Commentary Regarding “A Cyst Compressing the Ulnar Nerve Motor Branch. Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of a Tricking Neuropathy”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

A Cyst Compressing the Ulnar Nerve Motor Branch: Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of a Tricking Neuropathy
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

The Impact of Microbial Communities on Wound Healing: A Review
Chronic, nonhealing wounds place an enormous burden on both the health care system and patients, with no definitive treatments available. There has been increasing evidence that the microbial composition of wounds may play an important role in wound healing. Culture-independent methods for bacterial detection and analysis have revealed the wound microbiome to be much more diverse and complex than culture alone. Such methods primarily rely on targeted amplification and sequencing of various hypervariable regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA for phylogenetic analysis. To date, there have been several studies utilizing culture-i...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Microvascular Replantation Following Facial Dog Bites in Children: Systematic Review and Management Algorithm
Conclusions Microvascular replantation following facial dog bite amputation injuries in the pediatric population is the ultimate step in the reconstructive ladder. Strong consideration should be given to microvascular exploration with involvement of large or whole segments of the lip, nose, or ear; however, parents should be counseled extensively regarding the known morbidity of replantation surgery. With meticulous surgical technique and careful postoperative care, replantation after facial dog bite amputation injuries may successfully achieve dramatic and lasting results for pediatric patients. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Improving Senescent Wound Healing With Local and Systemic Therapies
The population is aging, and the prevalence of chronic wounds is increasing. Because neovascularization is essential for tissue repair and both local and systemic factors affect new blood vessel formation, we hypothesize that altering either pathway would reciprocally enhance wound healing in the aged. To test this hypothesis, p53 was locally suppressed and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were systemically mobilized in a murine model of senescent wound healing. Bilateral 6-mm full-thickness stented wounds were made on the dorsum of Zmpste24−/− mice. Animals received weekly topical p53 small interfering RNA...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Computed Tomographic Angiography Used for Localization of the Cutaneous Perforators and Selection of Anterolateral Thigh Flap “Bail-Out” Branches
Conclusions A significant bail-out perforator routinely supplies the proximal anterolateral thigh and may be used as an alternative vascular pedicle for an anterolateral thigh flap if a tedious intramuscular course is encountered during elevation of a perforator identified within the conventional landmarks (3-cm radius circle at the midpoint of the anterior superior iliac spine and superolateral patella). (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Time to Procedure, Nuclear Imaging and Clinicopathological Characteristics as Predictive Factors for Sentinel Lymph Node Metastasis in Cutaneous Melanoma: A Single-Center Analysis
Objective Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a widely accepted staging procedure for cutaneous melanoma patients who are at risk of clinically occult nodal metastases. Numerous predictive factors for regional lymph node metastases have been identified; however, few have been found to be reproducibly significant. Also, the role of blue dye in identification was questioned in recent trials. Time to procedure was also found to be predictive of SLN positivity, but this was not confirmed in other studies. In our study, predictive factors for metastatic involvement of SLN were analyzed, together with the role of addition blue...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Massive Localized Lymphedema: Analysis of Intraoperative Care
In conclusion, we recommend close communication between the surgery and anesthesia teams regarding the extent of the resection and potential for fluid resuscitation and transfusions. Preoperative laboratory tests are recommended, as well as type and cross-match prior to the operation to obtain a baseline for intraoperative and postoperative monitoring. Recommendations for intraoperative management include strict input and output monitoring and aggressive fluid resuscitation with appropriate arterial and venous access. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Prospective Analysis of the Greater Occipital Nerve Location in Patients Undergoing Occipital Nerve Decompression
Background Migraine surgery and onabotulinumtoxinA injections aim to deactivate neurovascular trigger points implicated in chronic headaches. The greater occipital nerve (GON) is a common trigger point. The depth of this nerve has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to report the intraoperative location, including depth, of the GON in human subjects undergoing migraine surgery. Methods We reviewed records of patients who underwent GON decompression by a single surgeon. Intraoperative measurement of the GON location lateral to midline, inferior to the occipital protuberance, and deep to the ski...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Skin Paddles Improve Muscle Flap Salvage Rates After Microvascular Compromise in Lower Extremity Reconstruction
