Exploratory study of dorsal visual stream dysfunction in autism; A case series
ConclusionsWe conclude that mechanisms driving OA (which is defined as ‘impaired visually guided movement’) may underpin severe motor impairment, in autism. CVIS and VMIS may be useful indicators of severity of spatial cognitive impairment. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anxiety in adults with autism: Perspectives from practitioners
ConclusionModification of standard anxiety interventions are common in practice but the course and nature of these modifications are inconsistent and may depend on practitioner experience. Practitioners may consistently have to think inventively in order to best serve adults with autism and anxiety. Current anxiety measures could be improved in order to accurately gauge anxiety, specific to adults with autism. These findings are discussed in relation to practice and future research. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - October 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Autism and transgender identity: Implications for depression and anxiety
This study therefore sought to investigate whether the autism/transgender overlap confers an increased risk of depression or anxiety. An online study of 727 individuals revealed a substantial overlap between transgender identity and autism, with increased autistic traits found in trans men compared to trans women. Depression and anxiety were highest in autistic-trans individuals, but no superadditive effect was observed. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the wider healthcare system. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - October 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessment of personal narrative writing in children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionsStudy findings showed that children with ASD demonstrate some challenges with personal narrative writing compared to NT children. Additionally, difficulty with narrative writing was linked to poorer ToM performance, particularly in children with ASD. Findings highlight the utility of obtaining a variety of writing outcomes, as well as mechanisms related to writing, when evaluating writing for educational decisions. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Getting ready for national service: A preliminary investigation of the perspectives of young autistic pre-enlistees and their caregivers on national service
Publication date: January 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 69Author(s): Pei Yun Chay, Sin Yean Yam, Christopher Cheng Soon Cheok, Iliana MagiatiAbstractAs global rates of diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) rise, so too will the number of young adults with ASD who are conscripted into National Service (NS) programs. Given the current lack of studies investigating how NS programs can support and cater to such individuals, and how young people can be supported and prepared for NS, this preliminary cross-sectional mixed methods study aimed to: (a) examine the perspectives on NS of young autist...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - October 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parents’ experiences from participating in an infant sibling study of autism spectrum disorder
ConclusionOur findings present a first step into understanding parents’ experiences from participating in an infant sibling study. Most parents were satisfied with participation in the study and only few disadvantages were reported. Our results have implications for ethical discussions about benefits and risks regarding infant sibling studies in various fields. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 68Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of two models of support for students with autism spectrum disorder in school and predictors of school success
ConclusionsThe present study offers insight into possible program and child related predictors of a range of outcome measures. Implications for the respective service delivery models and directions for future research are presented. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Repetitive behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Associations with depression and anxiety symptoms
Publication date: December 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 68Author(s): A. Muskett, N.N. Capriola-Hall, S. Ryan Radtke, R. Factor, A. ScarpaAbstractYouth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience depression and anxiety at higher rates than typically developing (TD) youth. The current study examined how restricted and repetitive behaviors or interests (RRBs) may be related to symptoms of depression and anxiety. Participants included 35 children with ASD (29 male, 6 female) between 3 and 14 years. Youth who met clinical cut-off for depression and anxiety demonstrated increased self-injurious be...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parent focused interventions for older children or adults with ASD and parent wellbeing outcomes: A systematic review with meta-analysis
ConclusionsAnalyses of a small number of studies indicate that parent focussed interventions could be effective in improving parent wellbeing, however further research is needed to determine optimal parent intervention models. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Brief report: Perceived credibility of autistic witnesses and the effect of diagnostic information on credibility ratings
ConclusionsThese results indicate that disclosing one’s autism diagnosis (alongside further information about autism) may result in a positive bias in terms of witnesses’ perceived credibility. Implications for jury instructions and future research directions are discussed. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of health service use among adolescents and adults with autism and aggression
ConclusionsUnderstanding predictors of service use can help to identify and address barriers that may prevent adults with autism and aggression from accessing guideline recommended care. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 67Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Spanish validation of the “Reading the Mind in the Voice” task: A study of complex emotion recognition in adults with autism spectrum conditions
In this study, we present the Spanish validation of the Reading the Mind in the Voice (RMV-SV) task, (Rutherford et al., 2002), an instrument for the recognition of mental states and complex emotions through prosody.MethodA group of adults diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD, n = 45) were compared to a control group from the general population (n = 51) in several emotion-recognition tasks.ResultsThe ASD group performed worse than controls overall on complex emotion and mental state recognition from voices (ŋ2 = .322; p 
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep problems in autism spectrum disorders: A comparison to sleep in typically developing children using actigraphy, diaries and questionnaires
ConclusionsMulti-method assessment is vital in understanding sleep problems in children with ASD. Broad estimates of quantity of sleep do not necessarily describe the difficulties experienced. Using questionnaires in addition to objective measurement may be a means to understand sleep problems in children with ASD and to an improved understanding of their impact. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review of emotion regulation in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionsResearch on ER in young children with ASD is in its infancy with many of the studies reviewed being preliminary in nature. Furthermore, the majority of studies include participants that encompass a broad age range, making it difficult to distinguish the nature and occurrence of ER in toddlers and preschoolers with ASD from ER in older children and adolescence with ASD. Nonetheless, the review provides some insight into the nature of ER in young children with ASD and highlights important directions for future research. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does autism affect gesturing during parent-child interactions in the early school years?
