Binge Drinking by Occupation Groups among Currently Employed U.S. Adults in 32 States, 2013-2016.
Conclusions: One in five employed adults binge drink, and binge drinking varied across occupation groups. Widespread use of effective community-based strategies for preventing excessive alcohol use (e.g., regulating alcohol outlet density), as well as interventions tailored to specific occupation groups, and could reduce binge drinking and improve occupational safety and health. PMID: 32619144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Withdrawal and Misuse Concerns of Consumers regarding Opioid Analgesic and Anxiolytic, Hypnotic and Sedative Medicines.
Conclusions: Consumers have under-recognized perceptions of harm from OA and AHS use, particularly withdrawal and misuse. Resources based on real world consumer concerns can encourage open dialogue between patients and their prescribers. PMID: 32613881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Trail Making Test: Normative Data for Patients with Severe Alcohol Use Disorder.
Conclusions: The results replicate the association of age and education with TMT performance, suggesting that AUD may be associated with impaired cognitive functioning earlier in life in abstinent patients shortly after withdrawal from alcohol compared to healthy individuals. The presented normative data for patients with AUD particularly improve the examination of executive deficits, and may enable clinicians to evaluate patients' cognitive functioning in treatment more precisely. PMID: 32614637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Diseases of Despair and Social Capital: Findings from a Population-Based Survey on Opioid Misuse among Adolescents.
Authors: Jesmin SS, Amin I Abstract Background: Deaths related to opioid overdose have increased substantially in the past few years, raising concerns about how to combat this public health emergency. Objectives: We investigated the association of family, school, and community social capital with opioid misuse in the adolescent population. In addition, we examined if adolescents' depressive symptoms have any mediating effects on opioid misuse. Methods: We used the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) data, and two substantive models with binary logistic regressions. Three social capital variables wer...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Overdose Risk and Acquiring Opioids for Nonmedical Use Exclusively from Physicians in Vancouver, Canada.
Conclusions: Compared to individuals who acquired POs from friends or the streets, participants who acquired POs exclusively from a physician were not at an increased risk of non-fatal overdose. Although responsible opioid prescribing is an important priority, additional strategies to address nonmedical PO use are urgently needed to reduce overdose and related morbidity and mortality. PMID: 32589497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Recovery as Life Transformation: Examining the Relationships between Recovery, Hope, and Relapse.
Conclusions: The findings provide empirical support for holistic recovery models of recovery and prevention of relapse. Further implications of these findings are discussed. PMID: 32567447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Associations between Work Experience and Betel Nut, Alcohol, or Tobacco Use among Low-Income Taiwanese Students from Middle School to University.
Conclusions: Employment is independently associated with a higher risk of BAT use among low-income Taiwanese students. Work intensity and specific occupational fields may offer insights into formulating relevant preventive measures for these students. PMID: 32569531 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Betel Nut Use: The South Asian Story.
Conclusions: There is a huge loss of lives due to the addiction that areca nut causes. Governments need to tightly regulate the laws and set up tailored programs to tackle this specific issue in this region. PMID: 32569532 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

An Overview on Betel Quid and Areca Nut Practice and Control in Selected Asian and South East Asian Countries.
Conclusions: The prevalence, and the interventional policies related to BQ and AN chewing habits varies widely among the selected countries. With the increasing awareness and association of BQ with oral cancer, there is a need to have better awareness, prevention and interventional strategies in place. We also found considerable variation in the use of terminologies associated with BQ. PMID: 32569533 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Effects of Betel Quid, Smoking and Alcohol on Oral Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study in Hunan Province, China.
Authors: Hu Y, Zhong R, Li H, Zou Y Abstract Background: The high prevalence of betel quid chewing is associated with a serious burden of oral diseases. However, there is limitertd research on the effects of betel quid, smoking, and alcohol on oral cancer in the Hunan province, China. Objectives: We investigated the relationship between oral cancer and betel quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol consumption in the betel quid endemic area of Hunan province. Methods: A paired case-control study from January 2014 to September 2015 was conducted in the Hunan province, China. We recruited 304 oral cancer patients and 304 c...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Determining High Prevalence of Betel-Quid Chewing and Cigarette Smoking by Occupation Using the Taiwan National Health Interview Survey.