Conclusions Muscle flaps with a cutaneous paddle were associated with earlier return to the operating room and more successful flap salvage after take-back compared with muscle-only flaps. These findings suggest that skin paddle presence may improve clinical flap monitoring and promote recognition and treatment of microvascular compromise in lower extremity reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Modified Design of Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Total Pharyngolaryngectomy Reconstruction: A Single-Center Experience
Conclusions Minimizing donor-site morbidity is an important goal in reconstructive surgery. Our modified ALT flap design is simple, enabling easy primary closure of the donor-site defect, with improved results for the patient and operators. Furthermore, this design is also suitable for ALT flaps with widths larger than 8 cm. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Functional Results of a Modified Extracorporeal Septoplasty With Open Access
Conclusions Based on the results obtained from our work, we can declare that open access is a functionally valid procedure. At 6 months after surgery, the 2 accesses have a comparable functional efficacy. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes of Explosion Injuries to the Hand
Conclusions Early reconstruction provides protective sensation and preserves some function after explosion injuries. Preoperative HISS correlates with the long-term functional outcome as measured by DASH scores. For this group of patients, postinjury AMA impairment ratings also correlate with functional outcomes for the upper extremity. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Postburn Neck Reconstruction With Preexpanded Upper Back Perforator Flaps: Free-Style Design and An Update of Treatment Strategies
Conclusion The free-style design has significantly increased the potential and versatility of the upper back flaps in reconstruction of severe neck scar contracture. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Extensive Post–Electric Burn Scalp Defects With Exposed Bones: A Study of 12 Cases
In conclusion, the results obtained, in all the patients, were satisfactory without necessitating a bony reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

A Risk-Stratified Comparison of High-Risk Findings in Reduction Mammoplasty
Background Reduction mammoplasty is indicated for symptomatic macromastia or breast asymmetry after contralateral cancer surgery. Previous studies compared the incidence of high-risk lesions in resection specimens between these 2 groups. However, no studies have compared incidental findings in breast reduction specimens based on relative risk of cancer. Our study stratifies lesions by relative risk of malignant progression and compares the frequency of these findings in bilateral versus unilateral reduction mammoplasties. Methods Charts were reviewed from 422 patients undergoing breast reductions by a single surgeon o...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Aesthetic Unit Boundary Approach to Large Fibroadenoma Resection
Conclusions Concentric circumareolar approach can be used to resect large benign breast tumors while concealing the scar along the aesthetic unit boundary of the breast. The cosmetic outcome and recovery were promising. The approach is simple to execute, highly reproducible, and less dependent on intuition. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Combined Autologous and Prosthetic Breast Reconstruction: Defining the Upper Limits of Safe Expansion in Obesity
Background Combined latissimus dorsi and prosthetic reconstruction is a useful reconstructive option in patients with a history of breast radiation who are not good candidates for abdominally based autologous reconstruction. One difficulty, particularly in obese patients, is that the thickness of the flap can impair port localization, increasing the risk of inadvertent puncture during expansion. The authors sought to investigate the upper limits of tissue thickness at which tissue expansion can be reliably performed. Methods A cadaveric study was designed in which 2 blinded observers attempted to localize the port of ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Deepithelialized Skin Reduction Preserves Skin and Nipple Perfusion in Immediate Reconstruction of Large and Ptotic Breasts
Conclusions Skin reduction with deepithelialization and tissue infolding preserves dermal plexus perfusion and promotes nipple and skin flap survival in immediate implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction after SSM and NSM. This technique can be combined with NAC devascularization to further promote nipple perfusion. Overall, this method offers an acceptable complication rate and the potential to expand the reconstructive options available to women with large and/or ptotic breasts. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Periumbilical Perforator-Sparing Abdominoplasty in Patients With Abdominal Scars
