Treatment of Abdominal Surgical Wound Dehiscence With Bowel Exposure and Infection: Using Intrawound Continuous Negative Pressure, Irrigation, and Application of Artificial Dermis
The objective at this time is to heal such wounds safely and absolutely with using intrawound continuous negative pressure and irrigation treatment and artificial dermis. The subjects were 18 patients with abdominal wall dehiscence wounds with bowel exposure. Complications had already developed in 4 of the 18 cases of intestinal fistula. Subsequently, these 4 cases were treated with conservative treatment alone, whereas the other 14 were treated by split-thickness skin grafts. Intrawound continuous negative-pressure therapy has enabled the concomitant use of an artificial dermis inside the infected wound by maintaining irr...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Anatomic Targets for Breast Reconstruction Neurotization: Past Results and Future Possibilities
The concept of providing neurotized autologous breast reconstruction is not novel, but the introduction of cadaveric nerve grafts has allowed for the development of new techniques and a resurgence in academic interest. There has been a surge in the number of publications regarding neurotized autologous breast reconstruction. However, recent articles and reviews have focused mainly on autologous, abdominal-based reconstruction. The sensory innervation of the most commonly used autologous tissues has been well described, allowing surgeons to perform accurate and reproducible dissections. However, there are numerous options f...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Mechanical Dilation Using Nylon Monofilament Aids Multisite Lymphaticovenous Anastomosis Through Improving the Quality of Anastomosis
In this study, we investigated the efficacy of the conventional supermicrosurgery technique performed with and without MD as a treatment for lower limb lymphedema. The LVA was performed using conventional supermicrosurgery alone in 10 patients (group without MD) and in combination with MD in another 10 patients (group with MD). The mean number of successful LVAs performed per hour was significantly higher in the group with MD than in the group without MD (1.42 ± 0.16 vs 1.14 ± 0.15; P (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

The Long-term Patency of Lymphaticovenular Anastomosis in Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema
Conclusions This study is, to our knowledge, the first to evaluate long-term patency of LVA in upper limb lymphedema. Our study demonstrates that at least 56.5% of the anastomoses created are patent after 1-year follow-up. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Chyle Leak Following Autologous Breast Reconstruction: A Rare Complication of a Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator Flap
Conclusion While altering practice patterns based on a single case is not usually suggested, this complication does intimate that dealing with lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes in the chest should be done deliberately to prevent lymphatic leaks. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Medial Arm Flap: An Unexplored Option for Autologous Breast Reconstruction in the Setting of Morbid Obesity
Currently, deep inferior epigastric perforator flap is undoubtedly the first choice for autologous breast reconstruction for most surgeons; however, there are instances where lower abdominal tissue is unavailable for microvascular transfer. In these cases, most surgeons choose gluteal or lower-extremity territories as donor sites. In the setting of morbid obesity, there is an increased risk of flap and donor site complications, as well as increased blood loss, surgical time, and risk of deep venous thrombosis, not to mention a more challenging surgical technique. Added to these problems, Tamoxifen intake and delayed or li...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Single Versus Simultaneous Double Free Flaps for Head and Neck Reconstruction: Comparison of Flap Outcomes and Donor-Site Morbidity
Conclusions The use of multiple free flaps for reconstruction of major head and neck tissue defects is sometimes necessary to achieve adequate reconstructive results. These procedures have no significant associated increase in overall flap-related complications. Our findings suggest that donor site morbidity can be minimized in double-flap reconstructions by thoughtful flap selection. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Long Term Follow Up of a Vascularized Osteocutaneous Free Flap for Reconstruction in Charcot Neuroarthropathy: A Case Report
We report the long-term results of a case describing the use of an MFC flap to reconstruct an osseous defect resulting from first metatarsophalangeal joint resection in a diabetic patient. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Speech Outcomes After LeFort I Advancement Among Cleft Lip and Palate Patients
