Errors in inhaler use related to devices and to inhalation technique among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary health care
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to describe inhaler use in primary health care patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to categorize these patients into those making errors related to devices, those making errors related to inhalation technique and those making errors related to both.DesignObservational study.MethodsCOPD nurses used a checklist to assess the use of inhalers by patients with spirometry ‐verified COPD (N = 183) from primary healthcare centres. The STROBE checklist has been used.ResultsThe mean age of the patients was 71 (SD 9) years. Almost half of them (45%) made at l...
Source: Nursing Open - August 20, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Annika Lindh, Kersti Theander, Mats Arne, Karin Lisspers, Lena Lundh, Hanna Sandelowsky, Bj örn Ställberg, Elisabeth Westerdahl, Ann‐Britt Zakrisson Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Operating theatre nurses ’ self‐reported clinical competence in perioperative nursing: A mixed method study
AbstractAimsThe aim of this study was to investigate how operating theatre nurses (OTNs) self ‐rated their clinical competence and describe their experience of important factors for the development of clinical competence in perioperative nursing.DesignA cross ‐sectional study with a mixed‐method approach was chosen. Data were collected through a modified version of the questionnaireProfessional Nurse Self ‐Assessment Scale of Clinical Core Competence I, which was supplemented with an open ‐ended question.MethodsData were collected from 303 operating theatre nurses in Sweden. Statistics analysis was used to identi...
Source: Nursing Open - August 15, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ann ‐Catrin Blomberg, Lillemor Lindwall, Birgitta Bisholt Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Validity evaluation of the genetics and genomics in nursing practice survey
This study was a secondary data analysis.MethodData collected from the Method for Introducing a New Competency into Nursing Practice (MINC) study were used to evaluate the GGNPS for evidence of construct validity via structural equation modelling and confirmatory factor analysis. Face validity was evaluated via feedback from practicing RNs without specific experience with or knowledge of genetics/genomics. Content validity was evaluated via content expert feedback and assessment of a content validity index.ResultsThe thresholds for evidence of content and face validity were met. However, we found less evidence for construc...
Source: Nursing Open - August 13, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Alexandra Plavskin, William E. Samuels, Kathleen A. Calzone Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Silent voices: Family caregivers' narratives of involvement in palliative care
ConclusionThe involvement of family caregivers in palliative care may not be proportional to their responsibilities. The needs of family caregivers should be addressed in nursing education to give nurses competence to support family caregivers in providing home ‐based care. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - August 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Anett Skorpen Tarberg, Marit Kvangarsnes, Torstein Hole, Morten Thron æs, Torfinn Støve Madssen, Bodil J. Landstad Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Hospital food: When nurses' and ethnic minority patients' understanding of Islamic dietary needs differ
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to investigate how medical unit nurses assess their knowledge about Muslim patients' dietary preferences and needs and Muslim patients' needs regarding food.DesignMixed ‐method design.MethodsTwo ‐part study. Part 1: Two focus group interviews and a survey answered by medical unit nurses. Part 2: In‐depth interviews with ten immigrant patients (eight Asians and two Africans). Hermeneutic analysis of qualitative data and SPSS were used for descriptive analysis of the quantitative data.ResultsThe nurses' knowledge about acceptable and prohibited food within Islam appears to be simpli...
Source: Nursing Open - August 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lise ‐Merete Alpers Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

‘The hospital and everyday life are two worlds’: Patients’ and healthcare professionals’ experiences and perspectives on collaboration in the kidney transplantation process
AbstractAimTo explore patients ’ and healthcare professionals’ experiences and perspectives on collaboration in the kidney transplantation process.DesignA qualitative study with a phenomenological ‐hermeneutic approach.MethodParticipant observation and interviews were conducted with 18 patients, together with a focus group with eight healthcare professionals from April 2016 –January 2017. The data analysis was inspired by Ricoeur's theory.ResultsWhile patients acknowledged that the healthcare professionals were experts, they also requested an everyday life approach to treatment and care, because both pr...
