Reframing the Past: Role of Memory Processes in Emotion Regulation
ConclusionsBased on this literature, we conclude that memory reactivation plays a crucial role in memory modification. We discuss further the potential role of memory reactivation in mediating the success of cognitive reappraisal, which may be considered a special case of memory modification. We propose that the completeness, or strength, of reactivation during retrospective emotion regulation will be related to the likelihood of updating an episodic memory, reducing its emotional impact upon later recall. Understanding the role of memory processes in emotion regulation can help to inform research on memory-based treatment...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Which Variations of a Brief Cognitive Bias Modification Session for Interpretations Lead to the Strongest Effects?
ConclusionsPresenting valenced interpretations of ambiguous information during brief CBM-I, regardless of the format, can lead to changes in interpretation bias. However, most conditions did not differ from the no task control condition on other post-training assessments (and differences that did occur may be due to chance). Future trials should consider further testing of CBM-I that targets flexibility related to emotional material, and should include an increased number of sessions and trials. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Relieving Nurses ’ Ageism Toward Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsCBT is an effective evidence-based psychological intervention for relieving nurses ’ ageism towards older adults. The psychological well-being of nurses caring for older adults is crucial, and new techniques should be adopted to relieve nurses’ accumulated stress and decrease their death anxiety. Future studies which investigate the effectiveness of CBT on other forms of discr imination, such as racism and sexism in healthcare settings, are recommended. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion-Regulation in Psychosis: Patients with Psychotic Disorders Apply Reappraisal Successfully
ConclusionThese findings question the common assumption that PD use reappraisal less often or less successfully. At least under laboratory condition, PD do not appear to be impaired in reducing negative affect via reappraisal successfully. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Manipulating Alcohol Expectancies in Social Anxiety: A Focus on Beliefs About Losing Control
ConclusionsAlthough this experiment used a non-clinical sample, beliefs about losing control may be important to consider when conceptualizing social anxiety and treating associated symptoms from a cognitive-behavioural framework. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Early Life Adversity as a Moderator of Symptom Change following Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
ConclusionsFindings suggest that SSRIs may be particularly effective for individuals with ELA and CBT may be particularly effective for individuals without ELA in reducing depression, but not anxiety, symptoms. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Inducing Affective Learning Biases with Cognitive Training and Prefrontal tDCS: A Proof-of-Concept Study
ConclusionsNegative training induced a mild negative bias in healthy adults as reflected in loss-driven choice behaviour. Prefrontal tDCS had no effect. Further research is needed to assess if this training procedure can be adapted to enhance learning from positive outcomes and whether effects translate to affective disorders. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frontal tDCS and Emotional Reactivity to Negative Content: Examining the Roles of Biased Interpretation and Emotion Regulation
ConclusionsThe present results are consistent with neural models implicating increased frontal activity with reduction in emotional reactivity, but provides no support for the role of interpretive bias in this relationship, and no evidence that tDCS enhanced the effects of emotion regulation. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychotherapy, Atomoxetine or Both? Preliminary Evidence from a Comparative Study of Three Types of Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
ConclusionsThe combined treatment seems to be superior to the medication alone on parent ratings on ADHD symptoms, however, on clinical ratings on ADHD diagnosis and functioning there are no significant group differences between treatments. Future larger trials with follow-up assessments are needed to test the stability of the effects over time. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Brief Training to Modify the Breadth of Attention Influences the Generalisation of Fear
ConclusionsParticipants trained to attend to stimuli in a local/analytical manner showed higher magnitude of fear acquisition and generalisation than participants trained to attend in a global/holistic way. Breadth of attentional focus can influence overall fear levels and fear generalisation and this can be manipulated via attentional training. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Reported Cognitive Functions Predict the Trajectory of Paranoid Ideation Over a 15-Year Prospective Follow-Up
ConclusionsSelf-reported cognitive functions seem to predict paranoid ideation over a long-term follow-up. Promoting cognitive functions in early interventions may have long-term protective influences against the development of paranoid ideation in non-clinical populations. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Daily-Life Negative Affect in Emotional Distress Disorders Associated with Altered Frontoinsular Emotion Regulation Activation and Cortical Gyrification
ConclusionsResults suggest frontoinsular emotion regulation activation and gyrification abnormalities could be markers of increased daily-life negative affect and important treatment targets for emotional distress disorders. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