Conclusions Although VP function remains unchanged in a majority of patients after LeFort I advancement, VPI should be carefully screened for after surgery. If detected, secondary operations to correct speech should be strongly considered. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Risk of Ischemic Stroke After a Facial Bone Fracture in Elderly Patients
Conclusions Facial bone fractures are associated with increased risk of stroke at 1-year follow-up among elderly patients, particularly women. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

A Test for the Clinical Evaluation of the Flexor Digitorum Superficialis of the Fifth Finger
Conclusions Among the 3 tests described and used in our study, Mecott's modified test proved to be more sensitive and specific than the other two; therefore, we consider this to be the test that should be used in determining the integrity of the FDS5. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Two Cases of Radial Ray Deficiency With Absence of First Metacarpus and 2 Tiny Fingers
We report 2 cases showing both radial ray deficiency and thumb duplication. The common features of these cases were absence of the first metacarpus and presence of 2 tiny fingers. The features of our cases may have been due to continuous abnormality of the mesenchymal cells before limb bud formation and apical ectodermal ridge at the established limb bud. In 1 case, we created a 5-finger hand using 2 tiny floating fingers. Two fingers as vascularized bones with growth potential were useful to make 1 thumb. Two tendon transfers at 2 years of age were effective to allow gripping and pinching of objects. At 6 years of age, th...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Acquired Localized Hypertrichosis Following Pressure Garment and/or Silicone Therapy in Burn Patients
We report on 7 burn patients who developed hypertrichosis following application of pressure garment/silicone therapy to prevent hypertrophic scarring. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Autologous Breast Reconstruction With the Latissimus Dorsi Muscle With Immediate Fat Grafting: Long-term Results and Patient Satisfaction
Conclusions This reconstruction technique with autologous fat injection was effective, with satisfactory and long-lasting results, and without the requirement for implants to set breast shape and volume. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Y-Peg-in-a-Round-Hole Closure for Immediate Periareolar Mastectomy Expander Reconstruction
Conclusion After nipple resecting mastectomy, the Y-peg-in-a-round-hole scar minimizes radial size and contour deformity but allows for reliable wound healing. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Muscle-Splitting Augmentation-Mastopexy: Implant Protection With an Inferior Dermoglandular Flap
We describe a technique for augmentation-mastopexy combining a muscle-splitting pocket for implant placement along with an inferior flap, which helps secure the implant in place and provides coverage in case of wound dehiscence. A retrospective chart review was performed (January 2015 to December 2017) of women who underwent augmentation-mastopexy with round, textured silicone gel implants using a muscle-splitting technique combined with an inferior de-epithelialized dermoglandular flap. A total of 118 patients (236 breasts) were operated on. Mean follow-up was 13 months (10–42 months). Mean patient age was 33.3 year...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review: Plastic Surgery Emergencies, Second Edition
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Book Review: Handbook of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 2nd Edition
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Understanding the Impact and Misconceptions of Rural Plastic Surgery
In the United States, 54 million people live in a designated health service area with either no plastic surgeon or less than 1 plastic surgeon per 100,000 population. Previous studies demonstrate that patients in rural communities often have limitations with access to basic primary care services and subspecialty care services. Such limitations can have significant adverse impacts on health care and quality of life. Plastic and reconstructive surgeons offer unique advantages especially within rural settings given their broad scope of surgical skillsets. The purposes of this study are to illustrate the shortage of plastic an...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Brazilian Perspective on Early Integration of Medical Students Interested in Plastic Surgery
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

One-Stage Reconstruction of Huge Scalp Defect With a Free Vascularized Greater Omentum
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Functional Shoulder Impairment After Latissimus Dorsi Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions There are several influencing factors, such as age, smoking, obesity, radiotherapy, and physiotherapy. Moreover, the impact on shoulder function seemed influenced by the type of thoracodorsal vessel–based flap. From the level of evidence analysis, there is a tendency that the LDF transfer does affect shoulder function. This limitation seems to be minimal, and few patients experience a major impact on shoulder function. However, the existing literature on total shoulder impairment after breast reconstruction with LDF is insufficient to draw any final conclusion. There is a need for future studies and cur...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Influence of Recipient Site on the Function and Survival of Fat Grafts