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that differences in children’s gesture use may reflect the child’s own communicative intentions rather than parental input. These finding have important implications in understanding how older children with ASD use gesture in everyday interactive contexts, which can inform intervention or school-based practices to support learning. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increasing intervention fidelity among special education teachers for autism intervention: A pilot study of utilizing a mobile-app-enabled training program
ConclusionsTechnology-enabled training has the potential to serve as an innovative solution to the shortage of ASD professional training. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Altered sense of gaze leading in autism
ConclusionsThese results suggest that adults with ASD fail to sense themselves as agents leading the attentional focus of others during joint attention episodes. Practitioners should not expect individuals with ASD to spontaneously understand the contingency between their attentional focus and someone else’s, even if the link is highly ostensible. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A full-body interactive videogame used as a tool to foster social initiation conducts in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
ConclusionsConsidering all these results, the videogame could be considered as an appropriate tool to foster social behaviors but future work is needed in order to obtain further data that supports this hypothesis. Finding new attractive types of treatment would be useful to complement more traditional therapies. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Background and enrollment characteristics of students with autism in higher education
ConclusionsThese quantitative insights are a valuable addition to the more qualitative evidence so far. For parents of children with ASD and individuals with ASD, these findings could help to adjust lower expectations. As this kind of administrative data is available to most institutions in higher education in day-to-day information systems, this study is promising for institutions to gain better insights in the enrollment of their students with ASD, and improve transition support. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child-directed communication behaviours during mother-child interaction in children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children in south India
This study compared child-directed utterances and pragmatic acts used by mothers of 2-4 year old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n =50) with that of two groups of typically developing (TD) children: one matched for chronological age (TD-CA; n = 50) and other for language level (TD-LL; n=50). Forty minutes mother-child interaction during free play at home was analysed. Results indicated that the the number of utterances used by mothers in the three groups were similar. However, the type of sentences used by each group varied distinctly. Mothers in the ASD (49.1%) and TD-LL group (35.47%) predominanlty used imp...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 66Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
Publication date: October 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 66Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Feasibility of an emotion regulation intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder: A brief report
ConclusionsResults support the feasibility of using a parent-mediated approach to supporting ER skills in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Though RELACS shows promise in improving parent support for ER and children’s ER capacity, further research is necessary to establish its efficacy. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring receptive and expressive language components at the age of 36 months in siblings at risk for autism spectrum disorder
ConclusionsLanguage delays are highly prevalent in HR-sibs and their representation resembles the language profile of children with ASD. Evaluation of language at the level of phonology, grammar, semantics and pragmatics will detect considerably more children experiencing delayed language than holistic approaches. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parents’ experiences of an early autism diagnosis: Insights into their needs
Publication date: October 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 66Author(s): Aspasia Stacey Rabba, Cheryl Dissanayake, Josephine BarbaroAbstractBackgroundLittle research has directly examined parental needs following their child’s early diagnosis of autism.MethodThe experiences and support needs of 13 mothers and fathers who had a young child diagnosed (
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Disembedding performance and eye gaze behavior of adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionsResults suggest that while altered visual perception was observed, this did not contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks in adolescents with ASD. Future research is required to elucidate conditions under which altered visual perception may contribute to behavioral superiority. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Injury-related treatments and outcomes in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder: Study to Explore Early Development (SEED)
ConclusionsInjured children with ASD received fewer medications/injections than children with non-ASD developmental delays/disorders and more surgical treatments than general population children. Injury management was otherwise similar between groups. Understanding whether these results reflect child or injury characteristics or provider perceptions about behaviors and pain thresholds of children with ASD, and how these may influence care, requires further study. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parent-mediated intervention tends to improve parent-child engagement, and behavioral outcomes of toddlers with ASD-positive screening: A randomized crossover trial
ConclusionsThis study highlights potential benefits in motor and social skills for children at risk of ASD, as well as in parent-child engagement. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of social emotional computer based interventions for autistic individuals using the serious game framework
ConclusionOverall, findings suggest that the Serious Game design framework has utility in guiding the development of social emotional CBI which improve the social emotional skills of autistic individuals. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Struggling with alternative descriptions: Impaired referential processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionReferential processing in ASD is compromised by impaired ability to confront alternative conceptual perspectives. A potential executive source for these difficulties is discussed. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social validation of an online tool to support transitions to primary school for children with autism
ConclusionsThese findings highlight the potential value and appropriateness of combining and presenting the identified factors in tools to support transitions to primary school for students with autism. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

RUBI parent training as a group intervention for children with autism: A community pilot study
