Contraceptive Knowledge among Females and Males Receiving Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder Compared to Those Seeking Primary Care.
We examined overall differences between patient groups and between females and males using two-way analyses of variance; individual item differences were tested using logistic regression. Results: The mean percent of total correct responses was lower among individuals receiving mOUD (n = 167) relative to the comparison group (n = 165), 47.7% vs. 53.8%, respectively (p
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - October 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Are Waterpipe Caf é, Vape Shop, and Traditional Tobacco Retailer Locations Associated with Community Composition and Young Adult Tobacco Use in North Carolina and Virginia?
We examined whether waterpipe café, vape shop, and traditional tobacco retailer (e.g. stores selling cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco) locations were associated with census tract composition and tobacco use among young adults in North Carolina and Virginia. Methods: We identified waterpipe cafés, vape shops, and traditional tobacco retailers in North Carolina and Virginia and conducted multivariable analyses between community characteristics (gender, race, ethnicity, education, college enrollment, and poverty) and density per 1000 population. Using fall 2017 data from 1099 young adults residing in North ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Putative COVID- 19 Induction of Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS) and Associated Behavioral Addictions with Potential Concomitant Dopamine Depletion: Is COVID-19 Social Distancing a Double Edged Sword?
Conclusion: Mitigation of these effects by identifying subjects at risk and promoting dopaminergic homeostasis to help regulate stress-relative hypodopaminergia, attenuate fears, and prevent subsequent unwanted drug and non-drug RDS type addictive behaviors seems prudent. PMID: 32957797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Prevention Awareness, Willingness, and Perceived Barriers among People Who Inject Drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA, 2016-2018.
Conclusion: PrEP awareness among PWID remains inadequate. Willingness to take PrEP was moderate and was most desired by PWID who engaged in high-risk behaviors. Interventions to increase PrEP awareness and willingness, and to facilitate PrEP uptake among PWID are needed. PMID: 32962490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Substance Use Prevention Programming for Adolescents and Young Adults: A Mixed-Method Examination of Substance Use Perceptions and Use of Prevention Services.
Conclusions: Findings revealed several gaps in resources identified by adolescents and young adults that are needed to adequately address substance use, which provide important next steps for substance use prevention among youth. PMID: 32938267 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Regret Me Not: Examining the Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Regrettable Experiences.
Conclusions: These findings suggest high prevalence of regrettable experiences, that are predicted by increased alcohol consumption. However, there was little evidence that increased number of experiences predicted future drinking intentions. Regrettable experiences are prevalent following consumption, however a focus on these regrets to deter future alcohol consumption may not be an effective psychological intervention. PMID: 32924717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

College Alcohol Beliefs and Alcohol Outcomes: The Mediating Effects of Alcohol Protective Behavioral Strategies.
Discussion: These findings provide further evidence to support previous findings highlighting the additional protective value of certain alcohol PBS especially for college students with high college alcohol beliefs. PMID: 32924731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Gabapentin Misuse among People Who Inject Drugs in Appalachian Kentucky.
Authors: Buttram ME, Surratt HL Abstract AIMS: Gabapentin is misused to potentiate the euphoric effects of opioids, self-treat physical pain, and moderate opioid withdrawal symptoms. Because examinations of gabapentin misuse among people who inject drugs (PWID) are scant, the aim of this study is to identify factors associated with gabapentin misuse among this population. Methods: Data are drawn from a study examining the uptake of syringe service programs (SSPs) in Appalachian Kentucky. The sample includes 324 PWID who were age 18 and over and reported past month drug injection. Logistic regression models were con...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Discrepancies in Local, State, and National Alcohol Outlet Listings: Implications for Research and Interventions.
This study aims to examine the discrepancies between alcohol outlet databases and how neighborhood characteristics (i.e. income, majority racial population, urbanicity) are associated with the discrepancies between databases. Methods: Data was collected from national (n = 1), local (n = 2), and state databases (n = 3). Negative binomial regression models were used to assess discrepancies in alcohol outlet count at the ZIP code level based on the data source. Results: The average density of alcohol outlets (per 1000 residents) ranged from 0.71 to 2.17 in Maryland, 1.65 to 5.17 in Wi...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Parent Perceptions regarding High School Drug Testing.
