Trends of Use and Outcomes Associated With Glycoprotein-IIb/IIIa Inhibitors in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Trends of Use and Outcomes Associated With Glycoprotein-IIb/IIIa Inhibitors in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Ann Pharmacother. 2019 Nov 25;:1060028019889550 Authors: Gellatly RM, Connell C, Tan C, Andrianopoulos N, Ajani AE, Clark DJ, Nanayakkara S, Sebastian M, Brennan A, Freeman M, O'Brien J, Selkrig LA, Reid CM, Duffy SJ Abstract Background: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) are a treatment option in the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). Evidence supporting the use of GPIs predates trials establishing the benefits of P2Y12 inhibitors, routine early invasive therapy, and thrombectomy devices in patients with ACS. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine trends in GPI use and their associated outcomes in contemporary practice. Methods: We assessed GPI use in patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the Melbourne Interventional Group registry (2005-2013). The primary endpoint was the 30-day incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The safety endpoint was in-hospital major bleeding. Results: GPIs were used in 40.5% of 12 357 patients with ACS undergoing PCI. GPI use decreased over the study period (P for trend
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundImpaired renal function (IRF) is associated with increased risks of both ischemic and bleeding events. Ticagrelor has been shown to provide greater absolute reduction in ischemic risk following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in those with versus without IRF.MethodsA pre-specified sub-analysis of the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial (n = 15,991) comparing the experimental strategy of 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (after 1-month ticagrelor and aspirin dual anti-platelet therapy [DAPT]) with 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ACS and sta...
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractEver since tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was approved for therapeutic fibrinolysis in 1987, it has been the fibrinolytic of choice. At the same time, it is also recognized that tPA never lived up to its clinical expectations and has more recently been replaced by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as the treatment of choice for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). For other occlusive vascular diseases and for patients in remote areas, tPA remains an essential option. In view of the continued importance of fibrinolysis, it is disappointing that fibrinolysis never evolved beyond what it was when tPA replaced...
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 36, Issue 1Author(s): Mohammed Shurrab, Asaf Danon, Sami Alnasser, Benedict Glover, Anna Kaoutskaia, Mark Henderson, David Newman, Eugene Crystal, Dennis KoAbstractBackgroundThe choice of antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who have an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is challenging. We aimed to assess outcomes between dual-antithrombotic therapy with the use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) plus an antiplatelet agent (dual therapy) compared with warfarin ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES. PMID: 31845550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Very low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests no meaningful difference in efficacy outcomes between non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) and vitamin K antagonists following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in people with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. NOACs probably reduce the risk of recurrent hospitalisation for adverse events compared with vitamin K antagonists. Low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests that dabigatran may reduce the rates of major and non-major bleeding, and apixaban and rivaroxaban probably reduce the rates of non-major bleeding compared with vitamin K an...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of ticagrelor is questionable in East Asian populations. Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with multivessel disease (MVD) are considered as high risk patients who might benefit from ticagrelor treatment. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effect of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in AMI patients with MVD in Korea. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2275 patients between November 2011 and June 2015, diagnosed with AMI with MVD after successful percutaneous coronary intervention who were registered in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Regist...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
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Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusion Compared with heparin plus GPI or bivalirudin plus GPI, bivalirudin monotherapy provides similar protection from ischemic events with less major bleeding at 30 days among patients with NSTE-ACS and positive biomarkers.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Adjunctive Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:  We have created a large individual patient database of bivalirudin versus heparin RCTs in patients with AMI undergoing PCI. This endeavor may help identify the optimal periprocedural anticoagulation regimen for patient groups with different relative risks of adverse ischemic versus bleeding events, including those with ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation MI, radial versus femoral access, use of a prolonged bivalirudin infusion or glycoprotein inhibitors, and others. Adherence to standardized techniques and rigorous validation processes should increase confidence in the accuracy and robustness of the r...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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