ConclusionsThe current findings provide initial support for the delivery of the RUBI Parent Training in a group of parents. This could provide a cost-effective alternative for the treatment of problem behavior in children with ASD. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Eyewitness identification in child witnesses on the autism spectrum
ConclusionsThese preliminary findings suggest that group differences between autistic and TD children may not always emerge on an ecologically valid, real world eyewitness identification lineup task, despite autistic children showing poorer performance on a standardized face memory task. However, as identification performance in both groups was low, it remains important for future research to identify how to scaffold eyewitness identification performance in both children with and without an autism diagnosis. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Wearables and mobile technologies in Autism Spectrum Disorder interventions: A systematic literature review
ConclusionsThe findings support the notion that this is a very promising sector which is expected to undergo an important increase in the coming years. There is a great need for highly customizable solutions. In parallel, researchers should focus on the importance of developing applications for the real world and not only for controlled environments. Further studies employing artificial intelligence and affective computing are needed to support both diagnosis and therapeutic interventions as well. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Community-based service use in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder and associations with insurance status
ConclusionMany preschool-aged children do not receive community-based services, with receipt of some service types associated with insurance type. Increasing access and availability for evidence-based service, especially for beneficiaries of public insurance, may improve service use and outcomes. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 65Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Shifting visual attention to social and non-social stimuli in Autism Spectrum Disorders
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that ASD is characterized by general difficulties in attentional control that affect disengaging, though the strength of these effects depends on children’s inherent interest in the peripheral stimulus. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between parenting behaviours of mothers of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and adolescent and mother characteristics
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the framework of parenting behaviours in the general literature is applicable to parents of children with ASD. Furthermore, associations between parenting behaviours and adolescent characteristics were rather modest in the ASD group. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring autistic traits in adults with chronic depression: A clinical study
ConclusionsAbout half of the chronically depressed patients showed elevated autistic or autism-like traits. It remained unclear whether this was due to the state of chronic depression or a kind of premorbid autistic personality trait. The findings illustrate the need for further research to clarify the possible role of autistic traits in the development of chronic depression. Furthermore, they reveal that it might be clinically useful to focus on autism-like social impairments in therapy for chronic depression. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Cognitive defusion for reducing distressing thoughts in adults with autism” [Res. Autism Spectrum Disord. 59 (2019) 34–45]
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum DisordersAuthor(s): Max E. Maisel, Kevin G. Stephenson, Jonathan C. Cox, Mikle South (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A pilot study to identify autism related traits in spontaneous facial actions using computer vision
This study proposes a novel psychovisual human-study to elicit spontaneous facial expressions in response to a variety of social and emotional contexts. We introduce a markerless facial motion capture and computer vision methods to track spontaneous and subtle activations of facial muscles. The facial muscle activations are encoded into ten representative facial action units (FAU) to gain quantitative, granular, and contextual insights into the psychophysical development of the participating individuals. Statistical tests are performed to identify differential traits in individuals with ASD after comparing those in a cohor...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationship of family history conditions and early signs of autism spectrum disorder in low and high-risk infants
ConclusionsThe results suggest that family history conditions may play an important role in screening infants not yet diagnosed with ASD and reveal etiological pathways. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: August 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 64Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Viewpoints on what is important to maintain relationship satisfaction in couples raising a child with autism spectrum disorder
ConclusionCouples should be supported to strengthen communication processes and work in partnership to raise their child with ASD through family-centred interventions aimed at promoting relationship satisfaction. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Criterion-related validity of the PDDBI: Comparison with the ADOS-2
This study examined criterion related validity of the PDDBI through comparison with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Second Edition (ADOS-2) in 104 children ages 2–11 years. A positive relationship between the PDDBI Autism Composite and all ADOS-2 scores, as well as some subscale correlations, supported convergent validity of the PDDBI as a measure of ASD symptomatology. Additionally, a significant negative relationship between PDDBI adaptive subscales and ADOS-2 scores reinforced divergent validity. These results add to the literature on the validity of the PDDBI as a measure of ASD symptoms. (Source: Rese...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Atypical eating behaviors in children and adolescents with autism, ADHD, other disorders, and typical development
Conclusions: The number and types of atypical eating behaviors found only in children with autism and not in children with other disorders or typical development should alert clinicians to the possibility of autism and the need to evaluate for autism in order to facilitate early identification and access to evidence-based treatment. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reliability of the participation and sensory environment questionnaire: Community scales
ConclusionsThe results of this study indicate that the questionnaire is a reliable tool that can be used to assess the impact of sensory environment’s impact on participation in community activities. Identified barriers can be modified to support participation in community tasks. (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 63Author(s): (Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders)
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - April 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research