Comment to “Orange Peel Excision of Gland: A Novel Surgical Technique for Treatment of Gynecomastia”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Quality Measures in Breast Reconstruction: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Currently, an overrepresentation of process measures exists, which addresses breast reconstruction surgery. There is a limited number of candidate measures that specifically address breast reconstruction. Quality measure development efforts on underrepresented domains, such as structure and outcome, and stewarding the measure development process for candidate quality measures can ensure breast reconstruction surgery is appropriately evaluated in value-based payment models. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Significance of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations to Plastic Surgery Residency Training
Conclusions: Objective structured clinical examinations offer a unique tool to objectively assess the proficiency of residents in key areas of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies. In addition, they can be used to assess the specific milestones that plastic surgery residents must meet. This allows programs to identify and improve identified areas of weakness. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

A Biomimetic Alternative to Synthetic Hydroxyapatite: “Boron-Containing Bone-Like Hydroxyapatite” Precipitated From Simulated Body Fluid
Background: Biological hydroxyapatite (HA), has several mechanical and physical advantages over the commercially available synthetic apatite (CAP-HA). The aim of this in vivo study was to investigate the effect of osteoinductive “bone-like hydroxyapatite” obtained from simulated body fluid (SBF) combined with osteoinductive “boron” (B) on bone healing. Materials: Bone like nanohydroxyapatite (SBF-HA) was precipitated from 10× simulated body fluid (10×SBF). Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 experimental groups (n = 6 each). The groups were involving blank defect, ch...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Platelet-Rich Fibrin Accelerates Skin Wound Healing in Diabetic Mice
In this study, PRF seemed to accelerate skin wound healing in diabetic mouse models, probably via increased blood vessel formation. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mastering Lymphatic Microsurgery: A New Training Model in Living Tissue
Conclusions: The authors present a safe and adaptable in vivo experimental microsurgical porcine model that provides the opportunity to practice several advanced lymphatic microsurgical techniques in the same animal. The ideal lymph node transfer training model can be developed from this anatomical detail, giving the opportunity to use it for artery-to-artery anastomoses, vein-to-vein anastomoses, and lymphatic-to-lymphatic anastomoses. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Use of Vasopressors in Pedicled Flaps for Chest Wall Reconstruction
Conclusions: Perioperative vasopressor use does not adversely affect the outcome of pedicled flaps for chest wall reconstruction. Further research is warranted to review the effects of vasopressor dose and type on pedicled flaps. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Complications After Body Contouring Surgery in Postbariatric Patients
Conclusions: The overall complication rate was 55.5%. The great majority were minor complications. The thromboprophylaxis regimen used was 100% effective. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of the Babysitter Procedure With Different Percentages of Partial Neurectomy
Conclusions: Our results indicate that the babysitter procedure using a donor nerve with a partial neurectomy of 40% was the best choice for effectively treating peripheral (peroneal) nerve injury in rats. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

The “Sandwich Therapy”: A Microsurgical Integrated Approach for Presternal Keloid Treatment
Conclusions: A low-tension or without-tension closure could be achieved with SCIP flap transplantation. The perioperative radiotherapy could further lower the risk of keloid recurrence. The sandwich therapy provides a new surgical approach to presternal keloid treatment. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Alar Pinning in Rigid External Distraction for Midfacial Hypoplasia
Conclusions: Alar pinning with an external halo distraction system for management of midfacial hypoplasia has minimal complications and is an alternative to using a custom-made oral splint. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

On-Top Index Pollicization After a Partial Amputation of a Syndactylized Hypoplastic Thumb in a Patient With Townes-Brocks Syndrome
We present a case of on-top index pollicization in a 10-year-old, after a partial amputation of a previously syndactylized hypoplastic thumb, with a well-formed first carpometacarpal joint. The decision to proceed with pollicization was made after considering second toe-to-hand transfer and a standard pollicization with an amputation of the thumb remnants. Six months after the procedure, the outcome was evaluated as “good” (19 points) with Percival's assessment method. The patient uses the operated hand in all activities of daily life and is doing well in school. This patient's diagnosis of Townes-Brocks syndro...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