Source: Nursing Open - August 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Charlotte Nielsen, Hanne Agerskov, Claus Bistrup, Jane Clemensen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Using a new interrater reliability method to test the modified Oulu Patient Classification instrument in home health care: Common mistakes and methodological issue
Nursing Open, EarlyView. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - August 8, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Mohammad Aghajani, Fatemeh Sadat Asgarian Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Organizational identity and the state of organizational identification in nursing organizations
This study qualitatively identified the organizational identity of a nursing organization and determined the state of organizational identification of staff in hospital wards.DesignCross ‐sectional descriptive survey study.MethodsInterviews were conducted using interview guides; a qualitative inductive analysis was performed for the three attributes of organizational identity (central, distinctive and enduring). The study included three head nurses working in different facilities and three teams comprising three nurses each, who worked under each of the head nurses (12 nurses total).ResultsCentrality comprised two subcat...
Source: Nursing Open - August 7, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Naoko Tsukamoto, Akemi Hirata, Yuka Funaki Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Norwegian midwives' perceptions of their practice environment: A mixed methods study
AbstractAimTo investigate Norwegian midwives ’ perceptions of their working environment.DesignA nationwide postal survey in 2014 collected information from 489 midwives, including the Practice Environment Scale and seven open ‐ended questions concerning the workplace.MethodsPsychometric ‐, descriptive‐ and comparative analysis was used for the quantitative data and content analysis for the qualitative data.ResultsPsychometric analyses yielded five subscales:Quality of management; Resource adequacy; Midwife ‐doctor relations; Opportunities for development; andMidwifery foundation for care. Content analyses ide...
Source: Nursing Open - August 6, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Mirjam Lukasse, Lena Henriksen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Caring for a stroke patient: The burden and experiences of primary caregivers in Uganda – A qualitative study
AbstractAimWe assessed the burden and experiences of caregivers looking after stroke patients in Kampala, Uganda.DesignWe conducted a qualitative cross ‐sectional study between May 2018–July 2018 among primary caregivers of stroke patients.MethodsThe primary caregiver was defined as the person spending most of the time providing daily care for the stroke patient for at least four months. Purposive sampling was used to consecutively recruit the primary caregivers. In ‐depth interviews were conducted, and audiotape recorded, and observations were also made. Data were managed using NVIVO 12.0 following thematic appr...
Source: Nursing Open - August 4, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Namale Gertrude, Rachel Kawuma, Winifred Nalukenge, Onesmus Kamacooko, Laetitia Yperzeele, Patrick Cras, Edward Ddumba, Robert Newton, Janet Seeley Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Reflecting a crisis reaction: Narratives from patients with oesophageal cancer about the first 6  months after diagnosis and surgery
ConclusionThis study highlights the process of emotional adaptation following oesophageal cancer surgery that patients describe when reflecting back on the first 6  months postoperatively pointing to a crisis reaction in this early postoperative period. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - August 2, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ylva Hellstadius, Marlene Malmstr öm, Pernilla Lagergren, Magnus Sundbom, Anna Wikman Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Emergency medical technicians' experiences with unplanned births outside institutions: A qualitative interview study
AbstractAimTo explore emergency medical technicians' experiences with unplanned births outside institutions.DesignA qualitative interview study.MethodsIndividual semi ‐structured interviews with 12 emergency medical technicians in Norway. Systematic text condensation was used to analyse the data material.ResultsAnalysis showed that there is a mismatch between society's expectations about emergency medical technicians and the reality they encounter in out ‐of‐hospital maternity care, that emergency medical technicians experience a general lack of training in caring for labouring women and that poor communication with ...
Source: Nursing Open - July 31, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Hanne Vagle, Gunn Terese Haukeland, Bente Dahl, Vigdis Aasheim, Eline Skirnisdottir Vik Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Facilitators to the continuous abuse of tramadol among the youth: A qualitative study in Northern Ghana
AbstractStudy aimConsidering the alarming rate at which young people abuse tramadol, as evidenced by the numerous media reports on the subject, this qualitative study was conducted to explore the facilitators to the abuse of tramadol by young people.Design and methodsA qualitative exploratory descriptive design was employed in conducting the study. A total of 18 participants were purposively sampled. Data for the study were collected through two focused group discussions and three in ‐depth‐interviews. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data.ResultsThe findings of the study revealed four main themes. These theme...
