Neurology of Nutritional Deficiencies

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this chapter is to educate clinicians on the neurologic manifestations of certain nutritional deficiencies in order to promptly identify and appropriately treat these patients.Recent FindingsMany vitamin and nutritional deficiencies have been described dating back to the early days of neurology and medicine. Some are very rare and thus, there are no randomized controlled studies to assess supplementation or dosage; however, there are reviews of case reports that can assist clinicians in choosing treatments.SummaryWhile endemic vitamin and nutritional deficiencies may be rarely encountered in many countries, vulnerable populations continue to be at risk for developing neurologic complications. These populations include those with diseases causing malabsorption, the elderly, chronic alcohol users, as well as pregnant mothers with hyperemesis gravidarum to name a few. It is important to recognize syndromes associated with these nutritional deficiencies, as prompt identification and treatment may prevent permanent neurologic damage.
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: Pathology - Research and Practice, Volume 216, Issue 1Author(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was init...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHBV prevalence in Dolpo is significantly higher than in the rest of Nepal. Targeted interventions are recommended to address liver and sexual health education, including the introduction of birth dose HBV vaccinations, HBV screening and HBV vaccinations for pregnant women in Dolpo.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
The U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health &Human Services, quietly deleted hundreds of blog entries from its blog that pre-dated the current administration. The oldest entries date back only to September 2017, with hundreds of missing entries on a blog that began its life nine years ago on October 4, 2010. Why did SAMHSA delete its history of blog entries from before the current president’s administration? Historically, the SAMHSA blog published anywhere from 4 to 12 articles per month, highlighting a wide variety of public mental heal...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Policy and Advocacy censorship Samhsa Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was initia...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study fills that gap by including all mothers in specified areas. A cohort study examines MLH in Cape Town, South Africa recruited in pregnancy and followed repeatedly for 5  years, compared to MWOH. Almost all (98%) pregnant women in 12 neighborhoods (N = 594) were recruited in pregnancy. Mothers and children were reassessed five times over 5 years with high retention rates at each of the six assessments, from 98.7% at 2 weeks to 82.8% at 5 years post-birth. ML H’s uptake and adherence to HIV care was evaluated over time associated with maternal comorbidities of alcohol use, de...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Hydatid disease is caused byEchinococcus granulosus, which is endemic worldwide. This parasitic tapeworm can produce cysts in almost every organ of the body; however, the liver and lungs are the most frequently targeted. 37 ‑year-old multigravida woman with a 10-week pregnancy in whom multiple splenic and liver hydatid cysts were detected by ultrasound. All splenic and liver hydatid cysts were treated percutaneously under US guidance during the 14th week of pregnancy. The catheterization method was used in the treatm ent of all hydatid cysts. Alcohol was also used as scolicidal and sclerosing agent in all procedures. The...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this study, higher prenatal fluoride exposure, in the general range of exposures reported for other general population samples of pregnant women and nonpregnant adults, was associated with lower scores on tests of cognitive function in the offspring at age 4 and 6–12 y. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP655 Received: 14 June 2016 Revised: 08 May 2017 Accepted: 09 May 2017 Published: 19 September 2017 Please send correspondence to M. Bashash, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, 6th floor, 155 College St., Toronto, Ontario M5R3M7 Canada. Telephone: +1-416-978-6512. Email: m.bashash@utoronto.ca Supplement...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Population level of iAs% and DMA%, but not MMA%, were associated with arsenic exposure levels. Overall, study findings suggest that higher MMA% was associated with an increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease, while lower MMA% was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Additional population-based studies and experimental studies are needed to further evaluate and understand the role of arsenic exposure in arsenic metabolism and the role of arsenic metabolism in disease development. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP577 Received: 01 June 2016 Revised: 26 February 2017 Acce...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Lemoine et al's excellent article from the Gambia reported on non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV infection.1 They propose a novel biomarker—the gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) to platelet ratio (GPR)—as a routinely available test that could identify patients with fibrosis or cirrhosis in resource-limited settings, thereby informing prognosis and guiding monitoring. Notably, the study excluded patients with conditions that might predispose to altered GGT or platelet counts, including pregnancy, significant alcohol consumption, use of antiviral therapy, acute malaria and hepat...
Source: Gut - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Open access PostScript Source Type: research
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