Rheumatoid Arthritis and Mortality in End Stage Renal Disease

Objective To determine whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Methods Cohort study of adult patients with ESRD in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) with RA and a 5% random sample of those without RA. CVD events, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were determined in those with RA compared to those without RA using Cox Proportional Hazards modeling. Results 2,824 subjects, 407 with RA and 2,417 without RA, were included in the analyses. The duration of the study was up to 5 years, depending on mortality and initiation of dialysis. There were no significant differences in CVD events by RA status (n = 311 [76.4% RA] vs. n = 1936 [80.1% without RA], p = 0.09). Subjects with RA had a significantly shorter mean time in months from start of dialysis to an incident CVD event (20.1 ± 12.2 vs. 21.2 ± 14.1, p
Source: JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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The objective of the study was to evaluate the characteristics and prognosis of 56 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated renal involvement by retrospective review of their renal biopsy specimens. Included in this cross-sectional study were 56 RA patients with renal involvement, in whom renal biopsy was performed to analyze the histological pattern and renal prognosis. IgA nephropathy (IgAN) was detected in 48.2% of the 56 included patients as the most common renal histological pattern, followed by membranous nephropathy (MN) in 23.2% cases, focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) in 19.6% cases, chronic in...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Source Type: research
Crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) without immune reactants or deposits (referred to as pauci-immune) is typically characterized by the presence of anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). While ANCA-negative patients might be expected to have a more benign course, they often have poor renal outcomes, especially without treatment with steroids and immune-modulating therapy. Pauci-immune crescentic GN can also co-exist with other autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we describe an ANCA-negative patient with RA who developed dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI) with findings consi...
Source: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In the seven years since the original Wheat Belly book hit bookstores and turned the nutritional world topsy-turvy and millions of people have engaged in a grain-free lifestyle, many unique lessons have been learned. Even though I had engaged the practices of this lifestyle for a number of years and in thousands of people before I broadcast these ideas through books, expanding the audience to many more people yielded feedback on an enormous scale, new lessons that even surprised me. Among the new lessons learned along the way: Plantar fasciitis—I did not expect to have so many people report that this painful conditi...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates bowel flora gluten gluten-free grain-free grains Inflammation Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
Abstract The kidney is the most common organ involved in systemic amyloidosis. We aimed to study etiology and clinicopathological profile of renal amyloidosis. This was a retrospective study of 40 consecutive adult patients with biopsy-proven renal amyloidosis evaluated over a period of two years. Emphasis was given to describing the clinical presentation, renal function, proteinuria, type of amyloidosis, and its etiology. Mean age of the study cohort was 44 ± 15 years (with a male-to-female ratio of 3:1). Amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis was the most common type of amyloidosis observed in 72.5% of cases. Amyloid...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
​BY AN​UMEHA SINGH, MDA 56-year-old man presented to the ED with shortness of breath and pleural effusions diagnosed by an outside treating physician. The workup included urinalysis, which showed proteinuria, and the exam was consistent with myxedema and pedal edema. He had a history of rheumatoid arthritis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis and Sjögren's syndrome, diabetes, and monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS).The patient also had shortness of breath for a month and pleural effusions on outpatient chest x-ray. He had taken Humira, methotrexate (MTX), and steroids, but his arthritis and Sjögren'...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Conclusion The results of this study identified gaps in the evidence on the effectiveness of grab bags, and found variations in guidelines and promotion practices across different countries. With the implementation of the Sendai Framework and its emphasis on an all-of-society approach to DRR1, there is an opportunity to raise widespread awareness of the importance of household preparedness. Grab bags are recognized as an important strategy to support DRR, however the need for an evidence base must be addressed to support investments in this area. 7.0 Appendix Table 2: Embase search strategy # Searches Results ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
​BY ANDRZEJ KIELTYKA, PA; PARDEEP THANDI, MD; &ANUMEHA SINGH, MDA 56-year-old man presented to the emergency department with shortness of breath for one month and pleural effusions on an outpatient chest x-ray. He had been taking adalimumab, methotrexate, and steroids for arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.A right pleural effusion in a patient with nephrotic syndrome.His monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) was monitored annually, but no medical intervention beyond surveillance was required. He had excessive thirst but normal urine output. He noted face and hand swelling in the morning that gave wa...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Conclusion Our study indicated that familial Mediterranean fever constituted a large proportion of cases and increased number of patients with idiopathic amyloid A amyloidosis. Additionally, it was observed that patient survival was not affected by different etiological causes in amyloid A amyloidosis.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract In situ gels containing sinomenine hydrochloride (SMH) for intra-articular (IA) administration to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were designed and investigated in this study. Glycerol monooleate (GMO) was used due to the potential to generate viscous crystalline phase structures upon water absorption. The gels were evaluated using different parameters: syringeability, gelation, viscosity, and drug release. And, polarized light microscopy (PLM), small-angle X-ray scattering investigation (SAXS), and rheological studies were used to analyze their internal structures. In vitro drug release studies were perf...
Source: AAPS PharmSciTech - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: AAPS PharmSciTech Source Type: research
Conclusion Our study indicated that familial Mediterranean fever constituted a large proportion of cases and increased number of patients with idiopathic amyloid A amyloidosis. Additionally, it was observed that patient survival was not affected by different etiological causes in amyloid A amyloidosis.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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