Source: Nursing Open - July 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Abdul ‐Ganiyu Fuseini, Alhassan Afizu, Yakubu H. Yakubu, Gilbert Nachinab Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Emergency centre triage category allocations and their associated patient flow timeframes in a private healthcare group in the Middle East
AbstractAims and ObjectivesTo identify and describe triage category allocations and their associated patient pathway timeframes in four emergency centres of a large private healthcare group in the United Arab Emirates.BackgroundThe classification of patients in accordance with their acuity level is a complex task that requires quick and accurate allocation. Triage system categories have predetermined timeframes in which patients should be seen by a physician or treatment initiated for the best possible outcome.Design and MethodsAn observational, cross ‐sectional study was conducted through the prospective capture and eva...
Source: Nursing Open - July 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Enrico Dippenaar Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Affective organizational commitment among nursing home employees: A longitudinal study on the influence of a health ‐promoting work environment
This study used a longitudinal design. Survey data were collected with a 1 ‐year interval between 2015/2016–2016/2017 among nursing home employees in Norway.MethodsStructural equation modelling was used to analyse the longitudinal data (N = 166) and cross‐sectional data from the first time point (N = 558).ResultsThe results supported that work ‐SOC was strongly and positively related to AOC. Job resources and job demands were positively and negatively related, respectively, to work‐SOC but were not related to future AOC. The indirect effects of autonomy and supervisor support on AOC, via w...
Source: Nursing Open - July 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Karoline Gr ødal, Siw Tone Innstrand, Gørill Haugan, Beate André Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Nurses ’ contribution to relatives’ involvement in neurorehabilitation: Facilitators and barriers
AbstractAimThe aim of the present study was to identify possible facilitators and barriers that differently positioned relatives are facing when being actively involved in the rehabilitation process of patients with traumatic brain injury.DesignA qualitative secondary analysis of data from a qualitative study.MethodsData comprised participant observations and semi ‐structured interviews with relatives of patients with traumatic brain injury. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis.ResultsThree exemplary cases illustrate how relatives ’ differential and unequal resources function as facilitators and ...
Source: Nursing Open - July 27, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Rikke Guldager, Karen Willis, Kristian Larsen, Ingrid Poulsen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Design and psychometric properties of an instrument to assess metacognition in moral reasoning in medicine
This study was conducted in two phases; identifying the items and designing the instrument. In the preliminary phase, the qualitative study was carried out using conventional content analysis method. In the second phase, psychometric evaluation of instrument was done using face and content validity, construct validity and reliability.ResultsOn the first phase of this study, 135 items were identified. After determining face and content validity, 111 items reached the stage of exploratory factor analysis. This instrumental analysis indicated the existence of 74 items and ten factors whose variance of the total is explained a...
Source: Nursing Open - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Farahnaz Kamali, Alireza Yousefy, Nikoo Yamani Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A cross ‐sectional study of health literacy in patients with chronic kidney disease: Associations with demographic and clinical variables
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to investigate health literacy in patients with chronic kidney disease in a multidimensional perspective.DesignA descriptive, cross ‐sectional study.MethodsPatients with chronic kidney disease at stages 3 –5 were included in the study between February–August 2017 (N = 187). Health literacy was measured by the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify associations between health literacy and demographic and clinical variables. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed to identify characteristics of groups with high ...