CBT MobileWork © : User-Centered Development and Testing of a Mobile Mental Health Application for Depression
ConclusionsCBT MobileWork© has preliminary feasibility for CBT skills practice and may benefit patients with CBT homework completion. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Control Training in Healthy Older Adults: A Proof of Concept Study on the Effects on Cognitive Functioning, Emotion Regulation and Affect
ConclusionAt this point, the CCT seems not suitable to enhance cognitive resilience factors in older non-depressed individuals. However, there is need for more research on possible moderators of the effects, as well as larger-scale studies with longer follow-up measurements. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“What Might Have Been…”: Counterfactual Thinking, Psychological Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth When a Loved One is Missing
ConclusionsVarious types of CFT are differentially related to psychological symptoms with downward CFT facilitating posttraumatic growth in some individuals. Implications for psychological interventions are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Imagery Rescripting of Painful Memories in Social Anxiety Disorder: A Qualitative Analysis of Needs Fulfillment and Memory Updating
ConclusionsFindings illuminate the clinical processes through which socially traumatic memories in SAD may be updated in IR by guiding patients to fulfill their needs and promote improved emotional health. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Weekly Self-Ratings of Treatment Involvement and Their Relation to Symptom Reduction in Internet Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
ConclusionsThe results strengthen subjective knowledge gain as a candidate for use as a predictor of treatment effects in ICBT-i. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Residual Anxiety in Patients with Bipolar Disorder in Full or Partial Remission: Metacognitive Beliefs and Neurocognitive Function
ConclusionsMaladaptive metacognitive beliefs are associated with residual anxiety in remitted patients with BD. Treatments that specifically target maladaptive metacognitive beliefs may have potential to reduce anxiety in remitted phases of BD  and enhance patients’ functional recovery and quality of life. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bridges over Troubled Waters: Mapping the Interplay Between Anxiety, Depression and Stress Through Network Analysis of the DASS-21
ConclusionsSpecific symptoms can function as bridges between depression, anxiety and stress, which is clinically relevant on top of being theoretically important. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Advancing the Assessment of Mindfulness-Based Meditation Practice: Psychometric Evaluation of the Mindfulness Adherence Questionnaire
ConclusionsThe MAQ is reliable and has a meaningful scale structure, may usefully distinguish both quality versus quantity and formal versus informal MBP, and is sensitive to variations in MBP and does not solely measure trait mindfulness. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development of the A-DISS Rejection Task to Demonstrate the Unique and Overlapping Affective Features of Social Anxiety and Depression
ConclusionsFindings provide preliminary validation of a novel peer rejection task for research on understanding the affective experience of real-time rejection overall, especially for those with elevated SA and depression. SA and depression symptoms each uniquely moderating the effects of Rejection exposure on similar affective states, suggests individuals with SA or depression may benefit from interventions targeting specific reactions to rejection/stress and transdiagnostic risk factors. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Brain of Thrones: Cognitive Effort and Perceived Performance During a Cognitive Task in Major Depressive Disorder
ConclusionsAvoidance of cognitive challenges in depression has implications for understanding mechanisms related to cognitive performance and efforts to modify cognitive impairment. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Online Intervention Reduces Hostile Attribution Bias, Anger, Aggressive Driving, and Cyber-Aggression, Results of Two Randomized Trials
AbstractBackgroundAnger and aggression often result from attributing hostile intent to the ambiguous actions of other people.MethodsTwo online double-blind parallel randomized pilot studies with healthy adult volunteers tested a novel online cognitive intervention called Hostile Bias Modification Training (HBMT). We hypothesized HBMT would reduce hostile attribution bias, anger, and aggression. In study one, 180 volunteers were randomized to one of three versions of HBMT (active, alternative, and placebo). In study two, 217 volunteers were randomized to either active or placebo HBMT and returned 24 –96 h later t...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Covid-19 Experiences and Associated Stress on Anxiety, Depression, and Functional Impairment in American Adults
ConclusionsThese findings highlight that personal experiences related to the diagnosis of COVID-19, mortality in acquaintances, and COVID-19 associated stress is associated with a greatly elevated risk of emotional disorder symptomatology and that the COVID-19 pandemic may result in increased demand for mental health services. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Two Brief Web-Based Psychological Interventions on Functional Outcomes
ConclusionsThe results of the current study suggest that brief online interventions may have a significant impact on functional impairment, particularly social functioning. This provides further support for the continued development and implementation of brief online interventions. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effects of Affective Expectations on Experience in Individuals Varying in Anhedonia
