Hypoxia-induced USP22-BMI1 axis promotes the stemness and malignancy of glioma stem cells via regulation of HIF-1α

This study intends to investigate the mechanisms of ubiqutin-specific protease 22 (USP22)/B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1) on the biological phenotypes of glioma stem cells (GSCs) under hypoxia.Main methodsWestern blot, Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation and flow cytometry assays were preformed to evaluate cells biological behaviors. Luciferase assay was utilized to identify the associations among USP22, HIF-1α and BMI1.Key findingsSilencing USP22 reduced the stemness and proliferation of GSCs, and increased its apoptosis in response to hypoxia. Whilst, overexpression of BMI1 reversed these phenomena. Whilst, a significant decrease in proliferation and stemness of GSCs caused by HIF-1α exhaustion were inversed by overexpression of USP22 or BMI1.SignificanceFunction of USP22-BMI1 on biological behaviors of GSCs was regulated by HIF-1α in response to hypoxia.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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In this study, a Moloney murine leukemia virus-gibbon ape leukemia virus (MoMLV-GALV) vector was constructed by replacing the naturalenv gene of the full-length Moloney MLV genome with the GALVenv gene. To monitor viral transmission by green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression, internal ribosomal entry site-enhanced GFP (IRES-EGFP) was positioned between the GALVenv gene and the 3 ’ untranslated region (3’ UTR) to obtain pMoMLV-GALV-EGFP. The MoMLV-GALV-EGFP vector was able to replicate with high titer in TE671 human rhabdomyosarcoma cells and U-87 human glioma cells. To evaluate the potential of the MoMLV-GAL...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) are the subpopulation of cells present in the tumors with capabilities of self-renewal, differentiation, and tumorigenicity when transplanted into an animal host. Therefore, the research work on the CSC has provided a promising approach for the improvement of cancer therapies in the future. The CSCs have a close connection with the cytokines related with the T helper 17 (Th17) cell and other factors present in the tumor microenvironment, and these play a pivotal role in tumor progression and metastasis. The properties of CSCs are well defined in various type of tumor which is main...
Source: Immunology Letters - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, to improve our understanding of the role of ATP1A1 in the malignant phenotype and pathogenesis of GSCs, we evaluated ATP1A1 expression in GBMs of different grades and in two primary GSC lines established from human GBM tissues. We evaluated the role of ATP1A1 in GSC growth, its interactions with Src, and the activation of the ERK1/2 and AKT pathways. Our results revealed that ATP1A1 acts as an oncogene in our GSC models and targeting ATP1A1/Src may suppress GSC proliferation and growth. Materials and Methods Cell Isolation and Culture Human brain GBM tissues were from pathologically confirmed surgical spe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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