The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS Administration and Leadership - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS Latest News - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS Operations - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Autopsy, a Fading Practice, Revealed Secrets of COVID-19
By MARION RENAULT Associated Press NEW YORK (AP) — The COVID-19 pandemic has helped revive the autopsy. When the virus first arrived in U.S. hospitals, doctors could only guess what was causing its strange constellation of symptoms: What could explain why patients were losing their sense of smell and taste, developing skin rashes, struggling to breathe and reporting memory loss on top of flu-like coughs and aches? At hospital morgues, which have been steadily losing prominence and funding over several decades, pathologists were busily dissecting the disease’s first victims — and finding some answ...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - December 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: AP News Coronavirus Source Type: news

Control and Prevention of Anthrax, Texas, USA, 2019 Control and Prevention of Anthrax, Texas, USA, 2019
Animal outbreaks of anthrax present a human risk for contracting the disease. What measures may help control outbreaks and prevent transmission?Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - December 24, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Obiltoxaximab Receives Marketing Authorization From European Commission For The Treatment Of Inhalation Anthrax
PARSIPPANY, N.J., Dec. 2, 2020 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Elusys Therapeutics, Inc. (Elusys) today announced that the European Commission has approved obiltoxaximab, the company's monoclonal antibody (mAb) anthrax antitoxin for the treat... Biopharmaceuticals, Regulatory Elusys Therapeutics, obiltoxaximab, anthrax (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - December 2, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Villagers in Hospital After Consuming Anthrax Infected Meat
[New Zimbabwe] Two villagers were admitted to St Peter's Hospital here after consuming meat suspected to have been infected with anthrax. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 21, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak Hits Chipinge
[263Chat] At least two persons were last week admitted with anthrax related symptoms in Chipinge, prompting officials to dispatch a rapid response team to vaccinate local livestock. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 20, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

An invisible danger: Coronavirus pandemic a threat to the mental health of Americans
(Natural News) The Wuhan coronavirus continues to be one for the books, much like the anthrax attacks of 2001 or the financial crisis of 2008. However, these earlier crises that rocked the country were isolated, with one a national security crisis while the other was a financial crisis. These events were more limited in scope... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2001 Anthrax Attacks Fast Facts
Check out CNN's Fast Facts to learn more about the 2001 anthrax attacks also known as Amerithrax. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - June 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A Vaccine Against COVID-19 Would Be the Latest Success in a Long Scientific History
Here’s betting you wouldn’t want anyone blowing smallpox scabs up your nose. But you might feel differently if you lived in 15th century China. Long ago, the Chinese recognized that people who had contracted smallpox once were immune to reinfection. They came up with the idea of preserving scabs from individuals who had suffered mild cases, drying them out, crushing them to a powder and blowing them up the nostril. For boys it was the right nostril, for girls it was the left because, well, 15th century. That is how the story of vaccines usually begins, though that version is decidedly incomplete. For one thing,...
Source: TIME: Science - May 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Explainer health Source Type: news

The Baltimore Bioterrorism Expert Who Inspired South Korea ’s COVID-19 Response
On Oct. 2, 2001, a 62-year-old photojournalist named Bob Stevens became the first victim of a coordinated series of anthrax attacks to be admitted to hospital. Stevens inhaled the deadly pathogen after opening one of several letters laced with anthrax spores which were mailed to the offices of prominent senators and media outlets across the U.S. Over the next seven weeks, he and four others would die as a result of their exposure. For a shell-shocked nation still reeling from the single deadliest terrorist attack in human history on September 11, it was a disturbing realization that there was a new wave of challenges to Am...
Source: TIME: Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: David Cox Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Created for anthrax attacks, cold plasma air filter is being prepped to combat COVID-19
(Drexel University) Researchers at Drexel University's C.& J. Nyheim Plasma Institute are modifying an air sterilization system they created to combat the threat of anthrax attacks post-9-11 in hopes it can now help to ward off COVID-19. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

A Scientist Who ’s Fought Ebola And Anthrax Explains When To Wear A Mask For Coronavirus Protection
Coronavirus Frontlines is a special series where we are sharing the perspective of experts at the forefront of combating the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - April 2, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Mark Kortepeter, Contributor Source Type: news

What is Quarantine and Can You Be Forced Into it Due to Coronavirus?
Although quarantines are considered a measure of last resort, “police powers” give states, counties and even cities broad authority to make residents stay home. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - March 26, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neil MacFarquhar Tags: Quarantines Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Defense Department Epidemics Smallpox Anthrax Suits and Litigation (Civil) Source Type: news

Coronavirus Questions Answered
Although quarantines are considered a measure of last resort, “police powers” give states, counties and even cities broad authority to impose them. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - March 24, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neil MacFarquhar Tags: Quarantines Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Defense Department Epidemics Smallpox Anthrax Suits and Litigation (Civil) Source Type: news

