Many Youth With ADHD Fail to Take Stimulants as Prescribed, Study Suggests
More than half of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may not be taking stimulant medications as prescribed, according to areport inPsychiatric Services in Advance.“These findings [underscore] the need for active efforts to better understand the problem and develop approaches to help mitigate it, especially in primary care settings,” wrote lead author Joseph Biederman, M.D., chief of the Clinical and Research Programs in Pediatric Psychopharmacology and Ad ult ADHD at Massachusetts General Hospital, and colleagues.The researchers analyzed prescription and sociodemograph...
Source: Psychiatr News - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Joseph Biederman medication adherence prescription refills Psychiatric Services stimulant medication Source Type: research

"This drug turned me into a robot": an actor-network analysis of a web-based ethnographic study of psychostimulant use.
CONCLUSION: These findings may contribute to shaping public health policies and interventions that acknowledge the values of the individuals they seek to help, and that attempt to reduce the potential harms associated with these pharmaceuticals as an alternative to more prohibitive approaches. PMID: 30465287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Robitaille C Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing the Nature-of-Activities Account of Enhancement
AbstractMany find it intuitive that those who use enhancements like steroids and Adderall in Olympic weightlifting and education are due less praise than those who perform equally well without using these enhancements. Nonetheless, it is not easy to coherently explain why one might be justifiably due less praise for using these technologies to enhance one ’s performance. Justifications for this intuition which rely on concerns regarding authenticity, cheating, or shifts in who is responsible for the performance face serious problems. Santoni de Sio et al., however, have recently defended a justification for this intu...
Source: Neuroethics - October 1, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Caffeine-Induced Psychosis in a Bodybuilder With Chronic Testosterone and Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine Misuse.
Authors: Gomes CAB, Mahgoub Y PMID: 29947481 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders)
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - June 29, 2018 Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research

Using drug knowledgebase information to distinguish between look-alike-sound-alike drugs
ConclusionsDrug indications data from a drug knowledgebase can discriminate between many LASA drugs. (Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association)
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - May 22, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Enhancing the Nature-of-Activities Account of Enhancement
AbstractMany find it intuitive that those who use enhancements like steroids and Adderall in Olympic weightlifting and education are due less praise than those who perform equally well without using these enhancements. Nonetheless, it is not easy to coherently explain why one might be justifiably due less praise for using these technologies to enhance one ’s performance. Justifications for this intuition which rely on concerns regarding authenticity, cheating, or shifts in who is responsible for the performance face serious problems. Santoni de Sio et al., however, have recently defended a justification for this intu...
Source: Neuroethics - May 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Modafinil for the Improvement of Patient Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple scleros...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - April 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICNS Online Editor Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research

Placental Complications Associated With Psychostimulant Use in Pregnancy.
CONCLUSION: Psychostimulant use during pregnancy was associated with a small increased relative risk of preeclampsia and preterm birth. The absolute increases in risks are small and, thus, women with significant ADHD should not be counseled to suspend their ADHD treatment based on these findings. PMID: 29112657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - November 3, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Cohen JM, Hernández-Díaz S, Bateman BT, Park Y, Desai RJ, Gray KJ, Patorno E, Mogun H, Huybrechts KF Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Discordant reporting of nonmedical amphetamine use among Adderall-using high school seniors in the US
(Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence)
Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - October 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Joseph J. Palamar, Austin Le Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

22.5 Animal Models and Amphetamine Isomers in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Drug Development
Psychostimulants with different isomers of amphetamine, such as Adderall and d-amphetamine, are known to be safe and effective treatments for ADHD. Clinical studies have demonstrated that l-amphetamine is not an inactive isomer. Adderall contains approximately 25 percent l-amphetamine; Evekeo ® contains approximately 50 percent l-amphetamine. Clinical studies and animal models have suggested that there may be a role for different isomer combinations of amphetamine based on the patient’s diagnosis and genetic makeup. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paul E.A. Glaser Source Type: research

Extended-Release ADHD Drug
Another extended-release amphetamine-dextroamphetamine combination medication has receivedapproval for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Marketed as Mydayis, the drug is indicated for teens and adults. Children aged 12 years or younger should not take the drug. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - August 1, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Adderall might improve your test scores – but so could a placebo
Some students take ADHD drugs to improve their academic performance. A trial suggests Adderall can work in this way, but it ’s largely due to the placebo effect (Source: New Scientist - Health)
Source: New Scientist - Health - July 20, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research

