Monoclonal antibodies against infectious microbes: so long and too little!

Monoclonal antibodies against infectious microbes: so long and too little! Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2020 Mar 12;: Authors: Raj G, Priyadarshini R, Murugesan S, Adhimoolam M Abstract Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) as alternatives or more often as complementary to the conventional antimicrobials are being developed for the management of infectious conditions for the past two decades. These pharmacotherapeutic strategies are inevitable as the burden of antimicrobial resistance is far-reaching in recent times. MAbs are part of the targeted pharmacotherapy armamentarium with high degree of specificity - hence, exert comparatively superior efficacy and tolerability than the conventional polyclonal antisera. So far, only five mAbs have been approved for the management of infectious states - since, the marketing authorization (1998) given to palivizumab (Synagis®) for the prophylaxis of lower respiratory tract disease caused by respiratory syncytial virus in pediatric patients. Ibalizumab-uiyk (Trogarzo™) used for the management of multidrug resistant HIV-1 infection not yielding to at least 10 antiretroviral drugs previously was approved recently. Among the three antibacterial mAbs, raxibacumab (ABthrax®/ Anthrin®) and obiltoxaximab (Anthim®) are indicated for the treatment and prophylaxis of inhalation anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis; bezlotoxumab (Zinplava®) is used to reduce the recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection. Ther...
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Manuel Jorge Rial, Marcela Valverde, Victoria del Pozo, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Xavier Muñoz, José María Olaguibel, Vicente Plaza, Elena Curto, Santiago Quirce, Pilar Barranco, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Joaquin Mullol, César Picado, Antonio Valero, Irina Bobolea, Ebymar Arismendi, Paula Ribó, Joaquín Sastre
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Emergency-use authorizations, a formerly obscure corner of regulatory law, have become a centerpiece of the government ’s response to the pandemic.
Source: NYT - Category: American Health Authors: Tags: your-feed-science Coronavirus Risks and Safety Concerns Food and Drug Administration Hahn, Stephen M (1960- ) Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Vaccination and Immunization Clinical Trials Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) your-feed-health your-feed-healthc Source Type: news
The use of an immune-system stimulant harvested from shark liver oil in the development of some coronavirus vaccines has animal conservationists pressing for alternatives.(Image credit: Reinhard Dirscherl/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Abdeta D, Kebede N, Giday M, Terefe G, Abay SM Abstract Microbial resistance to the few conventional antitrypanosomal drugs, increasing resistance of vectors to insecticides, lack of effective vaccines, and adverse effects of the existing antitrypanosomal drugs justify the urgent need for effective, tolerable, and affordable drugs. We assessed antitrypanosomal effects of the hydromethanolic extract of Echinops kebericho Mesfin roots against Trypanosoma congolense field isolate using in vitro and in vivo techniques. Parasite load, packed cell volume (PCV), body weight, and rectal temperature in Swiss albino...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Phoenix Children ’s Hospital held its fourth annual flu POD (point of distribution) this week, with this year's 13-hour blitz holding a special significance amid the global Covid-19 pandemic. On Oct. 7, nurses began vaccinating employees at 6 a.m. and concluded the one-day event at 7 p.m., vaccinating nearly 5,00 0 people. It’s preparation for another potential mass vaccination event: distribution of a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19. Click through the photo gallery above to see scenes…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Trump plans in-person rally on Monday as next presidential debate cancelled; Europe records 100,000 daily cases for first time; Canada at ‘tipping point’. Follow latest updatesEurope: Spain declares emergency in Madrid as Berlin emerges as hotspotUK workers to get two-thirds of wages if firms told to shutAustralia: Is Victoria ready to come out of lockdown?US presidential debate cancelled – live updatesSee all our coronavirus coverage5.42amBSTMy colleagueLuke Henriques-Gomes has this story giving you a summary of the main Covid-19 stories from Australia.A main point of the day has beenVictoria ’s pr...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Science World news France Trump administration Donald Trump Source Type: news
Phoenix Children ’s Hospital held its fourth annual flu POD (point of distribution) this week, with this year's 13-hour blitz holding a special significance amid the global Covid-19 pandemic. On Oct. 7, nurses began vaccinating employees at 6 a.m. and concluded the one-day event at 7 p.m., vaccinating nearly 5,00 0 people. It’s preparation for another potential mass vaccination event: distribution of a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19. Click through the photo gallery above to see scenes…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines - Category: Health Management Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Elma L. Leite, Wydemberg J. Araújo, Tatiana R. Vieira, Karoline S. Zenato, Priscylla C. Vasconcelos, Samuel Cibulski, Patricia E.N. Givisiez, Marisa R.I. Cardoso, Celso J.B. Oliveira
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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