Anti-Inflammatory and Restorative Effects of Olives in Topical Application
CONCLUSION: According to the information obtained from the articles reviewed, olive oil appears to be an effective, safe, and available treatment. This study suggests that olive oil is an alternative remedy to minimize the frequent use of chemical-based treatments. More research may be beneficial to reach certainty in terms of curative properties of olive oil in similar or different injuries in different populations.PMID:34257643 | PMC:PMC8257351 | DOI:10.1155/2021/9927976 (Source: Dermatology Research and Practice)
Source: Dermatology Research and Practice - July 14, 2021 Category: Dermatology Authors: Mahdiyeh Taheri Leila Amiri-Farahani Source Type: research

Episiotomy practice and associated factors among mothers who gave birth at public health facilities in Metema district, northwest Ethiopia
Episiotomy is a surgical incision of the perineum to hasten the delivery. There is a scarce of information related to episiotomy practice, and its associated factors, in developing countries, including Ethiopi... (Source: Reproductive Health)
Source: Reproductive Health - July 2, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Enyew Woretaw, Muluken Teshome and Muluneh Alene Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The objective was to describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo and to identify factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in these populations.MethodsWe interviewed eligible women who sought prenatal or postnatal reproductive health clinic consultations over a 2-year period. Interviews collected information about demographics, obstetric history, and urinary incontinence symptoms, as well as the impact on the quality of life, via a validated questionnaire. Descriptive analyses compared women with and without urinary incontinence and compared c...
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - June 21, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The efficacy of magnesium sulphate as an adjunct to local anaesthetics for perineal pain relief after episiotomy
Conclusion: Both xylocaine alone and xylocaine with MgSO4 provide adequate perineal pain relief during episiotomy repair. MgSO4 improves the analgesic effect of xylocaine at 2 h after episiotomy repair without any significant side effect. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 12, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: JA Garba CE Shehu EI Nwobodo AA Panti KA Tunau B Sulaiman SA Kadas U Onwudiegwu AP Aboyeji Source Type: research

Authors' response to: "Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices": Reply: Episiotomy in vacuum extraction
BJOG. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16763. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114321 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16763 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victoria Ankarcrona Hongwei Zhao Bo Jacobsson Sophia Brismar Wendel Source Type: research

Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices
BJOG. 2021 Jun 11. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16766. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114312 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16766 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jeremy Boujenah Richard Beddock Thierry Harvey Source Type: research

Authors' response to: "Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices": Reply: Episiotomy in vacuum extraction
BJOG. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16763. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114321 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16763 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victoria Ankarcrona Hongwei Zhao Bo Jacobsson Sophia Brismar Wendel Source Type: research

Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices
BJOG. 2021 Jun 11. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16766. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114312 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16766 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jeremy Boujenah Richard Beddock Thierry Harvey Source Type: research

Authors' response to: "Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices": Reply: Episiotomy in vacuum extraction
BJOG. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16763. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114321 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16763 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victoria Ankarcrona Hongwei Zhao Bo Jacobsson Sophia Brismar Wendel Source Type: research

Re: obstetric anal sphincter injury after episiotomy in vacuum extraction: an epidemiological study using an emulated randomised trial approach: robustness and external validity of different practices
BJOG. 2021 Jun 11. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16766. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34114312 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16766 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jeremy Boujenah Richard Beddock Thierry Harvey Source Type: research

Obstetric anal sphincter injury following previous vaginal delivery
ConclusionIn women with a previous vaginal delivery, one vs. two or more previous vaginal deliveries, increased birthweight, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery and episiotomy are risk factors for OASI. (Source: International Urogynecology Journal)
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - June 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The effect of the Verbascum Thapsus on episiotomy wound healing in nulliparous women: a randomized controlled trial
The pain and discomfort caused by episiotomy affect the quality of life of the mothers, so rapid and complete repair of the episiotomy is very important. Due to the effective ingredients of Verbascum Thapsus, it ... (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - June 8, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Sahar Taleb and Maryam Saeedi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Episiotomy and operative vaginal delivery- Do we need more evidence?
BJOG. 2021 May 31. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16783. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOperative vaginal delivery (OVD) is recognised as a major risk factor in the occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), particularly during first vaginal deliveries. All large observational studies based on prospectively collected databases have shown the benefits of mediolateral episiotomy performed during OVD in nulliparous women (Sultan et al. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2019;240:192-196).PMID:34058056 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16783 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - May 31, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: A H Sultan J W de Leeuw Source Type: research

Episiotomy and operative vaginal delivery- Do we need more evidence?
BJOG. 2021 May 31. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16783. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOperative vaginal delivery (OVD) is recognised as a major risk factor in the occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), particularly during first vaginal deliveries. All large observational studies based on prospectively collected databases have shown the benefits of mediolateral episiotomy performed during OVD in nulliparous women (Sultan et al. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2019;240:192-196).PMID:34058056 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16783 (Source: Reproductive Biology)
Source: Reproductive Biology - May 31, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: A H Sultan J W de Leeuw Source Type: research