This study sought to identify occupations with a high prevalence of betel quid chewing and cigarette smoking and to investigate their changing trends using the Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) database. Methods: The NHIS database for 2009 and 2013 were used. We estimated prevalence of current betel quid and/or cigarette use among those aged 20-64 years old. Occupations were classified using the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). Statistical analyses included indirect standardized rates and cluster analysis of chewing/smoking habits. Results: Drivers, mobile-plant operators,...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Altered Fluorescence of Buccal Cells as a Candidate Biomarker for Areca Nut Chewing.
Conclusions: We conclude that detecting the altered fluorescence of buccal cells following exposure to betel nut quid may serve as a candidate biomarker for betel nut quid use. PMID: 32569536 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Betel Nut Use in Vanuatu: Investigating Opportunities to Reduce Harms to Health.
Conclusion: Betel nut use may be growing in popularity in Vanuatu, where there are potential policy options to minimize harm. The MPOWER model for tobacco control may be a useful framework to help the Vanuatu government to deliver a comprehensive approach to reducing harm from betel nut use. PMID: 32569537 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Reasons for Initiation of Areca Nut and Related Products in Patients with Oral Submucous Fibrosis within an Endemic Area in Gujarat, India.
This study reveals the burden of ANBP abuse and reports the complex psychosocial relationships between sex, AFE, and RFI with TOH in OSMF patients in this high incidence population. PMID: 32569538 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Use of Betel Quid in India from 2009 to 2017: An Epidemiological Analysis of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).
Conclusion: Health promotion interventions around harmful effects of "betel quid with and without tobacco" are needed for all genders from poorer populations with low education. Stress needs to be laid on universal population-level public health awareness campaigns about the carcinogenic properties of areca nut in betel quid. PMID: 32569539 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Past, Present and Future of Literature Pertaining to Betel (Areca) Nut: A Citation Analysis.
Authors: Vashney M, Parmar A, Mishra AK Abstract Objective and method: Betel (areca) nut has recently received interest from researchers and policy makers for its role as a psychoactive substance. It was historically limited to Asia-pacific region, but with the advent of globalization, it has become an equally challenging public health problem across the globe. Previously published literature can give us valuable insights in terms of historical interest and understanding related to betel nut. With the expansion of biomedical research a huge number of articles have been published on the same. In terms of understandi...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Tradition Gone Mobile: An Exploration of #Betelnut on Instagram.
Authors: Buente W, Rathnayake C, Neo R, Dalisay F, Kramer HK Abstract Background: As a psychoactive substance that spans borders and cultures, researchers estimate that 600 million people use the areca nut. Despite its historical and geographical significance, betel nut use has received far less research attention than other stimulants such as tobacco, coffee or tea. Scholars have observed that social media platforms have significant effects on the promotion and use of addictive substances. Objectives: Our study investigates user practices and activities on a sample of Instagram posts tagged #betelnut dating back t...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Betel Quid, Health, and Addiction.
Authors: Papke RL, Hatsukami DK, Herzog TA PMID: 32569542 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue: International Research on Areca Nut and Betel Quid Use.
Authors: Herzog TA, Pokhrel P PMID: 32569543 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Areca Nut and Betel Quid Control Interventions: Halting the Epidemic.
Conclusions: We have assessed published interventions that reduce AN/BQ use and identified future research priorities. These findings can be used to develop evidence-based interventions and help guide policymakers in implementing evidence-based policy to regulate these products. PMID: 32569544 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

E-learning: A Tool to Upgrade the Skills of Health Workers to Address Betel Quid and Areca Nut Chewing.
Conclusions: The POLHN courses about the dangers of betel quid and areca nut were well accepted by participants for quality and relevancy to their work. POLHN is the first platform that offers a course in betel quid and areca nut in the Pacific and has the potential to be adopted elsewhere. PMID: 32569545 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Characteristics of Current Betel Quid/Chewing Tobacco Users, Smokers and Dual Users in Indonesia: An Analysis of GATS 2011 Data.