Patient-relevant outcomes associated with generic tamsulosin, levothyroxine and amphetamine in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: FAERS reveals several domains of patient-relevant concerns associated with generic drugs. PMID: 28686057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research)
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - July 8, 2017 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research

Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome after kratom ingestion.
We report a young man who suddenly developed severe headache, disorientation, and aphasia following ingestion of kratom and Adderall. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of his head revealed foci of vasogenic edema in the posterior occipital lobes, frontal lobes, and brainstem. In addition, he had a small area of hemorrhage in the left posterior occipital lobe. Lumbar puncture revealed an increased number of red blood cells but no other abnormalities. His initial blood pressure was elevated but returned to normal during hospitalization. This case suggests that kratom can cause posterior reversible encephalop...
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - July 1, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Castillo A, Payne JD, Nugent K Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research

An Algorithm to Identify Generic Drugs in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System
ConclusionsThe algorithm demonstrated high inter-rater reliability with moderate internal consistency for identifying generic drugs in the FAERS, in our sample. Future efforts should focus on improving the reliability and validity of identifying generics through improving the completeness of reporting in the FAERS. (Source: Drug Safety)
Source: Drug Safety - June 7, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Substance Use Among Transgender Students in California Public Middle and High Schools
CONCLUSIONSThe study's findings indicate a need for community‐ and school‐based interventions that reduce substance use among transgender youth. (Source: Journal of School Health)
Source: Journal of School Health - April 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Authors: Kris Tunac De Pedro, Tamika D. Gilreath, Christopher Jackson, Monica Christina Esqueda Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Perceptions of Risks and Benefits Among Nonprescription Stimulant Consumers, Diverters, and Non-Users.
Conclusions/Importance: College students involved in the misuse (using a stimulant without a prescription or diverting stimulant medication to others) of NPS medications may underestimate associated risks and overestimate benefits. PMID: 28323514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - March 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

A Case Report of Reversible Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy after Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine Ingestion in a 15-Year-Old Adolescent Girl
We present a 15-year-old adolescent girl who was found to have a Takotsubo cardiomyopathy after acute amphetamine/dextroamphetamine ingestion. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - December 13, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael S. Toce, Michael Farias, Rebecca Bruccoleri, David W. Brown, Michele M. Burns Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Prescription stimulant medication misuse: Where are we and where do we go from here?
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid ...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology - October 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weyandt, Lisa L.; Oster, Danielle R.; Marraccini, Marisa E.; Gudmundsdottir, Bergljot Gyda; Munro, Bailey A.; Rathkey, Emma S.; McCallum, Alison Source Type: research

Counterfeit Adderall Containing Aceclofenac from Internet Pharmacies.
Abstract A nontargeted approach based on liquid chromatography equipped with a quadrupole time-of-flight mass detector (LC-MS Q-TOF) joined to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis allowed rapid identification and quantification of the anti-inflammatory drug aceclofenac in illegal Adderall tablets. The largest chromatographic peak had m/z = 354.030 and m/z = 376.012 matching, respectively, the ionic structures (M + H)(+) and (M + Na)(+) of a molecule M. The accurate mass data generated the molecular formula C16 H13 Cl2 NO4 . A screening of the pharmaceutical active substances having that molecular formula toge...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - July 1, 2016 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Gaudiano MC, Borioni A, Antoniella E, Valvo L Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research

Impact of alcohol and alcohol mixed with energy drinks on non-medical prescription stimulant use in a nationally representative sample of 12th-grade students.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol use and alcohol mixed with energy drink use (AmED) is associated with risky behavior, including non-medical prescription stimulant use. We assessed alcohol-only, AmED and non-medical prescription stimulant use among 12th grade students in the U.S. using a nationally representative secondary data from the 2012 Monitoring the Future Study. METHODS: Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests and logistic regression analyses were used to determine differences in non-medical prescription stimulant use by students who used alc...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 24, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Housman JM, Williams RD, Woolsey CL Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Pediatric Patients with Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma
Horm Metab ResDOI: 10.1055/s-0042-106725The aim of the study is to evaluate if there is an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PHEO/PGL) in pediatric patients. A case series study of 43 patients under the age of 18 with PHEO/PGL tumors who were evaluated at the National Institute of Health between January 2006 and May 2014 is reported. Prior diagnosis of ADHD and treatment course with stimulant medications was recorded. Patient symptoms, catecholamine and metanephrine levels, tumor characteristics, and genetic analyses for syndromes associ...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - May 12, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Batsis, M.Dagalakis, U.Stratakis, C. A.Prodanov, T.Papadakis, G. Z.Adams, K.Lodish, M.Pacak, K. Tags: Endocrine Care Source Type: research

