Cholesteatoma Imaging Using a Digital Image Enhancement System During Endoscopic Ear Surgery
Supplemental Digital Content,http://links.lww.com/MAO/B68. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VIDEO REPORT Source Type: research

Labyrinthine Hemorrhage in Relapsing Polychondritis
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: IMAGING CASES OF THE MONTH Source Type: research

Giant Meningioma in a Patient With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: IMAGING CASES OF THE MONTH Source Type: research

Improving barrier drapes for the mitigation of aerosol and particulate spread during mastoidectomy
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

The article “demonstration and mitigation of aerosol and particle dispersion during mastoidectomy relevant to the covid-19 era” by chen jx, et al. [epub ahead of print] refers
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Reply to the letter to the editor: early detection of high-frequency presbycusis among normal hearing individuals
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Letter to editor: “early detection of high-frequency presbycusis among normal hearing individuals”
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

History of Mastoidectomy: PubMed, Best Matches, Secondary References, and Inaccuracies
Conclusion: Never trust secondary references. This article also raises questions on the validity and the relevance of the best matches algorithm in PubMed. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HISTORY OF OTOLOGY Source Type: research

Nystagmus and Vertigo in Acute Vestibular Migraine Attacks: Response to Non-Invasive Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Conclusions: This study suggests nVNS may ameliorate vertigo and headache, as well as nystagmus associated with VM attacks. Larger, sham device-controlled studies are needed to elucidate the benefits of nVNS in VM. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MEDICAL NEUROTOLOGY Source Type: research

A Three-arm, Single-blind, Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of Notched Music Therapy, Conventional Music Therapy, and Counseling on Tinnitus
This study was conducted from January 2018 to January 2019. Eligible subjects were randomized into three groups. The first group received notched music therapy (n = 25), the second received conventional music therapy (n = 24), and the third received counseling only (n = 26). The three groups did not differ in terms of demographic data including age, sex, tinnitus duration, affected side, hearing level, side of tinnitus, and frequency of tinnitus. The patients were followed up on at month 1, 2, and 3 after initiation of therapy. Results: Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores gradually decreased in all groups...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MEDICAL NEUROTOLOGY Source Type: research

Relationship Between the Cochlear Aqueduct and Internal Auditory Canal: Surgical Implications for Transcanal Transpromontorial Approaches to the Lateral Skull Base
Conclusion: A close relationship between the CA and the IAC could be established, despite the anatomical variability of the CA. The distance between CA and IAC increases by 0.25 per mm from the fundus to the porus of the IAC. These findings quantify the inferior limit of dissection of the transcanal transpromontorial approach to the lateral skull base. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

A Micro-Computed Tomography Study of Round Window Anatomy and Implications for Atraumatic Cochlear Implant Insertion
Conclusion: Anatomical heterogeneity should be considered in cochlear implant selection, drilling, and choice of insertion vector. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

Investigating the Geometry and Mechanical Properties of Human Round Window Membranes Using Micro-Fringe Projection
Conclusion: The geometries and mechanical properties of the human RWM measured in the work could potentially be applied to surgery design and on modeling analysis for the cochlea. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

Hypercoagulability in Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery
Conclusions: In patients with a known propensity for venous thromboembolism, the skull base surgeon should consider nonsurgical management. If the patient undergoes surgical resection, we recommend careful effort to minimize trauma to the sigmoid sinus. In addition, the surgeon may consider retrosigmoid or middle fossa approaches. Best practice recommendations include the use of pneumatic compression devices, early ambulation, and consideration of postoperative prophylactic anticoagulation in patients with a known genetic predisposition. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Imaging Post Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Vestibular Schwannomas—When Should We Scan?
Objective: To identify the optimal time for imaging following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS). Study Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary, university center. Patients: Patients with VS treated with SRS. Interventions: Pre- and post-SRS surveillance with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); patients should have at least two pre- and two post-SRS scans available to be included. Main Outcome Measures: Patient demographics, tumor size, and growth per month ratio pre- and post-SRS and time interval between serial MRI. Results: ...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Transient Subacute Facial Nerve Dysfunction After Dual Modality Treatment of Large Vestibular Schwannomas
Conclusions: Sub-acute transient facial nerve dysfunction can develop infrequently over a variable time frame after post-operative salvage SRS and usually responds to steroids. Patients should be adequately counseled about potential of transient deterioration of facial nerve function after salvage SRS. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Prospective Study of Disease-Specific Quality-of-Life in Sporadic Vestibular Schwannoma Comparing Observation, Radiosurgery, and Microsurgery
Background: Previous cross-sectional studies analyzing quality of life (QOL) outcomes in patients with sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) have shown surprisingly little difference among treatment modalities. To date, there is limited prospective QOL outcome data available comparing baseline to posttreatment scores. Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study using the disease-specific Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality of Life (PANQOL) scale. Setting: Large academic skull base center. Patients: Patients diagnosed with unilateral VS who completed a baseline survey before treatment and at least one post...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Transcanal Endoscopic Management of Glomus Tympanicum: Multicentric Case Series
Conclusions: Middle ear paragangliomas with no mastoid involvement (Class A1, A2, and B1) can be safely managed by means of a transcanal endoscopic approach. Low rate of postoperative complications, short hospitalization, and high rate of gross total resection demonstrate that TEA is a safe and effective procedure. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Predicting Hearing Outcomes in Conservatively Managed Vestibular Schwannoma Patients Utilizing Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Conclusions: Cerebrospinal fluid fundal cap size predicts the natural history of hearing in vestibular schwannoma patients. The presence of a smaller fundal cap is correlated with a greater risk of progression of hearing loss and should be a variable considered in the management of small vestibular schwannomas. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Evolution in Management Trends of Sporadic Vestibular Schwannoma in the United States Over the Last Half-century
Conclusions: Overall, these data support a progression toward fewer patients treated with microsurgery in recent decades. Radiosurgery and observation became increasingly more common after the turn of the century, possibly due to better detection of small and asymptomatic tumors and a greater understanding of the natural history of disease. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