Conclusions/Importance: Parents recognize there may be an adolescent drug use problem. Parental support of drug testing is an important consideration for superintendents/school districts who are contemplating implementation of a drug testing policy for high schools. PMID: 32909477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Religion and Alcohol Use among Second Generation Korean Americans: Commentary on "Assessing the Associations between Religiosity and Alcohol Use Stages in a Representative U.S. Sample" by Lin et al, 2020.
Conclusion: We observed an interaction between religious and drinking cultures among second generation Korean American young and middle aged adults. Future research can explore the potential ways in which Korean Americans accommodate religious proscriptions and heavy drinking, and how awareness of discrepancies between behaviors and values may figure into preventive interventions. PMID: 32912035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Peer-Led Training to Reduce Alcohol Misuse and Related Harm among Greek-Affiliated Students.
Conclusions: Overall, results provide some early evidence of VOR impact, while also demonstrating the challenge of changing normative drinking behaviors among high-risk college students. Ongoing research is needed to assess the effectiveness of VOR, especially after successive implementations with the same chapters. PMID: 32900265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Coping Styles Mediate the Association between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Alcohol Outcomes in College Students.
Conclusions: These novel findings highlight the importance of adaptive coping styles as a protective factor for college students experiencing co-occurring PTSD symptoms and harmful alcohol use. PMID: 32901535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Participant Satisfaction with Computer-Delivered Intervention Components and Its Relation to Alcohol Outcomes.
Conclusions: Results indicate that subjective reactions to CDBIs can have important effects on alcohol use outcomes. PMID: 32865079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Urine Drug Testing among Opioid-Na ïve and Long-Term Opioid Nevada Medicaid Beneficiaries.
Conclusions: Although there was an association between having risk factors for opioid misuse (e.g. past alchohol disorders and other substance use disorder diagnoses) and receiving UDT, the percentage of patients who received UDT was unexpectedly low, pointing to the need to increase guideline adherence and implementation among providers who prescribe opioids. PMID: 32835582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation as a Mediator between Childhood Abuse and Neglect and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women with Substance Use Disorders.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that difficulties in ER and specifically difficulties engaging in goal directed behavior when distressed might constitute an influential factor in the relationship between CAN and PTSD symptom severity in a sample of SUD patients, and highlight the importance of targeting ER as a potential treatment focus for patients with comorbid PTSD and SUD. PMID: 32835585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Illicit Drugs in the Nightlife Setting: Changes in Employee Perceptions and Drug Use over a Fifteen-Year Period.
Conclusions/importance: Observation and use of illicit drugs are common among employees in the Stockholm nightlife setting and has increased significantly during the past decade. PMID: 32811266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Work-Related Alcohol Use and Harm to Others.
Conclusions: Each year, approximately one-sixth of Norwegian employees experience harm from their coworkers' drinking. The frequency of intoxication in work contexts is strongly associated with harm to others. PMID: 32804007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Are We Acute-Care or Recovery-Oriented? Exploring Ideals and Practices Expressed Within the Substance Use Treatment and Correctional Systems.
Authors: Conner SR, Anderson JR Abstract AIM: The aim of this study was to explore whether treatment and probation professionals describe ideals and practices more aligned with the recovery-oriented systems of care (ROSC) model or the acute-care model. Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews were used to gather qualitative data on the ideals and practices of nine probation professionals and nine treatment professionals. Results: Directed content analysis revealed that all treatment professionals interviewed and eight out of nine probation professionals described more ideals and practices in line with the ROS...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Interventions Intended to Improve Employment Outcomes for Persons with Substance Use Disorder: An Updated Systematic Review.
