Draft Genome Sequence of a mcr-1/IncI2-carrying multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli B1: ST101 isolated from meat and meat products in Egypt

ConclusionHere we reported the first draft genome sequence of an mcr-1/IncI2-carrying multidrug-resistant E. coli B1:ST101 isolated from beef sausage in Egypt. This study highlights the potential role played by food products in the spread of colistin resistance to humans.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionsST10 is considered as a high-risk clone worldwide. This type of mcr-1-harbouring clone is a major concern for human and animal health and must be under close surveillance. This study detected the presence of mcr-1 for the first time in Uruguay, albeit in an allodemic manner, associated with different antibiotic-resistance genes and from diverse clinical contexts. Considering that colistin is often the last therapeutic option available for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections, it is important to maximise precautions to avoid dissemination of isolates carrying mcr-1.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to identify the beta-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of multidrug-resistant (MDR) non-repetitive GNP from 3 tertiary hospitals in Egypt. WZe studied 495 non-repetitive MDR Gram-negative isolates from patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI), complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), collected as part of the “Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends” (SMART) conducted in 3 tertiary hospitals in Cairo, Egypt, from 2015 to 2016. Identification and susceptibility testing of GNP to antimicrobials were te...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, researchers collected monocytes from the bone marrow of healthy mice and cultured them in conditions that transformed them into macrophages. The lab also developed vitamin-based nanoparticles that were especially good at delivering messenger RNA, molecules that translate genetic information into functional proteins. The scientists, who specialize in messenger RNA for therapeutic purposes, constructed a messenger RNA encoding an antimicrobial peptide and a signal protein. The signal protein enabled the specific accumulation of the antimicrobial peptide in internal macrophage structures called lysosomes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundPuerperal sepsis is any bacterial infection of the genital tract that occurs after childbirth. It is among the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality especially in low-income countries including Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of bacterial isolates, their antimicrobial susceptibility profile and factors associated with puerperal sepsis among post-partum/aborted women at a Referral Hospital in Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia.MethodsA cross sectional study was conducted from January to May 2017 among 166 post-partum/aborted women admitted to Felege Hiwot Referral Ho...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, ESBL/AmpC producing bacteria were isolated from beef cattle farms with seldom antibiotic use. Eleven farms out of 17 tested, had ESBL/AmpC producing E. coli in animals, soil, and forage samples. Fifty-nine CTX-M or CMY-2 positive E. coli isolates were further characterized with whole-genome sequencing. The isolates commonly carried CMY-2, TEM, or CTX-M genes, and over half encoded both CTX-M and TEM genes. Using comparative genomics, antimicrobial resistance genes from 12 classes of antimicrobial were identified and confirmed by antibiotic susceptibility test, revealing multidrug resistance against multiple ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractAntimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing problem. The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in general practice patients is expected to be relatively high in Rotterdam, the Dutch city with the largest proportion non-Western immigrants. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant uropathogens (Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae, andProteus mirabilis) in general practices in Rotterdam, and to find a possible association between the prevalence of antibiotic-resistantE. coli and age, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). A retrospective analysis was performed of urine sample...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractSepsis is one of the major causes of neonatal deaths in India and worldwide. Pathogens encountered in neonatal sepsis vary worldwide; reports from developing countries more commonly show Gram negative organisms, most common beingAcinetobacter spp.,Klebsiella spp. andEscherichia coli. Recent studies show that the incidence of antimicrobial resistance, to third generation cephalosporins and carbapenems, has been on a rise. Because of widespread antimicrobial resistance, ‘Higher’ or ‘Reserve’ antibiotics are increasingly being used as first/second line antibiotics. In the past decade, there has...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe observed a marked variation in pathogen distribution and their resistance profiles between Asia and Africa. Very limited data is available on underlying risk factors for bacteraemia, patterns of treatment of multidrug-resistant infections and predictors of adverse outcomes.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We investigated antimicrobial resistance trends and characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolates from pets and whether this correlates with antibiotic usage in the clinic. Clinical samples containing E. coli from diseased cats and dogs were screened for antibiotic sensitivity and associated genotypic features. We identified 127 E. coli isolates from 1886 samples from dogs (n = 1565) and cats (n = 321) with the majority from urinary tract infections (n = 108, 85%). High rates of resistance were observed for β-lactams and fluoroquinolones and resistance to> 3 antibiotic classes (MDR) increased from 67%...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study supports previous findings of multidrug resistance in commensal strains in rural communities and highlights the increased rates of resistance over time. We recommend studies in larger populations with a longer follow-up. PMID: 31800939 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
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