Favorable prognostic impact of Natural Killer cells and T cells in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma.

Favorable prognostic impact of Natural Killer cells and T cells in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. Acta Oncol. 2020 Jan 14;:1-8 Authors: Henriksen JR, Donskov F, Waldstrøm M, Jakobsen A, Hjortkjaer M, Petersen CB, Dahl Steffensen K Abstract Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic impact of intratumoral cytotoxic T cells, Natural Killer (NK) cells, neutrophils and PD-L1 expression in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.Methods: All patients diagnosed with high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) in Denmark in 2005 were included in the study. Immunohistochemical staining for PD-L1, CD8, CD66b and CD57 was performed on tumor tissue from 283 patients. Cell densities were analyzed using a digital image analysis method. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS).Results: The median OS for HGSC patients was 30 months. It was 45 months in patients with high level of CD57+ NK cells (≥10 cells/mm2) compared with 29 month in patients with low level (
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research

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ConclusionThese results are largely incompatible with a tumor-suppressive function of LATS in ovarian cancer, and LATS protein level is also not an indicator for drug sensitivity and EMT status of ovarian cancer cells.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides evidence in a molecular level that ovarian low-grade serous carcinomas likely originate from the fallopian tube rather than from ovarian surface epithelia. Similar gene expression profiles among fallopian tube, ovarian epithelial inclusions, and serous tumors further support that ovarian low-grade serous carcinomas develop in a stepwise fashion. Such findings may have a significant implication for "ovarian" cancer-prevention strategies. PMID: 30949203 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion and clinical relevanceThe pilot study demonstrates the potential of MALDI ‐Imaging derived proteomic classifiers in combination with machine learning algorithms to discriminate EOC histotypes. Applications might support the development of new prognostic parameters in the assessment of EOC.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Proteomics. Clinical Applications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
This study determines FLOT1 expression in human ovarian tumors and examines its effect on OC   cell proliferation. FLOT1 protein expression was assessed in a tissue microarray by immunohistochemical staining. We found that 81.48% malignant and 50% borderline tumors were FLOT1 protein-positive, whereas benign tumors and normal ovarian tissues were negative. The staining was strongest in serous malignant tumor and transitional cell carcinoma and weakest in mucinous tumor. Differentially expressed FLOT1 in freshly isolated serous tumors was confirmed by Western blot and we then evaluated FLOT1 expression association...
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): In Hye Song, Kyu-Rae Kim, Sehun Lim, Seok-Hyung Kim, Chang Ohk SungAbstractThe epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is known to be associated with carcinoma invasion and metastasis. Previous studies have demonstrated that the expression of EMT-related proteins in carcinoma cells in many organs is associated with a higher histologic grade and a poor prognosis. However, the clinical significance of EMT in ovarian cancers is controversial.Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tumor samples of 198 high-grade serous carcinomas (...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions In summary, βV-tubulin was localized to secretory cells of the distal FTE and its expression varied according to the clinical diagnosis. The frequency of these cells and thus expression of βV-tubulin were dramatically enriched in tissue obtained from BRCA mutant cases, which also exhibited pronounced histologic atypia indicative of early predysplastic aberrations. Furthermore, elevated expression of βV-tubulin correlated with poor differentiation status in serous ovarian neoplasms.
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research
We present a brief review of possible mechanisms to account for this unusual presentation and speculate that the most likely one is exfoliation of fallopian tube epithelial cells into the peritoneal cavity, which then gain access to lymphatics resulting in cells implanting in the brain and subsequently progressing to an atypical proliferative (borderline) serous tumor.
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Upper Genital Tract: Case Report Source Type: research
Ovarian neoplasia comprises a heterogenous group of tumors with distinct clinicopathologic and molecular features and therefore assessment of potential risk factors should be tumor subtype specific. As part of ongoing epidemiological investigations of ovarian neoplasia in Western Australia, we performed an initial review of original pathology reports followed, in selected cases, by reassessment of histology material to optimize accurate diagnosis. Additional immunohistochemistry, often using antibodies unavailable at the time of initial assessment, was also performed as required. From an initial cohort of 1660 cases identi...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Upper Genital Tract: Original Articles Source Type: research
c R Abstract Borderline tumors (BOT) of the ovary account for 10% to 20% of ovarian neoplasms. Like ovarian cancer, BOT encompass several different histological subtypes (serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell, transitional cell and mixed) with serous (SBOT) and mucinous (MBOT) the most common. Current hypotheses suggest low-grade serous carcinoma may develop in a stepwise fashion from SBOT whereas the majority of high grade serous carcinomas develop rapidly presumably from inclusion cysts or ovarian surface epithelium. The pathogenesis of mucinous ovarian tumors is still puzzling. Molecular markers could help...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: Tumor cells of serous and clear cell ovarian carcinoma exhibit mesenchymal characteristic as shown by α-SMA positive expression. This expression might indicate that these subtypes were more aggressive. This research showed that collagen and α-SMA area fractions in stroma were higher in benign than in malignant neoplasms. PMID: 28440973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
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