Testing for Sexually Transmitted Diseases in US Public Health Laboratories, 2016
Conclusions This survey collected important information on PHL STD laboratory testing practices. Capacity for important reference laboratory testing, such as GC culture and antimicrobial susceptibility, are needed to support STD programs. Public health laboratories play a key role in STD screening, surveillance, and prevention by offering test methods that are not available at commercial laboratories. Funding constraints affect the resources available for STD screening and surveillance, and thus, it is important to continue to monitor testing practices and the capacity of PHLs to test for STDs.
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Jonathon Keck, James P. Chambers, Aravind Kancharla, Dona Haj Bashir, Laura Henley, Katherine Schenkel, Kevin Castillo, M. Neal Guentzel, Rishein Gupta, Bernard P. ArulanandamAbstractOur laboratory has investigated the role of an evolutionarily conserved RNA species called microRNAs (miRs) in regulation of anti-chlamydial protective immunity. MiRs including miR-155 expressed in specific immune effector cells are critical for antigen specific protective immunity and IFN-γ production. Using miR-155 deficient mice, and a murine p...
Publication date: 2020Source: IDCases, Volume 19Author(s): Sapna Muralidhar Goutham, Manobalan Karunanandhan
CONCLUSIONS: The SOPS is a clinically useful tool to identify issues impacting a practice's safety culture. Substantial variability was observed within each composite domain at the levels of practice site and respondent role. Comparing composite domain results between clinics will allow leadership to identify gaps and evaluate policies and resources of higher performing peer sites. PMID: 32065864 [PubMed - in process]
In the wake of the election of Donald Trump, I resigned from my research work. I decided to become politically involved and since I am a health care professional, in June 2018, I started a bipartisan political consulting firm, Ask Nurses and Doctors (AND; www.asknursesdoctors.com). This start-up is focused on electing candidates or incumbents committed to health care reform. There are 2 approaches to universal coverage—either the Affordable Care Act or Medicare for All. To implement either approach, there are 10 lessons from my 30 years of research that may be useful to enact universal coverage.
Authors: Lew SQ, Sikka N Abstract The 2018 Bipartisan Budget Act in the United States extended telehealth access to Medicare beneficiaries who receive home dialysis in which two of three monthly visits in a quarter may be performed by telehealth after three initial face-to-face monthly visits. The originating site (where the patient is located) can be a dialysis unit or the patient's home and without geographic restriction. Patient awareness and interest in this new telehealth benefit in urban patients has not been well characterized. Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment located in an urban facilit...
CONCLUSIONS: There are considerable international variations in PD modality use and prescription patterns that translate into important differences in achieved dialysis clearances. Ongoing recruitment of additional PDOPPS participants and accrual of follow-up time will allow us to test the associations between specific PD prescription regimens and clinical and patient-reported outcomes. PMID: 32063209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: PD appears to be more cost-effective than HD in China, and the major influential factors on the cost-effectiveness are the direct costs of HD, utility of HD, utility of PD, direct costs of PD, PD mortality, and HD mortality. PMID: 32063196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Insertion-related complications leading to significant adverse events following laparoscopic placement of PD catheters are common. Many complications occur before the start of PD. Insertion-related complications are an important area of focus for future research and quality improvement efforts. PMID: 32063191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Vogel SL, Singh T, Astor BC, Waheed S Abstract BACKGROUND: Overall, a disproportionately small number of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients start peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the United States compared to hemodialysis. Little is known about whether gender has an effect on the initial modality of renal replacement therapy utilized by patients; however, prior studies have demonstrated gender disparities in the diagnosis and treatment of various other health conditions, including kidney disease. METHODS: Using data from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS), we estimated the proportion of patien...
Conclusions Depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate and OCPs reduce the risk of trichomoniasis and DMPA may increase the risk of HSV-2. However, the potential for confounding cannot be ruled out. Future studies should specify the type of injectable or OCP used to increase understanding of biological pathways; more research is needed on implants and hormonal intrauterine devices.