Conclusions/Importance: These results provide information on the different characteristics of users by product type, and show that users' demographics vary by their product of choice. This study helps to inform researchers and practitioners of the burden of chewing tobacco/betel quid use in Indonesia. These data, especially specific data on chewing tobacco/betel quid use patterns, are limited in this context, and this knowledge can help to identify populations who need quit tobacco interventions. PMID: 32569546 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Betel Quid Chewing among Bhutanese Adults.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that betel quid was consumed by nearly half of the Bhutanese population. Bhutan should immediately initiate national prevention programs targeting these correlates of betel quid use. PMID: 32569547 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Comparison of End Tidal Carbon Monoxide Levels between Conventional Cigarette, Electronic Cigarette and Heated Tobacco Product among Asiatic Smokers.
Conclusion: Even though ENDS and HTPs may have produced significantly lower eCO than conventional cigarettes, the significantly increasing levels over time from baseline which was not shown before is a cause of concern. As of now, their use as an alternate to cigarettes needs to be considered under regulatory framework. PMID: 32552152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Examining Factors Associated with Non-Fatal Overdose among People Who Inject Drugs in Rural Appalachia.
Conclusions/Importance: Given an increase in OD prevalence among PWID in the U.S, and especially among people living in the Appalachian region of Kentucky, assessing factors associated with OD is critical in development of tailored public health interventions to address the disparate rates of non-fatal OD in this vulnerable population. PMID: 32552243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Prescription Drug Histories among Drug Overdose Decedents in Delaware.
Conclusions: Our findings show a continued presence of Rx opioids in overdose deaths and that those dying from fentanyl had different Rx records than those who died from other drugs. Continued monitoring of Rx drugs, improved toxicology testing and greater data access for more research should follow to inform effective interventions. PMID: 32552308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Negative Mood, Emotional Intelligence and Tobacco Use among Young Adults.
Conclusion: These findings support the literature by showing that mood dysregulation is an important factor associated with tobacco use among women. Additionally, we report that specific aspects of EI are psychological constructs closely linked with attitudes about smoking. Future studies elucidating the various components of tobacco use across gender might lead to more effective treatments for smoking. PMID: 32532170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Concurrent Use of Alcohol and Crack Cocaine is Associated with High Levels of Anger and Liability to Aggression.
Conclusion: The present findings suggest that alcohol and aggression levels may be associated with violent behavior. Concurrent use of alcohol and crack cocaine was related to higher levels of aggression, which may be associated with more severe alterations in behavior and impulse control. PMID: 32519554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Personal Social Networks in Later-Life Alcohol and Cigarette Use.
This study examines the social network factors that influence health risk behaviors - specifically cigarette use and alcohol consumption - over time in a sample of older adults in the United States. Methods: Data are from Waves 1 (2005-2006) and 2 (2010-2011) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a longitudinal study on health and social factors of older adults. The final analytic sample used for this study included 1,922 respondents who responded to both waves and who responded to questions concerning drinking and smoking behavior. Results: Using lagged dependent variable models, findings show th...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Cognitive Enhancing Drugs in Sport: Current and Future Concerns.
Conclusion: While the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is seemingly awake to the threat posed, actions to circumvent the spread of CEDs throughout sport are nascent and require greater understanding and attention. PMID: 32525422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Longitudinal Impact of Life Events on Adolescent Binge Drinking in the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence (NCANDA).
Conclusion: The four latent classes derived from the life events of NCANDA youth yielded a characterization of adolescents that could aid in understanding HED over the subsequent three years, suggesting that everyday life events may inform adolescent binge drinking. PMID: 32498584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - June 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Working Memory and Response Inhibition Effects on At-Risk Youth's Willingness to Use Multiple Nicotine and Tobacco Products.
