Maximizing Breast Cancer Therapy with Awareness of Potential Treatment-Related Blood Disorders.

Maximizing Breast Cancer Therapy with Awareness of Potential Treatment-Related Blood Disorders. Oncologist. 2020 Feb 19;: Authors: Kaplan HG, Calip GS, Malmgren JA Abstract In this review we summarize the impact of the various modalities of breast cancer therapy coupled with intrinsic patient factors on incidence of subsequent treatment-induced myelodysplasia and acute myelogenous leukemia (t-MDS/AML). It is clear that risk is increased for patients treated with radiation and chemotherapy at younger ages. Radiation is associated with modest risk, whereas chemotherapy, particularly the combination of an alkylating agent and an anthracycline, carries higher risk and radiation and chemotherapy combined increase the risk markedly. Recently, treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), but not pegylated G-CSF, has been identified as a factor associated with increased t-MDS/AML risk. Two newly identified associations may link homologous DNA repair gene deficiency and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor treatment to increased t-MDS/AML risk. When predisposing factors, such as young age, are combined with an increasing number of potentially leukemogenic treatments that may not confer large risk singly, the risk of t-MDS/AML appears to increase. Patient and treatment factors combine to form a biological cascade that can trigger a myelodysplastic event. Patients with breast cancer are often exposed to many of these risk factors in the course of...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research

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RAD52 aptamer regulates DNA damage repair and STAT3 in BRCA1/BRCA2‑deficient human acute myeloid leukemia. Oncol Rep. 2020 Aug 10;: Authors: Xu Y, Lin Y, Luo Y, Yang Y, Long B, Fang Z, Liu L, Zhang J, Zhang X Abstract RAD52 (Radiation sensitive 52) is a key factor in DNA damage repair (DDR) bypass, which participates in single‑strand annealing (SSA) after DNA damage end excision, while breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein (BRCA1)/breast cancer type 2 susceptibility protein (BRCA2) play critical roles in homologous recombination (HR) repair. The present study aimed to determine whether RAD52...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Abstract miR-655 is a widely studied non-coding small RNA molecule. miR-655 is down-regulated in at least 15 cancers and up-regulated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and breast cancer (BC) cell lines. The expression level of miR-655 is closely related to the prognosis of cancer patients. In addition, we summarize all genes that can be down-regulated by miR-655 in cancer. In breast cancer, we also found the upstream regulatory pathway of miR-655. Here, we systematically analyze biological pathways and molecular functions of the miR-655-related genes. Our results indicate that miR-655-related genes are involved in c...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Conclusions: In summary, the dominant function of FAS may vary in different malignancies. FAS mRNA expression was correlated with better OS in breast cancer, gastric cancer and lung cancer, but worse OS in pancreatic cancer and AML. We also suggested that FAS mRNA expression could be a potential biomarker for cabozantinib and erlotinib.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Abstract N6-methyladenosine (m6A), the most abundant internal modification in mRNA, has been implicated in tumorigenesis. As an m6A demethylase, ALKBH5 has been shown to promote the development of breast cancer and brain tumors. However, in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), ALKBH5 was reported to be frequently deleted, implying a tumor-suppressor role. Here, we show that ALKBH5 deletion is rare in human AML; instead, ALKBH5 is aberrantly overexpressed in AML. Moreover, its increased expression correlates with poor prognosis in AML patients. We demonstrate that ALKBH5 is required for the development and maintenance of ...
Source: Cell Stem Cell - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Cell Stem Cell Source Type: research
Contributor : Sanjeev WaghmareSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusSfrp1 is a Wnt inhibitor that is down regulated in various human cancers such as acute myeloid leukaemia, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic, ovarian and breast cancer etc. Our study has shown that the loss of Sfrp1 in mouse skin leads to early tumor initiation with induced skin chemical carcinogenesis. Further, CSCs isolated from the Sfrp1-/- tumors showed increased in vivo tumorigenic potential with enhanced tumor propagating cell (TPC) frequency when injected into NOD/SCID mice.Hence, in order to understand the molecular me...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In this study, consequences of deficiency and overexpression of INPP4B on cellular transformation was investigated using a mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) model of cellular transformation. We observed that neither deficiency nor overexpression of INPP4B was sufficient to induce neoplastic transformation, alone or in combination with H-Ras V12 or E1A overexpression. However, Inpp4b-deficiency did cooperate with SV40 T-Large-mediated cellular transformation, a finding which was associated with increased phosphorylated-Akt levels. Transformation and phosphorylated-Akt levels were dampened upon overexpression of INPP4B in SV4...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
DOK6; Methylation; AML. AbstractBackgroundDownstream of tyrosine kinase 6 (DOK6), which is specifically expressed in the nervous system, was previously recognized as an adapter only in neurite outgrowth. Recent studies also demonstrated the potential role ofDOK6 in solid tumors such as gastric cancer and breast cancer. However, previous studies ofDOK6 have not dealt with its roles in myeloid malignancies. Herein, we verified the promoter methylation status ofDOK6 and further explored its clinical implication in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML).MethodsA total of 100 newly diagnosed adult AML patients were involved in th...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the role of postoperative treatment for BC in the development of subsequent HM. Using the French National Health Data System, we examined the HM risks in patients diagnosed with an incident primary breast cancer between 2007 and 2015, who underwent surgery as first-line treatment for BC. Main outcomes were acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), multiple myeloma (MM), Hodgkin’s lymphoma or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL/NHL), and acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphocytic lymphoma (ALL/LL). Analyses were censored at HM o...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The abnormal location of FLT3 caused by different glycosylation status leads to the distinguishing signaling pathways. Targeting on FLT3 glycosylation may provide a new perspective for therapeutic strategies. Abbreviations: ABCG2: ATP-binding cassette transporter breast cancer resistance protein; ATF: activating transcription factor; AML: acute myeloid leukemia; CHOP: CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein homologous protein; 2-DG: 2-deoxy-D-glucose; EFS: event free survival; EPO: erythropoietin; EPOR: erythropoietin receptor; ERS: endoplasmic reticulum stress; FLT3: FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3; GPI: glycosylphosphatid...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
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