Overestimation of Prescription Pain Reliever Misuse and Heroin Use among Adults
Conclusions: Adults consistently overestimate rates of prescription pain reliever misuse and heroin use. Overestimation may increase normative perceptions of substance use and ultimately lead to increased substance use. Social-norms based education and interventions may be particularly important among groups that are more likely to overestimate use.PMID:33624560 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1887255 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Rachel Kollin Stella M Resko Jennifer D Ellis Elizabeth Agius Source Type: research

Variations in Risk and Motivations for Substance Use over the Course of Military Service
Conclusions: These data indicate that the periods immediately following deployment and transition out of the military may be especially high-risk for heavy substance use and use of a broader range of substances. This highlights the need for tailored interventions and messaging at different points of military service, particularly during periods of greatest risk.PMID:33616468 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1887257 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Bonnie M Vest Laura A Brady Maximilian J Brimmer Gregory G Homish Source Type: research

Reducing Risky Drug Use Behaviors by Enrolling Syringe Exchange Registrants in Methadone Maintenance
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that methadone maintenance enhances the well-known risk-reduction benefits of syringe exchange participation. Improving coordination between syringe exchanges and treatment facilities may enhance the public health.PMID:33616479 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1887253 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Michael Kidorf Robert K Brooner Jeannie-Marie Leoutsakos Jessica Peirce Source Type: research

The Validity of the Short Inventory of Problems and Drinking Intensity among Urban American Indian Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the acceptability of SIP as a measure to assess drinking related consequences among AI urban adults, with clinical implications related to alcohol use and sex. Further research is warranted to examine differential drinking related outcomes among AI men and women in addition to adaptations of the SIP that more fully capture the range of negative drinking consequences. PMID: 33605847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Mental Health, Academic Engagement, and Youths' Nonmedical Use of Stimulants: A Latent Profile Analysis
CONCLUSIONS: : LPA revealed considerable heterogeneity among these users. Group membership suggests distinct approaches to prevention to address heterogeneity in motivations for NPS use.PMID:33605832 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1879147 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Steve M Kogan Dayoung Bae Inga Dora Sigfusdottir Alfgeir L Kristjansson Source Type: research

The Validity of the Short Inventory of Problems and Drinking Intensity among Urban American Indian Adults
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the acceptability of SIP as a measure to assess drinking related consequences among AI urban adults, with clinical implications related to alcohol use and sex. Further research is warranted to examine differential drinking related outcomes among AI men and women in addition to adaptations of the SIP that more fully capture the range of negative drinking consequences.PMID:33605847 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1883656 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine A Hirchak J Scott Tonigan Alexandra Hernandez-Vallant Jalene Herron Violette Cloud Kamilla L Venner Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33594932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Marketing Content on E-Cigarette Brand-Sponsored Facebook Profile Pages
We examined up to 10 recent Facebook posts on 26 e-cigarette brand-sponsored profile pages uploaded between August 1 and November 31, 2016. We identified positive engagement (i.e. "like," "love"), negative engagement (i.e. "sad," "angry"), post type (e.g. link, photo), type of sales promotion (e.g. giveaways, discounts), non-sales promotion (e.g. event promotion without product marketing), and marketed products (e.g. e-cigarettes, e-liquids).RESULTS: We examined 225 Facebook posts. Engagement was modest (e.g. Median "likes" = 8 [Min = 0, Max = 591]). The most common post ty...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 18, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Grace Kong Karissa E Kuguru Harmanpreet Bhatti Isha Sen Meghan E Morean Source Type: research