Source: Nursing Open - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Une Elisabeth St ømer, Lasse Gunnar Gøransson, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Kristin Hjorthaug Urstad Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associations of dry skin, skin care habits, well ‐being, sleep quality and itch in nursing home residents: Results of a multicentre, observational, cross‐sectional study
The objective was to measure well‐being, sleep quality and itch in nursing home residents being 65 years and older and to explore possible associations with demographics, dry skin and skincare ha bits.DesignMulticentre, observational, cross ‐sectional.MethodsSleep quality was assessed with the Richards ‐Campbell Sleep Quality Questionnaire, well‐being with the WHO‐Five Well‐being Index and itch with the 5‐D Itch scale. Skin dryness was measured using the Overall Dry Skin score.ResultsA total of 51 residents were included. The item scores of the sleep quality and itch questionnaires were strongly associat...
Source: Nursing Open - July 25, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume ‐Peytavi, Jan Kottner Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of foot care interventions for older adults using day care services
This study explored the prevalence of foot problems among older adults and the effectiveness of foot care interventions for improving toe ‐gap force and foot flexibility. Foot problems are very common among people aged 65 years and older. However, the effects of foot care interventions on components underlying these issues (i.e., toe‐gap force and foot flexibility) are unclear.DesignThis was a quasi ‐experimental study.MethodsEighteen older adults were divided into three groups: medical foot care intervention, combined intervention and control group. The combined intervention group received medical foot care, fo...
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Kashiko Fujii Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Nurses' attitudes towards diabetes in tertiary care: A cross ‐sectional study
AbstractAimTo evaluate the attitude and training of nurses in Saudi Arabia towards the care of patients with diabetes.DesignA cross ‐sectional study.MethodsData were collected in 2016 from 1,695 participants at the King Fahad Medical City using the Diabetes Attitude Scale version 3.ResultsMost nurses had not received diabetes training. The agreement score of nurses for the requirement of special training for the management of diabetes is high; the survey found that most nurses were aware of the psychological effect of diabetes. However, the low agreement regarding the perception of the seriousness of diabetes among nurse...
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ali Hassan Alhaiti, Mohammed Senitan, Selvanaayagam Shanmuganathan, Cliff Dacosta, Linda Katherine Jones, George Binh Lenon Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

The dark side of the work of immigrant women caregivers in Spain: Qualitative interview findings
AbstractAimTo analyse the perception that immigrant women caregivers have of their relationship with the person receiving the care and their family and the possible impact those relationships may have on a caregiver's health.DesignA qualitative study was conducted.MethodsThirty ‐four semi‐structured interviews were applied in the Spanish city of Salamanca from November 2015–November 2016. The “interpretative hermeneutics” technique was used as the framework for the analysis.ResultsThe discourse studied indicated that the immigrant women's cultural background, as well as their gender's assumed stereoty...
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Jes ús Rivera‐Navarro, Alberto Del Rey, Tania Paniagua Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Nursing Open, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 659-661, July 2019. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Localizing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to rural communities in America through university extension programmes
Nursing Open, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 662-663, July 2019. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Sarah Oerther Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Design, delivery and evaluation of a simulation ‐based workshop for health professional students on falls prevention in acute care settings
ConclusionsFalls research often includes educational components but previous studies have failed to adequately describe educational methods. Students learnt about best evidence falls prevention strategies using interactive educational methodologies with a workshop viewed by students as being well ‐designed and assisting their learning from theory to practice.While students valued the delivery of the SRP using SBE, confidence and motivation to implement falls strategies were not sustained following clinical placement. A programme of education including SBE can be used to support the delivery of falls ‐based education, b...
Source: Nursing Open - July 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Debra Kiegaldie, Debra Nestel, Elizabeth Pryor, Cylie Williams, Kelly ‐Ann Bowles, Stephen Maloney, Terry Haines Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Children's own perspectives demonstrate the need to improve paediatric perioperative care
AbstractAimTo explore children's perspectives when facing anaesthesia and surgery.DesignInterpretative qualitative design.MethodsChildren undergoing outpatient surgery were interviewed in three different phases, before and after anaesthesia and surgery (phase 1 and 2) and 1  month after the hospitalization (phase 3). Twenty‐two children (4–15 years) were interviewed in phase 1 and 2 and six children (5–13 years) in phase 3. Data were analysed using manifest and latent qualitative content analysis.ResultsTwo contrasting themes were identified: Fearful in association with anaesthesia and surgery ...
