Surface modified electrospun poly(lactic acid) fibrous scaffold with cellulose nanofibrils and Ag nanoparticles for ocular cell proliferation and antimicrobial application

In this study, we developed surface modified poly(lactic acid) (PLA) electrospun nanofibrous membranes (EFMs) with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) as scaffolds for cell proliferation and antimicrobial application. The AgNPs with a very low content (below 0.1%) were easily anchored on the surface of PLA EFMs by CNF, which endowed the scaffold with hydrophilicity and antibacterial ability. The in-vitro cell co-culture experiments showed that the scaffold had great biocompatibility to ocular epithelial cells, especially the scaffolds coated by CNF, which significantly proliferated cells. Furthermore, the antibacterial activity could reach>95% inhibiting Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) due to the implantation of AgNPs, and the antifungal activity was also outstanding with most of the Fusarium spp. inhibited. Hence, the developed PLA EFMs with CNF and AgNPs are promising ocular bandages to promote cell proliferation and kill infectious pathogens, exhibiting potential applications in ocular wound healing in the future.
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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