A Protective Cap: Fundal Fluid Cap Facilitates a Reduction in Inner Ear Radiation Dose in the Radiosurgical Treatment of Vestibular Schwannoma
Objective: Assess inner ear radiation dose magnitude as it relates to fundal cap length and hearing outcomes in the radiosurgical treatment of vestibular schwannoma. Study Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary neurotology referral center. Patients: Patients treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma between March 2007 and March 2017 were considered for this study. Exclusion criteria included pretreatment pure-tone average (PTA)>90 dB, neurofibromatosis type II, history of previous surgical resection, and follow-up less than 1 year. Main Outcome Measure: ...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE Source Type: research

Fluctuating Posterior Canal Function in Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Depending on How and Where Otoconia Are Disposed
Conclusions: In accordance with recently reported vHIT findings in different types of BPPV, fluctuation of PC function could be likely explained by the effect of particles on cupular dynamic responses depending on the portion of the canal gradually involved. Superior canal dehiscence may have played a role facilitating otoliths mobilization by reducing labyrinthine impedance. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VESTIBULAR DISORDERS Source Type: research

Prospective Analysis of an Evidence-Based Symptom Set in Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome
Conclusions: SCDS causes a variety of vestibular and auditory symptoms. This prospective study demonstrates that their prevalence and severity are higher than reported previously. This symptom set demonstrates excellent internal consistency and will serve as a foundation toward developing a disease-specific patient-reported outcome measure for SCDS. Level of evidence: NA (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VESTIBULAR DISORDERS Source Type: research

Frequency-specific Electrocochleography and Traveling Wave Time as a Clinical Test for Menière's Disease
Conclusions: Our study fails to show significance of the traveling wave velocity as an objective test for Menière's disease. A significant correlation was found with low-frequency hearing loss between AAO-HNS Menière's classification groups. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VESTIBULAR DISORDERS Source Type: research

Radiologically-proven New Development of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Associated With Development of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this case report is the first description of radiologically proven new development of superior canal dehiscence. Further prospective studies that include serial imaging examinations may help with visualizing and understanding the temporal evolution of superior canal dehiscence, and better elucidate the relationship between development/ progression of superior canal dehiscence and onset of clinical symptoms. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VESTIBULAR DISORDERS Source Type: research

Assessment of Temporal Bone Thickness for Implantation of a New Active Bone-Conduction Transducer
Conclusions: In adults and many children without known medical history that indicates anatomical malformations, the average minimum bone thickness was thicker than both the maximum transducer depth of 3 mm and the 2.7 mm bone involvement of the osseointegrating fixation screws. The results indicate implant fit of the new bone conduction implant in all adult patients. The risks of compromising the sigmoid sinus and the dura as considered with larger implants are thus significantly reduced. Preoperative planning with CT would still be recommended for children below 9 years old. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: PROSTHETIC DEVICES Source Type: research

Precision Medicine in Ossiculoplasty
Introduction: Long term results of ossiculoplasty surgery are considered poor with displacement and extrusion amongst the common reasons for failure. Application of 3Dimensional (3D) printing may help overcome some of these barriers, however digital methods to attain accurate 3D morphological studies of ossicular anatomy are lacking, exacerbated by the limitation of resolution of clinical imaging. Methods: 20 human cadaveric temporal bones were assessed using micro computed tomography (CT) imaging to demonstrate the lowest resolution required for accurate 3D reconstruction. The bones were then scanned using cone...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research

