Oxidative DNA Damage Accelerates Skin Inflammation in Pristane-Induced Lupus Model

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease in which type I interferons (IFN) play a key role. The IFN response can be triggered when oxidized DNA engages the cytosolic DNA sensing platform cGAS-STING, but the repair mechanisms that modulate this process and govern disease progression are unclear. To gain insight into this biology, we interrogated the role of oxyguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1), which repairs oxidized guanine 8-Oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), in the pristane-induced mouse model of SLE. Ogg1−/− mice showed increased influx of Ly6Chi monocytes into the peritoneal cavity and enhanced IFN-driven gene expression in response to short-term exposure to pristane. Loss of Ogg1 was associated with increased auto-antibodies (anti-dsDNA and anti-RNP), higher total IgG, and expression of interferon stimulated genes (ISG) to longer exposure to pristane, accompanied by aggravated skin pathology such as hair loss, thicker epidermis, and increased deposition of IgG in skin lesions. Supporting a role for type I IFNs in this model, skin lesions of Ogg1−/− mice had significantly higher expression of type I IFN genes (Isg15, Irf9, and Ifnb). In keeping with loss of Ogg1 resulting in dysregulated IFN responses, enhanced basal and cGAMP-dependent Ifnb expression was observed in BMDMs from Ogg1−/− mice. Use of the STING inhibitor, H151, reduced both basal and cGAMP-driven increases, indicating that OGG1 regula...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The study ’s findings support the efficacy of tube weaning based on the published “Graz model of tube weaning” for children born with EA/TEF and indicate the necessity of specialized tube weaning programs for these patients.What is Known:• Children with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula often suffer from feeding problems and tube dependency.• Different tube weaning programs and outcomes have been published, but not specifically for children with EA.What is New:• Evaluation of a large sample of children referred for tube weaning after EA repair.• Most children wi...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Jian Zhang, Xiaohang Fu, Wenhui Li, He Li, Zhiwei Ying, Xinqi Liu, Liduan Yin
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Authors: Ebrahimi-Zadehlou P, Najafpour A, Mohammadi R Abstract PURPOSE: It is compulsory to make a tension-free, end-to-end repair in transected injuries. However, when it comes to longer defects, placement of an autograft or nerve conduits is required. The present study was designed to assess regenerative potential of silymarin nanoparticles loaded into chitosan conduit on peripheral nerve regeneration in a transected sciatic nerve model in rat. METHODS: In NML group left sciatic nerve was exposed through a gluteal muscle incision and after careful hemostasis skin was closed. In TSC group left sciatic nerve w...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population. PMID: 33029967 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundTo repair a blow-out fracture, the endonasal approach is indicated when the center of the fracture occurs in the orbital floor medial to the infraorbital nerve, or when the orbital tissue is herniated inwards; additionally, the combined endonasal and transmaxillary approach is indicated for fractures of the anterior and lateral parts of the orbital floor.Method and conclusionThe use of endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy and special instruments enabled the surgeon to repair an outwardly herniated blow-out fracture by the endonasal approach alone, despite the center of the fracture being in the orbital...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: When gastroenterologists encounter NAFLD/NASH patients, serum CK should be verified. If hyperCKemia, frontal baldness, a hatched face, history of cataract surgery, and grip myotonia are noted, the possibility of MD may be considered. PMID: 33033573 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: As the present study was the first investigation on the coagulation status in patients with AA, elevated D-dimer levels in alopecia areata may suggest a deficient coagulation in these patients that may contribute to an increase in the risk of thrombosis. Further studies are needed to evaluate this hypothesis using a larger sample size. PMID: 33034439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Li H, Zhang J, Chen Y PMID: 33034436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Gualtieri B, Marzano AV, Grando S Abstract In this review, we recap current knowledge about non-desmoglein autoantigens in atypical forms of autoimmune pemphigus. More than 50 keratinocyte proteins, including adhesion molecules, receptors and enzymes as well as mitochondrial proteins can be targeted, leading to alterations in numerous intracellular signaling pathways. Patients with pemphigus herpetiformis feature various combinations of antibodies to desmogleins 1 and 3 and desmocollins 1-3. Pemphigus vulgaris patients who do not have antibodies to desmogleins develop typical clinical and histological feat...
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
SUPPLEMENTS could be used to lower your risk of hair loss; a condition that affects many people in the UK. You could treat alopecia, or lower your chances of losing your hair, by adding this "key" mineral to your daily diet. Should you consider adding a hair loss treatment to your shower routine?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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