N-terminal degradation activates the NLRP1B inflammasome
In this study, we used genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 knockout screens to identify genes required for NLRP1B-mediated pyroptosis. We discovered that lethal factor induces cell death via the N-end rule proteasomal degradation pathway. Lethal factor directly cleaves NLRP1B, inducing the N-end rule–mediated degradation of the NLRP1B N terminus and freeing the NLRP1B C terminus to activate caspase-1. DPP8/9 inhibitors also induce proteasomal degradation of the NLRP1B N terminus but not via the N-end rule pathway. Thus, N-terminal degradation is the common activation mechanism of this innate immune sensor. (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - April 4, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Chui, A. J., Okondo, M. C., Rao, S. D., Gai, K., Griswold, A. R., Johnson, D. C., Ball, D. P., Taabazuing, C. Y., Orth, E. L., Vittimberga, B. A., Bachovchin, D. A. Tags: Immunology reports Source Type: news

Functional degradation: A mechanism of NLRP1 inflammasome activation by diverse pathogen enzymes
In this study, we find that cleavage results in proteasome-mediated degradation of the amino-terminal domains of NLRP1B, liberating a carboxyl-terminal fragment that is a potent caspase-1 activator. Proteasome-mediated degradation of NLRP1B is both necessary and sufficient for NLRP1B activation. Consistent with our functional degradation model, we identify IpaH7.8, a Shigella flexneri ubiquitin ligase secreted effector, as an enzyme that induces NLRP1B degradation and activation. Our results provide a unified mechanism for NLRP1B activation by diverse pathogen-encoded enzymatic activities. (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - April 4, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Sandstrom, A., Mitchell, P. S., Goers, L., Mu, E. W., Lesser, C. F., Vance, R. E. Tags: Immunology, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

FDA Classifies Anthrax Tests as Class II with Controls
FDA issued a final rule classifying in vitro diagnostic devices for the detection of Bacillus anthracis (the bacteria that causes anthrax) into class II (moderate-risk) with special controls, which means the agency will continue to require a 510(k) premarket notification for these devices. “Anthrax is a bioterrorism threat because the spores are resistant to destruction and can be spread by release in the air. Exposure to anthrax can and has caused serious injury or death," said FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, who is expected to resign soon. Gottli...
Source: MDDI - March 29, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Amanda Pedersen Tags: Regulatory and Compliance IVD Source Type: news

Novel Checklist Can Distinguish Anthrax Exposure From Other Illnesses
Checklist could minimize need for diagnostic testing after known or suspected population exposure (Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge)
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - March 19, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Dermatology, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Infections, Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Neurology, Nursing, Pediatrics, Pulmonology, Journal, Source Type: news

Novel Checklist Can Distinguish Anthrax Exposure From Other Illnesses
TUESDAY, March 19, 2019 -- A newly developed checklist can rapidly identify anthrax cases after a suspected mass exposure, according to a study published online March 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Nathaniel Hupert, M.D., M.P.H., from the... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 19, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

ACIP Updates Japanese Encephalitis, Anthrax Vaccine Guidance
During the Feb. 27-28 meeting of the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, the group voted to update recommendations for the Japanese encephalitis vaccine, along with guidance on pre-exposure prophylaxis anthrax vaccination. (Source: AAFP News)
Source: AAFP News - March 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Anthrasil (Anthrax Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), Sterile Solution for Infusion) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - February 28, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

ACIP: After WHO Delay, FDA Waits to Select Flu Strains for Vax
(MedPage Today) -- Also, ACIP issues new language on vaccines for anthrax and Japanese encephalitis (Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease)
Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease - February 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Anthrasil (Anthrax Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), Sterile Solution for Infusion) - new on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - February 27, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Tanzania: Anthrax Hits Rombo As PM Orders to Contain It
[Daily News] ROMBO district in Kilimanjaro region has been hit by anthrax, a disease that has already claimed five lives and has also led to death of 21 cows. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 25, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Malawi: Government Warns Against Anthrax Outbreak in Neighbouring Tanzania
[Malawi News Agency] Blantyre -Government has warned livestock farmers in the country of an Anthrax outbreak scare recently reported in Momba district located in the Songwe region of Tanzania. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 12, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

North Korea ’ s Less-Known Military Threat: Biological Weapons
Military analysts are increasingly concerned about the nation ’ s “ advanced, underestimated and highly lethal ” bioweapons program. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: EMILY BAUMGAERTNER and WILLIAM J. BROAD Tags: Defense and Military Forces Biological and Chemical Warfare North Korea United States International Relations Smallpox United States Politics and Government Microbiology Anthrax Vaccination and Immunization Nuclear Weapons Belfer Cente Source Type: news