Quantitative Measurements in Otological Surgery: Use of an Endoscopic Integrated Multipoint Laser System
Conclusion: Use of an integrated endoscopic laser measurement tool allows reliable, easy-to-obtain measurements to be obtained within a simulated otological surgical environment. Translation of the technology to a thinner delivery system through a rigid endoscope offers further promise for routine use in a clinical setting. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research

Price Differences Between Otic and Ophthalmic Drops
Objective: Otic drops are one of the most frequently prescribed medications in otolaryngology. However, some forms of these drops can be very expensive, and ophthalmic formulations are sometimes used by practitioners to decrease the cost for their patients. The goal of this study is to determine the cost differential between otic and ophthalmic drops. Methods: Pharmacies in New York City, Chicago, and Portland were surveyed in the span of 6 weeks by telephone to evaluate the current prices of various otic and ophthalmic drops commonly prescribed by otolaryngologists. Results: A total of 83 pharmacies were...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research

Patency of Anterior Epitympanic Space and Surgical Outcomes After Endoscopic Ear Surgery for the Attic Cholesteatoma
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that TEES is useful in restoring ventilation in the AES, resulting in favorable management of cholesteatoma. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research

Outcome of Cochlear Implantation in NLRP3-related Autoinflammatory Inner Ear Disorders
Conclusions: This is the first report to present outcome of CI among subjects with a confirmed NLRP3 genetic etiology and resultant systemic inflammation, and suggests that CI is a viable treatment option in this disease entity. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

A New CT Parameter for Predicting Residual Hearing Preservation in Cochlear Implantation: The “Basal Turn–Facial Ridge Angle”
Conclusions: The BT–FR angle, which can be measured simply, may be useful to predict residual HP after CI. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Subcutaneous Air Around Receiver-Stimulator Causing Open-Circuit Failures: An Uncommon But Readily Treatable Condition Related to CPAP Use After Cochlear Implant Surgery
Conclusions: Subcutaneous air collection surrounding the cochlear implant receiver-stimulator in the setting of CPAP use is an uncommon but clinically relevant complication that can be recognized by characteristic physical examination findings and impedance changes. Early and accurate recognition of this event can prevent unnecessary testing and facilitate early effective treatment. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Assessing Operative Competency in Cochlear Implantation Across the Residency Training Continuum
Conclusion: Herein, we build upon a previously validated instrument to provide a method to reliably assess surgical competency in a core otologic procedure among residents across the training continuum. This data can be used to provide objective feedback on overall and task-specific competency in cochlear implantation to identify surgical deficiencies early on and to guide supportive course correction. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Preimplant Hearing Threshold: An Important Predictor of Hearing Preservation in Cochlear Implantation With Lateral Wall Electrodes
Conclusion: With LW electrode arrays, HP was achieved in 68% of HEARRRING group patients and 41% of functional classification patients. A ≤ 60 dB HL preimplant pure-tone threshold of 250 Hz was significantly associated with an increased rate of long-term HP. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Vestibular Screening Before Cochlear Implantation: Clinical Implications and Challenges in 409 Cochlear Implant Recipients
Conclusion: Vestibular screening is an important part of the clinical workup with respect to selection of candidate ear for cochlear implantation, as 15.2% of CI candidates present with unilateral vestibulopathy. Challenges in performing the vestibular tests are not uncommon, as test failure occurred in 15.9% of cases for the cVEMP and 5.9% for the VHIT. The most common reasons for test failure were neck immobility, communication issues, and problems of pupil tracking. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Role of Preoperative Patient Expectations in Adult Cochlear Implant Outcomes
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that patients’ expectations before cochlear implantation may influence their postoperative quality of life and other outcomes, but not postoperative speech recognition. This suggests that an increased emphasis should be placed on measuring and counseling expectations in CI candidates. This assumption needs to be confirmed with additional research with larger sample sizes, more sensitive satisfaction measures, and a prospective design. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Transimpedance Matrix (TIM) Measurement for the Detection of Intraoperative Electrode Tip Foldover Using the Slim Modiolar Electrode: A Proof of Concept Study
Conclusions: TIM-measurement is a promising method for the intraoperative detection of an electrode array tip foldover. The TIM-tool with intuitive heatmap display is easy to use, fast, and readily available to clinics using TIM-software in the operating theatre. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Cochlear Implantation in Cases of Inner Ear Malformation: A Novel and Simple Grading, Intracochlear EABR, and Outcomes of Hearing
Conclusions: Outcomes of hearing with cochlear implantations in IEM children depend on the severity of IEM and IAC CND. Our novel grading of IEM is simple and can be useful for understanding the severity of IEM. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Posterior Tympanotomy Versus Subtotal Petrosectomy: A Comparison of Complications in Cochlear Implantation
Conclusions: Major complication rate of SPCI was higher than that of PTCI; particularly, device migration was more commonly observed after SPCI than PTCI. Therefore, special attention should be paid to device placement and fixation during SPCI. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Do Patients Benefit From a Cochlear Implant When They Qualify Only in the Presence of Background Noise?
Conclusions: While individuals qualifying for a CI only in the +5 dB SNR condition may derive significant benefit from implantation in best aided conditions, speech understanding outcomes can be more variable thus warranting additional counseling before implantation and case-by-case consideration of listening needs and goals. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

