Finding new clues to brain cancer treatment

(Case Western Reserve University) Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Clinic new discovered a more accurate way to determine the relative life expectancy of glioblastoma victims and identify who could be candidates for experimental clinical drug trials by blending information from Artificial Intelligence (AI)--in this case, computer image analysis of the initial MRI scans taken of brain cancer patients--and genomic research.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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By CHADI NABHAN MD, MBA, FACP One harsh Chicago winter, I remember calling a patient to cancel his appointment because we had deemed it too risky for patients to come in for routine visits—a major snowstorm made us rethink all non-essential appointments. Mr. Z was scheduled for his 3-month follow-up for an aggressive brain lymphoma that was diagnosed the prior year, during which he endured several rounds of intense chemotherapy. His discontent in hearing that his appointment was canceled was palpable; he confessed that he was very much looking forward to the visit so that he could greet the nurses, front-desk sta...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: COVID-19 Hospitals Medical Practice Physicians Chadi Nabhan Clinical Trials coronavirus drug dosing Oncology Pandemic Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Review of literature and our case strengthens the idea of meningioma as a favorable premetastatic niche. Considering that the patient lived with a stable disease for many years, a sudden progress of tumor size in association with neurological deterioration was highly suspected for malign involvement, including the possibility of tumor-to-tumor metastasis. Physicians should be aware about this phenomenon and treat patients accordingly to the underlying disease. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |&...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Hovinga Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a benign primary brain tumor that occurs sporadic or as part of a genetic syndrome. The most common cause is the mutation of the NF2 tumor suppressor gene that is involved in the production of the protein merlin. Merlin plays a role in cell growth and cell adhesion. In patients with NF2, the VSs arise bilaterally and coincide with other brain tumors. In sporadic VS, the tumor is typically unilateral and does not coincide in combination with other tumors. MRI is the standard imaging technique and can be used to assess the size and aspect of the tumor as well as the progression of di...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results presented here suggest that the ChemoID Assay has the potential to stratify individualized chemotherapy choices to improve recurrent and progressive high-grade glioma patient survival. IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY: Glioblastoma (GBM) and progressive anaplastic glioma are the most aggressive brain tumor in adults and their prognosis is very poor even if treated with the standard of care chemoradiation Stupp's protocol. Recent knowledge pointed out that current treatments often fail to successfully target cancer stem cells (CSCs) that are responsible for therapy resistance and recurrence of these mal...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
This study is a multicenter, prospective, single ‐arm, phase II clinical study, and explores the efficacy and tolerability of SRS with anlotinib in NSCLC patients with limited brain metastases. The aim of the study is to provide new treatment options for NSCLC patients with brain metastases.
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: STUDY PROTOCOL Source Type: research
The future of healthcare is shaping up in front of our very eyes with advances in digital technologies, such as artificial intelligence, VR/AR, 3D-printing, robotics or nanotechnology. We have to familiarize with the latest developments in order to be able to control technology and not the other way around. The future of healthcare lies in working hand-in-hand with technology and healthcare workers have to embrace emerging technologies in order to stay relevant in the coming years. Be bold, curious and informed! Are you afraid that robots will take over the jobs of nurses, doctors and other healthcare professionals? Are y...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine 3d printing AI artificial intelligence augmented reality genetics Health Healthcare nanotechnology Personalized medicine pharma pharmacology robotics virtual reality wearables GC1 Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Isadora C. Carvalho, Herman S. Mansur, Alexandra A.P. Mansur, Sandhra M. Carvalho, Luiz Carlos A. de Oliveira, Maria de Fatima LeiteAbstractGlioblastoma multiforme (or GBM) remains one of the deadliest types of brain cancers. Nanomedicine can offer new strategies for fighting against GBM by combining the earliest possible diagnosis with multiple options of therapy. Hence, in this work, cysteine (Cys) and Poly-L-Arginine (PA) moieties were grafted to carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) to produce biofunctional hybridized macromolecul...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results represent the first full characterization of an Auger-emitting PARP inhibitor which demonstrate a survival benefit in mouse models of GBM and confirm the high potential of 123 I-MAPi for clinical translation. PMID: 32066626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Conclusion Learning how to pay attention to our attention (meta-attention) can be transformative. Using principles from cognitive science, we can create a comprehensive approach (attention capital theory in medicine) to reclaim the meaning and joy that has been depleted from our profession. Increasing the difficulty of our work to match our skill level, delegating low-level tasks to help us focus on critical steps in our physician zone, creating rules to eliminate distractions, and noticing both the wonder and suffering around us may be more important than resilience training or wellness modules. Although well-intention...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Physicians Burnout physician burnout physician wellness Sanj Katyal Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Assessment of PSMA expression in JNA by PSMA PET/CT opens up a new window of opportunity with respect to its radiological staging, vascularity assessment, and molecular characterization. A potential role in identification of the difficult residual-recurrent disease is anticipated and perhaps also in radioligand therapy for residual/recurrent JNA. Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2018/08/015479).
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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