Calories, Caffeine and the Onset of Obesity in Young Children

ConclusionsCaffeine was a marker for increased intake of calories and decreased intake of key nutrients. When discussing dietary intake in early childhood, practitioners should screen for nutrient deficiency in young children and recommend limiting the intake of caffeinated foods and beverages.
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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In conclusion, patients with fragility vertebral fractures were predominantly female and tended to be overweight or obese, although male patients tended to have a lower BMI than female patients. PMID: 32238668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Conclusions: GCP patients (otherwise systemically healthy) were characterized by increased Th17-proinflammatory cell phenotype positive for the IL-23 receptor in peripheral blood. The proportion of Th17 cells that are negative for the IL-23 receptor in the peripheral blood of systemically healthy patients seemed to be unaffected by the presence or absence of chronic periodontitis.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Mirmiran P, Moslehi N, Hosseinpanah F, Sarbazi N, Azizi F Abstract We aimed to investigate associations of dietary intakes with unhealthy metabolic phenotype development, in normal weight and overweight/obese adults separately. A total of 1114 individuals, aged ≥19 years, with healthy phenotype in the third examination cycle of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study were followed until the fifth examination. Dietary intakes were estimated using the food frequency questionnaires, collected during the study. The participants were grouped as normal weight and overweight/obese according to the baseline body mass in...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Ji XN, Huang M, Yao SH, Qi JY, Onwuka JU, Wang Y, Wang XM, Chen Y, Wu XY, Liu LY, Wang SH, Zhou M, He YH, Feng RN Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between refined grains intake and obesity in China. Refined grain intake was considered in relation to energy intake and at varied levels of macronutrient distribution. A cross-sectional study of 6913 participants was conducted using internet-based dietary questionnaire for Chinese (IDQC). The associations and dose-response relationships between refined grains intake and obesity were investigated using multivariable logistic ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of severe obesity in children with ASDs was higher with increasing age, and in the 6- to 11-year-old age group, was significantly higher than in the general population. Healthcare providers should address diet and exercise early as part of a comprehensive management plan for children with ASDs. PMID: 32239229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Southern Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: South Med J Source Type: research
This study aims to characterize and assess the devices, operating system and type of mobile apps frequently used by adolescents; understand the features that mHealth apps should have to be appealing; comprehend the facilitators and barriers for adolescents to use mHealth apps. The sample comprised 165 adolescents (12-18 years) from the main population, recruited in 2018. Most participants used smartphones and the Android system. Food and physical activity suggestions were considered the most important features for an mHealth app. 62.6% had never tried an mHealth app. For those who had tried one, 26.0% stated it was to impr...
Source: Informatics for Health and Social Care - Category: Information Technology Tags: Inform Health Soc Care Source Type: research
Abstract Aging comprises a dynamic and progressive process, characterized by physiological and functional changes. Among these changes, increase in body fat is considered relevant, since it can leads to impaired physical fitness and augmented cardiometabolic risks. Considering this, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of overweight on functional capacity of physically active older women. A field survey was performed with 24 older women who practiced physical exercise. Participants were submitted to anamnesis, anthropometric measures (i.e., body mass and height); the Senior Fitness test; sit and reach ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Comparing the effects of Paleolithic Diet (PD) and of a Guidelines Substantiated Diet (GSD) on anthropometric indicators of obese individuals. Randomized clinical trial. Obese patients were divided into two groups based on dietary prescription: PD and GSD. These diets encompassed 82 and 73 patients, respectively, who were followed-up for 60 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken before the beginning of the trial, at the 30th day of it and at the end of the experimental period. At the 60th experimental day, there was 26.8% treatment abandonment by individuals in group PD and 19.2% by the ones in group GSD; th...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the protective effect a normal weight against advanced adenomas. Reduction of BMI value should be pursued in healthy programs. PMID: 32233893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Condition:   Obesity, Morbid Intervention:   Other: Drainage Sponsor:   Inonu University Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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