The Relation Between Tinnitus and a Neurovascular Conflict of the Cochleovestibular Nerve on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Conclusion: This study did not find a diagnostic value of specific types of compression in patients with a NVC. Although the distribution of NVC classification was different in patients with unilateral and bilateral tinnitus, there was no definite relation between the type of NVC and the presence of ipsilateral tinnitus. Also, the degree of hearing loss was not related to specific types of NVC.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

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Internal jugular phlebectasia is a rare condition. Children with internal jugular phlebectasia are often discovered by their parents when they notice a soft mass in the neck that appears when the child cries, coughs, or breathes deeply. Most internal jugular vein dilatations occur unilaterally on the right side according to the literature reports. To our knowledge, no other internal jugular phlebectasia patients reported pulsatile tinnitus as the major complaint without a soft mass in the neck. The authors reported a female adult patient with left-side internal jugular phlebectasia with pulsatile tinnitus as the major comp...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: NeuroImage, Volume 204Author(s): Rebecca S. Dewey, Susan T. Francis, Hannah Guest, Garreth Prendergast, Rebecca E. Millman, Christopher J. Plack, Deborah A. HallAbstractIn animal models, exposure to high noise levels can cause permanent damage to hair-cell synapses (cochlear synaptopathy) for high-threshold auditory nerve fibers without affecting sensitivity to quiet sounds. This has been confirmed in several mammalian species, but the hypothesis that lifetime noise exposure affects auditory function in humans with normal audiometric thresholds remains unconfirmed and current evidenc...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: Vestibulocochlear symptoms such as SNHL, recurrent paroxysmal vertigo, or typewriter tinnitus can be precipitated from a neurovascular compression of the vestibulocochlear nerve by VBD. Because proper medical or surgical treatments may stop the disease progression or improve audio-vestibular symptoms in subjects with VBD, a high index of suspicion and meticulous radiologic evaluation are needed when vestibulocochlear symptoms are not otherwise explainable, and if VBD is confirmed to cause audiovestibular manifestation, a thorough oto-neurotologic evaluation should be performed before initial treatment. PMID...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research
In conclusion, for the radiological assessment of TB fractures, the entire VA should be regarded as a part of the otic capsule, and delayed inner ear sequelae should be anticipated for retrolabyrinthine fracture lines that course into or through the VA. When considering treatment options in cases similar to the present, our findings suggest that surgical interventions targeting the eES (ES shunting/decompression procedures (31–33), which are used in MD with the intention to drain the hydropic endolymphatic fluid space, or to improve the fluid resorptive functions of the eES, respectively, most likely cannot work as p...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract To investigate the application of inner ear 3-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) accompanied by inner ear hemorrhage. A total of 1252 SSNHL patients who were admitted from January 2010 to April 2018 were included in the study. The patients' clinical features, complete blood counts, coagulation profiles, audiometry data, and MRI scans were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-four patients had high labyrinth signals on inner ear 3D-FLAIR MRI (24/1252, 1.9%) that were diagnosed as inner ear hemorr...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
ConclusionComprehensive neurotological workup results in diagnoses that would go unrecognized otherwise, allowing patients to receive prompt treatment for medically important conditions, some of which may be causally related to their neurotologic complaints. However, the value of each study for routine testing of patients with neurotologic complaints remains controversial; and the evidence presented herein should help practitioners determine what studies should be included in his/her patient assessment.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Disrupted ionic homeostasis in the inner ear, but not the EH, may contribute to changes in the –SP/AP ratio. The relevance of glycerol test in identifying EH through detection of hearing changes needs further investigation in the future.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Vestibular Disorders Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: EH of both the cochlea and vestibule can be present in patients without Meniere's disease or vertigo. The relationship between migraine and Meniere's disease may be complex, as demonstrated in this patient with migraine-associated bilateral hearing loss with MRI documentation of severe bilateral EH. The fact that migraine can be associated with EH is important and demonstrates a potential relationship between the pathophysiology of migraine and that of EH. Given this patient's previous association of migraine and hearing loss at age 12, it appears that migrainous attacks occur simultaneously with the hearing l...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Conclusion Hearing loss and facial palsy on the contralateral side after VS surgery is extremely rare. It is imperative that this rare complication should be considered following VS surgery.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is generally defined as sensorineural hearing loss of 30 dB or greater over at least three contiguous audiometric frequencies and within a three-day period. This hearing loss is usually unilateral and can be associated with tinnitus and vertigo. The pathogenesis of unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss is still unknown, and the alterations in the functional connectivity are suspected to involve one possible pathogenesis. Despite scarce findings with respect to alterations in brain functional networks in unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss, the alte...
Source: Hearing Research - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research
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