New Perspectives in Surgical Marking Since the Advent of Infrared Laser Angiography
Conclusions Black permanent marking ink allows visualization of surgical markings under infrared laser angiography, whereas gentian violet and methylene blue did not interfere with infrared visualization. Indocyanine green suspended in ethyl alcohol is a contemporary marking pen that may be used to outline anatomical surface landmarks under infrared laser angiography. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Surgical Management and Outcomes of Cutaneous Mold Infections in Immunocompromised Children
Conclusions This study is the first to critically evaluate the methodology for surgical resection of cutaneous fungal infections in immunocompromised children. We suggest timely excision once diagnosed with, at minimum, 0.5-cm margins and intraoperative pathologic study when considering surgical treatment for this rare but serious infection. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Healing in the Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Conclusions Participation in a multidisciplinary program is a strong predictor of long-term success when treating HS. Hurley score and number of involved sites did not correlate with successful healing after surgery. If taking biologics, we identified 2 weeks as an appropriate break from biologics before and after surgical intervention. Healing rates were highest with ablative procedures (incision and drainage, excision) alone. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Retroperitoneal Approach for Ilioinguinal, Iliohypogastric, and Genitofemoral Neurectomies in the Treatment of Refractory Groin Pain After Inguinal Hernia Repair
Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Postoperative neuropathic groin pain is a potentially disabling complication and can be due to a neuroma of the ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric, and/or genitofemoral nerves. In this article, we present our operative technique—a retroperitoneal approach to the ipsilateral ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric, and genitofemoral nerves with neurectomy and proximal transposition of these nerves—for management of neuropathic pain. A retrospective review was performed of 12 of the patients who underwent this surgery at our institution. Three of ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Anastomotic Technique and Preoperative Imaging in Microsurgical Lower-Extremity Reconstruction: A Single-Surgeon Experience
Conclusions In light of similar reconstructive outcomes, we prefer to preserve distal extremity perfusion via ETS anastomoses whenever possible. Furthermore, preoperative vascular imaging angiography might not be necessary in patients with palpable pedal pulses on preoperative examination. An actionable algorithm for determining ETS versus ETE anastomosis in lower-extremity reconstruction is presented. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

The Clinical Application of Medial Sural Vessels as Recipient Vessels in Repairing Traumatic Tissue Defects in the Lower Limbs
Conclusions An approach between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the tibia can easily expose and anastomose the MSVs in a lateral position. Latissimus dorsi flaps were useful in repairing limb wounds as far as the talocrural region with the MSVs as the recipient vessels. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

An Analysis of Specialty-Specific Microsurgical Head and Neck Reconstruction: A Look at a Single Institution and National Trends Over a Decade
Conclusions Head and neck free flap reconstruction has grown dramatically over the last 10 years. Plastic surgeons are performing fewer cases, whereas otolaryngology head and neck surgeons perform more as indicated by institutional, microsurgery fellowship program director survey, and NSQIP data. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

The Free Serratus-Rib Flap for Orbital Floor Reconstruction After Oncologic Resection
Conclusion The serratus-rib osteomyofascial free flap is an efficacious method for reconstruction of the orbital floor after oncologic resection. Surgeons should consider this flap when performing orbital floor reconstruction, particularly when dead space also needs to be filled with the use of a free flap. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Lymphovenous Anastomosis for the Treatment of Thoracic Duct Lesion: A Case Report and Systematic Review of Literature
Conclusions Lymphovenous anastomosis of the TD is a feasible and safe technique allowing for treatment of cervical TD lesions, especially if minimally invasive procedures fail. Compared with other techniques, lymphatic circulation can successfully be maintained. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Dynamic Brow Restoration Using a Soft Tissue Expander in Adult Patients With Arteriovenous Malformation
Conclusions Dynamic procedures using a soft tissue expander can provide both static and dynamic functional brow elevation of the contralateral frontalis and skin. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Inferiorly Based Preauricular Flap for Anterior Ear Reconstruction
Conclusions The inferiorly based, preauricular flap is a versatile flap for a safe, simple, and reproducible, 1-stage reconstruction for almost every region of anterior ear defect, with excellent aesthetic results. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