Source: Nursing Open - July 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Gunilla L ööf, Nina Andersson‐Papadogiannakis, Charlotte Silén Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Risk for suicide nursing diagnosis and its related risk factors, in psychiatric settings: A descriptive study
AbstractAimTo assess the frequency ofrisk for suicide nursing diagnosis and its related risk factors, in the nursing care provided in psychiatric settings.DesignThis is a descriptive study.MethodsThe samples were the documented nursing reports. These reports were evaluated and analysed in terms of using the NANDA ‐Irisk for suicide nursing diagnosis and the risk factors related to this diagnosis.ResultsFrom the 1,440 reports that were reviewed, 10 nursing diagnoses and 478 risk factors, were identified. Based on the results of this study,risk for suicide is used at a very low level in psychiatric settings, while, conside...
Source: Nursing Open - July 17, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Babak Saatchi, Taraneh Taghavi Larijani Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Challenges and facilitators of professional socialization: A systematic review
AbstractAimsThis current study aimed to present a review of the challenges and facilitators of professional socialization among undergraduate nursing students.DesignSystematic review.MethodsA literature search was conducted in Embase, Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus in April and May 2018 for studies published in the English language. Four thousand three hundred fifty ‐two articles were retrieved. We conducted further screening for full‐text articles after discarding duplicates and irrelevant studies. Finally, eight studies were included. The Joanna Briggs appraisal tools were used to appraise and evaluate study quali...
Source: Nursing Open - July 16, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Waliu Jawula Salisu, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Ibrahim Yakubu, Fatemeh Ebrahimpour Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Validation of a visual analogue scale for the evaluation of the postoperative anxiety: A prospective observational study
The objective of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and the consistency of a visual analogue scale for anxiety compared with the reference method, the State ‐Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).DesignObservational, prospective, monocentric study of 500 patients in the post ‐anaesthetist care unit. Anxiety was evaluated using both the visual analogue scale for anxiety and the STAI in perioperative patients. Consistency between the visual analogue scale for anxiety and the STAI, detection thresholds and factors predicting anxiety were researched.ResultsA correlation was found between the visual analogue scale for ...
Source: Nursing Open - July 11, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Fran çois Labaste, Fabrice Ferré, Hélène Combelles, Valentin Rey, Jean‐Christophe Foissac, Anne Senechal, Jean‐Marie Conil, Vincent Minville Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Predicting the functional independence during the recovery phase for poststroke patients
This study aimed to evaluate stroke self ‐efficacy of poststroke patients and identify the differences in stroke self‐efficacy level among some relevant variables.DesignA descriptive cross ‐sectional design was employed to achieve the aforementioned objectives.MethodsA purposive sample of 207 poststroke patients who were recovering from stroke in three major teaching hospitals at Baghdad city were recruited to participate in the study. Data collection process started 3 November 2016 –15 May 2017. Inclusion criteria embraced stroke patients who were adult, have Glasgow Coma Scale score 14–15, capable of gi...
Source: Nursing Open - July 11, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Sadeq AL ‐Fayyadh Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of horticultural therapy: Perspectives of frail and pre ‐frail older nursing home residents
Conclusion and implication for practiceThe findings provide evidence of the positive effects of horticultural therapy on perceived well ‐being among frail nursing home residents and expand the existing state of knowledge on the use of horticultural therapy in long‐term residential care. Among others nursing implications, they are also important to develop appropriate and meaningful nursing practice to improve frail residents' pe rceived quality of life in the institution they now call “home.” (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - July 3, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Shirley K. L. Lo, Winsome Y. Y. Lam, Rick Y. C. Kwan, Mimi M. Y. Tse, Jordan K. H. Lau, Claudia K. Y. Lai Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Team composition and staff roles in a hybrid operating room: A prospective study using video observations
AbstractAimThe aim of the study was to evaluate team composition and staff roles in a hybrid operating room during endovascular aortic repairs.DesignQuantitative descriptive design.MethodsNine endovascular aortic repairs procedures were video ‐recorded between December 2014 and September 2015. The data analysis involved examining the work process, number of people in the room and categories of staff and their involvement in the procedure.ResultsThe procedures were divided into four phases. The hybrid operating room was most crowded in phase 3 when the skin wound was open. Some staff categories were in the room for the en...
