Epilepsy and autoimmune diseases: comorbidity in a national patient cohort

ConclusionsBased on a large, unselected patient cohort we find that epilepsy patients more often are prescribed medications used to treat type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, myasthenia gravis and MS. This was true for both men and women, and in most age-groups.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical AnalysisAuthor(s): Max Sauter, Philipp Uhl, Jürgen Burhenne, Walter E. HaefeliAbstractExenatide is the first approved glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Typical therapeutic plasma concentrations are in the low pg/mL range therefore requiring ultra-sensitive quantification. To enable the accurate evaluation of pharmacokinetic studies, we established a UPLC-MS/MS assay with a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 5 pg/mL (1.2 pM) using 20...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggest that SXD maybe alleviate EMT in DN via the inhibition of the TGF-β1/Smad/RUNX3 signaling pathway under hyperglycemic conditions.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Di Lullo L, Bellasi A, Guastamacchia E, Triggiani V, Ronco C, Lavalle C, Di Iorio BR, Russo D, Cianciolo G, La Manna G, Settembrini S Abstract Diabetes mellitus, with its complications, is one of the major health problems in economically developed countries and its prevalence is constantly increasing. Kidneys and heart involvement represent main comorbidities in diabetic patients often leading to organ's failure. The treatments available until a few years ago are often associated with hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastro-intestinal disorders and other side effects together with serious averse effects on renal...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Abhijit Dasgupta, Gautam K. Bandyopadhyay, Indrani Ray, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya Chowdhury, Rajat K. De, Sushil K. MahataAbstractObesity is characterized by a state of chronic, unresolved inflammation in insulin-targeted tissues. Obesity-induced inflammation causes accumulation of proinflammatory macrophages in adipose tissue and liver. Proinflammatory cytokines released from tissue macrophages inhibits insulin sensitivity. Obesity also leads to inflammation-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress a...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1208Author(s): M.S. Ganesan, K. Kanmani Raja, K. Narasimhan, S. Murugesan, Banoth Karan KumarAbstractα-amylase enzyme hydrolyses carbohydrate into glucose is known to be an important molecular target for type 2 Diabetes mellitus. In the course of developing α-amylase enzyme inhibitors, we designed, synthesized seventeen novel quinoline bearing proline analogs, subsequently physico-chemical properties of designed analogs were also in silico predicted for their drug likeness evaluation. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 59Author(s): Shaun M. Davidson, Vincent Uyttendaele, Christopher G. Pretty, Jennifer L. Knopp, Thomas Desaive, J. Geoffrey ChaseAbstractObjectiveSafe, effective glycaemic control (GC) requires accurate prediction of future patient insulin sensitivity (SI), balancing the risk of hyper- and hypo-glycaemia. The stochastic targeted (STAR) protocol combines a clinically validated metabolic model and SI metric with a risk-based stochastic approach to optimise patient specific insulin and feed rates. Validated virtual trials comparing a novel 3D st...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Conclusion and significanceThe knowledge of structure-function relationships between different areas of the brain is necessary for characterizing the underlying dynamics. Hence, features based on EBC can provide a more reliable automatic seizure detection approach.
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Authors: Shiroma PR, Velasquez T, Usset TJ, Wilhelm JH, Thuras P, Baltutis E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Obesity is prevalent among users of Veteran's Health Administration services, where it is comorbid with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon, and breast cancer. Among obese subjects, severe obesity represents a subpopulation with the highest risk of depression. We investigate the antidepressant effect of a local VA weight management program (Managing Overweight Veterans Everywhere - MOVE) among depressed veterans with severe obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Longoni A, Utomo L, van Hooijdonk IE, Bittermann GK, Vetter VC, Kruijt Spanjer EC, Ross J, Rosenberg AJ, Gawlitta D Abstract Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are particularly promising for tissue engineering (TE) due to the ease of their isolation procedure, great expansion potential and capability to differentiate towards several cell types of the mesodermal, ectodermal and endodermal lineages. Although several studies hint that DPSCs exhibit potential for cartilage tissue formation, the chondrogenic potential of DPSCs has only been marginally explored. Thus, the aim of the present study was to closely inve...
Source: European Cells and Materials - Category: Cytology Tags: Eur Cell Mater Source Type: research
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