Magnetic Resonance Imaging Versus 3-Dimensional Laser Scanning for Breast Volume Assessment After Breast Reconstruction
Background: There are several methods available for measuring breast volume in the clinical setting, but the comparability and accuracy of different methods is not well described. The ideal breast volume measurement technique should be low cost, comfortable for the patient, have no ionizing radiation and be non-invasive. Methods: Prospective cohort study comparing a 3-dimensional (3D) laser scanner versus noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for breast volume assessment. Subjects were women undergoing breast reconstruction with autologous fat graft. Both types of scan were performed the day before fat grafting and...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Anatomical Study of Cutaneous Venous Flow of the Palm
Conclusions: Venous arrangement should be considered when designing flaps from the palm to prevent venous congestion and safely extend the length of the flap. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Complex Groin Defects After Sarcoma Resection
Conclusions: Limb salvage is possible even after extensive resection of groin sarcoma, although the rate of postoperative wound complications is substantial. Proper selection of the arterial conduit and the soft-tissue flap, depending on the components of the defect, are mandatory for successful reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

The Effect of Albumin and Platelet-Poor Plasma Supplemented Botulinum A Toxin on Bioavaliability: An Experimental Rabbit Model
Abstract: Today, botulinum toxin is commonly used for cosmetic purposes throughout the world. Despite various agents reducing the efficiency of toxin are well defined, the studies related to increasing the bioavailability are limited. The purpose of our study is to assess the effect of the preparation of toxin by diluting with platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and/or albumin instead of standard dilution (saline) on bioavailability in cosmetic-purpose botulinum toxin applications. In the study, 24 New Zealand rabbits were used. Right anterior auricular muscle was preferred for toxin injections. Subjects were divided in 4 groups a...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Safety and Suitability of Finger Replantations as a Residency Training Procedure: A Retrospective Cohort Study With Analysis of the Initial Postoperative Outcomes
The objective of this study was to determine whether finger replantations constitute an appropriate and safe procedure for residency training. Additionally, the prognostic risk factors for the need to take a replanted finger back to the operation room and replant failure were analyzed. All patients who underwent finger replantation after complete amputation between 2007 and 2015 were included in a retrospective comparative study. These patients were either treated by an attending plastic surgeon (cohort 1) or by a postgraduate year 5 or 6 resident under supervision (cohort 2). Logistic regression analysis was used to iden...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

The Association of Accessory Auricular Tissue With Solid Organ Abnormalities and Its Effect on Auditory and Vestibular Function
Background: Accessory auricular tissue is a common congenital anomaly ranging from an accessory skin appendage to a separate pinna. The association between auditory or vestibular dysfunction and accessory auricular tissue is debated, and little is known about related solid organ abnormalities. We examine the prevalence of accessory auricular tissue, its association between solid organ abnormalities and auditory/vestibular dysfunction, and its management. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the 2000 to 2012 HCUP kids' inpatient database. Live newborns with a diagnosis of accessory auricle were include...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical Strategies for Soft Tissue Management in Hypertelorbitism
Conclusions: As hypertelorbitism has been associated with a variety of congenital deformities, plastic surgeons who deal with these patients should have a broad surgical armamentarium tailored to each individual presentation. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