Source: Nursing Open - July 3, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: May Bazzi, Ingegerd Bergbom, Mikael Hellstr öm, Isabell Fridh, Karin Ahlberg, Solveig M. Lundgren Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Safety for older adults using telecare: Perceptions of homecare professionals
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to explore homecare professionals' perceptions of safety related to the use of telecare by older adults.DesignAn exploratory qualitative design was employed.MethodsTwo focus group interviews with ten female homecare professionals (nine Registered Nurses and one occupational therapist) were carried out between June –December 2017. The participants were recruited from six community homecare services in two Norwegian municipalities. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.ResultsThe participants perceived that the use of telecare protects older adults against injury and...
Source: Nursing Open - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Torunn Beate Johannessen, Marianne Storm, Anne Lise Holm Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A pilot study on the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS ‐SR) with carers of people with Parkinson's disease
AbstractAimTo report the cross ‐cultural adaptation and pilot study of the ongoing validation of the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale with carers of people with Parkinson's disease.DesignCross ‐cultural adaptation and pilot study with a cross‐sectional validation design of the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale – Carers.MethodsTwenty ‐one carers of people with Parkinson's disease from a Primary Care practice in Spain were recruited and completed the PAIS‐Carers, the SF‐36 Health Survey, the Brief COPE Inventory and an assessment form. SPSS 23.0 w...
Source: Nursing Open - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Mari Carmen Portillo, Leire Ambrosio, Raquel Lanas Mart ín, Maria Victoria Navarta, MEugenia Ursua Sesma, Mario Riverol Fernández Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Devoted or negotiated routes of adherence: Narratives of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea using a continuous positive airway pressure device
AbstractAimsTo explore the narratives of patients about receiving a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea and using a continuous positive airway pressure device.DesignA qualitative design with a narrative approach.MethodsParticipants with personal experience of using a continuous positive airway pressure device were recruited through purposive sampling. Two women and five men were interviewed in 2017. The data material was subjected to a narrative analysis.ResultsTwo storylines portraying two different trajectories of continuous positive airway pressure use were identified: “A route of devotion” reflects patien...
Source: Nursing Open - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Margareta M økleby, Anne Marit Mengshoel Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Identifying characteristic features of community orientation among community health nurses in Fiji
AbstractAimThe present study aimed to identify detailed characteristics of community orientation among community health nurses in Fiji.DesignQualitative descriptive design using semi ‐structured individual interviews.MethodsTwenty participants including expert nurses, novice nurses, policymakers and representatives from communities were interviewed between July –August 2015 in Fiji. Data were analysed using descriptive qualitative methods.ResultsThree main themes described in detail characteristics of community orientation among community health nurses in Fiji: Trusting Relationships, Commitment and Activity Manage...
Source: Nursing Open - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Sachiko Tanabe, Satoko Yanagisawa, Silina Waqa-Ledua, Mereani Tukana Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

E ‐learning or lectures to increase knowledge about congenital heart disease in infants: A comparative interventional study
AbstractAimThis project aimed to create, implement and evaluate an e ‐learning course on nursing infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to measure its efficacy compared with classroom learning.DesignThis is a comparative interventional study with two groups.MethodsThe study involved 15 postgraduate students and 13 newly employed nurses. The learning outcome was computed as the difference between pre ‐test and post‐test knowledge scores and analysed usingt tests and multiple regression.ResultsBoth learning groups scored significantly higher 1  week after training. The improvement did not differ significa...