Conclusions Assuming that the extrinsic factors influencing fat function and distribution remain stable, capabilities of the redistributed fat to handle free fatty acid and store lipid substance are reduced, leading to substantial tissue atrophy and volume decline after grafting. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Treatment With Topical Deferoxamine Improves Cutaneous Vascularity and Tissue Pliability in an Irradiated Animal Model of Tissue Expander–Based Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions In an animal model of irradiated tissue expander–based breast reconstruction, treatment with topical DFX improved the cutaneous vascularity and tissue pliability, resulting in vascular density and final tissue expansion volumes similar to those found in the nonirradiated control group. Topical DFX may be an effective agent for the treatment of soft tissue radiation injury; future studies are indicated to further characterize this novel drug formulation. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

An Effective Simulator for Intraoral Facial Skeletal Contour Surgeries
Background In East Asia, intraoral facial skeletal contour surgeries (intraoral FSCSs), including reduction gonioplasty, reduction malarplasty, and genioplasty, have become increasingly popular. Nonetheless, intraoral FSCSs are technically difficult and have a steep learning curve. An effective simulator could be beneficial for intraoral FSCS training. However, there is no intraoral FSCS simulator available. We introduced an intraoral FSCS simulator and assessed its effectiveness. Methods An intraoral FSCS simulator was established by covering a 3-dimensional printed skull with elastic cloth. Twenty residents were enr...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparative Study of Choke Vessel Reconstruction With Single and Multiple Perforator–Based Flaps on the Murine Back Using Delayed Surgery
Objective Choke vessels, vascular anastomosis between adjacent angiosome, play an important role in flap expansion and survival. Here we established a flap model with single and multiple perforators to detect and compare the changes in choke vessels, discuss the effect of hemodynamics on the vascular morphology, and explore the underlying mechanism. Methods One hundred mice (7–8 weeks) were subjected to a “choke zone” surrounded by 4 perforators on their backs. Delayed surgery was performed by the ligation of 1, 2, or 3 perforators to establish flap models. The blood flow of the choke zone was measur...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Vascularized Tissue Reconstruction in Previously Irradiated Sarcoma Defects
Conclusions The current study demonstrates the safety of both pedicled and free flap reconstruction in previously irradiated sarcoma defects. Judicious selection of reconstructive technique and recipient vessels is crucial in obtaining optimal outcomes given the devastating effects of RT on native tissues. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Linea Arcuate Hernia Following Transversus Abdominis Release Incisional Hernia Repair
We present a rare case of herniation below the linea arcuate (LAH) following repair via TAR-PCS. Given its novelty compared with more widely utilized techniques, literature review revealed less discussion regarding potential pitfalls associated with this type of reconstruction, in particular the potential for LAH. To date, only 9 cases of symptomatic LAH have been described, although 2 previously described “suprapubic” herniations following TAR-PCS may represent previously mischaracterized cases of this type of complication. Nonetheless, none of these reports were in the setting of ventral hernia repair. (Sourc...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Two-Team Surgical Approach to Improve Retroperitoneal Nerve Identification in the Treatment of Groin Pain
Conclusions A combined open surgical procedure, to identify the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, and a laparoscopic procedure in the retroperitoneum have demonstrated the feasibility of this approach to identify correctly the nerve to be resected to relieve disabling groin pain. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Cross-sectional Area Just Proximal to the Carpal Tunnel According to the Ulnar Variances: Positive Ulnar Variance and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Conclusions We found a positive relationship between decreased cross-sectional area around the distal radioulnar joint and positive ulnar variance on radiologic investigation. These findings show the importance of variance in the positive ulna variance to the development of CTS. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Temporary Ectopic Implantation of an Amputated Leg Using the Distal Runoff Vessel of the Anterolateral Thigh Flap Followed by Subsequent Prefabricated Chimeric Replantation