One Stage Aesthetic and Functional Reconstruction of Major Lower Lip Defects
Conclusions: Based on our results, this technique could be considered a good choice for repair of major lip defects. In addition, using this technique will give good aesthetic and functional results. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Moderate-Sized Hand Defects Using a Superficial Lateral Sural Artery Perforator Flap
Conclusions: Our experience showed that the SLSAP flap is suitable for reconstruction of moderate-sized hand defects. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Optimizing Radiotherapy for Keloids: A Meta-Analysis Systematic Review Comparing Recurrence Rates Between Different Radiation Modalities
Conclusions: The results of this study reinforce postoperative radiotherapy as effective management for keloids. Specifically, brachytherapy was the most effective of the currently used radiation modalities. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Nipple Shields in Transaxillary Breast Augmentation
Conclusions: Nipple shields did not make any difference for outcomes when using the transaxillary method. Acute infections seem to occur more frequently via the areola route. Late infections seem to have a hematogenous component because an infectious background was present in all cases. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Total Breast Reconstruction With Fat Grafting After Internal Expansion and Expander Removal
We report a series of 12 cases enrolled between 2008 and 2013. Each case has been presented in this article, focusing on received treatment, observed complications, and results. Results: Satisfactory results were observed 6 months after the last session in most of the concluded reconstructions with a low complication rate. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Technique to Promote Symmetry in 2-Staged Bilateral Breast Reconstruction in the Setting of Unilateral Postmastectomy Radiation
Conclusions: A differential ADM inset and TE pocket creation for bilateral TE/ADM breast reconstructions with planned unilateral PMRT can minimize the typical adverse aesthetic effects of PMRT on reconstruction results and maximize symmetry. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Management of the Nipple-Areola Complex in Selected Patients Undergoing Primary Breast Reconstruction: A Comparison of Immediate Replantation and Delayed Reconstruction
Conclusions: Immediate nipple-areola complex replantation is a safe and reliable procedure for selected patients with contraindications for nipple-sparing mastectomy who have a strong desire to maintain their own nipple-areola complexes, or in bilateral cases. However, drawbacks of this procedure include loss of projection and depigmentation. Delayed reconstruction with nipple sharing and full-thickness skin grafting is a good alternative, especially in unilateral cases; it leads to better postoperative results and greater patient satisfaction, but it involves a nipple-areola complex-free period. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Postoperative Complications Associated With Reduction Malarplasty via Intraoral Approach: A Meta Analysis
Conclusions: According to our meta-analysis of previous literatures, the aggregated rates of various complications related to reduction malarplasty were not high. Among the various complications, short-term sensory weakness was shown as the most frequent complication, emphasizing the necessity of patient warning and education before and after the operation. Moreover, soft tissue drooping and bone nonunion are also not rare and surgeons should be aware of these complications. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