Abdominoplasty is one of the most common cosmetic surgical procedures. Patients who undergo abdominoplasties with abdominal scars are at an increased risk for skin necrosis and wound breakdown. To prevent further disruption of vascularity, the dissection and mobilization is often limited resulting in a suboptimal esthetic result. The periumbilical perforator-sparing technique allows for vascular preservation and adequate mobilization to produce excellent esthetic results in patients with abdominal scars. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Three-Dimensional Analysis of Mandibular Angle Classification and Aesthetic Evaluation of the Lower Face in Chinese Female Adults
Background Reduction gonioplasty is very popular in East Asia. However, there has been little quantitative criteria for mandibular angle classification or aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate the quantitative differences of mandibular angle types and determine the morphologic features of mandibular angle in attractive women. Methods We created a database of skull computed tomography and standardized frontal and lateral photographs of 96 Chinese female adults. Mandibular angle was classified into 3 groups, namely, extraversion, introversion, and healthy group, based on the position of gonion. We used a ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

The Use of Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene in Short Nose Elongation: Fourteen Years of Clinical Experience
Conclusions Nasal elongation using ePTFE implantation is a feasible therapeutic approach for patients with short noses. Reliable outcomes and the absence of donor site morbidity contribute to the high patient acceptance. Meticulous surgical technique and careful patient selection are prerequisites for successful results. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction of Tuberous Nipple Areolar Complex Deformity in Gynecomastia: The Deformity That Can Get Forgotten
This article concentrates on the tuberous deformity of the nipple areolar complex (NAC) that can present in gynecomastia and is sometimes overlooked at surgical correction. This deformity can be corrected at primary surgery if it is recognized preoperatively. If missed, or not adequately corrected, the postoperative result of primary reduction may be deemed incomplete by the patient and they will request revision. The deformity involves overprojection of the NAC in an anteroposterior direction, yet the base diameter may be close to normal. Correction involves reduction of the herniated breast bud, excision of excess areo...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Abdominal Wall Reconstruction and Patient Comorbidities
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Discussion: Predictors of Complications After Pectoralis Major Transposition for Sternum Dehiscence
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Complications and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Male-to-Female Vaginoplasty—Where We Are Today: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions Multiple surgical techniques have demonstrated safe and reliable means of MtF vaginoplasty with low overall complication rates and with a significant improvement in the patient's quality of life. Studies using different techniques in a similar population and standardized patient-reported outcomes are required to further analyze outcomes among the different procedures and to establish best-practice guidelines. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Masculinizing Top Surgery: A Systematic Review of Techniques and Outcomes
Background Chest wall masculinization by means of mastectomy is an important gender affirming surgery for transmasculine and non-binary patients. Limited data exist comparing commonly used techniques in masculinizing top surgery, and most are single institution studies. Methods A systematic review was performed on primary literature dedicated specifically to the technical aspects and outcomes of mastectomy for masculinizing top surgery. For each study, patient demographics and surgical outcomes were compared. Results Eight studies met inclusion criteria. There were 2138 breasts with an average patient age of 28.6 y...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Perfusion in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation: Current Concepts and Future Prospects
Severe injuries of the face and limbs remain a major challenge in today's reconstructive surgery. Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) has emerged as a promising approach to restore these defects. Yet, there are major obstacles preventing VCA from broad clinical application. Two key restrictions are (1) the graft's limited possible ischemia time, keeping the potential donor radius extremely small, and (2) the graft's immunogenicity, making extensive lifelong monitoring and immunosuppressive treatment mandatory. Machine perfusion systems have demonstrated clinical success addressing these issues in solid organ t...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Transcatheter Arterial Embolization in the Treatment of Maxillofacial Fractures With Life-Threatening Hemorrhage
Conclusions Cases of MFH are rare, but they are associated with a high mortality. Transcatheter arterial embolization use appears to lead to successful outcomes in such cases. Further studies are required to confirm the efficacy of TAE and evaluate its indications and complications. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Opinions on Authorship: A Survey of Plastic Surgery Residents and Fellows
