Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and chronic obstructive lung disease leak inhaled nanoparticles to the blood

There is a link between acute elevated air pollution levels and sudden death. One theory is that nano particles (
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Mechanisms of lung injury and repair Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Geoff FrawleyAbstractAdvances in neonatal medicine have progressively increased the survival of premature infants. Increased survival has, however, come at the cost of increased number of infants with prematurity related complications. This is represented by high rates of respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, periventricular leukomalacia, intraventricular haemorrhage, cerebral palsy, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and visual and hearing problems in survivors....
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Graham Knottenbelt, Amanda DaltonAbstractSpecialist surgery in infancy provides challenges for paediatric anaesthetists. There is growing appreciation that the relatively higher rate of severe critical events in infants during the perioperative period requires appropriate competence, experience and resources for the safe conduct of anaesthesia. Both common (inguinal hernias and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis) and less common conditions (tracheo-oesophageal fistula, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, exomphalos, gastros...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, RIOS considerably contributes to radiation induced adaptive responses. Other possible molecular adaptors modulating RIOS-induced responses are yet to be divulged in future studies. PMID: 31976798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dialysis was not an inhibitory factor affecting outcomes during subacute rehabilitation in patients with stroke. Rehabilitation should be considered for patients with subacute stroke requiring haemodialysis, in order to provide every opportunity to achieve adequate functional outcomes. PMID: 31974589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Juliane Herm, Alexander Schirdewan, Lydia Koch, Alexander Wutzler, Jochen B. Fiebach, Matthias Endres, Ute A. Kopp, Karl Georg HaeuslerAbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with cognitive decline and dementia irrespective of AF-related ischemic stroke. We investigated whether AF burden after ablation in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF has an impact on cognitive function. After enrolment to the prospective MACPAF study, study patients received an insertable loop recorder (ILR) and underwent serial neurologic...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Guo-Hai Zhang, Zhe-Hao Ye, Hao-Jie Guan, Mi Guo, Xin-Xiang Zhou, Yu-Yu XuAbstractBackgroundReduced serum omentin-1 concentrations might be related to an increased risk for poor functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. We intended to explore whether serum omentin-1 could be a promising prognostic biomarker for acute intracerebral hemorrhage.MethodsA total of 104 consecutive patients with hemorrhagic stroke underwent 90-day follow-up. The modified Rankin scale score> 2 was evaluated as worse prognosis. A multivariable logistic ...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Eilon Ram, Ehud Schwammenthal, Hillit Cohen, Alexander Kogan, Yael Peled, Leonid Sternik, Ehud RaananiAbstractBackgroundDegenerative mitral valve disease involving anterior leaflet pathology is considered less favorable regarding durability of surgical repair than isolated posterior leaflet disease. We aimed to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing mitral valve repair for anterior, posterior and bileaflet pathologies, and to investigate predictors for repair failure.MethodsOf the 760 consecutive patients with degenerati...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/fat-tissue-surrounds-skeletal-muscle-to-accelerate-atrophy-in-aging-and-obesity/ Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: PM2.5 was associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms, with associations the strongest among individuals with lower SES or among those with certain health-related characteristics. Citation: Pun VC, Manjourides J, Suh H. 2017. Association of ambient air pollution with depressive and anxiety symptoms in older adults: results from the NSHAP study. Environ Health Perspect 125:342–348; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP494 Address correspondence to H. Suh, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02153 USA. Telephone: (617) 627-2941. Email: Helen.Suh@tufts.edu We ack...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Articles March 2017 Source Type: research
SPECIAL FROM Next Avenue By Craig Bowron As we head into the New Year, let’s take a look back and see what lessons we should have learned from medical science in 2015. The New England Journal of Medicine’s publication Journal Watch provides physicians and other health care providers with expert analysis of the most recent medical research. Below is a brief synopsis of what the Journal Watch editors felt were the most important stories in general medicine for the year 2015. While you likely heard about a couple, others probably escaped your radar. Getting Aggressive with Strokes We’re familiar with the id...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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