High Double Eyelid Fold Correction Using Wide Dual-Plane Dissection
Conclusions: Using a wide double-layer dissection, high folds were lowered successfully even in situations where there was no redundant upper eyelid skin for excision. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review: Reconstructive Lymph Vascular Surgery
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Losing What We Have
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 9, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Comment on World's First Baby Born Through Natural Insemination by Father With Total Phalloplasty Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letter and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Osmidrosis Treatment Approaches: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Background: There are many treatment modalities associated with osmidrosis. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare effective osmidrosis treatments. Methods: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. The osmidrosis treatment modalities were extracted as predictor variables, and recurrence and complications were extracted as outcome variables. Subgroup analysis was performed with regard to combined curettage, and fixed and random effect models were applied. Results: Forty studies published prior to February 2016 were identified. The group t...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Psychosocial Evaluation for First Hand Allotransplantation in Taiwan
Abstract: Hand transplantation has raised ethical and psychological concerns. Few studies have focused on reasons for not selecting candidates on waiting lists. To describe the psychosocial evaluation of referred prospective hand transplant candidates, we investigated candidate suitability by using 22-month follow-up data regarding the first hand transplant recipient in Taiwan. Pretransplant psychosocial assessments comprised an interview with 2 psychiatrists, a social worker, and a psychologist, followed by intelligence quotient scoring with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire. Aft...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Maximizing the Reach of the Pedicled Gastrocnemius Muscle Flap: A Comparison of 2 Surgical Approaches
Background: The medial gastrocnemius muscle flap is commonly used for the reconstruction of defects around the knee and proximal leg. The flap can be raised using either a medial or a posterior midline incision, although no studies have been done comparing the 2 different surgical approaches. Methods: We compared the reach of the medial gastrocnemius muscle flap using either of the 2 incisions in a series of 25 fresh cadavers. All muscle flaps were elevated without division of the muscle origin. Muscle reach was calculated using the distance from a fixed bony point with the leg fully extended and the muscle under no tensi...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Neonatal Micrognathia: National Trends in Early Mandibular Surgery
Conclusions: The present study identified long mechanical ventilation, apnea, cleft palate, and OSA as factors indicating patients who may benefit from early mandibular surgery, such as mandibular distraction osteogenesis. These findings may bring the clinician closer to standardizing the indications for early mandibular distraction osteogenesis. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Aging Changes of the Male Lips—A Lesser Evil Than in Females?
This study aims to evaluate perioral aging process in the male population to compare quality and quantity of the observed changes to the female population. Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 22 male subjects, were recruited into 2 age groups: young (20–35 years) and old (65–80 years) and the following parameters were measured: length of visible upper lip, thickness of upper lip at the level of vermilion border, thickness of upper lip at the level of the mid lip, and cross-section area of upper lip. Cadaver transverse sections of the upper lip of 10 individuals in 2 age groups, young (80 years, ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ear Aesthetics: Investigation by the Use of an Online Viral Survey
This study aimed to assess the anatomical components of the ear that have the greatest impact on the perception of ear aesthetics. Materials and Methods: Three photographs of a male adult ear (close-up, lateral, posterior) were digitally manipulated such that in each, 1 anatomical element of the ear was either enlarged or reduced. A complete set of 16 photographs including a repeat of the original ear as a control were randomized and entered into an online survey that required respondents to rate the attractiveness of each ear on a scale of 1 (least attractive) to 10 (most attractive). The survey was disseminated using em...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Geographic Access to Plastic Surgeons and Breast Reconstruction Rates Among Women Undergoing Mastectomy for Cancer
Introduction: Despite a national health care policy requiring payers to cover breast reconstruction, rates of postmastectomy reconstruction are low, particularly among minority populations. We conducted this study to determine if geographic access to a plastic surgeon impacts breast reconstruction rates. Methods: Using 2010 inpatient and ambulatory surgery data from 10 states, we identified adult women who underwent mastectomy for breast cancer. Data were aggregated to the health service area (HSA) level and hierarchical generalized linear models were used to risk-standardize breast reconstruction rates (RSRR) across HSAs...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Dawn of Transparency: Insights from the Physician Payment Sunshine Act in Plastic Surgery
Background: The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (PSSA) is a government initiative that requires all biomedical companies to publicly disclose payments to physicians through the Open Payments Program (OPP). The goal of this study was to use the OPP database and evaluate all nonresearch-related financial transactions between plastic surgeons and biomedical companies. Methods: Using the first wave of OPP data published on September 30, 2014, we studied the national distribution of industry payments made to plastic surgeons during a 5-month period. We explored whether a plastic surgeon's scientific productivity (as determined...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Linear Separation of Toe Syndactyly With Preserved Subcutaneous Vascular Network Skin Grafts
Background: Conventional surgery of toe syndactyly is accomplished using a zig-zag incision and full thickness or split thickness skin grafting. However, this method has an aesthetic problem with a prominent scar on the dorsal side of the foot. The aim of the article was to investigate the efficacy of a cosmetically conscious operation for syndactylies performed using a single technique. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed involving 66 patients with 88 syndactylic toes who presented to the department of plastic and reconstructive surgery at 1 of 3 major institutions during a 16-year period (1998–2014). S...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Intraoperative Assessment of Facial Nerve Trunk Width in Early Childhood With Cervicofacial Lymphatic Malformation
Conclusions: The significantly greater width of the facial nerve trunk in LM patients older than 1 year than those younger than 1 year suggests that the age of 1 may be a threshold for facial nerve hypertrophy and growth acceleration. This study provides informative in vivo data to help understand facial nerve characteristics in young patients. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Bilateral Leg Replantation in a 3-Month-Old Baby After a Knee Level Crush Amputation—A 2-Year Follow-up
We present a case of a successful bilateral leg replantation in a 3-month-old baby after a knee-level crush amputation with the loss of both knee joints. The legs were replanted after 4 hours of warm and an additional 2.5 and 3.5 hours of cold ischemia time. Both legs show motor and sensory reinnervation, without additional procedures performed on the right leg, and after a nerve reconstruction with cadaveric allografts on the left leg. Both replanted legs exhibit excellent bony and soft tissue growth. Two years after the injury, the patient is progressing well with rehabilitation, with favourable odds of having knee recon...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Transverse Infraclavicular Approach to the Thoracoacromial Pedicle for Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions: The TIC-TAC approach is feasible for microvascular breast reconstruction and can be considered for use by microvascular breast surgeons. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Treatment of Unilateral Lambdoid Synostosis Using Cranium Distraction Osteogenesis With Z-shaped Osteotomy
Conclusions: This procedure not only raises cranial height and extends it upward but also singularizes the occipital carina by prolonging it in a downward direction to form a occipitalia. The separated cranium is not easy to retract after fixation for 3 months so management of unilateral lambdoid synostosis with cranium distraction osteogenesis with a Z-shaped osteotomy is effective. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia: Retrospective Study on the Relationship Between the Tumor Volume Changes and the Circulating Serum Calcitonin and Serum Alkaline Phosphatase
Conclusions: Serum ALP may be useful as a laboratory test for follow-up of patients with isolated craniofacial fibrous dysplasia. However, it cannot represent the tumor's volume changes and 3-dimensional computed tomography scans with tumor volume measurement are mandatory for detecting significant volume changes during follow-up. Investigation of the serum calcitonin in the preoperative period is also recommended on a large scale because it was related to the presence of the tumor. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

