Exercise yields some cardiovascular benefits in children with excess weight

(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Eight months of daily, afterschool physical activity in previously inactive 8- to 11-year-olds with obesity and overweight improved key measures of their cardiovascular health like good cholesterol levels, aerobic fitness and percent body fat, but didn't improve others like arterial stiffness, an early indicator of cardiovascular risk, Medical College of Georgia investigators report.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe findings of this study indicate high prevalence of metabolic risk factors among study population. This study with a large sample size would contribute to establishment of efficient interventions and programs aimed at reducing the prevalence of MetS by health staff, supervisors and policymakers.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionKappa coefficient showed that the Iranian IDF had a good agreement with International IDF and an intermediate agreement with the ATP-III. Considering more emphasis of international and Iranian IDF on waist circumference (WC), a better agreement between these two criteria is plausible. Regarding the high prevalence of abdominal obesity among Iranian population, applying these criteria to identify high risk persons might be helpful.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the irisin levels in elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity, to investigate the possible association between irisin levels and anthropometric and biochemical parameters, and also to assess the irisin levels associated with a risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity.MethodsA nested case-control study was conducted, with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity being set as the case group; 71 elderly patients from the cohort were enrolled in each case group, and 71 healthy elderly from...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 January 2020Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces IndiaAuthor(s): Rajvir BhalwarAbstractMetabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of specific risk factors, namely, central obesity, raised blood pressure, impaired fasting glucose, raised triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). This constellation is triggered by insulin resistance and its resultant hyperinsulinemia. The two most important and universally agreed causes of insulin resistance are increased body fat (particularly central obesity) and physical inactivity. Other causes include certain gene...
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Chronic liver disease (CLD) is a global health epidemic causing ∼2 million deaths annually worldwide. As the incidence of CLD is expected to rise over the next decade, understanding the cellular and molecular mediators of CLD is critical for developing novel therapeutics. Common characteristics of CLD include steatosis, inflammation, and cholesterol accumulation in the liver. While the lymphatic system in the liver has largely been overlooked, the liver lymphatics, as in other organs, are thought to play a critical role in maintaining normal hepatic function by assisting in the removal of protein, cholesterol, and immu...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
We examined the relationship between maternal obesity at the first prenatal visit and fasting lipids measured at the time of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in women screened selectively for GDM.Study DesignThis prospective observational study was conducted in a large university maternity hospital. Women were recruited at the first prenatal visit following measurement of their weight and height. Clinical and sociodemographic details were recorded. Women with maternal risk factors for GDM, were screened selectively with a one-step 75 g OGTT at 26-28 weeks gestation. GDM was diagnosed based on the World Health ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Chen Yang, Zhenxia Xu, Qianchun Deng, Qingde Huang, Xu Wang, Fenghong HuangAbstractFlaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) is known as healthy food for its anti-obesity and lipid modulating properties. However, the effects of flaxseed polysaccharide (FSP) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and gut microbiota are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effects of FSP on lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in high-fat-diet-fed mice. FSP effectively reduced the serum fasting glucose, total triglyceride and total cholesterol levels. ...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Liu X, Liu P Abstract BACKGROUND The association between body mass index (BMI) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) has not been clarified and is controversial. Therefore, the purpose of present study is to explore the association between BMI and MACE. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a secondary analysis of a retrospective cohort study in which 204 participants who were diagnosed with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and received elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were recruited. According to the BMI, patients were divided into 3 categories - underweight (BMI
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
This study was to see the effects of a balanced Korean diet (BKD) on metabolic risk factors in overweight or obese Korean adults, comparing with those of a typical American diet (TAD) and a diet recommended by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2010DGA).MethodsThe study was designed as a randomized crossover controlled trial, in which 61 overweight or obese volunteers were divided into six groups and each consumed the BKD, 2010DGA, and TAD in a random order for 4  weeks separated by 2-week washout intervals. Anthropometric indices, blood pressure, blood lipid content, fasting blood glucose, and blood insulin l...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 -- People with what's known as the " metabolic syndrome " are vulnerable to recurring blood clots, new research shows. Metabolic syndrome is a collection of conditions, including obesity, high blood sugar, high cholesterol and...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
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