Design and Implementation of a Curriculum for Emergency Medicine Residents to Address Medications and Treatment Referral for Opioid Use Disorder.
Authors: Walter LA, Hess J, Brown M, DeLaney M, Paddock C, Hess EP Abstract Background: Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD) are recognized as successful treatments for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). The Emergency Department is well situated to initiate MOUD and begin the referral process. Unfortunately, uptake of this practice among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians has been slow. EM physicians may feel inadequately prepared to provide MOUD and addiction referral services due to lack of previous training and experience. The goal of this pilot study was to create, implement, and evaluate an OUD management curric...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Adverse School Outcomes and Risky Sexual Health Behaviors among High School Students with E-Cigarette and Marijuana Use.
Conclusions: We found increased odds of adverse school-related outcomes and contrasting sexual risk profiles among youth with single or dual e-cigarette and marijuana use. Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2021.1883659. PMID: 33588676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Cannabis Consumption, Purchasing and Sources among Young Canadians: The Cannabis Purchase and Consumption Tool (CPCT)
CONCLUSIONS: : Youth and young adults report a wide diversity of cannabis products and modes of administration. Traditional measures that rely primarily on frequency of use may be inadequate to assess the rapidly evolving cannabis market, particularly given policy changes, including legalization of non-medical cannabis.PMID:33593238 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1879142 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Claudia Sikorski Cesar Leos-Toro David Hammond Source Type: research

Knowledge and Perceptions of Tobacco-Related Harm Associated with Intention to Quit among Cigarette Smokers, e-Cigarette Users, and Dual Users: Findings from the US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Wave 1
Subst Use Misuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-7. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2021.1879145. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: : To study the association between knowledge of diseases caused by smoking, perceptions of harm of cigarettes and intention to quit among cigarettes and e-cigarettes users. Methods: Using US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Wave 1 data (2013-2014), we investigated the mean knowledge of diseases due to smoking and perceptions of harm of cigarettes scores among cigarette smokers (n = 8,263), e-cigarette users (n = 829), and dual users (n = 745) and examined the association between knowledge, ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Wenxue Lin Sydney A Martinez Kai Ding Laura A Beebe Source Type: research

Correction
Subst Use Misuse. 2021 Feb 17:1. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2021.1884373. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33594932 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1884373 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adverse School Outcomes and Risky Sexual Health Behaviors among High School Students with E-Cigarette and Marijuana Use
Conclusions: We found increased odds of adverse school-related outcomes and contrasting sexual risk profiles among youth with single or dual e-cigarette and marijuana use.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2021.1883659.PMID:33588676 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1883659 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nicholas Chadi Guilin Li Scott E Hadland Source Type: research

Anxiety Symptoms and Alcohol-Related Problems among College Students: A  Moderated-Mediation Model of Rumination and Emotion Dysregulation
Conclusions: In support of prior work, our results suggest that ruminative thinking, particularly brooding and reflection, are key mechanisms through which anxiety symptoms relate to problematic alcohol use, especially among individuals with high emotion dysregulation. Additional work is needed to test whether decoupling the associations between negative emotional states and ruminative thinking among college students with high emotion dysregulation is a viable intervention target to reduce problematic alcohol use.PMID:33587015 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1879146 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha D Sorid Emma Wedell Luke Herchenroeder Adrian J Bravo Source Type: research

Design and Implementation of a Curriculum for Emergency Medicine Residents to Address Medications and Treatment Referral for Opioid Use Disorder
Subst Use Misuse. 2021 Feb 15:1-6. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2021.1879144. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground: Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD) are recognized as successful treatments for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). The Emergency Department is well situated to initiate MOUD and begin the referral process. Unfortunately, uptake of this practice among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians has been slow. EM physicians may feel inadequately prepared to provide MOUD and addiction referral services due to lack of previous training and experience. The goal of this pilot study was to create, implement, and evaluate an OUD ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Lauren A Walter Jennifer Hess Michelle Brown Matthew DeLaney Cayce Paddock Erik P Hess Source Type: research

Tobacco Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use among Domestic and International Medical Students in Hungary
Conclusions: Considering the impending role of medical students in tobacco control, faculties of medicine should sensitize their students on the topic of possible health risks associated with combustible and smokeless tobacco products. Culturally tailored tobacco cessation programs need to be offered to medical students coming from different cultural backgrounds.PMID:33557674 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1879150 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Erika Balogh Zolt án Wagner N óra Faubl Henna Riemenschneider Karen Voigt Andr ás Terebessy Ferenc Horv áth Zsuzsanna F üzesi Istv án Kiss Source Type: research