What is Quarantine and Can You Be Forced Into it?
Although quarantines are considered a measure of last resort, “police powers” give states, counties and even cities broad authority to impose them. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - March 24, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neil MacFarquhar Tags: Quarantines Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Defense Department Epidemics Smallpox Anthrax Suits and Litigation (Civil) Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: 'Harare People Feasting On Anthrax Contaminated Beef'
[263Chat] Mahusekwa villagers in Marondera have warned Harare residents against buying beef from unregistered abattoirs and butcheries who are reportedly flocking the area to buy sick or sometimes dead cattle infected by anthrax. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 18, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Minister Shiri Dispels Reports Butcheries Selling Contaminated Meat
[New Zimbabwe] THE government has called upon members of the public to alert authorities if they have evidence of unscrupulous people who are selling meat from condemned cattle dying from diseases such as foot and mouth and anthrax. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 11, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

States Need Medical Supplies to Fight Coronavirus. Can the National Stockpile Keep Up With Demand?
The outbreak of the coronavirus in the United States is the latest test for the federally managed Strategic National Stockpile (SNS), a secretive stash of medical supplies and equipment that the government has stored in case of emergencies. As the virus spreads throughout the United States — there are now more than 700 confirmed cases and nearly 30 people have died — the way that lifesaving supplies like masks and respirators are doled out from the nation’s repository to states with high case loads will mark a critical proving ground for the efficacy of the Trump administration’s response, which has...
Source: TIME: Health - March 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tessa Berenson Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Whole-Genome Sequencing for Anthrax Emergency Preparedness Whole-Genome Sequencing for Anthrax Emergency Preparedness
Find out how nanopore whole-genome sequencing could help improve response time to anthrax emergencies.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

CDC "Intelligence Officer," anthrax researcher and African vaccine deployment expert openly admits the coronavirus pandemic is beyond control and will spread globally
(Natural News) As the totally discredited mainstream media continues to pretend that the coronavirus pandemic isn’t real, the truth is starting to emerge from establishment scientists who are warning the world that this outbreak cannot be contained. One of those individuals is Nancy Messonnier. She works for the CDC and previously served as an “Epidemic... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 7, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Africa: We Found a Way to Trap Stable Flies - Their Dung Preferences Helped Us
[The Conversation Africa] Stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) are cold-blooded pests. They feed on the blood of their hosts, which include cattle, camels, horses, dogs and humans. During their feeding they can mechanically transmit viruses and bacteria that cause diseases like West Nile fever, Rift Valley fever and anthrax. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 3, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Kenya: 18 Rushed to Hospital in Bomet Over Suspected Anthrax
[Nation] Fear has gripped a village in Bomet County after 18 villagers were rushed to hospital after suspected anthrax outbreak. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 3, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax - 87 Hospitalised, 177 Cattle Die
[The Herald] EIGHTY-SEVEN people have been hospitalised after eating meat from cattle affected by anthrax. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 20, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak - 64 in Hospital, 47 Cattle Dead
[New Zimbabwe] Masvingo -At least 64 people have been hospitalised in Bikita and Gutu after eating anthrax contaminated meat with 47 cattle dying from the outbreak while government has also moved in to vaccinate 22 000 herd of cattle. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 19, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: 33 People Infected With Anthrax
[263Chat] The government has availed vaccines for the treatment of cattle from anthrax hit areas amid reports that 33 people have been diagnosed and hospitalized of the deadly disease in the past weeks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak Hits Bikita
[The Herald] Masvingo -The number of people diagnosed with anthrax which hit Bikita last week has risen from 28 to 33 while cattle deaths rose to 40 from 24, an official has confirmed. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 17, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Kenya: Tharaka-Nithi Farmers Battling Livestock Disease Outbreak
[Nation] Farmers in Tharaka-Nithi County are counting losses following an outbreak of anthrax, lumpy skin and foot and mouth diseases that have already killed a number of livestock. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 16, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Cases On the Rise in Bikita
[The Herald] Masvingo -The number of cattle that have succumbed from Anthrax attack in Bikita in Masvingo province has risen to 40 from 24 last week while 33 people have also been diagnosed with the deadly disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak Hits Masvingo
[The Herald] An outbreak of anthrax has hit Bikita District in Masvingo with 28 people reportedly diagnosed with the disease at different clinics so far. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 13, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak - Three People Affected
[The Herald] Three are people battling for their lives after consuming meat from animals that died of anthrax in Mahusekwa, Marondera district. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 11, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Cummings ’ Whitehall weirdos will need to understand people, not just numbers | Hannah Fry
Boris Johnson ’s adviser wants more maths geniuses in the civil service. But real life is too messy to be boiled down to equationsAbout 10 years ago I had a conversation with a civil servant about Britain ’s chemical decontamination units. He was in charge of calculating where in the country the government should keep them. These giant trucks had specialist equipment that could respond quickly if there was an anthrax attack or similar on our shores. But at the time there was only a small number of them, so they needed careful positioning to ensure they could reach as much of the country as quickly as possible i...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 5, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Hannah Fry Tags: Civil service Dominic Cummings Mathematics Science Politics Source Type: news