Conclusion: While further research is needed to determine whether executive functions can prospectively predict NTP use among at-risk youth, the current study indicates that both working memory and response inhibition may play a significant role. PMID: 32460575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Interpersonal Consequences Predicting Adolescent Substance Use: Examining the Role of Temptation Coping, Motivation, and Impulsivity.
Conclusions: Once adolescents' baseline and concurrent substance use were incorporated into the model, there was no statistical significance of the indirect effects. Results provided a stronger examination of the factors related to long-term substance use among adolescents. Knowing that temptation coping and baseline substance use levels were significant predictors of time 2 substance use independent of interpersonal consequences and motivation to change provides a structural frame and highlights need for early intervention. PMID: 32460576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Relationship between Substance Use and Socioeconomic Variables in Pennsylvania Adolescents: 2009-2017.
Conclusions: Results of the study suggest that students start experimenting with high-risk substance use in early grades and to combat the prevalence, we suggest the importance of educating adolescents of the dangers of drug use in early grades. PMID: 32460582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption and Violent Deaths in the City of Sao Paulo in 2015.
Conclusions: The results obtained in this study support a potential association between alcohol consumption and violent deaths in the city of Sao Paulo, mainly in traffic accidents victims. PMID: 32460601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Alcohol Use, Binge Drinking, and Drunkenness Experience in Adolescence: Complex Associations with Family, Peers, Social Context, and Risk Perceptions.
Conclusions: Researchers need to take the complexity of adolescent substance use into account when designing studies and interventions. Relative risk perception emerged as the strongest (positive) predictor, indicating that adolescents are able to rather accurately assess their own risk and risk awareness alone does not suffice to engage in protective behavior. PMID: 32449446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Expectancies about the Effects of Cannabis Use on Eating Disorder Symptoms.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that individuals believe cannabis will improve some ED symptoms; however, these expected improvements are not associated with increased cannabis use and problems. Future research should examine cannabis expectancies in clinical populations and should further explore the association between cannabis expectancies, use, and ED symptoms longitudinally. PMID: 32449448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Methamphetamine Use and Its Correlates among Individuals with Opioid Use Disorder in a Midwestern U.S. City.
Authors: Daniulaityte R, Silverstein SM, Crawford TN, Martins SS, Zule W, Zaragoza AJ, Carlson RG Abstract Background: U.S. is experiencing a surging trend of methamphetamine use among individuals who use opioids. More research is needed to characterize this emerging "twin epidemic." Objectives: The study aims to identify social and behavioral characteristics associated with methamphetamine use among individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) in the Dayton, Ohio, area, an epicenter of the opioid crisis and an emerging frontier of methamphetamine epidemic. Methods: 357 adult individuals with current OUD we...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Cannabis Use and Risk of Occupational Injury.
Conclusion: The current body of evidence does not provide sufficient evidence to support the position that cannabis users are at increased risk of occupational injury. Further, the study quality assessment suggests significant biases in the extant literature are present due to potential confounding variables, selection of participants, and measurement of exposures and outcomes. Future high-quality evidence will be needed to elucidate the relation between cannabis use and occupational injury. PMID: 32441179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Age Differences in Non-Medical Prescription Opioid Use and Psychological Distress.
This study examined age differences in the association of non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and psychological distress, with a focus on older adult populations. Methods: This study used the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), and included 37,842 adults aged 18 and older. Weighted multiple regression and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association of NMPOU and psychological distress, measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). Results: NMPOU was associated with higher psychological distress (b = 0.48, SE = 0.16, p 
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Predictors of Hookah Smoking among Women in Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study Based on the Intervention Mapping Protocol.
Conclusions: According to the present findings, changing or eliminating women's positive attitude toward HS is deemed possible through reducing the social acceptance of HS in enculturating the negative attitude in society, enhancing women's self-efficacy via purposeful and specific education on resisting hookah temptation, unraveling all factors involved in habit formation and adjusting these factors through long-term interventions and timely interventions to affect intention to consumption before the actual occurrence of behavior (HS). PMID: 32441183 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Substance Use: Links with Sensory Sensitivity, Attachment Insecurity, and Distress in Young Adults.