Evaluation of Commercial Wet Vacuums for Bacillus Spore Sampling on Surfaces
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC). Published: 8/2018. This 80-page report summarizes a study that evaluated commercial wet vacuums as a sampling tool for surfaces contaminated with Bacillus anthracis. The wet vacuums are applicable on both porous and nonporous surfaces, widely available, and easy to operate for collection of biological agents. In addition, the wet vacuum can sample more than 100 ft2 per sample and generate liquid samples that may reduce the post-collection processing steps. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resou...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Decontamination of Bacillus Spores from Drinking Water Infrastructure with Physical Removal (Pigging)
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC). Published: 4/2018. This 38-page report summarizes the results of biological decontamination experiments performed at the Water Security Test Bed (WSTB) that focused on removing Bacillus globigii spores adhered to the inner surface of an eight-inch water pipe. Decontamination was undertaken with a technique known as pigging, or physical scouring of the inner pipe surface, followed by disinfection with free chlorine. B. globigii spores are a non-pathogenic surrogate for B. anthracis, which is...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Anthrax Outbreak in Zvimba
[The Herald] An outbreak of anthrax has affected eight people in Zvimba district after they ate meat from a cow that had died of the disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 7, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Surveillance Report: Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016: Anthrax
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 12/2018. This four-page report, based on data for 2016 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy), provides information about the 30 European Union/European Economic Area Member States that collected anthrax data through surveillance systems with national coverage. Six sporadic cases of anthrax were reported in Romania (5) and Spain (1). (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Surveillance Report
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 12/2018. This four-page report, based on data for 2016 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy), provides information about the 30 European Union/European Economic Area Member States that collected anthrax data through surveillance systems with national coverage. Six sporadic cases of anthrax were reported in Romania (5) and Spain (1). (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

2018 Research Highlights — Promising Medical Advances
NIH findings with potential for enhancing human health include vaccines against HIV, anthrax, and plague, a wearable ultrasound patch to track blood pressure, and a technique to regrow neurons across scarred spinal tissue. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Emergency Response Resources: Disaster Site Management
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (CDC NIOSH). Published: 11/30/2018. This topic page includes general information on disaster site management, and a series of reports on emergency responders ’ safety management in disaster and terrorism response. The reports cover topics such as rubble and debris, dust and smoke, heat, anthrax, stress, types and use of personal protective equipment, hazard assessment, risk communications, site management, structural collapse, fire, and explosions. (Te xt) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medi...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - November 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Emergency Response Resources: Terrorism Response
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (CDC NIOSH). Published: 11/30/2018. This topic page provides information to help protect emergency responders in the event of a terrorist attack, and relevant information regarding previous cases and responses that include as the World Trade Center attacks and previous threats associated with anthrax. The page also offers access to information on other important elements of a terrorism response such as safety management, safeguarding building ventilation, bloodborne infectious disease, mail handling, and chemical haz...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - November 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Anthrax alert in Namibia as more than 50 people are struck down by the killer disease
The World Health Organization said 52 people were reported to have been diagnosed with anthrax in Opuwo in the north-west of Namibia – the infection is believed to be spreading via goats. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare: 2018
Source: U.S. Army Borden Institute. Published: 3/2018. This book, updated in March 2018, addresses many facets of biodefense research, preparedness, and consequence management related to biological warfare. Individual chapters are devoted to understanding the pathogenesis and disease progression associated with bacterial and viral biothreat agents, such as Bacillus anthracis, Ebola virus, and intoxications by toxins such as ricin. These chapters highlight the current state of science for these agents and toxins, and underscore the importance of pursuing basic science interests in these arenas, and maintaining a core pool ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - November 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Vaccine protects animals against anthrax and plague
Scientists engineered a vaccine that protects animals from both anthrax and plague. After more development and testing, the approach could be used to combat public health threats. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kenya:Man Dies of Suspected Anthrax in Tharaka-Nithi
[Nation] One person has died, and eight others received treatment of suspected anthrax at the Chuka County Referral Hospital in Tharaka-Nithi County. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 25, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

New agent against anthrax
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) A team led by Professor Arne Skerra at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed an innovative strategy for preventing the anthrax bacterium from absorbing iron, which is crucial for its survival. It does so by neutralizing a special iron complexing agent produced by the bacterium. Because the anthrax pathogen only spreads in the body when it receives access to the essential element, this is expected to provide an effective treatment against the life-threatening infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Vaccine that protects against anthrax and plague has been developed amid fears of terror threats
Researchers from The Catholic University of America created a single vaccine that could provide protection against the two diseases, even if someone is infected with a deadly dose. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