A Proposal for a Taxonomy of Pre-Loading.
Conclusions: We propose that this system will lead to greater specificity and higher reliability in the interpretation of research results. PMID: 33492199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Estimating the Population Attributable Fraction of Asthma Due to Electronic Cigarette Use and Other Risk Factors Using Kentucky Behavioral Risk Factor Survey Data, 2016-2017.
Conclusion: While these findings suggest only modest effects of ENDS use on asthma prevalence, future research including older age groups and more long-term users might produce different results. PMID: 33459123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Associations of Objective and Perceived Neighborhood Ethnic Density on Hazardous Alcohol Use among Latinx Emerging Adults.
This study investigated the effects of neighborhood ethnic density, both perceived ethnic and objectively measured ethnic density, on hazardous alcohol use among Latinx emerging adults in Maricopa County Arizona and Miami-Dade County Florida by gender. Methods: 200 Latinx emerging adults residing in Arizona and Florida completed a cross-sectional survey. Inclusion criteria were being age 18-25, self-identify as Latinx, and currently living in Maricopa County or Miami-Dade County. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression and moderation analyses. Results: There was a statistically significant difference betw...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Performance of a Predictive Model versus Prescription-Based Thresholds in Identifying Patients at Risk of Fatal Opioid Overdose.
Conclusions: The predictive model identified more individuals at risk of fatal opioid overdose as compared with PDMP thresholds commonly used for unsolicited reporting. PDMP programs could improve their targeting of unsolicited reports to reach more individuals at risk of overdose by using predictive models instead of simple threshold-based approaches. PMID: 33446000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Effects of Alcohol Use on Prospective Memory: A Systematic Literature Review.
Conclusion: Alcohol consumption potentially impairs PM, even at a low modest dose. Considering the small number of studies and their methodological flaws, additional research is needed to decipher the alcohol-PM relationship and provide further supporting evidence. PMID: 33448246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Pulling Your Mask down to Smoke: Qualitative Themes from Young Adults on Nicotine Use during a Pandemic.
Discussion: Current tobacco users have experienced major changes in their tobacco use routines during the COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 33435783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Retail Availability of Recreational Marijuana and Alcohol in Oregon Counties and Co-Use of Alcohol and Marijuana and Related Beliefs among Adolescents.
Conclusion: RML and greater retail availability of recreational marijuana and alcohol were positively associated with alcohol and marijuana co-use among adolescents, and with beliefs favorable to alcohol and marijuana use. PMID: 33435786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Trends in Tobacco Use among Young Adults Presenting for Military Service in the United States Air Force between 2013 and 2018.
Authors: Little MA, Fahey MC, Wang XQ, Talcott GW, McMurry T, Klesges RC Abstract Background: The US military has historically higher tobacco use compared to civilians, and tobacco use increases following enlistment. While the military is vulnerable to tobacco use, current surveillance of tobacco among this high-risk population is lacking. Methods: Recently enlisted Airmen (N = 43,597) between 2013 and 2018 were asked about tobacco use prior to enlistment across ten products: (1) cigarettes/roll your own tobacco, (2) smokeless tobacco/snus, (3) cigars, cigarillos/little cigars, (4) hookah/pipe, and (5...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Childhood Maltreatment and Risky Substance Use Behaviors: The Mediating Roles of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms & Callous Unemotional Traits.
Childhood Maltreatment and Risky Substance Use Behaviors: The Mediating Roles of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms & Callous Unemotional Traits. Subst Use Misuse. 2021 Jan 10;:1-8 Authors: Ellis RA, Awada SR, Orcutt HK, Shelleby EC Abstract Background: A robust relationship has been established between childhood maltreatment and risky substance use. Posttraumatic stress symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits, both of which can be consequences of childhood maltreatment, have been implicated as potential mediators of this relationship, but despite phenotypic overlap have not been examined within th...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Parents' Cannabis-Related Attitudes and Emerging Adult Offspring Cannabis Use: Testing the Mediating Effect of Perceived Parental Approval.
Conclusions: This is the first study to test prospective indirect effects of parental cannabis expectancies on offspring CU. Findings suggest parents' attitudes, even in the absence of parental use, confer risk for offspring use by shaping perceived acceptance of CU, suggesting parental expectancies as targets for parent-based CU interventions. PMID: 33426986 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Effect of Passive Exposure to Tobacco Smoke on the Immune Response in Children with Asthma.