Patterns and prevalence of medication use across the menstrual cycle among healthy, reproductive aged women
ConclusionsPatterns of medication use among reproductive age women vary across the menstrual cycle for certain types of medications, particularly in pain (e.g., Ibuprofen), antibiotics (e,g, Amoxicillin), and CNS (e.g., Adderall) medications. Future studies involving use of these types of medication in premenopausal women may need to consider the relationship of their use to the menstrual cycle. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety)
Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety - March 1, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Kristen A. Johnson, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Sunni L. Mumford, Rebecca A. Garbose, Karen C. Schliep, Donald Mattison, Neil J. Perkins, Jean Wactawski‐Wende, Enrique F. Schisterman Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Prescribing Some Criminological Theory: An Examination of the Illicit Use of Prescription Stimulants Among College Students
This article reports results from a survey (N = 484) of college students from a Midwestern university, examining whether measures of strain, self-control, and social learning predict the illicit use of prescription stimulants. Measures from social learning and social control theories were significant predictors of illicit use of prescription stimulants, whereas the measure of academic strain was not; the strongest predictor of illicit use of prescription stimulants was general deviance. Implications of these findings are discussed. (Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - December 24, 2015 Category: Criminology Authors: Maahs, J. R., Weidner, R. R., Smith, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Stimulant use following the publicity of cardiovascular safety and the introduction of patient medication guides
ConclusionsThe first signal of stimulant CV safety concerns was followed by varying responses depending on the outcome measure used, suggesting that patients and physicians responded at different times after the publicity of safety concerns. Clinical consequences of the changes are uncertain. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety)
Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety - November 23, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Chih‐Ying Chen, Regina Bussing, Abraham G. Hartzema, Jonathan J. Shuster, Richard Segal, Almut G. Winterstein Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Cognitive and Performance Enhancing Medication Use to Improve Performance in Poker
Abstract Use of neuroenhancers has been studied in groups ranging from students to surgeons; however, use of cognitive and performance enhancing medications (CPEMs) to improve performance in poker has remained largely overlooked. To assess the use of CPEMs to improve poker performance, a survey of poker players was conducted. Participants were recruited via Internet poker forums; 198 completed the online survey. Approximately 28 % of respondents used prescription CPEMs, with the most commonly used including: amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (62 %), benzodiazepines (20 %), and methylphenidate (20 %...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 8, 2015 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Problem of Artificial Willpower
The ethical threat posed by Adderall and other drugs that improve motivation -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - July 7, 2015 Category: Science Tags: Society & Policy Pharmaceuticals Mind Brain Addiction Recovery Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nonmedical Use and Diversion of ADHD Stimulants Among U.S. Adults Ages 18-49: A National Internet Survey
Conclusion: NMU of ADHD prescription stimulants were low compared with other prescription medications. While prevalence of NMU was higher for immediate-release than extended-release ADHD medications, absolute rates for prescription stimulants were low. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - June 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cassidy, T. A., Varughese, S., Russo, L., Budman, S. H., Eaton, T. A., Butler, S. F. Tags: From Research to Practice Source Type: research