New Technique for Correcting Bony Deformity in Racquet Thumb
Conclusions This technique is simple, safe, and both cost- and time-effective and is a good option for the repair of racquet thumb. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Creating an Outpatient, Local Anesthetic Hand Operating Room in a Resource-Constrained Ghanaian Hospital Builds Surgical Capacity and Financial Stability
Conclusions The simple procedure room runs more efficiently and is less costly compared with the main operating rooms. Although the case volume has increased surgical capacity significantly, costs to the hospital and patient have decreased. The hospital is reimbursed in a timely fashion for the procedures directly by the patient using this technique. The creation of a single procedure room for wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet hand surgery has helped address the issues of inadequate operating room space, time, and expense in resource-constrained Ghana. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Analysis of Scars and Keloids by Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscopy: Distinguishing Between Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids
Conclusions These histopathologic findings suggest that FIB/SEM tomography is useful for distinguishing between HSs and keloids and can provide important knowledge for understanding the pathogenesis of keloids. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Early Initiation of Renal Replacement Therapy Among Burned Patients With Acute Kidney Injury
Conclusions Optimal timing of RRT for burned patients with AKI has not been established and data on early RRT approach are scarce. The findings of our study suggested that early RRT was associated with lower mortality rates among burned victims with AKI. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Bipedicled Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy Versus Traditional Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy: Comparison of 2 Alternative Techniques in Order to Save Nipple-Areola Complex
Conclusions Bipedicled nipple-sparing mastectomy is a valid technique to improve patients' quality of life in large and ptotic breasts otherwise candidate to a skin-sparing mastectomy, but only a progressive learning curve can minimize complications. No significant statistical differences have been observed in terms of complication rates and aesthetical outcomes between the 2 groups. An accurate selection of patients is mandatory in order to obtain low complication rates and good aesthetical outcome. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Single-Stage Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction: A Comparison Between Subpectoral Versus Prepectoral Implant Placement
Conclusions Based on these results, we believe prepectoral DTI is safe, reliable, and a promising reconstructive option for selected patients, with equivalent results to other reconstructive options. Our present treatment recommendations are for patients who wish to maintain the same breast size and have minimal or no breast ptosis. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Abdominoplasty With Scarpa Fascia Preservation: Prospective Comparative Study of Suction Drain Number
Conclusions Our results suggest that using 3 closed-suction drains postabdominoplasty with Scarpa fascia preservation has no advantages in total and daily drain output, time to drain removal, or complications when compared with the usual 2 drains approach. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Modified Technique Using Levator Aponeurosis–Müller Muscle–Reinforced Plication for Blepharoptosis Correction
Conclusions The modified technique provided good functional and cosmetic outcomes for blepharoptosis correction by avoiding unpredicted adhesion, and it has its advantages including simplicity, easy adjustment of the eyelid height intraoperatively, minimal edema formation, and high success rate. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Course Review: Ganga Microsurgery Training Institute, Coimbatore, India
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Artificial Intelligent Virtual Assistant for Plastic Surgery Patient's Frequently Asked Questions: A Pilot Study
Background Artificial Intelligent Virtual Assistants (AIVA) is a segment of artificial intelligence that is rapidly developing. However, its utilization to address patients' frequently asked questions remains unexplored. Methods We developed an AIVA to answer questions related to 10 frequent topics asked by plastic surgery patients in our institution. Between July 27, 2018, and August 10 of 2018, we recruited subjects with administrative positions at our health care institution to chat with the virtual assistant. They asked, with their own words, 1 question for each topic and filled out a satisfaction questionnaire. P...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Online Patient Resources for Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Readability Analysis
In this study, we examined the readability levels of online BIA-ALCL patient resources using multiple verified reading scores. Methods “BIA-ALCL” and “breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma” were entered into 3 Internet search engines. The top 20 results for each were filtered by resource type and intended audience (physician vs patient). Published scientific articles, online database physician resources, and Web sites requiring subscriptions or fees were excluded. We then examined the readability of each with multiple verified reading scores, including the Flesch-Kincaid,...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

The Food and Drug Administration Bans Biocell Textured Breast Implants: Lessons for Plastic Surgeons
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - March 10, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Attitudes of Hand Surgeons and Hand Reconstruction Patients Toward Hand Allotransplantation in Taiwan: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Response to Manzano Surroca et al. “Poland Sequence: Retrospective Analysis of 66 Cases.”: Annals of Plastic Surgery: , May 2019
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Abdominal Fascial Repair in Breast Reconstruction and the Risk of Deep Venous Thrombosis: Is There a Link?
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Perioperative Homeopathic Arnica and Bromelain: Current Results and Future Directions
Discussion A systematic review of the literature demonstrates the potential for arnica and bromelain to improve perioperative outcomes including edema, ecchymosis, and pain control. Future studies are required to determine safety and efficacy of dosing and interactions with other medications. We hope this article stimulates surgeons to consider using these interventions to improve perioperative outcomes in the context of well-done studies with an objective analysis of results. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

