Music Therapy and Music-Based Interventions for Movement Disorders

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThere is emerging evidence that music therapy and other methods using music and rhythm may meaningfully improve a broad range of symptoms in neurological and non-neurological disorders. This review highlights the findings of recent studies utilizing music and rhythm-based interventions for gait impairment, other motor symptoms, and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD) and other movement disorders. Limitations of current studies as well as future research directions are discussed.Recent FindingsMultiple studies have demonstrated short-term benefits of rhythmic auditory stimulation on gait parameters including gait freezing in PD, with recent studies indicating that it may reduce falls. Demonstration of benefits for gait in both dopaminergic “on” and “off” states suggests that this intervention can be a valuable addition to the current armamentarium of PD therapies. There is also emerging evidence of motor and non-motor benefits from group dancing, singing, and instrumental music performance in PD. Preliminary evidence for music therapy and music-based interventions in movement disorders other than PD (such as Huntington disease, Tourette syndrome, and progressive supranuclear palsy) is limited but promising.SummaryMusic therapy and other music and rhythm-based interventions may offer a range of symptomatic benefits to patients with PD and other movement disorders. Studies investigating the potential mechanisms of music &...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionThe DMPFC subsystem was predominantly disrupted in the PD-MCI subgroup and may have the potential to discriminate PD with MCI.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the utility of dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging and subthalamic nucleus (STN) activities as indicators of PD severity.Materials and methodsTwelve hemispheres of ten patients with PD who underwent deep brain stimulation (DBS) were included in this study. Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) part 3 scores were used to evaluate clinical severity. The relationship between specific binding ratio (SBR) of DAT imaging and the root mean square (RMS) of STN micro-electrode recording (MER) was evaluated.ResultsA negative correlation was detected between the MDS-...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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