Adderall XR and peripheral arterial vasculopathy: A case report and A review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2015 Source:Reviews in Vascular Medicine Author(s): Abdulwahab Hritani , Vinay minocha , Ambar Patel , Patrick Antoun Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease is a rare entity in the young population. When diagnosed, mostly it is non-atherosclerosis related. Adderall XR is among the psychostimulant drugs and some case reports in the literature had linked it to arterial vasospasm. We thought to do a literature search investigating the rule of Adderall XR and peripheral arterial vasculopathy. (Source: Reviews in Vascular Medicine)
Source: Reviews in Vascular Medicine - March 18, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Nonmedical Use of Prescription ADHD Stimulant Medications Among Adults in a Substance Abuse Treatment Population: Early Findings From the NAVIPPRO Surveillance System
Objective: To examine nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription ADHD stimulants among adults evaluated for substance abuse treatment. Method: 147,816 assessments from the National Addictions Vigilance Intervention and Prevention Program (NAVIPPRO) system (10/01/2009 through 03/31/2012) examined NMU prevalence, routes of administration (ROA), and diversion sources. Results: Past 30-day NMU for prescription stimulants (1.29%) was significantly lower than that of prescription opioids (19.79%) or sedatives (10.62%). For stimulant products, NMU for Adderall was 0.62, followed by Adderall XR (0.42), Ritalin (0.16), Vyvanse (0.12), an...
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - March 4, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cassidy, T. A., McNaughton, E. C., Varughese, S., Russo, L., Zulueta, M., Butler, S. F. Tags: Current Perspectives Source Type: research

Mixed amphetamine salts-extended release for ADHD adults with cocaine use disorder
Aims: Methylphenidate has produced modest effects in treating ADHD in those with substance use disorders, and the impact of treating ADHD on reducing substance use remains unclear. To date, there have been no controlled published studies evaluating amphetamine analogues. The purpose of this 13 week double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-site trial was to evaluate the efficacy of two robust doses of mixed amphetamine salts-extended release (MAS-ER; Adderall-XR®) as a treatment for ADHD and cocaine dependence. (Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence)
Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - December 18, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Frances R. Levin, John J. Mariani, Amy Mahony, Daniel J. Brooks, Lynn Eberly, Yun Bai, Sheila Specker, Marc Mooney, Edward V. Nunes, John Grabowski Source Type: research

Ql-07 * treatment of fatigue in a patient with corpus-callosum glioma and atypical sleep disorder
We present the case of a 53 year-old married gentleman with above-average IQ who has a high-grade glioma of the corpus callosum, severe fatigue, cognitive concerns, and an atypical sleep disorder. He has had severe daytime somnolence and poor concentration since childhood, with normal nighttime sleep. Since his teens, he has had two hours of alertness in the morning, followed by disabling sleepiness for the rest of the day. Epworth sleepiness scores have been extremely high (20 to 24). Diagnoses of ADHD, narcolepsy, and idiopathic hypersomnia had been applied, but he has not met full diagnostic criteria. From 2007 to 2012,...
Source: Neuro-Oncology - November 3, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Butts, A., Johnson, D., Brown, P., Cerhan, J. Tags: QUALITY OF LIFE Source Type: research

Shire to pay $59M to settle lawsuits over false drug claims
Drug company Shire has agreed to pay $59.4 million to various states for making a host of unsupported claims regarding five of its drugs for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and ulcerative colitis. Under the settlement, announced Wednesday, the company admits no wrongdoing despite charges that it claimed its ADHD drug Adderall XR can help “poor academic performance, loss of employment, criminal behavior, traffic accidents and sexually transmitted disease,” according to the federal Department… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - September 25, 2014 Category: American Health Authors: Don Seiffert Source Type: research

Substances used and prevalence rates of pharmacological cognitive enhancement among healthy subjects.
Authors: Franke AG, Bagusat C, Rust S, Engel A, Lieb K Abstract Pharmacological "cognitive enhancement" (CE) is defined as the use of any psychoactive drug with the purpose of enhancing cognition, e.g. regarding attention, concentration or memory by healthy subjects. Substances commonly used as CE drugs can be categorized into three groups of drugs: (1) over-the-counter (OTC) drugs such as coffee, caffeinated drinks/energy drinks, caffeine tablets or Ginkgo biloba; (2) drugs being approved for the treatment of certain disorders and being misused for CE: drugs to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - September 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Case Files: Culling through Diagnoses to Get to Rat Bite Fever
By Dyer, Alexandra; Berg, Kenneth MD; King, Andrew MD Rat bite fever (RBF) is a fairly rare illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus. It can be a devastating and even fatal illness if left undiagnosed or untreated. Despite its name, RBF is not only transmitted by rat bites but also by contact with rat feces, ingestion of rat-contaminated food and water, or simply through direct contact with rats. (Clin Microbiol Rev 2007;20[1]:13; Vet Microbiol 2009;133[3]:211; BMJ Case Rep 2009; Epub Dec 17.) The first documented outbreak in Haverhill, MA, in 1926 was believed to be caused by a pathogen named Ha...
Source: The Case Files - September 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research

