Examining the specificity of postural control deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder using a cross-syndrome approach

Publication date: April 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 72Author(s): Daniel E. Lidstone, Faria Z. Miah, Brach Poston, Julie F. Beasley, Janet S. DufekAbstractBackgroundPostural control deficits are commonly reported in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, identification of specific postural sway features that differentiate ASD from other neurodevelopmental disorders has not been examined. The current study employs a cross-syndrome approach by comparing postural sway area and direction-specific features of sway magnitude, sway velocity, and sway complexity between children with ASD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and typically developing (TD) controls.MethodEighty children (7–17 years old) participated in this study. Postural sway was measured on a force plate during 30-s of bilateral quiet stance and balance was assessed using a timed unipedal stance test.ResultsResults showed that (1) postural sway area and mediolateral (ML) sway magnitude were significantly greater in children with ASD vs. all groups (p 
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 June 2020Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 112Author(s): Francesca Rita Pomilla, Farnaz Fazlali, Elisa I. García-López, Giuseppe Marcì, Ali Reza Mahjoub, Igor Kritsov, Leonarda F. Liotta, Leonardo PalmisanoAbstractThe Keggin heteropolyacid (HPA), H3PW12O40 (PW12) has been supported on commercial boron nitride (BN) and two types of home prepared carbon nitride (C3N4). The supported PW12 was used in the gas-solid (photo)catalytic 2-propanol dehydration reaction to give propene at atmospheric pressure and temperatures in the range 70–120 °C a...
Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Gray M, Adamson MM, Thompson RC, Kapphahn KI, Han S, Chung JS, Harris OA Abstract Primary Objective: Research focused on mild traumatic brain injury in active military and veteran populations details the psychological, neurological and functional outcomes of mTBI, in a primarily male (~95%) cohort. This may misrepresent female symptoms and outcomes. Here we assess for genuine sex differences in symptom presentation and functional outcomes.Research Design: We used matched pairs to preclude potential sex bias in outcome data.Methods and Procedures: We matched 49 female/male pairs on; 1) mechanism of injury, ...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Publication date: 18 February 2020Source: Cell Reports, Volume 30, Issue 7Author(s): Charleen Salesse, Julien Charest, Hélène Doucet-Beaupré, Anne-Marie Castonguay, Simon Labrecque, Paul De Koninck, Martin LévesqueSummaryThe neurodevelopmental origin of hyperactivity disorder has been suggested to involve the dopaminergic system, but the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Here, transcription factors Lmx1a and Lmx1b are shown to be essential for midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neuron excitatory synaptic inputs and dendritic development. Strikingly, conditional knockout (cKO) of Lmx1a/b in postm...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Women who were obese before pregnancy were approximately twice as likely to report that their child had ADHD or symptoms of hyperactivity.
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Xiao Chen, Siew Young Quek, Bruno Fedrizzi, Paul A. KilmartinAbstract:Two different hydrolysis strategies, namely acid hydrolysis (pH 0 and 3) and enzyme hydrolysis (Rapidase AR2000, β-glucosidase, 5.6 nkat/mg), and the effect of hydrolysis time on the liberation of glycosidically bound volatiles from tamarillo (Solanum beaceum Cav.), were evaluated. Free and bound volatile profiles in tamarillo were also compared. Enzymatic hydrolysis was favoured for the liberation of aldehydes, esters, and terpenes. Harsh acidic hydrolysis (pH 0) was particu...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: El Sherif O, Dhaliwal A, Newsome PN, Armstrong M Abstract Introduction: Sarcopenia is increasingly recognised in patients with non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD). Initially recognised as a consequence of advanced liver disease, there is now emerging evidence that sarcopenia may be a novel risk factor for the development of NAFLD, with a role in fibrosis and disease progression.Areas covered: This review examines the epidemiology, pathogenesis and complex interplay between NAFLD and sarcopenia. Furthermore, the authors discuss the challenges with diagnosis of sarcopenia in the clinic and the evidence-based...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Jaureguiberry MS, Venturino A Abstract The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has risen sharply in the last 30 years, posing a major public health concern and a big emotional and financial challenge for families. While the underlying causes remain to be fully elucidated, evidence shows moderate genetic heritability contribution, but heavy environmental influence. Over the last decades, modern lifestyle has deeply changed our eating, rest, and exercise habits, while exposure to air, water, and food chemical pollution has increased due to indiscriminate use of pesticides, food additives, adjuvant...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 -- Young boys whose mothers were exposed to chemicals known as phthalates while pregnant may face an increased risk for developing behaviors associated with autism, a new study warns. Phthalates are chemicals found in many...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Abstract Due to their central nervous system impairments, children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) commonly exhibit externalizing behaviours such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or delinquency. The purpose of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviours, namely Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as well as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among children with FASD. A comprehensive systematic literature search was performed, followed by disorder-specific r...
Source: Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Cell Biol Source Type: research
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