Adipose-Derived Tissue in the Treatment of Dermal Fibrosis: Antifibrotic Effects of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells
Treatment of hypertrophic scars and other fibrotic skin conditions with autologous fat injections shows promising clinical results; however, the underlying mechanisms of its antifibrotic action have not been comprehensively studied. Adipose-derived stem cells, or stromal cell–derived factors, inherent components of the transplanted fat tissue, seem to be responsible for its therapeutic effects on difficult scars. The mechanisms by which this therapeutic effect takes place are diverse and are mostly mediated by paracrine signaling, which switches on various antifibrotic molecular pathways, modulates the activity of th...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Versus Computerized Tomography in Fat Graft Volumetric Analysis
In this study, we compared the performance of micro-CT with microultrasound in the evaluation of adipose tissue graft volume in a murine model. Fifteen immunodeficient mice were given 200 μL of adipose tissue grafts. In vivo volumetric analysis of the grafts by micro-CT and microultrasound was conducted at discrete time points up to postoperative day 105. Three mice were killed at multiple time points, and explanted grafts were reimaged by CT and ultrasound, as mentioned previously. Analysis revealed that in vivo graft volumes measured by micro-CT do not differ significantly from those of microultrasound. Furthermore, b...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Determination of Pneumatic Tourniquet Pressure of Lower Limb by Ultrasonic Doppler
Conclusions The method of ultrasonic Doppler setting lower extremity tourniquet pressure during the operation could not only ensure the hemostatic effect, but it could also provide the optimum individual pneumatic tourniquet pressure value for patients. In the meanwhile, it could reduce the incidence of adverse reaction using tourniquets effectively as well as improve the safety of the tourniquet. This method played an important role in the recovery of patients. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Botulinum Toxin Therapy: Is Syringe Type Related to Cost-Effectiveness?
Discussion The American Society of Plastic Surgeons reported that the use of neuromodulators has increased by approximately 797% from 2000 to 2016. During that period, the price of neuromodulators has also increased by approximately 85%. Considering these statistics, the type of syringe used for BT neuromodular injection is a thought-provoking concept but surrounded by a paucity of data. Overall, our data suggest that the use of ultrafine insulin syringes for injection of BT reduces product waste and is cost-effective for the patient and the provider. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Study of Variations in Reimbursement for Breast Reconstruction: Is A Healthcare Disparity On the Horizon?
Conclusions We found that wide variations in reimbursement for breast reconstruction procedures exist and may preclude some surgeons from offering certain reconstructive options to a subset of patients. Understanding these discrepancies is a key first step in minimizing a potential care delivery disparity for this patient population. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mixed Versus Pure Variants of Desmoplastic Melanoma: The Cleveland Clinic Experience
Conclusions Pure and mixed DMs seem to have similar clinical characteristics and outcomes. This indicates that analysis of national datasets without this subclassification remains viable. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Distally Based Peroneus Brevis Flap: The 5-Step Technique
The peroneus brevis flap was first described as proximally based by Mathes et al (Surg Clin North Am. 1974;54:1337–1354) and later by Jackson and Scheker (Injury. 1982;13:324–330). A distally based version of this flap by Mathes and Nahai (Reconstructive Surgery: Principles, Anatomy and Technique. 1997:1437e46) was subsequently described in 1997. The first case series of distally based flaps was published by Eren et al (Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;107:1443–1448). In our experience, the distally based flap is a useful muscle flap to reconstruct small defects in the lateral distal third of the leg. Initial in...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Complications After Vulvar and Perineal Reconstruction With a Lotus Petal Flap
Conclusions This is the largest study to date on the complications of the lotus petal flap reconstruction. Complication rates did not differ between vulvar, perineal, and vulvoperineal reconstruction. Young patients seem to have a higher risk of developing complications. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Components Separation for Abdominal Wall Reconstruction in the Recalcitrant, High-Comorbidity Patient: A Review of 311 Single-Surgeon Cases
Purpose Components separation of the abdominal musculature remains a mainstay for closure of complicated midline and paramedian abdominal wall defects. The authors critically analyzed their experience with this technique to identify prognosticators affecting long-term clinical outcomes. Methods A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing components separation by a single senior surgeon (J.M.R.) between 2000 and 2010. Numerous perioperative patient characteristics were collected and analyzed to determine their effects on long-term clinical outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression was used to predict ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