Conclusions/Importance: IPS/CES currently shows the most evidentiary support. But all the studies of interventions with positive outcome data should be replicated with larger samples in diverse settings. PMID: 32781876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Syringe Service Program Utilization, Barriers, and Preferences for Design in Rural Appalachia: Differences between Men and Women Who Inject Drugs.
Conclusions: Despite recent scale-up, SSP in Appalachia remain under-utilized. PWID were open to a range of options for SSP design and staffing, though there were variations by gender. Implementation research that identifies best strategies for tailored SSP scale-up in rural settings should be considered. PMID: 32748730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Prescription Stimulant Misuse and Risk Correlates among Racially-Diverse Urban Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent prescription stimulant misuse appears to overlap with general adolescent substance use, sharing several known risk correlates. Results highlight potential targets for identification of emerging prescription stimulant misuse risk profiles at earlier stages of development. Longitudinal replication is needed to examine directional associations and risk mechanisms underlying adolescent prescription stimulant misuse. PMID: 32749179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Psychosocial and Clinical Risk Factors Associated with Substance Use in Observational Cohort of Patients with Sickle Cell Disease.
Conclusions: Among individuals with SCD who endorse substance use, there was markedly more stress and distress with higher rates of depression and poorer quality of life. Interventions focusing on improving distress tolerance and coping to not only pain, but also social stressors, might reduce substance use. PMID: 32762425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Regular GHB-Users with and without GHB-Induced Comas.
Conclusion: In this assessment, different profiles for recreational users with and without GHB-induced comas were well expressed. Their description contributes to a better understanding of the risk factors associated with recreational GHB-use, GHB-induced coma, and the development of GHB-use disorders. PMID: 32772606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Development and Validation of an Item Bank for Drug Dependence Measurement Using Computer Adaptive Testing.
Conclusions/Importance: The proposed item bank for DD-CAT contained acceptable reliability and validity, and exhibited a shorter but efficient assessment of drug dependence. These psychometric properties can result in shorter test times, less information loss, and a reduction in the testing burden of patients. PMID: 32772651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Recognizing Addictive Disorders Scale: A Transdiagnostic Measure of Substance-Related and Other Addictive Disorders.
Authors: Carr MM, Saules KK, Ellis JD, Staples A, Ledgerwood DM, Loverich TM Abstract OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders and behavioral addictions commonly co-occur. However, few available self-report measures reliably and validly assess the full range of addictive conditions. The development and initial validation of a new measure-Recognizing Addictive Disorders (RADs) scale addresses a significant gap in the literature. Method: After items were generated and evaluated in Study 1, Study 2 (N = 300), applied exploratory factor analysis to the item pool using an online-based community sample. In Study ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Diffusion of Ecstasy in the Electronic Dance Music Scene.
Conclusions: Results provide insight regarding diffusion and initiation of ecstasy in the EDM scene. Findings can inform prevention and harm reduction efforts. PMID: 32729760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Access and Barriers to Take-Home Naloxone Use among Emergency Department Patients with Opioid Misuse in Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Conclusion: Awareness of THN programs was high among our cohort. But approximately 60% the respondents received a NK or knew how to use it. Despite efforts to expand THN access, gaps in knowledge, access, and use exist. PMID: 32729772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - August 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Substance Use, Service Provision, Access & Utilization among Foreign-Born Communities in the United States: A Mixed Methods Study.
Conclusions: Given that only 28% of responding organizations list substance use as part of their core services, the need for organizational collaborations with a focus on culturally responsive evidence-based services is proposed. PMID: 32722997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Nicotine Facilitation of Conditioned Place Preference to Food Reward in Humans.
Conclusion: While nicotine seems to facilitate CPP expression for a virtual environment previously paired with chocolate food rewards, further characterization of the mechanism by which this occurs is needed. PMID: 32720546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Up in Smoke: Exploring the Relationship between Bullying Victimization and E-Cigarette Use in Sexual Minority Youths.
