OPSCC patients treated with TMR+RFF to 50 OPSCC patients receiving pCRT. The time taken to swallow water served as the primary endpoint. The Saxon test, maxillomandibular distance, Mallampati score, ratio of height to weig...
Source: HNO - September 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

[Plastic reconstructive surgery in patients with oropharyngeal tumors].
Authors: Remmert S, Hasenberg S Abstract Oropharyngeal tumors can cause severe dysfunctions, which are often worsened by surgical and/or radiotherapy. The severity and type of dysfunction depends on the extent and localization of the resection. In general, entire organ resections lead to greater impairment than partial resections, whereas extended partial resection often equates to total resection. Plastic reconstructive surgery can help to preserve and reconstruct specific functions. Herein, the various surgical techniques with different flaps and tissue grafts are described, and the indications are presented depe...
Source: HNO - September 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

["Online from tomorrow on please": comparison of digital framework conditions of curricular teaching at national university ENT clinics in times of COVID-19 : Digital teaching at national university ENT clinics].
CONCLUSION: There are positive examples of successful transformation of classroom teaching to an exclusively virtual summer semester 2020 within the university ENT clinics; however, critical ratings of assistant professors and medical directors regarding the current teaching situation predominated. A time-critical strategic advancement is urgently needed. PMID: 32929523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - September 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research