Conclusions: Sensory sensitivity and attachment insecurity both appear to impact problematic substance use in young adults through elevated levels of distress. Findings support consideration of sensory- and attachment-informed interventions with this population. PMID: 32441186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Fentanyl Preference among People Who Inject Drugs in West Virginia.
Conclusion: Fentanyl preference is highly prevalent among rural PWID in WV and associated with factors that may exacerbate overdose risks. There is an urgent need for increased access to tailored harm reduction services that address risks associated with fentanyl preference. PMID: 32441202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Structured and Unstructured Activities and Alcohol and Marijuana Use in Middle School: The Role of Availability and Engagement.
Authors: Spillane NS, Schick MR, Kirk-Provencher KT, Hill DC, Wyatt J, Jackson KM Abstract Background: Behavioral Theories of Choice applied to substance use suggests that use depends on availability of substances and alternative activities. Applying this theory to younger adolescents offers the possibility of investigating potentially malleable prevention and intervention targets. Objectives: The current study examines the role of perceived availability and engagement in structured and unstructured activities on adolescent alcohol and marijuana use controlling for substance availability. Methods: Data were collect...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Predictors of Smoking Cessation Attempt and Continued Abstinence among Low-Income Disabled Smokers: Evidence from the French National Smoking Cessation Cohort CDT-Net.
Authors: Le Faou AL, Allagbé I, Airagnes G, Baha M, Boussadi A, Limosin F Abstract Background: In France, daily smoking has been highly prevalent among low-income smokers.Objectives: Our aim was to search for factors associated with both continued abstinence and attempting to quit among low-income disabled smokers. Methods: From the French national smoking cessation cohort CDT-net, we included 1624 adults living with disability pension or disabled adult allowance. Our dependent variables (abstainers, attempting to quit among non-abstainers) were used in logistic regressions. Continued abstinence was defined ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The Role of past and Current Medical Use on Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs among College Students: Exploring Same-Drug and Cross-Drug Class Associations.
Conclusions: This study provides a broader examination than past research of simultaneous same-drug class and cross-drug class associations between medical and nonmedical prescription drug use, as well as the role of past and current medical use in these associations. Overall, the results suggest that efforts to prevent nonmedical use of a prescription drug class should move beyond targeting only those who have or who are using the same drug class medically. PMID: 32427021 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cessation or Reduction of Methamphetamine Use among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (gbMSM) in Vancouver Canada.
Conclusions: Social connection and drug-related factors surrounding MA use were associated with reductions, but anxiety and depressive symptomatology were not. Incorporating socialization and polysubstance-related components with MA reduction may help in developing efficacious interventions toward reducing MA use for gbMSM. PMID: 32406780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

DSM-5 Maladaptive Personality Domains among Treatment-Seeking Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder: The Role of Disinhibition and Negative Affectivity.
Conclusions: AUD is a complex psychopathological disorder in which both externalizing and internalizing aspects determine relevant clinical features. PMID: 32410484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Tobacco Product and E-Cigarette Use among Electronic Dance Music Party Attendees.
Authors: El Shahawy O, Sherman SE, Palamar JJ Abstract Background: Electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees are at high risk for use of various illegal drugs; however, little is known about their tobacco use. Understanding tobacco use patterns in this population at high risk for illegal drug use can inform multi-product interventions. Objectives: 954 EDM party attendees (ages 18-40) were surveyed in New York City in 2017. We estimated prevalence of use of cigarettes, hookah, cigars, other tobacco, and e-cigarettes and delineated correlates of current (past-month) use using bivariable and multivariable models. R...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Electronic Cigarette Use and Associated Risk Factors in U.S.-Dwelling Pacific Islander Young Adults.
Conclusions: E-cigarette use is common among NHPI young adults, exceeding rates for other at-risk racial groups. Marijuana use and positive expectations about e-cigarette use may represent potential e-cigarette use risk factors. Collectively, findings underscore the need for additional research to further explore the scope of, and risk and protective factors for, e-cigarette use in this understudied high-risk population. PMID: 32397921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - May 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research