The Impact of Message Content and Format on Initial Parental Engagement in a Parenting Intervention: An Experimental Study
ConclusionsBrief testimonials have the potential to early engage parents when the message is positive, independently of its format. Future research should further explore the effects of different messages as well as other engagement strategies used to engage parents.Trial RegistrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12618001282279,prospectively registered 30/07/2018. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - May 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Longitudinal Interplay Between Attention Bias and Interpretation Bias in Social Anxiety in Adolescents
ConclusionsThus, no evidence was found for the Combined Cognitive Bias Hypothesis in social anxiety in adolescents. Instead, our results suggest that interpretation bias rather than attention bias contributes to the increase of social anxiety over time. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - May 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effects of Attentional Deployment on Reinterpretation in Depressed Adolescents: Evidence from an Eye-Tracking Study
ConclusionsResults from this study suggest that adolescents with major depression have emotion regulation deficits when being confronted with negative emotional facets, while showing intact overt attentional processes. The findings provide important starting points for future research investigating the role of other factors which might impact on emotion regulation processes in this patient group, such as cognitive control deficits. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - May 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Imagine How Good That Feels: The Impact of Anticipated Positive Emotions on Motivation for Reward Activities
ConclusionsResults provide initial evidence for a potentially important role of affective forecasting in prospective mental imagery. We discuss how these findings can inform future research aiming to harness prospective mental imagery ’s potential for clinical applications. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - May 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Changing Metacognitive Appraisal Bias in High-Worriers Through Reappraisal Training
ConclusionsThese findings highlight the potential of metacognitive RT for future translational studies with (clinical) samples characterized by repetitive negative thinking and/or negative metacognitive beliefs. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - April 29, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

PTSD Symptoms, Intolerance of Uncertainty, and Alcohol-Related Outcomes Among Trauma-Exposed College Students
ConclusionsGreater levels of IU relates to coping-oriented alcohol use in trauma-exposed young adult drinkers; however, IU may not inform levels of alcohol consumption or negative consequences from alcohol use in college populations. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - April 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender differences in state body satisfaction, affect, and body-related attention patterns towards one ’s own and a peer’s body: an Eye-Tracking Study with Women and Men
ConclusionsThe findings provide evidence of gender-specific differences in state body satisfaction after viewing one ’s own and a peer’s body. However, these differences do not seem to be reflected by gender differences in body-related attention allocation. As both women and men showed a deficit-oriented attentional bias, they might benefit from interventions which aim to establish a functional or self-serving way of looking at one’s own body. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - March 18, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive vulnerabilities and Depression: A Culture-Moderated Meta-Analysis
AbstractOne of the several competing hypotheses that attempt to explain cross-cultural variations in major depressive disorder prevalence states that some of the core characteristics of collectivistic cultural structures may prevent the development of mood disorders. We investigated whether cognitive vulnerabilities derived from the cognitive-behavioral model discriminate similarly between clinically depressed and healthy samples in individualistic and collectivistic cultures. We searched PubMed, PsychINFO, web of Science, and Scopus until June 2019 for studies comparing levels of cognitive vulnerabilities between depresse...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - March 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impaired Emotion Processing and Panic Disorder After Left Anterior Temporal Lobectomy: A Case Report of Successful Psychotherapeutic Intervention
ConclusionsThis case shows that MTL brain surgery patients may benefit from CBT and demonstrates the important and if yet still somewhat mysterious role of the amygdala in emotion regulation processes. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - March 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between CBT-Mindedness and iCBT Outcomes Amongst a Large Adult Sample
ConclusionsThe CBT-SUITS represents a psychometrically sound measure of CBT-mindedness. Results amongst this large sample of adults accessing iCBT in a community service indicate that CBT-mindedness (or CBT-mindedness change) is an important predictor of therapy response. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - March 2, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Anxiety Sensitivity and PTSD Symptom Severity Among Trauma-Exposed Inpatient Adolescents
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that adolescent psychiatric inpatients may benefit from treatments targeting mental incapacitation concerns. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 16, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Imagery Rescripting for Reducing Body Image Dissatisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsGiven some promising effects of ImRS on negative body-related emotions, but lack of a downstream effect on body dissatisfaction itself, further investigation of the format, dose and focus of ImRS in this context is warranted. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cannabis Use among Black Young Adults: The Interactive Effects of Ethnic-Racial Identity, Anxiety, and Sex
ConclusionsThese findings extend prior research on the protective effects of ERI on cannabis use among Black individuals by highlighting the interactive nature of psycho-sociocultural factors in cannabis-related behaviors among Black individuals. Findings suggest that ERI ’s protective influence may no longer be evident at higher levels of anxiety and anxiety-related constructs (AS), especially among men. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 9, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are Acute Increases and Variability in Emotion Regulation Strategies Related to Negative Affect and Paranoid Thoughts in Daily Life?
ConclusionsAcute increases in the intensity of but not variability in  emotion regulation strategies are related to negative affect and paranoid thoughts in daily life. Future studies are needed to examine whether improving emotion regulation leads to sustainable reductions in symptoms. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 1, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

More and Better: Reappraisal Quality Partially Explains the Effect of Reappraisal Use on Changes in Positive and Negative Affect
ConclusionsThese results suggest the quality with which reappraisal is used is one way through which reappraisal predicts improvements in affect, especially among people lower in depressive symptoms. Our findings enhance our understanding of the process of reappraisal and offer potential targets for interventions. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 1, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research