The Surgical Management of Nerve Gaps: Present and Future
Peripheral nerve injuries can result in significant morbidity, including motor and/or sensory loss, which can affect significantly the life of the patient. Nowadays, the gold standard for the treatment of nerve section is end-to-end neurorrhaphy. Unfortunately, in some cases, there is segmental loss of the nerve trunk. Nerve mobilization allows primary repair of the sectioned nerve by end-to-end neurorrhaphy if the gap is less than 1 cm. When the nerve gap exceeds 1 cm, autologous nerve grafting is the gold standard of treatment. To overcome the limited availability and the donor site morbidity, other techniques have been ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Defects in the Weight-Bearing Plantar Area Using the Innervated Free Medial Plantar (Instep) Flap
Conclusions The innervated medial plantar flap is an excellent solution for treatment of medium-to-large defects in the weight-bearing heel or forefoot. It provides glabrous skin that is stable, durable, and sensate. The long-term results are good, with no patient afflicted by recurrent ulceration during the follow-up time. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

Retrospective Analysis of the Effect of Hering's Law on Outcomes of Surgical Correction of Ptosis
Conclusions Application of Hering's law may improve outcomes of corrective surgery in patients with asymmetric ptosis. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Interposition Tendon Graft and Tension in the Repair of Closed Rupture of the Flexor Digitorum Profundus in Zone III or IV
We report the results of interposition tendon grafts using the ipsilateral palmaris longus tendon in 12 patients with closed flexor digitorum profundus tendon ruptures in zone III or IV of 14 digits between June 2006 and October 2015. Before surgery, 2 patients were diagnosed with closed tendon ruptures that occurred after nonunion of hamate hook fractures. The other 10 patients were diagnosed with spontaneous tendon ruptures of unknown cause. In 2 of the 10 patients with spontaneous tendon rupture, the cause of the rupture was not found. In the other 8 patients, there was rough surface with deficient overlying soft tissue...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Retrospective Review of Free Anterolateral Thigh Flaps for Limb Salvage in Severely Injured High-Voltage Electrical Burn Patients
Conclusions Free anterolateral thigh flaps with a single-perforator pedicle were an effective and reliable therapeutic intervention for the management of severe high-voltage electrical injuries on the extremities. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Graphical Calculation of Estimated Energy Expenditure in Burn Patients
Conclusions We propose a graphical tool to calculate caloric requirements in a fast, easy, and portable manner. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Liposomal Bupivacaine May Benefit Select Reduction Mammaplasty Patients
Conclusions Liposomal bupivacaine decreases postoperative pain, opioid, and antiemetic use in select patients. Liposomal bupivacaine might not be equally efficacious in pain reduction in obese or postmenopausal women given the theoretical increased absorption by adipose tissue. In addition, liposomal bupivacaine may have a dose-dependent effect, and weight-based dosing should be investigated. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Comparative Outcomes of Inferior Pedicle and Superomedial Pedicle Technique With Wise Pattern Reduction in Gigantomastic Patients
This study aimed to compare the aesthetic and surgical outcomes between inferior pedicle and superomedial pedicle reductions, which both use Wise pattern skin excision in gigantomastic patients. Methods A prospective study was planned, and the number of patients was determined before the beginning of the study. Fifty inferior pedicle breast reductions (25 patients) were matched to 50 superomedial pedicle breast reductions (25 patients) after a 1-year postoperative period. Matching was done based on age, body mass index, size of reduction, minor and major postoperative complications, symptomatic relief, long-term measure...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Surgeon-Controlled Comparison of Direct-to-Implant and 2-Stage Tissue Expander–Implant Immediate Breast Reconstruction Outcomes
Conclusions Single-stage DTI immediate breast reconstruction has less overall complications than 2-stage TE-based immediate reconstruction. Direct-to-implant immediate breast reconstruction may provide favorable outcomes in patients with body mass index of greater than 30. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Characterizing Breast Deformities After Massive Weight Loss: Utilizing the Pittsburgh Rating Scale to Examine Factors Affecting Severity Score and Surgical Decision Making in a Retrospective Series
We present the first comprehensive description of breast deformities in a large sample of MWL patients, examine factors affecting the severity of deformities, and report the correlation between PRS score and surgical decision making. Methods A retrospective review of all MWL patients presenting for breast surgery at our institution's Life After Weight Loss program from 2004 to 2015 was performed. Information including demographics, body mass indices (BMIs), method of weight loss, and type of surgical intervention was collected. Preoperative breast photographs were blinded and scored according to the PRS. Results A to...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Course Review: Plastic Surgery for Surgical Trainees
Early in their careers, trainees contemplating a career in plastic surgery may have limited specialty experience. Courses can provide valuable insight into specialty training and help develop necessary basic skills. However, this is not without a significant financial burden. Plastic Surgery for Surgical Trainees is a 1-day course that only costs £50 GBP (US $65). Accredited by the Royal College of Surgeons, this course held in Bristol, United Kingdom, offers an inexpensive practical introduction toward plastic surgical techniques for trainees interested in plastic surgery and those in other surgical specialties. In...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Text and Context Source Type: research

