PDK1 promotes metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition in hypopharyngeal carcinoma via the Notch1 signaling pathway.

In this study, we found that 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1 or PDPK1) was overexpressed in HSCC. The overexpression was positively correlated lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, and distant metastasis and indicated poor outcome. Loss and gain-of-function revealed that PDK1 increased cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro as well as tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Mechanically, PDK1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and promoted metastasis by activating the Notch1 signaling pathway. We further illustrated that PDK1 bound with the Notch1 intracellular domain, thereby inhibiting its ubiquitin-mediated degradation in a protein kinase B (Akt-) independent manner. In summary, PDK1/Notch1 axis played an important role in HSCC metastasis, and this investigation provided a new perspective on potential therapeutic targets for HSCC. PMID: 31778670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Exp Cell Res Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2021Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 34Author(s): Nina Al-Saadi, Safa Al-Musawi, Yousuf Khan, Daben Dawam
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Stanley Weng, Renzo G. DiNatale, Andrew Silagy, Roy Mano, Kyrollis Attalla, Mahyar Kashani, Kate Weiss, Nicole E. Benfante, Andrew G. Winer, Jonathan A. Coleman, Victor E. Reuter, Paul Russo, Ed Reznik, Satish K. Tickoo, A. Ari Hakimi
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Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vipul Patel, Tilottama Majumdar, Isha Samreen, Harpreet Grewal, Thomas Kaleekal
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Matti B, Zargar-Shoshtari K Abstract Prostate cancer represents a significant health burden worldwide. The cancer incidence had substantially increased since the introduction of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in cancer screening. This had led to considerable debates among health professionals and epidemiologists, since PSA as a screening tool seemed to be far from perfect. In New Zealand, the controversy was quite prominent in the last three decades, with some advocating the benefits of screening, while others concerned regarding the risk of harms. With the absence of an organised screening programme and ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study found that childhood cancer survivors in New Zealand had a high prevalence of developmental dental abnormalities and it identified potential risk factors related to their cancer treatment. Inequitable access to oral rehabilitation for this patient group argues for a mechanism for consistent improved access to publicly funded dental care across district health boards in New Zealand. PMID: 33032302 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Flowers SA, Zhou X, Wu J, Wang Y, Makambi K, Kallakury BV, Singer MS, Rosen SD, Davidson B, Goldman R Abstract Sulfatase 2 (SULF2), an extracellular sulfatase that alters sulfation on heparan sulfate proteoglycans, is involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of several carcinomas. SULF2 expression has not been evaluated in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). Here we report results of IHC of SULF2 expression in HNSCC tissue. SULF2 was detected in 57% of tumors (n = 40) with a significant increase in intensity and number of stained cells compared to adjacent cancer-free tissue (p-value
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) accounts for a large oncologic burden in the developing countries. In patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer multimodality treatment is warranted. Radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy has long been considered the standard for patients with disease involving the oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. However, addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy increases treatment related toxicity by many folds and compliance rates decrease. In this context a systemic therapy, which when used concurrent with radiation with favorable toxicity profile is ...
Source: J Egypt Natl Canc In... - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Egypt Natl Canc Inst Source Type: research
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