The Ideal Male Nipple-Areola Complex: A Critical Review of the Literature and Discussion of Surgical Techniques for Female-to-Male Gender-Confirming Surgery
Conclusions The data are inconclusive about the effects of anatomical measurements on NAC vertical and horizontal position, but areola diameter is reasonably consistent. There are a wide variety of guidelines and algorithms offered for determining these measurements. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

Tetramethylpyrazine/Ligustrazine Can Improve the Survival Rate of Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation
Conclusions Tetramethylpyrazine/ligustrazine can improve the survival rate of ADSC transplantation. The possible mechanisms of it may be that TMP induces the expression of transcription factor associated with fat formation including peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, and Alu and then promotes the growth of adipose cell. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

New Insights Into 3-Dimensional Anatomy of the Facial Mimetic Muscles Related to the Nasolabial Fold: An Iodine Staining Technique Based on Micro–Computed Tomography
Conclusions Although the micro-CT had many disadvantages, the micro-CT combined with iodine staining technique enabled the 3D anatomical study of the FMM related to NLF. We imported the 2-dimensional images obtained by micro-CT scanning into Mimics software, successfully reconstructed the FMM related to the NLF, and finally obtained images of complex 3D structures of the FMM related to the NLF. The shapes, positions, and 3D spatial relationships between the FMM related to the NLF were clearly visualized. The novel insights into the 3D anatomy of the FMM related to NLF may help understand the formation of the NLF. Finally...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Application of Multilayer Direct Closure With a Longitudinal Relaxing Incision in Urethrocutaneous Fistula Repair
We describe a multilayer direct closure with a longitudinal relaxing incision in urethrocutaneous fistula repair, avoiding the tension associated with the direct suturing of the surgical skin wound. From March 2015 to January 2018, 46 urethrocutaneous fistulas in 34 patients were repaired at the Hypospadias Center of our hospital. During the operations, after the urethral fistula closure, a longitudinal penile skin incision was created 0.5 to 1.5 cm from the edge of the surgical wound. The penile skin wound was closed, and the longitudinal penile skin incision made during the operation was used as a relaxing incision to re...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Psychological Pathologies and Sexual Orientation in Transgender Women Undergoing Gender Confirming Treatment
Conclusions Gender confirming treatment with the combined technique is an important part of a multi-structured treatment of transgenders and does have effects on psychological well-being. It seems to decrease psychopathologies and implicates several ameliorations for transgender women. Findings need to be verified in prospective studies including preoperative evaluations. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Neurolysis of the Dorsal Nerve to the Penis to Restore Function After Trauma
Conclusion Neurolysis of the dorsal nerve to the penis at the inferior pubic ramus canal can be successful in relieving pain, and restoring sensation and erectile function in men who sustained an injury along the inferior pubic ramus. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

The Price of Aesthetics After Nipple-Sparring Mastectomy: A Cost-Minimization Analysis of Skin Banking With Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flap
Conclusions Skin banking maximizes aesthetic outcomes after skin loss from either positive margins or skin flap necrosis. Use of this technique should occur especially in select patients at increased risk of mastectomy skin flap/nipple-areola complex (NAC) necrosis and/or suspicion for occult NAC carcinoma. Furthermore, among reconstructive plastic surgeons whose rate of mastectomy flap/NAC necrosis>10 cm2 exceeds 25.3%, sensitive analysis favors undergoing a staged reconstruction after NSM. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Extensive Microsurgical Reconstruction of Chest Wall Defects for Locally Advanced Breast Cancer: A 10-Year Single-Unit Experience
Conclusion Wide resection and microvascular free tissue transfer is oncologically safe in LABC with huge tumors and provides versatile solutions for the reconstruction of extensive chest wall defects. With favorable long-term survival and cosmetic outcomes, surgical resection of LABC combined with flap reconstruction may offer a practical approach in difficult and complicated cases. Implications for Practice In this retrospective review, it was demonstrated that wide resection followed by distinct chest wall reconstructive free flaps transfer is oncologically safe in LABC with huge tumors and provides useful solutions...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Long Term Follow-up of Intralesional Laser Photocoagulation for Head and Neck Lymphatic Malformations Using Neodymium-Yttrium-Aluminium-Garnet Laser
Conclusions Throughout the course of our long-term study, ILP using an Nd:YAG laser is an effective treatment modality for lymphatic malformations. Complications can be avoided if the potential for harm is kept in mind. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Gliding Tissue Reconstruction Using a Dorsal Digital Adipofascial Flap in Complex Extensor Injury
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of a gliding tissue reconstruction method by comparing postoperative range of motion between patients who underwent gliding tissue reconstruction and those who did not. Methods Medical records of patients with complex extensor tendon injury who underwent extensor repair between April 2005 and March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Ten patients underwent extensor repair with gliding tissue reconstruction using a dorsal digital adipofascial flap and 13 underwent only extensor repair. A triangular flap was separated after zig-zag incision to expose the injured extensor tendon...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Concepts in Early Reconstruction of the Burned Hand
Conclusions Reconstruction of the burned hand may require a broad armamentarium of surgical techniques with different levels of complexity, versatility, and applicability. Excellent results can be achieved with the right procedure for the right patient. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