Episiotomy and operative vaginal delivery- Do we need more evidence?
BJOG. 2021 May 31. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.16783. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOperative vaginal delivery (OVD) is recognised as a major risk factor in the occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), particularly during first vaginal deliveries. All large observational studies based on prospectively collected databases have shown the benefits of mediolateral episiotomy performed during OVD in nulliparous women (Sultan et al. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2019;240:192-196).PMID:34058056 | DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.16783 (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - May 31, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: A H Sultan J W de Leeuw Source Type: research

Clinical effects of different anesthesia methods in lateral episiotomy
Ann Ital Chir. 2021;92:190-195.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical effects of different anesthesia methods in lateral episiotomy. Providing the guidance of choosing the appropriate anesthesia method in clinical operation.METHODS: A total of 300 primiparas with vaginal delivery were enrolled into this study. These primiparas were divided into three groups (n=100, each), according to the different methods of anesthesia: group A (pudendal nerve block anesthesia + stepwise dissection and incisional local anesthesia), group B (bilateral pudendal nerve block anesthesia), and group C (pudendal nerve block anesthesia +...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - May 25, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Dan-Hong Jiang Ya-Jing Fan Cao-Jun Huang Yi Zhang Ya-Li Pan Source Type: research

Challenges in migrant women ’s maternity care in a high‐income country: A population‐based cohort study of maternal and perinatal outcomes
This study aims to explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of migrant women in Iceland.Material and methodsThis prospective population-based cohort study included women who gave birth to a singleton in Iceland between 1997 and 2018, for a total of 92 403 births. Migrant women were defined as women with citizenship other than Icelandic, including refugees and asylum seekers, and categorised into three groups, based on their country of citizenship Human Development Index score. The effect of country of citizenship was estimated. The main outcome measures were onset of labour, augmentation, epidural, perineum support, episiot...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - May 22, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Embla Ýr Guðmundsdóttir, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze, Mika Gissler, Kristjana Einarsdóttir Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association Between Urinary Stress Incontinence and Levator Avulsion Detected by 3D Transperineal Ultrasound
CONCLUSION: Unilateral levator avulsion may be a risk factor for urinary stress incontinence.PMID:34015837 | DOI:10.1055/a-1497-1838 (Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin)
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - May 20, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Chunyan Zhong Pan Hu Suzhen Ran Jing Tang Chunmei Xiao Yun Lin Xiaohang Zhang Yao Rong Mingbo Liu Source Type: research

Association Between Urinary Stress Incontinence and Levator Avulsion Detected by 3D Transperineal Ultrasound
CONCLUSION: Unilateral levator avulsion may be a risk factor for urinary stress incontinence.PMID:34015837 | DOI:10.1055/a-1497-1838 (Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin)
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - May 20, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Chunyan Zhong Pan Hu Suzhen Ran Jing Tang Chunmei Xiao Yun Lin Xiaohang Zhang Yao Rong Mingbo Liu Source Type: research

Association Between Urinary Stress Incontinence and Levator Avulsion Detected by 3D Transperineal Ultrasound
CONCLUSION: Unilateral levator avulsion may be a risk factor for urinary stress incontinence.PMID:34015837 | DOI:10.1055/a-1497-1838 (Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin)
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - May 20, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Chunyan Zhong Pan Hu Suzhen Ran Jing Tang Chunmei Xiao Yun Lin Xiaohang Zhang Yao Rong Mingbo Liu Source Type: research

Association Between Urinary Stress Incontinence and Levator Avulsion Detected by 3D Transperineal Ultrasound
CONCLUSION: Unilateral levator avulsion may be a risk factor for urinary stress incontinence.PMID:34015837 | DOI:10.1055/a-1497-1838 (Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin)
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - May 20, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Chunyan Zhong Pan Hu Suzhen Ran Jing Tang Chunmei Xiao Yun Lin Xiaohang Zhang Yao Rong Mingbo Liu Source Type: research

The effects of perineal trauma on immediate self-reported birth experience in first-time mothers
CONCLUSIONS: Perineal trauma may affect a woman's birth experience. Experiencing an episiotomy should not be overlooked as a potential contributor, especially during instrumental birth and in the absence of involved decision making. Further research is needed to disentangle the effects of episiotomy on birth experience, to explore the care needs of women with different degrees of perineal trauma and to explore how a negative birth experience may contribute to poor psychological health in the longer term.PMID:34008474 | DOI:10.1080/0167482X.2021.1923689 (Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - May 19, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Rebecca Molyneux Gillian Fowler Pauline Slade Source Type: research