Conclusions We believe that the distal runoff vessel of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral system can not only serve as a recipient site for temporary ectopic implantation but also enable the harvest of a prefabricated anterolateral thigh flap with the amputated part at the replantation stage. This prefabricated tissue containing the anterolateral thigh flap and the amputated part needs only 1 set of vascular anastomosis to accomplish replantation and simultaneous revascularization of the anterolateral thigh flap. Most importantly, this ectopically prefabricated chimeric tissue minimizes the need for...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Large Soft Tissue Defects of the Extremities in Children Using the Kiss Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator Flap to Achieve Primary Closure of Donor Site
Conclusion The kiss DIEP flap could be an alternative for reconstruction of large soft tissue defects of the extremities in children, with lower morbidity and improved cosmetic of the donor site. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Free Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap in a 6-Month-Old Child for Reconstruction of a Temporal Fossa Defect After Teratoma Resection
We present a case of a 6-month-old boy with a large volume deficit in the right temporal fossa after resection of a teratoma. This led to a large volume deficit with widely undermined skin margins. Therefore, we provided volume augmentation by microsurgical free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap transplantation. Intraoperative use of laser-assisted indocyanine green angiography indicated excellent flap perfusion. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed adequate flap perfusion with no signs of flap necrosis. To our best knowledge, this case presents the youngest patient who underwent free flap transplantation in th...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

The Use of Microplates for Internal Fixation of Comminuted Mandibular Fractures
Conclusions These results suggest that 3-level fixation using microplates is appropriate for the reconstruction of comminuted mandibular fractures without bony defects. The small size and malleability of these devices facilitate accurate anatomical reduction for complete contact of the comminuted bony segments by multiple fixation. Furthermore, microplates allow for preservation of sufficient periosteal blood supply and restoration of premorbid occlusion (by occlusal self-adjustment) while providing sufficient stability. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Botulinum Toxin Injection for Lower Face and Oral Cavity Raynaud Phenomenon After Mandibulectomy, Free Fibula Reconstruction, and Radiation Therapy
We present a rare case of a patient who developed Raynaud phenomenon of the lower face and tongue in the presence of spasmodic torticollis after mandibulectomy and free fibula reconstruction followed by RT to the oral cavity and neck. Possible causes, pathophysiologic mechanisms and treatment options are discussed. This is the first report of botulinum toxin treatment of isolated secondary Raynaud phenomenon of the lower face and tongue. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Using a Nasolabial, Perforator-based V-Y Advancement Flap: Expanding the Utility of Facial Perforator Flaps
Conclusions The nasolabial, perforator-based V-Y advancement flap is a reliable reconstructive method for lower eyelid defects. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Modified Combined Fascia Sheath and Levator Muscle Complex Suspension With Müller Muscle Preservation on Treating Severe Congenital Ptosis
This study aims to evaluate the effect of a modified approach on severe congenital ptosis treatment. Methods Through anterior approach, Müller muscle was preserved, meanwhile the upper tarsus was suspended to combined fascia sheath (CFS) and levator muscle (LM) complex. The main outcome measures included marginal reflex distance1 (MRD1), palpebral fissure height (PFH), MRD1 regression, MRD1 improvement, and patient self-satisfaction. Results There were 70 patients (90 eyelids) with severe congenital ptosis received treatment of modified operation, including 20 bilateral and 50 unilateral ptosis. The average LF w...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Distal Radius Fractures in the Elderly: Use of the Volar Bearing Plate
Conclusions Distal radius fractures in the elderly may successfully be treated with a volar bearing plate. Useful strategies include supraperiosteal dissection of the radius from the pronator quadratus, use of a longer plate for stronger proximal fixation in osteoporotic bone, and regional block. This methodology allows for a safe procedure facilitating the early return of hand and wrist function. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Unfiltered Nanofat Injections Rejuvenate Postburn Scars of Face