The Versatile Hook Plate in Avulsion Fractures of the Hand
Conclusions: The hook plate is a simple device that can be created quite easily with readily available materials. We have extended the use of these plates to avulsion fracture fixation in the hand and found this to be a versatile technique. The risk of fragmenting the small fracture fragment is reduced because the hooks secure it and the plate is fixed in the bone. If done meticulously, joint congruence can be achieved. It has a biomechanical advantage over current methods of fracture fixation of small but important bone fragments in the hand. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Electrophoto-Biomodulation in Aesthetic Treatment of Postburn Hypopigmentation: Clinical Response in Relation to Histopathological Changes
Conclusions: E light induced significant overall clinical improvement in postburn hypopigmentation, particularly when E light was applied early after burn. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Female-to-Male Chest Reconstruction: A Review of Technique and Outcomes
Conclusions: Our patient cohort demonstrates that female-to-male patients who undergo chest wall contouring through a transverse inframammary fold incision with either composite or standard free nipple grafting have decreased rates of revision surgery and trend toward having lower complication rates as compared with periareolar and limited scar techniques. To best manage expectations, patients undergoing a periareolar or other limited incision technique are counseled regarding an increased risk of hematoma and an increased likelihood of revisions. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Shared Medical Appointments for Adolescent Breast Reduction
In conclusion, SMAs resulted in high patient and provider satisfaction and increased clinic efficiency, without sacrificing time spent on education or with the surgeon. Low quality-of-life scores demonstrate a need for these patients to be evaluated and treated for their condition. Measuring patient-reported outcomes with validated surveys and improving clinic efficiency without sacrificing patient care have the potential to increase value at our institution. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

The Impact of Physician Assistants on a Breast Reconstruction Practice: Outcomes and Cost Analysis
Background: Physician assistants (PAs) are commonly employed in plastic surgery. However, limited data exist on their impact, which may guide decisions regarding how best to integrate them into practice. Methods: A review of the practices of 2 breast reconstructive surgeons was performed. A comparison was made between a 1-year period before to a 1-year period after the addition of a PA into practice. The practice model was a one-to-one pairing of a plastic surgeon and a PA. Results: A total of 4141 clinic encounters and 1356 surgical cases were reviewed. After the addition of PAs, there was a significant increase in rela...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Breast Cancer Recurrence Is not Increased With Lipofilling Reconstruction: A Case-Controlled Study
Conclusions: This study provides patients and surgeons with the confidence to keep using lipofilling reconstruction in women with breast cancer history when it is performed in a hospital setting by trained surgeons. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Standardized Protocol for Virtual Surgical Plan and 3-Dimensional Surgical Template–Assisted Single-Stage Mandible Contour Surgery
Conclusions: Our standardized protocol of VSP and 3-D printed surgical templates–assisted single-stage mandible contour surgery results in accurate, safe, and predictable outcome in a single stage. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review: Deep Sternal Wound Infections
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Rare Diseases on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Examination
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - August 11, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Reply to the Comment on: Management of Gynecomastia in Patients With Different Body Types: Considerations on 312 Consecutive Treated Cases
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Management of Gynecomastia in Patients With Different Body Types: Considerations on 312 Consecutive Treated Cases
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

The Cardioplastic Approach to the Treatment of Infected Aortic Grafts
Conclusions: Autologous vascularized tissue coverage has proven to be a successful approach for treatment of infected aortic grafts. Although the incidence of AGI is rare, it represents an area of scarce evidence-based literature that warrants increased attention and surgical refinement. These results, which show a remarkably low infection-related mortality rate (3%), should encourage interdisciplinary collaboration with the plastic surgeon, cardiothoracic surgeon, and infectious disease specialists with the goal of improving outcomes in the treatment of infected aortic grafts. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and/or Palate: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Background: Life-threatening anomalies, such as congenital heart disease (CHD) must be identified in patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) to minimize perioperative risk. Nevertheless, screening practices vary highly among cleft teams and programs, and little is known about the prevalence and clinical significance of CHD in nonsyndromic CL/P patients. Through a systematic literature review, this study examines the demographics and severity of CHD in the nonsyndromic CL/P population. The implications of concomitant CHD in providing safe and comprehensive cleft care both in the United States and abroad are discussed. ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Understanding the Impact of Preservation Methods on the Integrity and Functionality of Placental Allografts
Conclusions: These results indicate that vCHAM retains intact, native matrix, and viable, active cells and responds to chronic wound stimuli in vitro. The inclusion of multiple layers of hPM does not compensate for structural degradation and loss of viability caused by dehydration as evidenced by a lack of functional response by dHACM. The clinical significance of these results remains to be answered. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Modified Subcutaneous Buried Horizontal Mattress Suture Compared With Vertical Buried Mattress Suture
Conclusion: The modified subcutaneous buried horizontal mattress suture greatly decreased the tension on the dermis and subcutaneous tissue in our in vitro experiment. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