Conclusions/Importance: These findings suggest that sexual minority students who report cyberbullying victimization may use cigarette products more than their noncyberbullied peers. Cyberbullying prevention and interventions should continue to be targeted in schools, especially for sexual minority youths. PMID: 32720554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Cultural Stress and Substance Use Risk among Venezuelan Migrant Youth in the United States.
Authors: Salas-Wright CP, Schwartz SJ, Cohen M, Maldonado-Molina MM, Vaughn MG, Sanchez M, Rodriguez J, AbiNader M, John R, Oliveros K, Andrade P Abstract BACKGROUND: Since 2015, more than four million Venezuelans have fled their once prosperous nation, prompting an ever-intensifying refugee crisis. Recent research with Venezuelan parents suggests that many are exposed to elevated migration-related stress, experience behavioral health problems, and express profound concern for their children's post-migration wellbeing. We examine the relationships between stress, family functioning, and substance use risk with a cu...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Drug Overdose Deaths Among US Hispanics: Trends (2000-2017) and Recent Patterns.
Conclusions: Results highlight substantial variation in Hispanic drug overdose mortality rates, indicating that national rates for Hispanics obscure higher-risk subgroups. The diverse demographic profiles of Hispanic drug overdose decedents underscore the need for culturally tailored interventions. PMID: 32715827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Cannabidiol (CBD): Perspectives from Pinterest.
Conclusions: Social media has become a powerful source of health information. This study revealed widespread acceptance of the use of CBD products with minimal information from reliable public health sources represented. PMID: 32715862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Co-occurring Use of Cannabis and Tobacco and the Presence of Acute Respiratory Symptoms among Young Adult Light and Intermittent Smokers.
This study evaluated the relationship between tobacco/cannabis co-use and acute symptoms of respiratory illness among young adult intermittent smokers. We hypothesized that tobacco/cannabis co-use would be more strongly associated with respiratory symptoms relative to use of neither or one product. Methods: A secondary analysis of a three-year observational study was conducted. Non-daily smokers (n = 563) aged 18-24 were recruited via social media and completed electronic surveys at baseline and annually for two years, producing three total assessments. Past-two-week use of tobacco and cannabis was measured a...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Polysubstance Use Patterns among Justice-Involved Individuals Who Use Opioids.
Conclusion: Findings indicate the heterogeneity of opioid use among a justice-involved population. More diverse polysubstance patterns may serve as a proxy to identifying individuals with competing physical and mental health needs. Future interventions could be tailored to polysubstance patterns during the period of justice-involvement. PMID: 32686551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Workplace Racial Discrimination, Negative Emotions Based on Treatment Due to Race, and Substance Use.
Conclusions: The relationship between WRD and substance use may be in part accounted for by NE. Further exploration is needed to more fully understand why associations exist for some race/ethnicity groups but not others. PMID: 32669029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Social Support is Key to Retention in Care during Covid-19 Pandemic among Older People with HIV and Substance Use Disorders in Ukraine.
Conclusions/Importance: During reopening, reduction of support may lead to OPWH feeling even more isolated. Post-Covid-19 pharmacological approaches to SUD treatment without social support are like vehicles without gas. The research agenda for OPWH patients with SUD going forward must include determining the type of telehealth support that will be optimally effective to retain OPWH including people who inject drugs (PWID), provision of support by lay health workers, and cost-effectiveness of such interventions. The lessons learned may be relevant to other countries as well. PMID: 32666857 [PubMed - as supplied by publi...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Poly-Tobacco Use among Young Adult Waterpipe Smokers: Insights from University Students in Three Eastern Mediterranean Countries.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates poly-tobacco use as a rising phenomenon among waterpipe smokers and highlights the necessity for initiating advanced interventions to help waterpipe poly-tobacco users quit this dangerous type of addiction. Various country-specific programs are needed considering the various products used by the users. PMID: 32666880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Residential Socioeconomic Environments and Areca Nut Use in Taiwan: A Comparison with Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Multilevel Analysis.