On the Intracochlear Location of Straight Electrode Arrays After Cochlear Implantation: How Lateral Are Lateral Wall Electrodes?
Objective: Cochlear implants are the gold standard for patients with severe sensorineural hearing loss. A focused electrical stimulation of individual spiral ganglion neurons has not been achieved yet because the scala tympani is a fluid-filled compartment and does not offer a matrix for neuritic outgrowth. Coating of the electrode contacts with swelling hydrogels could fill that gap between the electrode array and the medial wall of the cochlea. Therefore, the exact position of the electrode array within the scala tympani has to be known. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of patient data sets. Setting: ...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Auditory Brainstem Implant in Adult Patient With Cochlear Ossification From Otosclerosis
Conclusions: Extensive cochlear otosclerosis may distort cochlear anatomy such that cochlear implantation is expected to have a poor outcome. Auditory brainstem implantation may be an additional treatment option in these patients. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: OTOSCLEROSIS Source Type: research

Prevalence of Asymmetric Hearing Among Adults in the United States
Conclusions: A nationally-representative sample of US adults indicates higher prevalence of asymmetric hearing among men and older adult cohorts. There is currently no standard audiometric criterion for defining asymmetry, and prevalence estimates vary markedly depending on which audiometric criteria is used. Given the potentially high prevalence of asymmetry depending on criterion, clinicians should also consider other supplementary clinical data when recommending medical referral. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research

What Makes Tinnitus Loud?
Introduction: Tinnitus loudness is a subjective measure, and it does not directly reflect either tinnitus severity or the impact on daily life. Nevertheless, loud tinnitus may be the most frequent clinical complaint of tinnitus patients. Factors contributing to the loudness of the phantom sound have rarely been studied. We evaluated both matched and self-rated loudness in a large sample of patients with tinnitus and analyzed the influencing factors among demographic, hearing, and tinnitus characteristics. Methods: Two hundred ninety-nine patients with chronic tinnitus were enrolled. We evaluated the matched loud...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research

Sound Quality Ratings of Amplified Speech and Music Using a Direct Drive Hearing Aid: Effects of Bandwidth
Objective: To determine sound quality for extended bandwidth amplification using a direct drive hearing device. Study Design: Prospective double-blind within-subjects repeated measures study. Setting: University hearing research laboratories. Patients: Fifteen experienced hearing aid users with symmetric mild-sloping-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss. Intervention(s): Sound quality ratings of speech and music passages were obtained using the Multiple Stimulus with Hidden References and Anchors (MUSHRA) protocol after wearing a direct drive hearing aid for at least 4 weeks. Passages were p...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research

Middle Ear Viral Load Considerations in the COVID-19 Era: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: The medical literature has consistently demonstrated the presence of nucleic acids of respiratory viruses involving the middle ear, including SARS-CoV2 in a recent postmortem study. Although no in vivo studies have been conducted, due to the likely risk of transmission, middle ear and mastoid procedures, particularly involving the use of a drill should be deferred, if possible, during the pandemic and enhanced personal protective equipment (PPE) used if surgery is necessary. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Postcochlear Implant Electrode Migration: What Is Known?
Conclusion: Electrode migration is a major complication of CI and could be more common than previously thought. As it may occur with or without clinical complaints, long-term follow-up through routine radiological scanning is recommended. Further studies are warranted to identify the underlying mechanism of electrode extrusion and the appropriate fixation method. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

Book Review
No abstract available (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - January 15, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct: Hearing Progression and Cochlear Implant Candidacy in Pediatric Patients
Conclusion: The majority of children with EVA reach cochlear implant candidacy before reaching adulthood, yet implantation rates for candidate ears remain at 60% and delay in implantation persist. Parents of children with EVA should be counseled on the likelihood of progression and closely monitored for cochlear implant candidacy. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - December 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: PROCEEDINGS FROM THE ACIA 16TH SYMPOSIUM ON COCHLEAR IMPLANTS IN CHILDREN Source Type: research