Conclusions Plastic surgery trainees do not seem to be familiar with guidelines regarding authorship justifying contributions. It is important to raise awareness regarding criteria that warrant authorship and to educate our residents and fellows in matters of appropriate scholarly conduct because nothing short of the credibility of our scientific endeavors is otherwise in question. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Classification and Treatment of the Adult Buried Penis
In contrast to the concealed penis found in children, the adult buried penis (BP) is associated with obesity or found in patients after massive weight loss. Bariatric patients present with enormous prepubic fat masses into which the penile shaft retracts. As a consequence, urinating problems occur with wetting of the adjacent tissue. Many BP patients are circumcised with recurrence and worsening of the symptoms. In postbariatric patients, the penis is not engulfed into the prepubic tissue. In contrast to highly obese patients, the BP is covered underneath the cutaneous apron. Although all conditions are called BP, it is co...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Repeated Use of Gluteal Fold Flaps for Post–Oncologic Vulvoperineal Reconstruction
Conclusions We showed the feasibility of successful reuse of subcutaneous pedicled or perforator-based gluteal fold flaps for repeated vulvoperineal reconstruction, both in nonirradiated and irradiated women. This concept of reuse of the gluteal fold flap is useful for recurring (pre)malignant vulvoperineal defects, and reconstructive surgeons and patients may benefit from this potential option. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Long-term Fate of Denervated Skeletal Muscle After Microvascular Flap Transfer
Conclusions We demonstrated that muscle free flap without reinnervation eventually converts into adipose tissue regardless of spontaneous reinnervation during muscle regeneration. The long-term findings of the present study will be valuable for muscle flap selection and prognosis. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy and Immediate Breast Reconstruction With a Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flap: A Study of Patient Satisfaction
Conclusions Immediate breast reconstruction using a deep inferior epigastric perforator free flap after nipple-sparing mastectomies met with a high rate of general satisfaction among patients and resulted in a low rate of nipple-areola complex necrosis. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Utilization of Microdissected Thin Perforator Flap Technique in the Treatment of Bulky and Deformed Skin Flaps
Conclusions The utilization of microdissected thin perforator flap technique to further thin bulky skin flaps at the second stage can be effective in a single operation. The blood supply of all free flaps was preserved, with no evidence of necrosis or healing complications. This technique offers an effective approach for secondary thinning of bulky free flaps. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Modified 2-Stage Method for Auricular Reconstruction
Conclusions This modified 2-stage method for auricle reconstruction can receive acceptable results and fewer complications; furthermore, it is relatively simple and easy to master. The 10-year experience validates that this modified method is an ideal method in auricular reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Vasopressor-Induced Symmetrical Peripheral Gangrene
Conclusions Symmetrical peripheral gangrene is a rare clinical syndrome related with a high mortality and up to 70% of patients who survive require amputation. Several studies have mentioned that there are several factors affecting the result of SPG. Few studies on SPG have been reported and most of them are case reports. In this study, we revealed the influence of vasopressors to the occurrence of SPG, and this was the first matched case-control study based on the analysis of multiple risk factors. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Skin Graft Fixation Using Hydrofiber (Aquacel® Extra)
Conclusions The use of hydrofiber for skin graft fixation was effective and technically very simple. Splints were not required with this method, decreasing the medical waste created and increasing patient comfort. We suggest that this is an excellent alternative for skin graft fixation while at the same time decreasing our carbon footprint as surgeons. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Design of Mini Latissimus Dorsi Flap Based on Thoracodorsal Vascular Patterns
Conclusion The classically described pattern of TD pedicle (type 5) was found in 20% of cases, whereas the most commonly found pattern was type 1. This means that the pattern of TD branching is unpredictable, and a preoperative ultrasound is essential to define the existing pattern and plan the best LD flap design for each patient. In types 1 and 5, the flap can be designed using the transverse medial branch or branches. In type 2, one of the lateral transverse branches can be used. In types 3, 4, and 5, the long descending vertical branch can be used. It has a sizeable diameter (1.80.23 mm), length (12.31.64 cm), and ca...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes Analysis of Chief Cosmetic Clinic Over 13 Years