Source: Nursing Open - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Elin Hjorth ‐Johansen, Dag Hofoss, Nina Margrethe Kynø Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessment of nurse –patient communication and patient satisfaction from nursing care
AbstractAimProfessional communication between nurse and patient has a significant role in patient satisfaction with nursing care. The aim of this study was to assess nurse –patient communication and patient's satisfaction from nursing services in the burn wards of women and men.DesignParticipants were all patients admitted to the Burn wards at the Sina Hospital of Tabriz between September –December 2018. Nurse–patient communication and patient's satisfaction were assessed using at the time of discharge. Data were analysed by SPSS applying descriptive and inferential statistics.ResultsThe results show that...
Source: Nursing Open - June 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Mojgan Lotfi, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Mohammad Khajehgoodari Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Nurse staffing models in acute care: A descriptive study
ConclusionThis study covered multiple staffing groups with widely varying characteristics. Most groups entailed risks for quality of care at one or more levels. Few care units approached the theoretical staffing ideal. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - June 17, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Marianne Th ériault, Carl‐Ardy Dubois, Roxane Borgès da Silva, Alexandre Prud’homme Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Exploring associations between older adults ’ demographic characteristics and their perceptions of self‐care actions for communicating with healthcare professionals in southern United States
This study examined associations between older adults ’ demographic factors and their perceived importance of, desire to and ability to perform seven self‐care behaviours for communicating with healthcare professionals.DesignThis cross ‐sectional survey study analysed subset data of 123 older adults 65 years and older, living in southern United States.MethodsThePatient Action Inventory for Self ‐Care (57 items, grouped into 11 categories) was used to collect self ‐reported self‐care data. Demographic characteristics were also collected. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were used ...
Source: Nursing Open - June 17, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Huey ‐Ming Tzeng, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Cindy Feng, Sandra Lynn Jansen, Anne Barker, Chang‐Yi Yin Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

An urban medical system's exploratory study of medication errors
This study sought to identify patterns of medication errors with respect to shifts, day of week, unit involved, severity, medication class and cause of errors and to propose possible solutions.DesignThis was a retrospective explorative study using a database containing 605 medication events from two medical centres. Variables assessed include medication type, the error severity, and time the medication was ordered, the unit that the error occurred on and the day of the week of the errors.MethodsSimple percentages were used to report the results, and point ‐biserial correlation was employed to test for significant differe...
Source: Nursing Open - June 17, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Skip G. Morelock, Jeffrey D. Kirk Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Patient participation in municipal elderly care from the perspective of nurses and occupational therapists
This study had a cross ‐sectional design. Data were collected using an online questionnaire.MethodsThe questionnaire had both closed and open ‐ended questions. One‐hundred and fourteen nurses and occupational therapists responded. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics and thematic analysis.ResultsTwo main themes were identified as follows: “The professionals’ perspective at the centre – Patient participation to enhance compliance” and “The patients’ perspective at the centre – Patient participation as an ongoing process.” The themes covered a continuum. On one ...
Source: Nursing Open - June 12, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Kajsa Lidstr öm Holmqvist, Inger James Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Physical restraining: Nurses knowledge and practice in Tertiary Care Hospital of Eastern Nepal
AbstractAimThe aim was to assess the level of knowledge and practice on physical restraints.DesignA descriptive cross ‐sectional study design was adopted.MethodsA total enumerative sampling technique was used to select 117 nurses working in ICU, medical wards, psychiatric ward and emergency unit of Tertiary Care Hospital, Nepal. After obtaining written consent from each participant, self ‐administered questionnaires on socio‐demographic profile, knowledge and practice about physical restraints were distributed.ResultsMost nurses (55.6%) were from age group of 18 –25 years. Most of the participants (82.1%) ...
Source: Nursing Open - June 12, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Nirmala Pradhan, Sami Lama, Gayananda Mandal, Erina Shrestha Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Wishes and needs of older persons who have experienced a fall: A qualitative study
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to explore the needs and wishes in everyday life of older persons who have experienced a fall.DesignA hermeneutic ‐phenomenological design with semi‐structured interviews.MethodInterviews were analysed using systematic text condensation.ResultsNine patients (5 women, 4 men) were included. The participants were between 67 –95 years old. Seven of the nine participants had suffered from recurrent falls. The analysis revealed four themes: “To maintain meaningfulness in everyday life after experiencing a fall”, “Contact with professionals can be a prerequisit...