ConclusionsFuture research should determine whether we can use expectation effects to improve motivation in anhedonic individuals, so that they can engage in more enjoyable activities and improve their treatment outcomes. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personalized Psychotherapy for Outpatients with Major Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Transdiagnostic Versus Diagnosis-Specific Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
ConclusionsOur findings give insufficient evidence to support a recommendation of either transdiagnostic or diagnosis-specific CBT for a given patient or to predict the response to the applied group therapies. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Intolerance of Uncertainty and Cognitive Behavioural Instructions on Safety Learning
ConclusionsThese initial results provide some insight into how simple cognitive behavioural instructions combined with exposure are applied differently in individuals with varying levels of self-reported anxiety. The results further our understanding of the role of basic cognitive behavioural principles and self-reported anxiety in safety learning. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Cognitive Distortions and Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder After Accounting for Comorbidities and Personality Traits
ConclusionsThese findings illuminate the complex role of cognitive distortions, comorbidities, and personality traits in the presentation of adult ADHD. As such, this study has clinical and conceptual relevance for understanding the role, candidate mechanisms, and therapeutic targets of cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult ADHD, particularly the cognitive component. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Improving Positive Life Event Predictions through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
ConclusionsThese findings suggest changes in the informativeness of predictions of positive life events may uniquely change and be important to the development of skills in CBT for depression. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Randomized Trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Traditional Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Self-Help Books for Social Anxiety
ConclusionsUse of self-help books to address social anxiety in college students is promising, and addressing cognitive fusion appears to be important. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Factor Structure and Content Specificity of the Interpretation Bias Task (IBT)
ConclusionsThe IBT is suitable for measuring interpretation biases in Asian adults. The content specificity of interpretation biases was partially supported. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Harnessing Mental Imagery and Enhancing Memory Specificity: Developing a Brief Early Intervention for Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence
ConclusionsThis is the first study to use imagery rescripting and memory specificity training in adolescence. Initial evidence is provided that the intervention is acceptable and may have clinical utility. Future randomised controlled trials are needed to further assess the intervention. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are Catastrophic Misinterpretations of Bodily Sensations Typical for Patients with Panic Disorder? An Experimental Study of Patients with Panic Disorder or Other Anxiety Disorders and Healthy Controls
ConclusionsThe findings indicate that the activation of fear memory via induction of physiological arousal facilitated the measurement of catastrophic misinterpretations, and provide further evidence that catastrophic misinterpretations of bodily sensations are typical for panic disorder. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion Malleability Beliefs and Emotion Experience and Regulation in the Daily Lives of People with High Trait Social Anxiety
ConclusionThe paucity of significant associations observed between trait malleability beliefs and momentary and daily self-reports of emotion regulation (despite consistent findings of such relationships at trait levels) calls for additional research to better understand the complex dynamics of emotion beliefs in daily life. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Overcoming a Poor Early Response with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Skills
ConclusionsOur findings extend the literature on early response predicting outcome by showing that when clients experience more limited early symptom change, outcome depends considerably on the degree to which they are learning CBT skills. For clients with greater CBT skill improvements, a relatively positive treatment outcome is still common. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Envy
AbstractEnvy is a ubiquitous social emotion often associated with depression, hostility and shame. Often confused with jealousy which involves the fear or anger that a primary relationship is threatened by a third party, envy is an emotion focused on threats to status such that another person ’s “gain” is viewed as a “loss” for the self. There is very little in the cognitive behavioral literature on the nature and treatment of envy. In this article I outline the research on the nature of envy, the evolutionary model of envy, the relevance of an integrative CBT model that draws on Beck’s ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Homework Engagement, Homework-Related Therapist Behaviors, and Their Association with Depressive Symptoms in Telephone-Based CBT for Depression