A Novel Augmented Reality-Based Navigation System in Perforator Flap Transplantation — A Feasibility Study
Conclusions: Augmented reality-based NS can provide precise navigation information by directly displaying a 3-dimensional individual anatomical virtual model onto the operative field in real time. It will allow rapid identification and safe dissection of a perforator in free flap transplantation surgery. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparison of V-Y Advancement Flap Versus Lotus Petal Flap for Plastic Reconstruction After Surgery in Case of Vulvar Malignancies: A Retrospective Single Center Experience
This study retrospectively reviewed patients with primary or recurrent vulvar malignancies that had undergone vulvoperineal reconstruction between 2010 and 2016 using the V-Y advancement flap and the 2 variant of the lotus petal flap (LPF) in terms of surgical outcome and postoperative complications. Two hundred eighty-four (284) women were reviewed, 234 of them having undergone V-Y flap and 128, the LPF. Overall, postoperative complications occurred in 21.5% of patients including 21% (27/128) of the V-Y group and in 13% (14/106) of the LPF group. The 2 techniques are valid and feasible for vulvar reconstruction in case of...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of Donor Site Drainage Duration and Seroma Rate Between Latissimus Dorsi Musculocutaneous Flaps and Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator Flaps
Conclusions: The type of back flap harvest used significantly affected drainage duration and seroma formation rate in the present study. Lumbar fat extension with the use of a LDMC flap for breast reconstruction may lead to seroma formation. Thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps are associated with minimal risks of seroma formation and significantly shortened drainage duration compared with LDMC flaps. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Successful Reinnervation of the Diaphragm After Intercostal to Phrenic Nerve Neurotization in Patients With High Spinal Cord Injury
Conclusions: From this study, intercostal to phrenic nerve transfer seems to be a promising approach in reducing or eliminating ventilator support in patients with C3 to C5 high spinal cord injury. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Flow-Through Free Fibula Osteocutaneous Flap in Reconstruction of Tibial Bone, Soft Tissue, and Main Artery Segmental Defects
Conclusions: Flow-through free fibula osteocutaneous flap was shown to be an effective and efficient technique for repairing composite tibial bone, soft tissue, and main artery segmental defects. This 1-stage operation should be useful in clinical practice for the treatment of complex bone, soft tissue, and vessel defects. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Intramedullary Venous Drainage System for Distal Fingertip Replantations
In this study, we introduce an alternative intramedullary venous drainage system we developed to facilitate venous drainage in artery-only fingertip replantations. The results of 24 fingertip replantations distal to the nail fold by using this system are presented with a literature review. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Repair of Oropharyngeal Stenosis With Bilateral Buccal Myomucosal Flaps
Summary: Oropharyngeal stenosis (OPS) is a rare postoperative complication of adenotonsillectomy that can be a source of considerable patient distress and morbidity. Circumferential scarring of the soft palate and tonsillar pillars leads to narrowing of the oropharyngeal aperture. This case report describes the novel use of bilateral buccal myomucosal flaps for the repair of postoperative OPS in a 20-year-old woman presenting with dysphagia, odynophagia, dyspnea, and intermittent hypernasal speech. Postoperatively, the patient noted immediate improvement of her symptoms. At 1-month follow-up, she noted complete resolution ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