Insurance Appeals for Pediatric Reconstructive Surgery: A Micro Cost Analysis and How-to Guide
Conclusions This analysis estimated the time and monetary cost of the insurance process in our department. Access to care was limited by prior authorization and the opinion of medical directors that these procedures are unnecessary or cosmetic. We encourage plastic surgeons to continue to perform patient-centered outcomes research in their practice to build on literature that proves the functional and psychosocial benefits of reconstructive procedures. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Meeting Review: 8th Annual Egyptian International Conference of Hand and Microsurgery
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - February 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Breast Augmentation Combining Fat Injection and Breast Implants in Patients With Atrophied Breasts
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Re: Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life QualityA Prospective Case-Control Study
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Discussion on “Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life Quality: A prospective Case-Control Study”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Discussion on “Reduction of the Areolar Diameter After Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction for Gynecomastia”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Venous Thromboembolism After Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer
Conclusions Nearly two thirds of all 90-day VTE events after breast cancer surgery occur after discharge. Further research should determine whether a longer course of VTE prophylaxis is warranted among specific populations including those with prolonged hospitalizations, previous VTE, and those undergoing autologous reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Human and Autologous Adipose-derived Stromal Cells Increase Flap Survival in Rats Independently of Host Immune Response
Conclusions Flap survival increased with SVF treatment regardless of human or autologous origin, suggesting that increased flap survival is independent of the host immune response. All cell injections lead to increased vessel density, but it did not necessarily lead to increased flap survival. Further research should elaborate which molecular events make SVF treatment more efficacious than ASC. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Transplantation Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Radioprotection With Amifostine Enhances Bone Strength and Regeneration and Bony Union in a Rat Model of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis
Conclusions Our study revealed that AMF enhances biomechanical strength, regeneration, and bony union after radiation in a murine model of DO. The use of prophylactic AMF in combination with DO offers the promise of an alternative reconstructive option for patients afflicted with head and neck cancer. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevention of Peritendinous Adhesion Formation After the Flexor Tendon Surgery in Rabbits: A Comparative Study Between Use of Local Interferon-α, Interferon-β, and 5-Fluorouracil
Conclusions Local application of 5-FU significantly reduced peritendinous adhesion. Local IFN-α and IFN-β had no significant effect on the prevention of peritendinous adhesion formation. The strength of the repair was not affected by these cytokines and 5-FU. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Integrated Plastic Surgery Residency Applicant Trends and Comparison With Other Surgical Specialties
The objective of this study is to evaluate trends of US senior applicants of PS compared with other surgical specialties from 2007 to 2016. Methods Data were obtained from “NRMP: Main Residency Match” and from “NRMP: Charting Outcomes in the Match.” Frequencies, percentages, and proportions were calculated for categorical variables. Odds ratios with 95% confidence interval were calculated to evaluate the relationship of Alpha Omega Alpha membership and match success. Results The overall National Resident Matching Program match rate ranged from 93.1% to 95.1%, but rates were lower for surgical ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes After Flap Reconstruction in Pediatric Pressure Ulcers
Conclusions Flap reconstruction can be beneficial in the management of pediatric pressure ulcers. Although high rates of long-term success with this intervention have been reported in children, we found rates of ulcer recurrence similar to that seen in adults. Poor compliance with nonoperative care and failure to modify the biopsychosocial perpetuators of pressure ulcers will likely eventuate in postoperative recurrence. Despite the many comorbidities observed in our patient sample, compliance was the best indicator of long-term skin integrity and flap success. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Immediate Perineal Reconstruction After Extralevatory Abdominoperineal Excision: Buried Desepidermised Fasciocutaneous V-Y Advancement Flap
Conclusions Buried desepidermised fasciocutaneous V-Y advancement flap is a reasonably easy and time-saving operation. It is effective in filling the pelvic dead space while closing the sacral defect after APR and therefore decreases late term complications related to large perineal excision. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Management of Infected Mesh After Abdominal Hernia Repair: Systematic Review and Single-Institution Experience
Conclusions This study reviews the literature and our single-institution experience regarding treatment of infected abdominal wall mesh. Framework is developed for how to approach this complex clinical problem. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

A Cadaver Study to Assess the Feasibility of a Cross-Nerve Transfer of the Infraorbital Nerve for Patients With Peripheral Infraorbital Nerve Injury
Conclusions The INB and SLB existed in all the specimens and could be found approximately 1 cm below the piriform aperture. The average distance between the INB and SLB was approximately 11 mm. These results imply the feasibility of a cross-nerve transfer of the distal part of the infraorbital nerve. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