Why this King of Prussia biopharma's stock rose 32% Thursday
Paratek Pharmaceuticals's stock closed up 32% Thursday after the biopharmaceutical company announced it was awarded a five-year contract worth up to $285 million from the federal government. The funds will support the development of the company's antibiotic Nuzyra as a treatment of pulmonary anthrax. The contract was awarded under the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority's, or BARDA, Project BioShield program. The initiative was created to accelerate the research, development,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - December 20, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: John George Source Type: news

TWTW: Healing Honey, Restored Limb Function, Anti-Cancer Anthrax TWTW: Healing Honey, Restored Limb Function, Anti-Cancer Anthrax
Three medical stories that we didn't cover, explained.Medscape (Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - December 6, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Internal Medicine Article Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Using anthrax to fight cancer
Current treatments for bladder cancer need improvement. A new study combines a growth factor with anthrax toxin to create a quick, effective treatment. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer / Oncology Source Type: news

Bushmeat may breed deadly bacteria
(Penn State) People who eat wildebeests, wart hogs and other wild African animals may be at risk for contracting potentially life-threatening diseases, according to an international team of researchers. The team analyzed samples of bushmeat -- meat derived from wildlife -- in the Western Serengeti in Tanzania and identified several groups of bacteria, many of which contain the species that cause diseases such as anthrax, brucellosis and Q fever. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

ANTHRAX may be the key to shrinking bladder tumors by 30% in 3 minutes
A combination of anthrax and a growth factor found on the surface of bladder cancer cells allowed Purdue University researchers to target and kill tumors with unprecedented speed. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Anthrax may be the next tool in the fight against bladder cancer
(Purdue University) Researchers at Purdue University have come up with a way to combine the anthrax toxin with a growth factor to kill bladder cancer cells and tumors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 12, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

More than 100 elephants die in Botswana in suspected anthrax outbreak
More than 100 elephants have died in Botswana in the past two months partly because of a suspected anthrax outbreak, the government said on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Anthrax: Developing Drugs for Prophylaxis of Inhalational Anthrax Guidance for Industry
Clinical / Antimicrobial; (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - October 22, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Tanzania: Govt On Fight Against Brucellosis, Anthrax
[Daily News] THE government has embarked on a countrywide fight against brucellosis and anthrax - animal diseases that also pose serious human health problems. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 10, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Gas Explosion at Russian Lab That Holds Ebola and Smallpox Samples
A gas explosion has sparked a fire at a Russian bioweapons facility which stores viruses including Ebola, smallpox and Anthrax. The blast occurred on Monday after a gas cylinder exploded during scheduled repair work on the fifth floor of the six-story Russian State Centre for Research on Virology and Biotechnology, commonly known as Vector, the facility said in a statement. No biological material was held in the sanitary inspection room where the explosion occurred, and no structural damage was caused to the concrete laboratory building, the center added. One worker was taken to hospital and is being treated in intensive c...
Source: TIME: Science - September 17, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Rachael Bunyan Tags: Uncategorized onetime russia smallpox Source Type: news

Shares of T2 Biosystems rise on federal contract for diagnostic tests
Lexington diagnostics maker T2 Biosystems is pairing up with the U.S. government to develop tests that could identify biological threats like anthrax — a deal that could alleviate some of the struggling device company’s financial concerns. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - September 11, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Allison DeAngelis Source Type: news

Decontamination of Bacillus Spores from Drinking Water Infrastructure with Physical Removing (Pigging) and Assessment of Pipe Relining Technologies
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC). Published: 9/2019. This 43-page report summarizes the results of biological decontamination experiments performed at the Water Security Test Bed (WSTB). The experiments focused on removing and remediating Bacillus globigii spores adhered to the inner surface of the eight-inch water pipe. Bacillus globigii spores are a non-pathogenic surrogate for Bacillus anthracis, which is the causative agent of anthrax. First responders and decision-makers managing a water contamination event can use dat...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Dengue Dance?
Discussion Dengue is an important arboviral infection that affects about 40% of the world population. It is found mainly in topical and subtropical areas of the world mainly in developing countries but it range is spreading including the United States. A review of common arboviruses can be found here. It is a flaviavirus with 4 distinct serotypes named DENV-1 through DENV-4 and is spread by A. aegypti a day biting mosquito. Infection with one serotype confers immunity to that serotype but not the others. It does offer some protection for cross-infection but this only lasts a few months. Incubation period is 3-14 days with ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

A Brutal Disease Kills Monkeys. Flies Could Be Spreading It.
A downside of social living among monkeys and chimpanzees, a new study suggests, is being at greater risk of deadly disease. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - July 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Veronique Greenwood Tags: Monkeys and Apes Flies Anthrax Ivory Coast Bacteria Research National Parks, Monuments and Seashores Gogarten, Jan Molecular Ecology (Journal) your-feed-science Source Type: news

Neuroterrorism preparedness for the neurohospitalist - Ralston MSA, Murray MBP, Vela-Duarte D, Orjuela KD, Pastula DM.
In this review article, we highlight several potential biologic and chemical agents of "neuroterrorism" of which neurohospitalists should be aware: anthrax, botulism toxin, brucella, plague, smallpox, organophosphates and nerve agents, cyanide, and carfent... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news