Source: Nursing Open - June 11, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ann Sophia Bertelsen, Jesper Ryg, Tahir Masud, Dorthe S. Nielsen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of a care process programme on frail older people ’s life satisfaction
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a full ‐scale implementation of a care process programme on life satisfaction among frail older people, as compared with those receiving usual care.DesignThe study includes participants from a full ‐scale care process programme (N  = 77) and participants from a historical control group (N  = 66). The care process programme establishes a comprehensive continuum of care through components including case management, interprofessional teamwork and care ‐planning meetings in the older people's own homes.MethodsQuestionnaires were used and d...
Source: Nursing Open - June 11, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Helene Berglund, Susanne Gustafsson, Isabelle Ottenvall Hammar, Joel Faronbi, Synneve Dahlin ‐Ivanoff Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Nursing research: A marriage of theoretical influences
This study has a descriptive qualitative  design.MethodThis study complied with the Standard for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR). Data were collected from 61 PhD theses in nursing science published from 1994 –2015, at University of Edinburgh.ResultsTwenty of the PhD theses used theoretical approaches with a sociological perspective and 12 used a psychological perspective. Eighteen of the PhD theses were based on theoretical approaches from philosophy, ethics, pedagogy, medicine or biology as a primary perspective. Nursing theories, in their conventional definition, have a limited presence in the theses exa...
Source: Nursing Open - June 9, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Kari Toverud Jensen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Measuring the effects of guided clinical reasoning on the Advanced Nursing Process quality, on nurses ’ knowledge and attitude: Study protocol
This article is a report of a study protocol designed to examine the effects of guided clinical reasoning on the quality of the Advanced Nursing Process —the evidence‐based version of the traditional nursing process. It aims to describe the theoretical framework—Kirkpatrick's evaluation model, the key concepts and the instruments for the planned study.DesignA complex experimental intervention study using data and method triangulation is proposed.MethodsRegistered Nurses (N = 92), nursing records (N = 180) and 24 patients will be included. Nurses’ knowledge and attitude will be evalua...
Source: Nursing Open - June 2, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Claudia Leoni ‐Scheiber, Hanna Mayer, Maria Müller‐Staub Tags: STUDY PROTOCOL Source Type: research

Postpositivist critical multiplism: Its value for nursing research
Discussion paper.MethodsWe searched relevant literature published between 1978 –2018, indexed in CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed or PsychINFO. Findings are discussed in the context of stroke nursing research.ResultsPostpositivist critical multiplism acknowledges the importance of human influence on knowledge development and enables nurse researchers to use multiple approaches to address complex human phenomena. In doing so, the unique perspectives of stakeholder groups including patients, family members, knowledge users can be respected. There are certain steps that can be used by critical multiplist investigators to approac...
Source: Nursing Open - May 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Eric F. Tanlaka, Carol Ewashen, Kathryn King ‐Shier Tags: DISCURSIVE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Fear of childbirth from the perspective of midwives working in hospitals in Norway: A qualitative study
AbstractAimTo illuminate the perceptions of hospital ‐based midwives who support women suffering from moderate to severe fear of childbirth during an expected vaginal birth.DesignA qualitative descriptive and explorative study.MethodsFocus group interviews were conducted with 18 midwives representing four different hospitals in Norway.ResultsEncountering fear of childbirth evoked the desire to protect and help, although the ability to provide optimal support was dependent on several circumstances, several of which were beyond the midwives ̕ control. The main theme “Midwives finding their own strength when encounte...
Source: Nursing Open - May 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Marthe Tobiasson, Anne Lyberg Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Registered Nurses' description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting
This study made significant contribution to the understanding of patient advocacy and its positive effect on the provision of quality patient care. (Source: Nursing Open)
Source: Nursing Open - May 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Comfort Nsiah, Mate Siakwa, Jerry P. K. Ninnoni Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research