Conclusions Chief resident clinics can provide results with acceptable complication and revision rates that fall within the acceptable ranges in the literature. In addition, it provides a valuable experience that leaves residents with high comfort levels in performing key procedures in aesthetic surgery. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Course Review: AOTrauma—Hand Fixation for Surgeons
Hand trauma forms an important part of plastic surgery and orthopedic training curricula. Although numerous practical hand trauma courses exist, there is always difficulty in achieving the right balance between educational content and practical workshops. AOTrauma—Hand Fixation for Surgeons is a 2.5-day course for plastic surgery and orthopedic trainees that aims to instill the principles of hand fracture fixation and soft tissue coverage through self-directed learning, lectures, small group discussion, and dry bone practical workshops. This course with international faculty and delegates is held in Leeds, United Kin...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Course Review: Birmingham and Coventry Hand and Forearm Cadaveric Dissection Course
Hand surgery constitutes an important part of plastic surgery and orthopedic training curricula. Although the value of simulation-based training is being increasingly recognized, attendance at such courses may be limited owing to cost, availability, and non–learner-centered schedules. The Birmingham and Coventry hand and forearm cadaveric dissection course is a 1-day course with a loose agenda that offers an inexpensive and learner-centered approach toward surgical access, dissection, and soft tissue coverage in the upper limb. This course is held in Coventry, United Kingdom, at a cost of £165 ($220 US dollars...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Book Review: New Concepts on Abdominoplasty and Further Applications
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Can Covey's 7 Habits Produce a Highly Effective Plastic Surgeon?
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Versus 3-Dimensional Laser Scanning for Breast Volume Assessment After Breast Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Defining Infection in Breast Reconstruction: A Literature Review
Conclusions Currently, there is no consensus on the definition of infection after implant-based IBR. We propose that the definition should include the administration of antibiotics beyond the surgeon's standard perioperative period with or without the presence of localized clinical signs of infection (erythema, pain, increased temperature, etc). A universal definition of postoperative infection after implant-based IBR that accurately captures the incidence of infection will allow better comparisons between future studies. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Management of the Cleft Nasal Tip: An Overview of Classic Techniques and Strategies
The challenges of cleft reconstruction have been present for centuries. However, understanding of the cleft nasal tip and the evolution of techniques decidedly began in the 20th century and refinement continues into the present day. Although a multitude of technical descriptions and case series have been published, a compendium of seminal techniques, which have shaped modern thought, has not been compiled in the literature. In this review, we discuss the anatomical disturbances in the cleft nasal tip anomaly, the timing and strategy of tip correction, and the major classic techniques for management of the cleft nasal tip. ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Experimental Study on Effects of Adipose-Derived Stem Cell–Seeded Silk Fibroin Chitosan Film on Wound Healing of a Diabetic Rat Model
Conclusions Our analyses clearly suggested that it is feasible and effective to enhance wound healing in a diabetic rat model with ADSC-seeded SF/CS film. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Preventive Effect of Synthetic Tryptophan Metabolite on Silicone Breast Implant–Induced Capsule Formation
Background In the field of plastic surgery, capsular contracture after silicone breast implant surgery is a major clinical problem. This experimental study confirms that the synthetic tryptophan metabolite N-(3′,4′-dimethoxycinnamonyl) anthranilic acid (Tranilast) reduces capsule formation and prevents capsular contracture. Methods Eighteen New Zealand white rabbits were divided into 2 groups. In the experimental group, implants were inserted into each rabbit, and oral synthetic tryptophan metabolite was administered daily at a dose of 5 mg/kg in 10 mL of saline. In the control group, rabbits received impl...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Venous Thromboembolism Incidence After Craniofacial Surgery
This study addresses the first two. Design Retrospective cross-sectional study. Methods Discharge data from 64,170 patients undergoing CFS between 2008 and 2013 extracted from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample were analyzed. The outcome measures extracted were: deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, demographic data, common comorbidities, length of stay, total cost, and discharge outcome. Results Diagnoses of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, collectively classified as VTE, were observed in 355 (0.55%) of 64,170 patients discharged after CFS. Other surgeries e...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - April 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research