ConclusionsResults suggest that HE is a relevant therapeutic process element related to reduced depressive symptoms in tel-CBT and that TBH is positively associated with HE. Future research is needed to determine the causal direction of the association between HE and depressive symptoms and to investigate whether TBH moderates the relationship between HE and depressive symptoms.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT02667366. Registered on 3 December 2015. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Memory-Related Emotion Regulation and its Relation to Internalizing Symptoms
ConclusionsHighly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Therapy in the Treatment and Prevention of Depression: A Fifty-Year Retrospective with an Evolutionary Coda
AbstractIn the 50  years since it was first introduced, cognitive therapy has been shown to be as efficacious as antidepressant medications (on average) in the acute treatment of nonpsychotic depression, although some patients will do better on one than on the other. Moreover, patients treated to remission with cogn itive therapy are less than half as likely to relapse following treatment termination as patients treated to remission with medications. However, a recent study suggests that adding medications interferes with any such enduring effect and medications themselves may have an iatrogenic effect that sup presse...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Establishing a Collaborative Care CBT Milieu in Adolescent Inpatient Units
ConclusionsThe Collaborative Care CBT Milieu model demonstrates the feasibility of training MHTs to work in coordination with CBT therapists and other treatment team members to provide milieu interactions consistent with traditional CBT. Training staff to apply CBT theory and strategies within their scope of practice offers a pathway to an inpatient unit with a common language, shared lens for understanding patients, and unified approach to individualized care. Further research is needed to understand how these innovations impact clinical outcomes. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Approach-Avoidance Behavior in Response to Ambiguous Cues Reflect Depressive Interpretation Bias? Related but Distinct
ConclusionsOur results suggest that judgement bias and interpretation bias might be related but distinct. The JBT should not be used as an indirect assessment of interpretation bias in its current form, and it would be premature to claim that animal studies using the JBT could inform our understanding of cognitive biases in mood disorders. Nevertheless, the JBT might be useful for studying specific mechanisms, such as reward processing under ambiguity. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Associations among Distress Tolerance, Unhelpful Coping Behaviors, and Symptoms of Depression: A Network Analysis
ConclusionsThis finding corroborates previous findings showing an association between distress tolerance and symptoms of depression and presents a need for future work in this area. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Control Training as an Augmentation Strategy to CBT in the Treatment of Fear of Failure in Undergraduates
ConclusionsThe current study is among the first to investigate the added value of combining CCT with CBT in an anxious sample. CCT did not augment effects of a CBT-based fear of failure treatment. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reframing Time Spent Alone: Reappraisal Buffers the Emotional Effects of Isolation
ConclusionsOur results provide preliminary evidence that reappraising time alone as solitude may boost resilience to the decrements in positive mood associated with time alone. Limitations, clinical implications, and directions for future research are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Fusion Mediates the Impact of Attachment Imagery on Paranoia and Anxiety
ConclusionsSecure attachment imagery is effective in reducing paranoia and anxiety  and operates via cognitive fusion. In clinical practice, these interventions should seek to facilitate the ability to ‘step back’ from compelling threat beliefs, in order to be most beneficial. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity Accelerates the Temporal Changes in Obsessions and Compulsions During Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
ConclusionHigher levels of baseline AS negatively impact response to CBT for OCD. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Interaction Between Mentalizing, Empathy and Symptoms in People with Eating Disorders: A Network Analysis Integrating Experimentally Induced and Self-report Measures
ConclusionsThis is the first network analysis study which integrates self-reported symptoms and objective socio-cognitive performance in people with EDs. Results highlight the importance of mentalizing abilities in that they contribute to maintenance of ED psychopathology and to empathic ability. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Homework Completion in Treating Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder with Exposure and Ritual Prevention: A Review of the Empirical Literature
ConclusionsHomework completion is an important component of treating OCD with ERP. More research is needed to improve assessment tools and test strategies to enhance homework completion. We conclude with key practice points and directions for future research. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in Terms of Weight-Related Impairment and Fatigue Severity Among Adults with Obesity and Chronic Low Back Pain
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that anxiety sensitivity may be a mechanistic target for better understanding and addressing weight-related impairment and fatigue severity among individuals with obesity and chronic low back pain. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research