Immediate postoperative complications following coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study

ConclusionsA significant number of patients with T2DM developed acute kidney injury following CABG. There was no difference in infective complications such as pneumonia and catheter-associated urinary tract infection, between the two groups.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Asishana A. Osho, Muath M. Bishawi, Elbert E. Heng, Ejiro Orubu, Aaron Amardey-Wellington, Mauricio A. Villavicencio, Masaki FunamotoAbstractBackgroundFailure to Rescue (FTR) is a valuable surgical quality improvement metric. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between center volume and FTR following lung transplantation.MethodsUsing the database of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) all adult, primary, isolated lung recipients in the United States between May 2005 and March 2016 were identified. FTR...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Lin WC, Tsai JP, Lai YH, Lin YL, Kuo CH, Wang CH, Hsu BG Abstract Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker of cardiovascular disease complications and severity. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum OPG levels and PAD by measuring the ankle-brachial index (ABI) of patients on PD. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to measure OPG values. Left or right ABI values of
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
This study has important implications for the future investigations of prevention of periprosthetic infection. The nomogram model identifies high-risk patients for whom attached prophylaxis measures are required. Future studies regarding reduction of incidence of periprosthetic infection should pay close attention to these high-risk patients.Level of evidenceIV, retrospective, cohort study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Metabolic health status and obesity were significantly associated with increased risk of POAG incidence. MUNO subjects but not MHO subjects showed a higher risk of POAG development than did MHNO subjects, suggesting that metabolic status is more important than obesity in POAG. PMID: 31950773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of this this study indicate that the LBM combination can be used as a therapeutic for ameliorating NAFLD via modulating the gut microbiota and improving insulin resistance. PMID: 31950772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Jun SH, Shin WK, Kim Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Soybean food consumption has been considered as a possible way to lower incidence of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) among Asians. However, results from studies investigating its efficacy on CMS in Asians have been inconsistent. METHODS: We analyzed the association between soybean intake frequency and prevalence of CMS based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2011. Data of 9,287 women aged 20 to 64 years were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaire was used to assess soybean food consumption frequency. General linear...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
This study aimed to design a simple surrogate marker (i.e., predictor) of the minimal model glucose effectiveness (SG), namely calculated SG (CSG), from a short insulin-modified intravenous glucose tolerance test (IM-IVGTT), and then to apply it to study women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM). METHODS: CSG was designed using the stepwise model selection approach on a population of subjects (n=181) ranging from normal tolerance to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). CSG was then tested on a population of women with pGDM (n=57). Each subject underwent a 3-hour IM-IVGTT; women with pGDM were observed early ...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In the KOGES-Ansan and Ansung study, the PCE overestimated ASCVD risk for men and underestimated the risk for women. The PCE-WH and the FRS-CVD provided an accurate prediction of ASCVD in men and women, respectively. PMID: 31950769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Lee YK, Hwangbo Y, Lee S, Lee DE, Lee EK, Yeom MS, Joo J, Kong SY Abstract Background While aspirin use is known to be associated with reduced incidence of various cancer types, it is unclear if this benefit extends to thyroid cancer. We aimed to evaluate the association between aspirin use and thyroid cancer development. Methods This nested case-control study used nationwide data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort 2002-2015. In total, 4,547 individuals with newly developed thyroid cancer were matched with 13,641 controls based on age, sex, and follow-up period. Odds r...
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate disinfection and wound healing by a combination of cleansing with HClO and covering with CNFS/Ag NPs daily for 3 days. Applying HClO + CNFS/Ag NPs daily for 3 days and then cleansing with just pure water and covering with CNFS alone daily for 9 days were performed for Pseudomonas aeruginosa-infected wounds in db/db diabetic mice. We found a significant enhancement of wound healing and a reduction of bacteria counts compared to the controls. Histological examination showed significantly advanced granulation tissue and capillary formations in the wounds on Day 12. These results suggest that limit...
Source: Wound Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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