Conclusions: A three-factor structure could be derived for the residential-level socioeconomic environments in the Taiwanese context. Rural Disadvantaged and Family Fragmented were associated with areca nut use, which have implications for interventions targeted at the community level. PMID: 32654584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Mediating Role of Psychological Distress in the Association between Harassment and Alcohol Use among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Military Personnel.
Conclusion: Overall, findings suggest SOBD is associated with poorer mental health, which in turn places LGB military personnel at greater risk of alcohol use and associated problems. These results affirm the need for interventions that reduce SOBD in the military and suggest that these interventions will have a positive impact on the health of LGB military personnel. PMID: 32657197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Examining the Role of Childhood Adversity on Excess Alcohol Intake and Tobacco Exposure among US College Students.
Conclusion: Childhood adversity was a significant predictor for tobacco exposure among diverse US college students. Resilience did not buffer this relationship. Age, gender, and race/ethnicity were differentially associated with substance use. PMID: 32657199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Reproductive Health Care Utilization by Women Who Inject Drugs and Exchange Sex in the Seattle Area.
Conclusions: Most WWID and exchange sex want to avoid pregnancy. Despite accessing health care, a minority are using prescribed contraception. Health care tailored to these women's preferences may reduce unmet contraceptive need and improve access to well-woman care and preconception counseling. PMID: 32657202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Opioid Use Disorder and COVID-19: Biological Plausibility for Worsened Outcomes.
Conclusions/Importance: There are plausible biological mechanisms for potentially worsened outcomes in patients with OUD who contract COVID-19; these mechanisms require further study, and should be considered in individuals with OUD. PMID: 32657207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Challenges, Skepticism, and Recommendations from Police about Working in Collaboration with Supervised Consumption Services.
Conclusions: Building collaborative SIS-police relationships can be assisted by demystifying the operation of SCS for police, articulating policies, and working toward mutual respect. PMID: 32660302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Can Brief Email Guidance Enhance the Effects of an Internet Intervention for People with Problematic Alcohol Use? A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusions/Importance: The study does not provide support for any added benefits of providing brief guidance via email in an internet intervention for problem drinkers. PMID: 32662699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Differences between Licensed Healthcare Professionals with Substance Use-Related Licensure Discipline.
Conclusions: Licensed healthcare professionals are punished differently for similar SUD-related offenses. Further research should explore these differences to identify evidenced based ways to protect the public while assisting this special at-risk population to recover from SUD. PMID: 32646278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

"When You're Getting High … You Just Don't Want to Be around Anybody." A Qualitative Exploration of Reasons for Injecting Alone: Perspectives from Young People Who Inject Drugs.
Conclusions: Young PWID inject alone for a variety of reasons, putting them at increased risk of fatal overdose. These findings demonstrate that "don't use alone" messages may not be sufficient given the complex realities of PWID's injection practices. Harm reduction programs employing such messaging should also offer alternative options for overdose prevention/risk reduction for those who do inject alone. PMID: 32646279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Increasing Prevalence of Electronic Cigarette Use among Medical Students. Repeated Cross-Sectional Multicenter Surveys in Germany and Hungary, 2016-2018.
Authors: Balogh E, Wagner Z, Faubl N, Riemenschneider H, Voigt K, Terebessy A, Horváth F, Füzesi Z, Kiss I Abstract BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is gaining popularity among young adults. Medical students' nicotine use behavior is of particular interest because of their impending role in health promotion. Objectives: Aim of our study is to assess changes that occurred between 2016 and 2018 in the prevalence of e-cigarette use among medical students and to explore associations between e-cigarette use, demographic characteristics, and cigarette smoking. Self-administered question...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Marijuana Use for Women: To Prescribe or Not to Prescribe.
Conclusions: Benefits and risks for both the patient and the offspring especially in the long term regarding marijuana use should be carefully weighed for each specific case. Standardized dosing and duration of treatment need to be determined. Recommendations should be made by physicians with expert training and after careful patient evaluation for fully informed patients, whose preference should be respected. Legislations should encourage more active basic, translational, and clinical studies. PMID: 32627638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research