5 in Ukraine hospitalized with suspected anthrax from cattle
Ukraine's Health Ministry says five people have been hospitalized with suspected anthrax and are thought to have contracted the disease while slaughtering cattle (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - October 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Biosafety Reforms Still Lagging at Military Labs
Three years after finding that laboratories had mishandled deadly pathogens, the Pentagon has no way to measure the effectiveness of its reforms, according to a new report. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: EMILY BAUMGAERTNER Tags: Anthrax Defense Department Accidents and Safety Government Accountability Office Laboratories and Scientific Equipment Dugway Proving Ground (Utah) Epidemics Source Type: news

Genomic study of 412 anthrax strains provides new virulence clues
(Georgia Institute of Technology) By analyzing genomic sequences from more than 400 strains of the bacterium that causes anthrax, researchers have provided the first evidence that the severity -- technically known as virulence -- of specific strains may be related to the number of copies of certain plasmids they carry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Romania finds deadly anthrax in pig at smallholding
A pig at a smallholding in Romania has contracted anthrax, which kills thousands of livestock in tropical and sub-tropical areas each year but is rare in temperate regions. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Angola:Benguela - Over 100,000 Heads of Cattle to Get Immunised
[ANGOP] Benguela -At least 145,000 heads of cattle are expected to be vaccinated in the centre-west Benguela Province against anthrax and blackleg, aimed at allaying the spread of diseases, the provincial head of veterinary services, Gaspar Ingl ês, has announced. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 27, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

ACIP Issues Flu Season Guidance, Anthrax Vax in a'Mass Event '
(MedPage Today) -- Committee also heard data on cell-cultured influenza vaccines (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - June 20, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

FDA Issues Final Guidance on Inhalational Anthrax
THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 -- Final guidance has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to assist in the development of drugs for the prevention of inhalational anthrax for individuals who may have been exposed but who have not yet... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 31, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Anthrax: Developing Drugs for Prophylaxis of Inhalational Anthrax; Guidance for Industry
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 05/2018 The purpose of this 16-page guidance is to assist sponsors in the development of drugs for the indication of prophylaxis of inhalational anthrax in persons who have or may have inhaled aerosolized Bacillus anthracis spores but who have not yet manifested clinical evidence of disease. The indication also applies to persons with anticipated exposure to B. anthracis spores (e.g., first responders for anthrax incidents); in such cases, initiation of antibacterial therapy would begin immediately before entering the B. anthracis-contaminated environment. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Res...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

UCLA-led research finds vaccines against anthrax, plague and tularemia are effective in mice
Anthrax, plague and tularemia are three potent agents terrorists would be likely to use in an attack, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Each is highly and quickly lethal to humans. But there are no licensed vaccines for tularemia and plague, and although there is an anthrax vaccine, it requires a burdensome immunization schedule and has severe side effects.Now, a UCLA-led group of researchers may have found a solution that, if found to be safe and effective in humans, could protect people from all three bacteria. The team used molecular engineering to develop vaccines against each that use a comm...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - May 10, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Annual Epidemiological Report for 2015: Anthrax
European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 04/27/2018 This four-page report is based on data for 2015 retrieved from the European Surveillance System (TESSy). In 2015, nine anthrax cases were reported by three European Union/European Economic Area countries. Four of these cases were confirmed; the remaining 27 reporting countries notified zero cases. The report discusses methods, epidemiology, threats description for 2015, and public health implications. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Anthrax Assist: Modeling Tool for Planning and Decision Support During Early Days of an Anthrax Event
International Society for Disease Surveillance. 04/24/2018 This one-hour, four-minute webinar discusses Anthrax Assist, a tool that provides public health practitioners with scenario- and jurisdiction-specific information for developing quantitative response plans and decision-making in an unfolding anthrax event. The speaker demonstrates the tool using a realistic illustrative scenario in which the consequences of various intervention choices are examined. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Uganda:19 Infected As Anthrax Hits Arua
[Monitor] Arua -Nineteen people have so far been infected following the outbreak of the deadly anthrax in Arua District. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 26, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Biothreat Preparedness Training for Sentinel Laboratories: Bacillus Anthracis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 10/27/2017 This course provides clinical laboratory scientists with information about the laboratory identification of anthrax. It discusses how to describe laboratory tests for presumptive identification of B. anthracis, how to use the sentinel laboratory protocols to rule out or refer specimens, and the role of the Laboratory Response Network sentinel laboratory in detection of B. anthracis. (Video or Multimedia) Site requires free registration. (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Emergent BioSolutions to enter 5 new countries with anthrax vaccine
The Gaithersburg-based biotech just received approval to introduce its anthrax vaccine in five European countries, a move that brings the possibility of a new and important revenue stream. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - April 16, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Sara Gilgore Source Type: news