Conclusion: In this study we found that the passive exposure to tobacco smoke has the immunomodulatory effects on the immune system. PMID: 33427001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Geolocation of Maryland Medical Marijuana Dispensaries by Community Income and Racial Characteristics: An Ecological Design.
Conclusion: Community level racial or income disparities in access to medical cannabis were not observed in Maryland. Access to medical cannabis, based on ability to pay out of pocket for the product, may be uneven. PMID: 33427008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Changing Alcohol Cravings Using Social Media Comments.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that user-generated comments can influence the desire to drink and smoking urges, beyond the effects of ads themselves. If so, alcohol warning labels may decrease alcohol cravings when used in this way. Additionally, to limit the loss of control over drinking, the ability of social media users to post pro-drinking comments may need to be curtailed. PMID: 33427009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms Rather than Alcohol Exposure Predict Experiences of Cannabis Use Disorder Symptoms among Adolescents and Young Adults.
Conclusions: Treatment should consider these and other cross-over effects of substance disorder symptoms when addressing risk for chronic and dependent use. PMID: 33427539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Future of Substance Abuse Now: Relationships among Adolescent Use of Vaping Devices, Marijuana, and Synthetic Cannabinoids.
Conclusions: Vaping emerged as another major route of marijuana administration among youth. Adolescent marijuana users had higher odds of using synthetic cannabinoids. This finding highlighted the importance of understanding what adolescent substance consumption pattern would be where marijuana was legalized. It also supported the hypothesis that vaping devices use correlates with, or is associated with, marijuana and synthetic cannabinoids use. PMID: 33412950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Adolescent and Adult Correlates of Prescription Opioid Use and Misuse in Adulthood: Associations Across Domains of Despair.
Conclusions: Results from this nationally representative sample highlight the prevalence of specific prescription opioid behaviors and underscore the importance of targeting underlying drivers of prescription opioid use and misuse early in the life course. Continued implementation individual- and population-level approaches will be critical to addressing continued demand for opioids. PMID: 33406957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The emerging adult reasons for substance use (EARS): preliminary support for multidimensionality, validity and reliability.
Conclusion: The EARS is reliable and valid, and appears to measure developmentally specific motives for substance use. Additional studies may further validate this promising instrument. PMID: 33380243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - January 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationships between Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Youth Synthetic Cannabinoid Use.
Conclusions: Both sexual orientation and gender identity contribute to the relationship between sexual minority status and SC use noted in extant literature. This relationship is hypothesized to be tied to increased exposure to discrimination, victimization, and social isolation. Thus, efforts to directly counsel LGBTQ patients about the dangers associated with SC use are warranted as well as social policy reforms to better protect and support members of the LGBTQ community. PMID: 33353471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Influence of Drinking Buddies: A Longitudinal Investigation of Drinking Motivations and Drinking Behaviors in Emerging Adults.
Authors: Kehayes IL, Mackinnon SP, Sherry SB, Leonard KE, Stewart SH Abstract Background: Heavy alcohol consumption and frequent alcohol use are associated with many adverse social and physical consequences. The different motivations underlying why people drink predict different patterns of alcohol consumption. A drinking buddy (i.e. a friend with whom a person drinks alcohol) influences a person's drinking via social learning, leading to escalations in drinking over time. Purpose: Few studies have investigated drinking motives among peers and none have studied whether the drinking motives of a drinking buddy can i...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Electronic Vaping Product Use among Young Adults Who Receive Care at a Major Medical Institution.
Conclusion: Our survey is limited by a low response rate but confirms observed associations between EVP use and substance use and social influences. Our data also suggest that professionals should regularly screen for EVP use among young people, especially those with exposure to family members who used inhaled substances. PMID: 33356754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Coping Motivated Alcohol Use: The Role of Social Anxiety and Dissociation.
