An Integrated Bio-psycho-social Approach to Psychiatric Disorders.

An Integrated Bio-psycho-social Approach to Psychiatric Disorders. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1192:331-340 Authors: Park SC, Kim YK Abstract The biopsychosocial approach is a model of eclecticism, which consists of multidisciplinary academic fields, reacting against the "neuroscientification" of psychiatry. The biopsychosocial approach was proposed by George Engel following Adolf Meyer's psychobiological and Roy R. Ginker's eclectic approach to psychiatry. Although the use of the biopsychosocial approach is increasing, it has several limitations: First, specific practices cannot be guided by the biopsychosocial approach because it is considered to be "boundless psychiatry." Second, unlike an initial intention, the symptomatic use of psychotropic medications may be justified by the biopsychosocial approach. Third, the economic forces to enhance biological psychiatry cannot be hindered by the biopsychosocial approach. Hence, to overcome the limitations of the current biopsychosocial approach, potential new paradigms including evolutionary psychiatry, pragmatism, integrationism, and pluralism have been proposed. Above all, Eric Kandel presented the link between neuroscience and psychiatry from the perspective of integrationism. In accordance with integrationism and/or pluralism, based on the paradigm shift of the theoretical construct from chemical imbalance to dysfunctional circuit, next-generation treatments for mental disorders have been p...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Major limitations of the reviewed studies were short trial duration, small sample sizes, and the lack of control groups. Defining the potential role of DUL in the treatment of psychiatric disorders other than major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder needs further randomized, placebo-controlled studies.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Youssef P, Nath S, Chaimowitz GA, Prat SS Abstract This review aims to consolidate the available information on use of electroretinography as a diagnostic tool in psychiatry. The electroretinogram (ERG) has been found to have diagnostic utility in cocaine withdrawal (reduced light-adapted b-wave response), major depressive disorder (reduced contrast gain in pattern ERG), and schizophrenia (reduced a- and b-wave amplitudes). This review examines these findings as well as the applicability of ERG to substance use disorder, Alzheimer's disease, autism spectrum disorder, panic disorder, eating disorders, atten...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Peter Youssef, Siddharth Nath, Gary A Chaimowitz, Sebastien S. PratAbstractThis review aims to consolidate the available information on use of electroretinography as a diagnostic tool in psychiatry. The electroretinogram (ERG) has been found to have diagnostic utility in cocaine withdrawal (reduced light-adapted b-wave response), major depressive disorder (reduced contrast gain in pattern ERG), and schizophrenia (reduced a- and b-wave amplitudes). This review examines these findings as well as the applicability of ERG to substance use disorder, ...
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study comprehensively reviews brain-impaired patients: The studies involving patient populations and the diseases discussed in more than 10 works are included. Eleven diseases examined in this paper include autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, depressive disorders, anxiety and panic disorder, schizophrenia, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer ’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. For each disease, the tasks used for examination, fNIRS variables, and significant findings on the impairment are discussed. The channel configurations and t...
Source: Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Do you enjoy watching YouTube videos on psychology and mental health topics?  But are you tired of wading through all the mindless fluff, meaningless new-age jargon, and overly pedantic lectures?  There is a better option out there – The Psych Show, created by Dr. Ali Mattu.   It might seem frivolous, but YouTube videos aren’t going anywhere. They have become one of the most common ways we access information, and this is especially true for young people. Join us as Dr. Mattu tells us how a PhD psychologist became one of the first YouTubers, how he decides what type of content to feature ea...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Self-Help The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), which occurs when the valve between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart does not close properly, is significantly more common in patients with panic disorder/agoraphobia, according to ameta-analysis inPsychosomatics (The Journal of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry). The findings confirm longstanding speculation that the two conditions are linked."This highlights the need of a careful cardiac examination in patients with [panic disorder], many of which also suffer from MVP, ” wrote Umit Tural, M.D., and Dan V. Iosifescu, M.D., M.Sc., of The Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psyc...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Academy of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry agoraphobia mitral valve prolapse panic disorder Psychosomatics stroke sudden cardiac arrest Source Type: research
   Today we are joined by Dr. Russell Morfitt, co-founder of LearntoLive.com.  Dr. Morfitt explains the differences between stress, worry, anxiety, social anxiety, and panic, and tell us how using the techniques of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be life changing.  The Learn to Live program is designed to teach CBT skills online to anxiety sufferers, those who suffer from depression, and even insomniacs!  Listen in to learn how you can begin to free yourself from the burdens of anxiety.  SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW   Guest information for ‘Anxiety, Stress, and Worry’ Podcas...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mental Health and Wellness Self-Help Stress The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
 Myths spring up about everything that is misunderstood – and mental illness is one of the most misunderstood things out there. People are equal parts fascinated by and terrified of it, seemingly at the same time. In this episode, our hosts take a look at some myths about living with schizophrenia and even tackle the most common one – are schizophrenics violent? Listen now! SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “People with schizophrenia are more likely to be victims of violence than to cause violence.” – Michelle Highlights from ‘Myths of Mental Illness’ Episode [2:00] What are some myth...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Schizophrenia Stigma Violence and Aggression Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Similar to the past SCID versions, kappa values were found to be quite high and all were statistically significant. The Turkish version of SCID-5/ CV can be reliably used in both clinical practice and clinical studies. PMID: 31170307 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research
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