Emergent BioSolutions to enter 5 new countries with anthrax vaccine
The Gaithersburg-based biotech just received approval to introduce its anthrax vaccine in five European countries, a move that brings the possibility of a new and important revenue stream. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - April 13, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Sara Gilgore Source Type: news

Emergent BioSolutions to enter 5 new countries with anthrax vaccine
The Gaithersburg-based biotech just received approval to introduce its anthrax vaccine in five European countries, a move that brings the possibility of a new and important revenue stream. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - April 13, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Sara Gilgore Source Type: news

Uganda:Anthrax Outbreak At South Sudanese Refugee Camp in Uganda
[East African] A South Sudanese refugee has died from anthrax at a refugee camp in northwestern Uganda, a local official said on Friday. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 12, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Standard Case Definition of Priority Diseases/Conditions in Nigeria
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. 08/2017 This 14-page document provides a table of diseases and conditions in Nigeria, and standard case definitions for suspected cases. Diseases and conditions include anthrax, cholera, dengue fever, Lassa fever, SARS, and yellow fever. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Anthrax Vaccine: What You Need to Know
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Infectious Diseases (CDC OID). Published: 3/21/2018. This two-page fact sheet provides basic information on anthrax, the anthrax vaccine, who should get the vaccine, and the risks of the vaccine. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Safety blunders expose lab staff to potentially lethal diseases in UK
Exclusive: breaches investigated involve dengue virus, anthrax and other deadly pathogensSafety breaches at UK labs that handle harmful bacteria, viruses and fungi have spread infections to staff and exposed others to potentially lethal diseases, the Guardian has learned.The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has investigated a series of mistakes over the past two years that led to scientists falling ill at specialist labs run by hospitals, private companies, and even Public Health England (PHE), the government agency which exists to protect and improve the nation ’s health and wellbeing.Continue reading... (Source: G...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 10, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Infectious diseases Science Microbiology Medical research Source Type: news

You Asked: Is It Bad for You to Read the News Constantly?
A recent survey from the American Psychological Association found that, for many Americans, “news consumption has a downside.” More than half of Americans say the news causes them stress, and many report feeling anxiety, fatigue or sleep loss as a result, the survey shows. Yet one in 10 adults checks the news every hour, and fully 20% of Americans report “constantly” monitoring their social media feeds—which often exposes them to the latest news headlines, whether they like it or not. Of course, many people feel it’s important to stay informed. And it’s understandable that news you...
Source: TIME: Health - January 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology Research Source Type: news

Center for Domestic Preparedness to Resume Live-Agent Training
ANNISTON, Ala. – The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Center for Domestic Preparedness (CDP) announced today that the Center will resume using nerve agents and biologicals in some of its hazardous materials training courses on Jan. 11.  In late 2016, the CDP suspended the use of the nerve agents GB and VX, and biologicals ricin and anthrax after it was discovered the Center’s Chemical, Ordnance, Biological, and Radiological training facility (COBRATF) had received, via third party vendor, and had been using a more toxic version of ricin in training than what CDP had ordered.  Since then, th...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - January 6, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Center for Domestic Preparedness Tags: Training Industry News Source Type: news

Is North Korea preparing for a devastating Anthrax attack on South Korea?
(Natural News) A soldier who defected from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the communist regime’s southern neighbor has been identified as having total immunity to anthrax, possibly suggesting that North Korea could be planning to utilize the deadly bacteria in an upcoming chemical weapons attack. According to reports, the unidentified individual had to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - December 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Protocol for Detection of Bacillus Anthracis in Environmental Samples During the Remediation Phase of an Anthrax Event: Second Edition
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Homeland Security Research Center. 07/2017 This 104-page document is a second edition of the first ever detailed and step-by-step protocol published by EPA in 2012. This protocol includes three analytical methods for the detection of B. anthracis spores in various environmental samples (e.g., aerosols, particulates, and drinking water). The protocol has been specifically developed for the analysis of environmental samples during an incident involving contamination from B. anthracis spores. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disa...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news