The American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program Incompletely Captures Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction Complications
Conclusions Databases built on partial sampling, such as the NSQIP, may be useful for demographic analyses, but fall short of providing data for complications after IBR, such as infections and wound dehiscence. These results highlight the utility and importance of complete databases. National comparisons of clinical outcomes for IBR should be interpreted with caution when using partial databases. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Prepectoral Versus Subpectoral Direct to Implant Immediate Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions When compared with the subpectoral DTI approach, prepectoral DTI breast reconstruction grants favorable complication rates and improved esthetic outcomes. Prepectoral DTI breast reconstruction is a safe modality that should be considered in any patient who is a candidate for immediate breast reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections After Plastic Surgery Procedures Abroad: A Multidisciplinary Algorithm for Diagnosis and Treatment
Conclusions M. abscessus cutaneous infections present with unique history and physical examination findings and often require complex diagnostic workups and treatment plans. Increased provider awareness of the management and potential complications of M. abscessus is crucial to the improvement patient outcomes, as is a multidisciplinary approach that incorporates primary care providers, pathologists, plastic surgeons, and infectious disease specialists. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

A Cross-sectional Analysis of Insurance Coverage of Extremity Contouring After Massive Weight Loss
Conclusions We propose a comprehensive list of reporting recommendations to help optimize authorization of extremity contouring in the postbariatric population. There is great intercompany variation in preapproval criteria for brachioplasty and thighplasty, illustrating an absence of established recommendations or guidelines. High-level evidence and investigations are needed to ascertain validity of the limited coverage criteria in current use. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Sleep Deprivation Studies and Their Culture of Overstatement
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

US Food and Drug Administration and Plastic Surgeons: The Historical Perspective of a Successful Collaboration to Protect Breast Surgery Patients
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Mercedes Flap With Modified “V-Y” Releasing Incisions for Scalp Defects
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor Following “Optimal Reconstruction Method for Large Radionecrosis Following Breast Cancer Treatment” by Ha et al, Annals of Plastic Surgery, 2018
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Advancements in Reconstructive Surgery Broaden Opportunities for Salvage of the Injured Lower Extremity
We present a review of the major advancements in reconstructive surgery for salvage of the traumatic lower extremity. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Clinical Anatomy of Submental Intubation: A Review of the Indications, Technique, and a Modified Approach
Since its original description in 1986 by Hernandez, submental intubation has been used in a wide variety of craniomaxillofacial cases as a way to satisfy both surgeon and anesthesiologist to provide access to necessary surgical sites and airway protection. Many modifications to the original technique have been described. There has been a paucity of plastic surgery literature over the last 10 years that have reviewed the anatomy, technique, and complications. In this article, the authors review the pertinent anatomy related to this method of intubation. A cadaver was used to enhance visualization of important structures an...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Evaluating Current Scar Assessment Methods
Current scar surveys have included many questions to evaluate the physical characteristics of scars, with some expanding to include physical implications and patient opinions. This review provides an analysis of frequently used scar assessment methods to date and highlights potential areas for improvement. We build the case that a new assessment tool is necessary, specifically one that centers on psychosocial consequences of scars that influence patient decision making for treatment, allowing physicians to individualize treatment conversations with patients. We postulate that survey techniques used in consumer product mark...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Effects of Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 Combined With a Collagen/Gelatin Sponge for Adipogenesis in the Mouse Subcutis
Conclusion This study presents a promising method to enhance adipogenic effects in the murine subcutis using CGS combined with FGF-2, representing a potential technique for soft tissue reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 11, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research