How Big is Too Big: Pushing the Obesity Limits in Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions We found obese women to have a higher rate of abdominal donor site complications; however, this risk seems to level off at class I or II obesity. We have modified our surgical technique of managing the abdominal donor site to optimize our outcomes in the morbidly obese patient population. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research

A Comparative Study of Lateral Extension Versus Conventional Deltopectoral Flap in Head and Neck Reconstruction After Surgical Extirpation of Tumor
Conclusions Although the CDP flap is the “aged workhorse” in contemporary head and neck reconstructions, it was shown to be a beneficial regional flap with a dependable pedicle and easy technique. The LEDP flap is of value particularly when used to treat full thickness defects of the head and neck or in cases when higher reach is required. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Sternocleidomastoid Flap Versus Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Flap for the Prevention of Frey Syndrome and Facial Depressed Deformity in Parotid Surgery for Pleomorphic Adenoma
The purpose of this study was to compare 2 types of reconstruction techniques: sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap after partial parotidectomy (PP) for preventing Frey syndrome (FS) and concave facial depressed deformity. A total of 99 patients underwent PP for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. The patients were divided in 2 groups according to the dimension of the tumor: tumors less than 3 cm (group A, 47 patients) and tumors greater than or equal to 3 cm (group B, 52 patients). The patients in the 2 groups were assigned to 3 subgroups: PP without reconstruction (su...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Isolated Dorsoradial Capsular Tear of the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint: Missed Diagnosis and the Management of Delayed Presentation
Isolated dorsoradial capsule injuries of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint are different from those associated with collateral ligament disruption. Early suspicion of this rare injury is important because, if overlooked, ulnarward subluxation of extensor pollicis longus tendon can develop. Functionally, active thumb extension becomes impaired, and over the long term, a thumb Boutonniere's deformity becomes established. Joint hypermobility/instability may predispose to this injury. The 2 cases presented illustrate this through anatomic differences. At the time of acute injury, 3 presenting clinical features should raise s...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research

Selective Scalp Nerve Block: A Useful Technique With Tissue Expansion in Postburn Pediatric Alopecia
Conclusions Scalp nerve block is considered an excellent choice for postoperative pain control with less need for opioid analgesia. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

A Simple Flap Design for the Salvage of Immediate Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction
Conclusions The Limberg-like rectangular flap can be used as a salvage option in complicated skin-reducing mastectomies and can be considered as a safe and effective method because of its easy-to-use nature, low cost, and no need for microsurgery experience. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Tuberous Breast: Past, Present, and Future Personal Classification, Treatment, and Surgical Outcomes
Conclusions Preoperative identification of the type of the deformity is essential to obtain satisfactory results and a complete and intuitive classification including all the possible variants of the deformity, even the minor forms, and fundamental in diagnosing and resolving the problem. In this article, the authors propose a personal classification and surgical procedure to resolve the malformation. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Endoscopic Delayed Breast Reconstruction With Expanders and Implants via the Axillary Incision Made for Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy or Lymphadenectomy
Conclusions Endoscopic delayed breast reconstruction with insertion of implants through the axillary incision for sentinel node biopsy or lymphadenectomy is safe and feasible. It achieves complete intraoperative expansion, symmetry between the volumes of the breasts during the first stage, and avoids problems with the scar and the risk of extrusion, as the scar is placed remotely in the axilla. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research

Safety and Utility of the Drainless Abdominoplasty in the Post–Bariatric Surgery Patient
Conclusion Despite post–bariatric surgery patients being considered higher risk for postoperative complications, drainless abdominoplasty can be safely offered to this population by using a progressive tension suture technique. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Course Review: The First International Oldenburg–Groningen Fresh Cadaver Flap Course
The first international fresh cadaver flap course held in Groningen, the Netherlands, was a 2-day course where participants could learn and practice a wide variety of flap dissections on fresh cadavers under close supervision from international specialists in reconstructive surgery. Despite its high cost and long days, this was justified in excellent content, proficient teachers. and a one-to-one teacher-student ratio. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Circumspectus Medicinae: Texts and Contexts Source Type: research

Are Gillies’ Ten Commandments Just as Commanding Today?
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Breast Augmentation Combining Fat Injection and Breast Implants in Patients With Atrophied Breasts
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Re: Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life QualityA Prospective Case-Control Study
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Discussion on “Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life Quality: A prospective Case-Control Study”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research

Discussion on “Reduction of the Areolar Diameter After Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction for Gynecomastia”
No abstract available (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - January 12, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters and Commentary Source Type: research