A Comparison of the Need for Speech Therapy After 2 Palatal Repair Techniques
Conclusions: At 3 years of age, patients who received overlapping intravelar veloplasty were significantly less likely to need cleft-related speech therapy compared with patients who received Kriens intravelar veloplasty. Cleft severity, hearing loss, and prematurity at birth did not appear to explain the difference found in need for speech therapy. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Ectropion in Facial Tissue Expansion in the Pediatric Population: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options
This article aimed to review complications seen in pediatric facial tissue expansion, specifically ectropion, as well as its restorative treatment. Methods: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients treated by tissue expansion for congenital facial lesions, trauma, or burns at Children's Hospital Los Angeles from January 2000 to present was performed. Patients were analyzed for preoperative diagnosis, reconstruction area, tissue expander location, number and fill volume of expanders, incidence of complications, including ectropion, and type of revision surgery. Results: A total of 88 patients with 150 expander r...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Treatment of Advanced Kienböck Disease With a Vascularized Radial Bone Flap Wrapped in the Pronator Quadratus
Conclusion: We suggest that the excision of the lunate and insertion of a vascularized radial bone flap wrapped in the pronator quadratus, followed by distraction with an external fixator of the joint, is a reliable method for the treatment of Kienböck disease with collapse or fragmentation of the lunate, and achieves high functional scores, increased range of movement, and relief of pain, without any complications. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

STARplasty for Reconstruction of the Burned Axilla
Conclusions: Axillary contractures remain common despite improvements in physical/occupational therapy. While common techniques, such as z-plasty, continue to be helpful for the surgical release of narrow contractures with bilateral laxity, axillary contractures are typically broad based and often contain only unilateral unburned tissue. Based on our experience, the axillary STARplasty represents a safe and efficacious technique to be considered in the case of broad-based contractures involving either the anterior or posterior axillary fold. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life Quality: A Prospective Case-Control Study
Objective: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment of gynecomastia in the context of quality of life and satisfaction after the surgery. Methods: Fifty male patients (mean age, 25.1 years [SD = 8 years]) who underwent surgery for gynecomastia and completed both (preoperative and postoperative) stages of the study were included in the analysis. The quality-of-life evaluation instrument was The Short Form-36 Health Survey Questionnaire. Additionally, we used a short questionnaire including 2 questions about patient satisfaction with gynecomastia surgery. Results: The overall change in life satisfaction after gynecoma...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

The Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Wound Healing in Breast Reconstruction
Background: Although diabetes mellitus (DM) is a known risk factor for surgical complications in general, there is little published evidence to establish such an effect among patients undergoing breast reconstruction (BR). The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of DM on complications in patients undergoing postmastectomy BR. Methods: Patients who underwent BR at our institution from November 2002 to November 2012 were identified. Clinical and demographic data of patients with type 1 or type 2 DM were reviewed. Complications occurring within 60 days of surgery were compared between diabetic and nondiabetic pati...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Transversus Abdominis Plane Block and Free Flap Abdominal Tissue Breast Reconstruction: Is There a True Reduction in Postoperative Narcotic Use?
Conclusions: Constant delivery of local anesthetic through the TAP block appears to be safe; however, it did not reduce narcotic requirements or postoperative pain scores in patients undergoing abdominal-based free flap breast reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Chest Surgery in Female to Male Transgender Individuals
Background: Societal awareness of transgender individuals has led to increased acceptance and demand for sex-confirming surgery. In female to male transsexuals, the most common procedure is removal of breast tissue to masculinize the chest. Methods: Eighty-eight transgender patients underwent either a subcutaneous nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with or without a periareolar mastopexy or nipple reduction, or bilateral mastectomies with free nipple grafts (MFNG) with or without nipple reduction. Surgical techniques are discussed. Demographic data, use of testosterone, specimen weights, rates of wound dehiscence, infection,...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Modified Direct-Type Septal Extension Grafts: Their Stability and Usefulness in Asian Rhinoplasty
Conclusions: The modified direct extension graft demonstrated a marked aesthetic improvement in the nasal tip and columella, and it provided long-term stability. Therefore, the modified direct extension graft is useful for correction of the nasal tip and columella in Asian rhinoplasty. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Book Review: 100 Hand Cases
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Research Disparities in Female-to-Male Transgender Genital Reconstruction: The Charge for High-Quality Data on Patient Reported Outcome Measures
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Clinical Applicationof Preexpanded and Prefabricated Superthin Skin Perforator Flap for Reconstruction of Post-Burn Neck Contracture
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letter and Invited Commentary Source Type: research

The Simultaneous Use of Breast Reduction and Internal Mammary Artery Perforator Flap in Sternal Wound Reconstruction
Abstract: Internal mammary artery perforator (IMAP)-based fasciocutaneous flaps have recently gained popularity in sternal wound reconstruction due to their decreased donor site morbidity. However, patients with significant macromastia or who are obese present a challenge when using these flaps due to their anatomy and associated comorbid conditions. Despite the prevalence of this population, there is a relative paucity of data on the use of local fasciocutaneous flaps and techniques to close sternotomy wounds in the obese population with hypertrophic or ptotic breasts. The authors describe a novel technique using simultan...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Soft Tissue Adjuncts in Revisionary Aesthetic Breast Surgery
Abstract: Reconstructive breast surgery is challenging and continually evolving. In the past decade, numerous soft tissue adjuncts, such as acellular dermal matrices (ADMs), have revolutionized breast reconstruction serving as a tool to improve results and minimize the need for revision. The use of ADMs has been widely discussed in primary and secondary breast reconstruction after mastectomy. They have been shown to be an effective and safe option to correct complications; however, there is a relative paucity of literature on their use in revisional surgery after aesthetic breast procedures. The authors queried PubMed for ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

The Chimera Flap: A Quarter Century Odyssey
Abstract: Incredibly complicated multidimensional defects have always strained the ingenuity of the reconstructive surgeon. Secondary perhaps to vascularized composite allotransplantation as a solution to this dilemma, the compound flap has been developed to be a more useful and available alternative. Their greatest versatility has been proven by its subtype, the chimera flap. The chimera flap itself consists of multiple flaps, the latter possibly composed of bone, skin, muscle, and so on, where each part has an independent vascular supply, and each part is independent of any physical interconnection whatsoever with the ot...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots as a Fluorescence Marker for Adipose Tissue Grafts
Abstract: Plastic and reconstructive surgeons increasingly apply adipose tissue grafting in a clinical setting, although the anticipation of graft survival is insecure. There are only few tools for tracking transplanted fat grafts in vivo. Murine adipose tissue clusters were incubated with negatively charged, mercaptoproprionic acid–coated cadmium telluride quantum dots (QDs) emitting in the dark red or near infrared. The intracellular localization of QDs was studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy. As a result, the adipose tissue clusters showed a proportional increase in fluorescence with increasing concent...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Tamoxifen-Related Thrombosis: An Experimental Study in Rat Venous Microvascular Anastomosis Model
This study aimed to investigate the clinical and histopathological effects of tamoxifen use in venous microvascular anastomosis model in rats. The role of vitamin E combination therapy and discontinuing tamoxifen therapy preoperatively were also evaluated. Forty rats were equally divided into 4 groups as follows: group 1 was given saline by oral gavage, group 2 was given tamoxifen citrate, group 3 was given tamoxifen citrate and vitamin E, and in group 4, tamoxifen citrate was given everyday except between days 12 and 16. In each group, femoral veins were dissected in each side and end-to-end anastomosis was performed in ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2017 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research