The aim of this study was to compare the quality of postburn facial scars before and after injection of unfiltered nanofat. The study was performed in the Plastic Surgery Department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2015 to December 2016. Forty-eight patients with postburn facial scars were included; age range was 4 to 32 years with Fitzpatrick skin types between 3 and 4. Patients with hypertrophic scars, contractures, or keloids were excluded. Scars were assessed by a senior plastic surgeon and the patient on the POSAS (Patient Observer Scar Assessment Scale). Fat was harvested from the abdomen and/or thigh...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Skin-Reducing Mastectomy and Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction With Submuscular-Dermal-Mesh Pocket
Conclusions The authors' series suggests that SRM with direct-to-implant breast reconstruction can be easily performed when an appropriate SRM pattern is designed, providing complete implant coverage with submuscular-dermal-mesh pocket. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Time to Radiation After Oncoplastic Reduction
Background Partial breast reconstruction with reduction mammaplasty is an accepted option for women with breast cancer who wish to receive breast conserving therapy. With additional surgery and potential postoperative complications, the impact this approach has on the timely initiation of adjuvant radiation therapy has been raised as a concern. The purpose of this study was to determine if any postoperative complications after oncoplastic reduction (OCR) are associated with a delay in time to radiation. Methods All patients undergoing OCR with postoperative adjuvant radiation at a single institution between 1997 and 2...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Impact on Breastfeeding According to Implant Features in Breast Augmentation: A Multicentric Retrospective Study
Conclusion A woman with aesthetic breast implants has a 75% chance of breastfeeding if desired, regardless of the type and the volume of the implant and the surgical approach. She has an 82% probability of breastfeeding with retromuscular implants and 17% with retroglandular implants. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Lacrimal Injury After Rhinoplasty: Two Case Reports
We present 2 cases of lacrimal injury after osteotomy in rhinoplasty and present the steps to managing such an injury. These cases were finally treated with endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. We concluded that osteotomies must be at least 3 mm from the medial canthus or medial to the line from the medial canthus to the alar base. Also, it is recommended that osteotome blades be sharpened before each osteotomy. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review State of the Art in Blepharoplasty. From Surgery to the Avoidance of Complications (Parskevas Kontoes). Book Review by Miss Parneet Gill. Springer 2017
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Readability, Suitability, and Complexity of Online Resources for Lower Extremity Reconstruction
Conclusions Overall, online health resources for lower extremity amputation and free flap reconstruction do not meet the standard for quality and accessible health information. Free flap reconstruction resources are scarce and complex. Patients facing decisions about extremity reconstruction may not have appropriate online health resources available to them to make informed decisions. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

The Meaning of Plastic Surgery
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - December 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Commentary on Reconstruction of Soft Tissue Defect in the Knee Region With Individual Design of Perforator Flap
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Soft Tissue Defect in the Knee Region With Individual Design of Perforator Flap
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Efficacy of Autologous Platelet Concentrates as Adjuvant Therapy to Surgical Excision in the Treatment of Keloid Scars Refractory to Conventional Treatments: A Pilot Prospective Study
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

End-to-Side Nerve Repair: Current Concepts and Future Perspectives
Peripheral nerves injuries are extremely debilitating and have been a perennial challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. End-to-side (ETS) neurorrhaphy is a potential strategy for treating nerve lesions without usable proximal nerve stump. A number of interesting clinical and experimental studies have been carried out on ETS nerve repair during the first years of the 20th century. End-to-side nerve repair was then almost abandoned for more than 50 years. The rediscovery of ETS nerve repair was attributed to the experimental work of Viterbo. Two mechanisms have been suggested for axonal regeneration: terminal and collatera...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research