Allosteric Small-Molecule Serine/Threonine Kinase Inhibitors.

Allosteric Small-Molecule Serine/Threonine Kinase Inhibitors. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1163:253-278 Authors: Panicker RC, Chattopadhaya S, Coyne AG, Srinivasan R Abstract Deregulation of protein kinase activity has been linked to many diseases ranging from cancer to AIDS and neurodegenerative diseases. Not surprisingly, drugging the human kinome - the complete set of kinases encoded by the human genome - has been one of the major drug discovery pipelines. Majority of the approved clinical kinase inhibitors target the ATP binding site of kinases. However, the remarkable sequence and structural similarity of ATP binding pockets of kinases make selective inhibition of kinases a daunting task. To circumvent these issues, allosteric inhibitors that target sites other than the orthosteric ATP binding pocket have been developed. The structural diversity of the allosteric sites allows these inhibitors to have higher selectivity, lower toxicity and improved physiochemical properties and overcome drug resistance associated with the use of conventional kinase inhibitors. In this chapter, we will focus on the allosteric inhibitors of selected serine/threonine kinases, outline the benefits of using these inhibitors and discuss the challenges and future opportunities. PMID: 31707707 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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