Left Ventricular Assist Systems and Strokes- Statins to the Rescue?

The development of durable left ventricular assist systems (LVAS) has been critical in providing an option for management of end-stage heart disease and addressing the increasing gap between demand and supply of donor cardiac allografts for management of end-stage heart disease. The technology also provides an alternative to heart transplantation in many patients. Unfortunately, the long-term use of LVAS has been associated with significant morbidities, the most devastating of which may relate to the thrombogenicity of the artificial devices, leading to ischemic stroke or pump thrombosis.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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The development of durable left ventricular assist systems (LVASs) has been critical in providing an option for management of end-stage heart disease and addressing the increasing gap between demand and supply of donor cardiac allografts for management of end-stage heart disease. The technology also provides an alternative to heart transplantation in many patients. Unfortunately, the long-term use of LVASs has been associated with significant morbidities, the most devastating of which may relate to the thrombogenicity of the artificial devices, leading to ischemic stroke or pump thrombosis.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARY Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: rs2066715 was found to interact with egg consumption in modifying the risk of carotid plaque in the Chinese population. PMID: 30828007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: LINE-1 DNA hypermethylation in leukocytes was associated with CVD risk profiles: high LDLC, high LDL/HDL ratio, and the degree of abnormal lipid metabolism. PMID: 29628482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study suggested that incident CHD was positively associated with plasma levels of titanium and arsenic, and inversely associated with selenium. Additional research is needed to confirm these findings in other populations. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1521 Received: 22 December 2016 Revised: 17 September 2017 Accepted: 19 September 2017 Published: 19 October 2017 Address correspondence to T. Wu, or A. Pan, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hongkong Rd., Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China. Telephone: +86-27-83692347. Email: wut@mails.tjmu.edu.cn or p...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Miramontes JP, Mata P, SAFEHEART Investigators Abstract OBJECTIVE: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)-related monogenic disorder, and it is associated with ischemic heart disease. There is limited information whether FH increases the risk of peripheral arterial and cerebrovascular disease. Our aim was to analyze ASCVD prevalence and characteristics in different arterial territories in a large FH population, to compare them with an unaffected control population and to determine which factors are associated to ASCVD. APPROA...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
Abstract We aimed to determine the association between autoantibodies against apolipoprotein A-1 (anti-apoA-1 IgG) and prevalent cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) as well as markers of CV risk in the general population. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 6649 subjects (age 52.6 ± 10.7 years, 47.4 % male) of the population-based CoLaus study. CVD was defined as myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, percutaneous revascularisation or bypass grafting for ischaemic heart disease stroke or transient ischaemic attack, and was assessed according to standardised medical records. Anti-apoA-1 IgG and bio...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
e;ndez-Hernando C Abstract Improved prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is one of the challenges in Western societies, where ischemic heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death. Early epidemiological studies have shown an inverse correlation between circulating high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cardiovascular diseases. The cardioprotective effect of HDL is because of its ability to remove cholesterol from plaques in the artery wall to the liver for excretion by a process known as reverse cholesterol transport. Numerous studies have reported the role that micro-RNAs (miRN...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
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