The Case Files: Culling through Diagnoses to Get to Rat Bite Fever
By Dyer, Alexandra; Berg, Kenneth MD; King, Andrew MD Rat bite fever (RBF) is a fairly rare illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus. It can be a devastating and even fatal illness if left undiagnosed or untreated. Despite its name, RBF is not only transmitted by rat bites but also by contact with rat feces, ingestion of rat-contaminated food and water, or simply through direct contact with rats. (Clin Microbiol Rev 2007;20[1]:13; Vet Microbiol 2009;133[3]:211; BMJ Case Rep 2009; Epub Dec 17.) The first documented outbreak in Haverhill, MA, in 1926 was believed to be caused by a pathogen named Have...
Source: The Case Files - September 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research

Non-medical use of prescription stimulants for weight loss, disordered eating, and body image.
DISCUSSION: Results suggest that NMUPS for weight loss is relatively common and that this behavior is related to other harmful behaviors. Eating disorder prevention and intervention work should include this behavior when assessing unhealthy weight control behaviors. PMID: 25064292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 1, 2014 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Jeffers AJ, Benotsch EG Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Trends in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder drugs consumption, Israel, 2005–2012
ConclusionsThere has been a drastic rise in ADHD drugs consumption in Israel over 2005–2012. This has been associated with substantial reduction in cost and changes in the pattern of prescribing that characterized by increased prescription of high‐dose long‐acting preparations of ADHD drugs and decreased prescription of their low‐dose, short‐acting formulations. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety)
Source: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety - March 1, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Alexander M. Ponizovsky, Eli Marom, Israel Fitoussi Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Prohibition or coffee shops: regulation of amphetamine and methylphenidate for enhancement use by healthy adults.
This article analyzes appropriate public policies for enhancement use of two most important stimulant drugs: Ritalin (methylphenidate) and Adderall (mixed amphetamine salts). The author argues that appropriate regulation of cognition enhancement drugs cannot be a result of a general discussion on cognitive enhancements as such, but has to be made on a case-by-case basis. Starting from the recently proposed taxation approach to cognition enhancement drugs, the author analyzes available, moderately permissive models of regulation. After a thorough analysis of relevant characteristics of methylphenidate and amphetamine, the a...
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - June 20, 2013 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Dubljević V Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research

Tweaking and Tweeting: Exploring Twitter for Nonmedical Use of a Psychostimulant Drug (Adderall) Among College Students
Conclusions: Twitter posts confirm the use of Adderall as a study aid among college students. Adderall discussions through social media such as Twitter may contribute to normative behavior regarding its abuse. (Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research)
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - April 17, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Carl L HansonScott H BurtonChristophe Giraud-CarrierJosh H WestMichael D BarnesBret Hansen Source Type: research

Yet Another Harrowing Story of White Collar Addiction
Yesterday, Alan Schwarz, reporting for the Sunday edition of The New York Times , published an alarmist piece on Adderall abuse. [More] (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - February 4, 2013 Category: Science Tags: Mind & Brain Source Type: research

Adderall® (Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine) Toxicity
This article discusses our present understanding of Adderall® intoxication and examines 3 dogs presented to our practice after ingestion of large amounts of the drug. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kevin T. Fitzgerald, Alvin C. Bronstein Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Abstract Antipsychotics for Youth at Risk for Psychosis Not Supported as First Option Relative Age in Class Affects ADHD Stimulant Treatment Survey Analysis Does Not Point to Overmedication Hyperprolactinemia Found in Risperidone‐Treated Youth Free the Future: Investment in MH Services Crucial Post‐Newtown Pediatric Social Anxiety Disorder: Predictors of Response to Pharmacological Treatment Ziprasidone vs. Olanzapine for 1st‐Episode Schizophrenia Utilization and Cost of Antipsychotics in Stimulant‐Treated Youth Acute Myocardial Infarction in Teen Taking Adderall with Alcohol Managing Side Effects of ADHD Medicatio...
Source: The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update - January 29, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research