Conclusions: Future research should include longitudinal research designs or ecological momentary assessment designs and should examine these relationships in clinical and community samples. PMID: 33342341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Testing a Culturally Adapted Youth Substance Use Prevention Program in a Mexican Border City: Mantente REAL.
Conclusions: These promising results within the Mexico-US border context support a further dissemination of the intervention and additional youth prevention research in the region. PMID: 33345674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Hepatitis C Virus Screening among Medicaid-Insured Individuals with Opioid Use Disorder across Substance Use Disorder Treatment Settings.
Conclusions: Engagement in medication for OUD is associated with increased HCV testing. Findings indicate the importance of access to medication-based treatment for OUD and a need to further improve HCV screening rates. PMID: 33345680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Misuse of Prescription and Illicit Drugs in Middle Adulthood in the Context of the Opioid Epidemic.
Conclusions/Importance: Our analysis shows those misusing prescription opioids are at high risk of misusing other prescription and illicit drugs. Practitioners and researchers should consider concurrent drug misuse when treating and studying opioid misuse disorders. PMID: 33325317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Shifts in Drug Use Behavior Among Electronic Dance Music Partygoers in New York During COVID-19 Social Distancing.
Conclusions: Participants in this sample tended to reduce party drug use during COVID-19-related social distancing. PMID: 33317365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Financial Capability in Addiction Research and Clinical Practice.
Conclusions: Many SUD clients in recovery have limited financial capability, and they are interested in developing financial skills. Increasing client financial capability may be an underemphasized, yet important part of recovery capital. PMID: 33300413 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Nicotine Dependence, Perceived Behavioral Control, Descriptive Quitting Norms, and Intentions to Quit Smoking among Chinese Male Regular Smokers.
Conclusions/Importance: Poor PBC over smoking cessation underlies the negative effects of nicotine dependence, and descriptive quitting norms act as a buffer against the adverse effects of nicotine dependence on PBC over smoking cessation. These findings have implications for smoking cessation interventions for male regular smokers. PMID: 33280473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Sexual Orientation, Social Determinants of Health, and Unmet Substance Use Treatment Need: Findings from a National Survey.
Conclusions: While further research and larger samples are needed to understand the relationships revealed by this study more fully, it is clear is that sexual minorities do not have equitable access to substance use treatment services relative to heterosexuals. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. PMID: 33287638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Student Perceptions of a University Medical Amnesty Policy Are Impacted by Race and Racism: A Qualitative Study.
Conclusions: MAPs may alleviate concern about some perceived risks of calling first responders, but that benefit may not be experienced equitably among students of color. More research is needed to understand the complex relationship between alcohol policies, alcohol-related injuries, policing, and race on college and university campuses. PMID: 33263452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

A Preliminary Experimental Study of Minority Stress, Startle Reactivity, and Alcohol Use among Heavy Drinking Sexual Minority Young Adults.
Conclusions: These findings provide methodological advances and important implications for minority stress theory and alcohol use among sexual minorities. PMID: 33222602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - November 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Childhood Trauma and Prescription Drug Misuse in a College Population.
This study investigated associations between ACE and prescription drug misuse (e.g., antidepressants, opiates, sedatives and stimulants) among a diverse college population, as well as gender and racial/ethnic variations in these associations. Methods: Data are from the 2018 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (N = 3899) at a large, diverse university in California. Logistic regression models assessed the association between ACE and prescription drug misuse adjusting for gender and race/ethnicity and explored gender and racial/ethnic differences in the ACE/prescription drug misuse ass...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - November 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33222605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - November 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Reasons for Not Seeking Hepatitis C Treatment among People Who Inject Drugs.
Conclusions/Importance: HCV education efforts for PWID should target misperceptions and lack of awareness of DAA therapy, and highlight the likely benefits of treatment even when asymptomatic. The use of peer workers and increased investment in integrated treatment facilities will likely aid treatment uptake. PMID: 33208025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - November 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research