The Effect of Furlow Palatoplasty Timing on Speech Outcomes in Submucous Cleft Palate
Conclusions: Submucous cleft palate repair before 4 years of age appears associated with lower ultimate rates of borderline or incompetent speech. Speech of patients repaired at or after 4 years of age seems to be characterized by persistent misarticulation. These findings highlight the importance of timely diagnosis and management. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Mercedes Flap With Releasing Incisions for Scalp Defects
Conclusions: The Mercedes flap with releasing incisions is a good alternative for the closure of medium-sized scalp defects. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Outcome of Dupuytren Contractures After Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injection: A Single-institution Experience
This study presents the outcomes of patients with DD contractures treated with CCH injections at a single institution. Methods: An institutional review board–approved retrospective study was conducted of patients with DD of the hand treated with CCH injections in a single institution from February 2010 to April 2015. All patients received the recommended dose of 0.58 mg of CCH and returned for joint manipulation the following day. Data for follow-up at 7 and 30 days postoperatively and up to 5 years for patients who returned seeking further therapy for recurrent symptoms were reviewed. Results: One hundred thirteen...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Reconstruction in Postburn Axillary Contractures
Conclusions: For postburn axillary contractures without healthy adjacent soft tissue for scar resurfacing, ALT flap reconstruction represents a suitable treatment option. It allows simultaneous surgery on both the donor and recipient sites, without the need to change the patient’s position. Furthermore, the ALT flap provides sufficient soft tissue and blood flow for reconstruction, leading to satisfactory functional outcomes. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Reduction of the Areolar Diameter After Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction for Gynecomastia
Conclusions: In cases of gynecomastia, the removal of the glandular and fatty tissue underneath the areola releases the expanding forces and pressure that enlarge it. In many cases of gynecomastia, UAL alone is effective in reducing the size of the NAC and allows the surgeon to avoid placing scars on the breast. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Modified Fleur-de-lis Abdominoplasty for Massive Weight Loss Patients
Conclusions: Modified fleur-de-lis abdominoplasty reduces the rate of full-thickness skin defects at T-junction and the development of seroma formation. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review: Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Clinical Reference Guide
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Essay
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Analysis of Surfing Injuries Presenting in the Acute Trauma Setting: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

The Combined Transverse Upper Gracilis and Profunda Artery Perforator Flap for Breast Reconstruction—Letter to the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Breast Reconstruction Using the Geometrically Modified Profunda Artery Perforator Flap from the Posteromedial Thigh Region: Combining the Benefits of Its Predecessors
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

A Meta-analysis of Studies Comparing Outcomes of Diverse Acellular Dermal Matrices for Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrates that the 3 recently invented, human cadaveric skin–based products of FlexHD, DermaMatrix, and ready-to-use AlloDerm have similar risks of complications compared with those of freeze-dried AlloDerm, which has been used for longer. However, as most studies had low levels of evidence, further investigations are needed. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Examining the Role of Antimicrobial Irrigation and Capsular Contracture: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to determine if irrigation of breast implant pockets with antibiotics reduces the rate of capsular contracture (CC). Capsular contracture is the most common complication after primary augmentation mammoplasty, yet its etiology remains cryptogenic. Methods: PubMed was searched for publications from January 1 of 2000 through October of 2015. Studies with the following criteria were included: primary breast augmentation with implants, use of antimicrobial irrigation (AMI), and documentation of CC. The primary outcome studied was incidence of CC. The quality of...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Vertical Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Versus Alternative Flaps for Perineal Repair After Abdominoperineal Excision of the Rectum in the Era of Laparoscopic Surgery
Conclusions: The VRAM flap is well established for perineal reconstruction, and this study suggests that it may be superior to the gluteal and gracilis flaps in terms perineal wound and flap complication rates. This should be taken into account when weighing up the risks and benefits of a laparoscopic approach to abdominoperineal excision of the rectum. Large studies making direct comparisons between the flap options should be conducted. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Collagen-Elastin and Collagen-Glycosaminoglycan Scaffolds Promote Distinct Patterns of Matrix Maturation and Axial Vascularization in Arteriovenous Loop–Based Soft Tissue Flaps
Conclusions: Collagen-based scaffolds are suitable for soft tissue engineering in conjunction with the AV loop technique. These scaffolds exhibit distinct patterns of angiogenesis, cell migration, and proliferation and may in the future serve as the basis of tissue-engineered free flaps as an individualized treatment concept for critical wounds. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Investigating the Effect of Korean Red Ginseng on the Viability of Random-Pattern Skin Flaps in Rats
Objective: This experimental study investigated the efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) extract in reducing the partial losses of random flaps. Method: Forty Wistar Albino rats were randomly distributed into 4 groups as (A) control group, (B) stress group, (C) oral KRG group, and (D) intraperitoneal KRG group. The modified McFarlane flap of 9 × 3 cm with a caudal pedicle was harvested from the back of the rats in all the groups. Korean Red Ginseng was administered to groups C and D at standard doses for 10 days. After 10 days, the flaps were removed in all groups and were examined macroscopically, histopathological...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - June 15, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research