PDK1 promotes metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition in hypopharyngeal carcinoma via the Notch1 signaling pathway.
In this study, we found that 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1 or PDPK1) was overexpressed in HSCC. The overexpression was positively correlated lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, and distant metastasis and indicated poor outcome. Loss and gain-of-function revealed that PDK1 increased cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro as well as tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Mechanically, PDK1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and promoted metastasis by activating the Notch1 signaling pathway. We further illustrated that PDK1 bound with the Notch1 intracellular domain, thereby inhibiting its ubiquitin-mediated degradation in a protein kinase B (Akt-) independent manner. In summary, PDK1/Notch1 axis played an important role in HSCC metastasis, and this investigation provided a new perspective on potential therapeutic targets for HSCC. PMID: 31778670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]