Contributions to the lymphatic filariasis elimination programme and post-elimination surveillance in China by NIPD-CTDR.

Contributions to the lymphatic filariasis elimination programme and post-elimination surveillance in China by NIPD-CTDR. Adv Parasitol. 2020;110:145-183 Authors: Sun DJ, Fang Y, Huang Y, Zhang Y Abstract China was once one of the most heavily endemic for lymphatic filariasis (LF), with a heavy disease burden. Due to decades of sustained efforts, LF was eliminated from China in 2007. The historical tales in the control and elimination of LF in China and current post-elimination surveillance are reviewed and concluded. In the course of LF control and elimination, National Technical Steering Group for Filariasis Control and Research, and Collaborating Research Group on the Transmission Threshold of Filariasis, led by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, carried out researches, developed control measures, and applied in practical control and surveillance. The main of the results include: in theoretical study, (1) formulating the microfilaria rate below 1% as the transmission threshold of filariasis, (2) developing anti-filarial drugs and establishing animal model for drug screening, (3) studying the vectorial capacity of mosquitoes transmitted filariasis; in clinical diagnostic and therapy, (1) developing antigens for serological diagnostics, (2) studying different administration regimes for alleviating the side-response of diethylcarbamazine (DEC), (3) studying on the recurrence of acute adenolymphangitis and lymphadenitis of malayan filariasis, (4...
Source: Advances in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Adv Parasitol Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Zhongyi Zhang, Wen-Xiong Wang, Nengjian Zheng, Yansheng Cao, Hongwei Xiao, Renguo Zhu, Hui Guan, Huayun Xiao
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Source: Journal of Genetics and Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study therefore investigated the impacts of RRCC on air pollution based on detailed household heating data obtained from intensive face-to-face interviews in Shandong province, China. The total contributions and specific contributions of coal, stoves, and coal-stove combinations to air pollution were simulated using the WRF-CAMx-PSAT model. The RRCC for heating had a considerable impact on air pollution, contributing 36.1, 9.1, and 16.1% of atmospheric SO2, NOx, and PM2.5 in winter, respectively. Different coal-stove combinations had different impacts on air pollution and mitigation efficiencies. The combination of bi...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract Limited studies focus on the occurrence, removal rate and seasonal variation of substituted diphenylamine antioxidants (SDPAs) in surface water and wastewater in China. In this paper, the detection method of SDPAs was established by the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Daily variations suggested that significant variations were found for the concentrations of some SDPAs in the influent. It was found that the SDPAs could be detected in all the effluent samples and C8/C8-DPA was the predominant compound in two WWTPs. The levels of most SDPAs in the effluent were much lower t...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the efficacy and safety of bencycloquidium bromide nasal spray (BCQB) in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis (PAR).MethodsWe enrolled 720 patients from 15 hospitals across China and randomly assigned them into BCQB group or placebo group (90  μg per nostril qid) to receive a 4-week treatment. Visual analog scale (VAS) for rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal congestion, itching and overall symptoms were recorded by patients every day. Anterior rhinoscopy scoring was completed by doctors on every visit. Adverse events were recorded in detail.ResultsA total of 354 and 351 patients were inc...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In the present study, we endeavoured to establish the extent of cross-reactivity of antigens derived from animal filarial parasites such as B. malayi and S. cervi with W. bancrofti filariasis sera of human patients. Besides, we further analyzed antibody-isotype profile of IgG, IgG4 and IgM in various human infection sera of bancroftian filarial subjects reactive to heterologous parasite antigens derived from adult worms of S. cervi from bovine and B. malayi. PMID: 32096736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Protein and Peptide Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Protein Pept Lett Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The Wb14 and WbT ELISAs were considered efficient and promising diagnostic tests. Due to the importance of antibody capture analysis to evaluate the Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF), the tests proposed here appear as great alternatives to the available commercial system. PMID: 29590236 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz Source Type: research
ConclusionPBMCs from filarial lymphoedema show defective and dysregulated lymphvasculogenic function compared to endemic normals.
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionPBMCs from filarial lymphedema show defective and dysregulated lymph vasculogenic function compared to endemic normals.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions/Significance There is evidence to support the adoption of remedial exercises in the management of FR-LE and for a greater emphasis on self-treatment practices for people with CR-LE. Empowerment of people with lymphedema to care for themselves with access to supportive professional assistance has the capacity to optimise self-management practices and improve outcomes from limited health resources.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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