Universal Testing to Identify Lynch Syndrome Among Women With Newly Diagnosed Endometrial Carcinoma.

CONCLUSION: This is the first audit of a Canadian-based universal LS screening protocol of patients with endometrial cancer. The success of the protocol is endorsed by the 80% compliance and by the 2% prevalence of LS, which is within the published range. PMID: 31679916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Advanced endometrial cancer can rarely (~7%) show somatic loss of MMR protein expression in recurrent or metastatic sites compared to matched paired primary tumor. MMR testing of recurrent or metastasis should be considered for guiding immunotherapy if primary uterine tumor exhibits abnormal subclonal MMR loss. PMID: 30340772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Suh DH, Kim M, Lee KH, Eom KY, Kjeldsen MK, Mirza MR, Kim JW Abstract In 2017, 10 topics were selected as major clinical research advances in gynecologic oncology. For cervical cancer, efficacy and safety analysis results of a 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and long-term impact of reduced dose of quadrivalent vaccine were updated. Brief introduction of KEYNOTE trials of pembrolizumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between programmed death (PD)-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, followed. Tailored surveillance programs for gynecologic cancer related with Lynch syndrome and ...
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF) pattern invasion is a poor prognostic indicator in uterine endometrioid carcinoma, but its existence, biology, and prognostic value have not been described in ovarian endometrioid carcinoma. We evaluated cases of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma without synchronous uterine endometrioid carcinoma for MELF and other histologic features. To evaluate tumor biology, we assessed an immunohistochemical profile, including MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, MSH6, β-catenin, e-cadherin, CK19, and cyclin D1. A retrospective chart review evaluated clinical and demographic features and survival. The Fish...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Upper Genital Tract: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: All women with newly diagnosed EC should be assessed for inherited predisposition. Regional policies for assessment should be developed in accordance with available resources. Gynecologists are required to upgrade their skills in order to identify, assess, and counsel patients with suspected or established LS and appropriately refer to clinical genetics.
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Uterine Cancer Source Type: research
Defects in the DNA mismatch-repair system are identified in ∼25%–30% of endometrial carcinomas (ECs). Whereas some ECs are due to germline Lynch syndrome (LS)-associated mutations, the majority demonstrate sporadic MLH1 promoter hypermethylation (MLH1hm). MLH1hm characterizes a unique subset of colorectal cancers with a relatively poor prognosis; however, the morphology and behavior of sporadically methylated ECs (SMECs) are less well understood. We herein review the clinicopathologic features of 34 SMECs diagnosed at The University of Virginia and compare them with LS-associated and Lynch-like endometrial cancer...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Corpus: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract There have been several updates recently on the classification of uterine tumors. Endometrial carcinomas have traditionally been divided into 2 types, but some are difficult to classify and do not fit readily into either of the currently recognized categories. The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network has recently defined 4 new categories of endometrial cancer on the basis of mutational spectra, copy number alteration, and microsatellite instability, which might provide independent prognostic information beyond established risk factors. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology, moreover, now recommends systemat...
Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Pathol Lab Med Source Type: research
Abstract Endometrial cancer in the lower uterine segment (LUS) is associated with Lynch syndrome with MLH1 or MSH2 germline mutation. Here, we report a case of carcinoma of the LUS diagnosed with Lynch syndrome based on MSH6 germline mutation in a 46‐year‐old woman with abnormal vaginal bleeding. She had had rectal cancer at age 39 with a family history of colon cancer (father, 75 years), pancreatic cancer (paternal grandmother, 74 years), and colon cancer (maternal grandmother, 85 years). Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor in the LUS. Endometrial biopsy revealed endometrioid adenocarcinoma G1. As her cancer his...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
In this study, we report the clinicopathologic features of a series of 70 LS patients who underwent either PH (n=39) or nonprophylactic hysterectomy (NPH) (n=31) at 3 tertiary referral centers. Among the 39 patients with PH, 2 had endometrial tumors seen grossly, whereas 37 showed no macroscopic lesions. Total inclusion of the endometrium was performed in 24/39 (61.5%). Abnormal histologic findings were identified in 9/39 (23.1%) PHs: 3 endometrial endometrioid carcinomas (EECs), including the 2 macroscopic and 1 microscopic (0.6 cm), and 4 atypical and 6 nonatypical hyperplasias. NPH included those performed for endometri...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We describe a case of a 60-year-old woman undergoing surgery for known endometrial carcinoma. The patient also had a renal mass that was identified as clear cell renal cell carcinoma and an additional lesion in the colon that was a mucinous adenocarcinoma. Further genetic testing of the patient revealed a deleterious MSH6 mutation suggestive of Lynch syndrome. The patient had all tumors addressed by minimally invasive techniques at the same operative intervention. It is important to consider hereditary cancer syndromes in women with a strong family history presenting with synchronous multiple primary malignancies. A multid...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Endometrial cancer is associated with Lynch syndrome in 2% to 6% of cases. Adequate screening may prevent of a second cancer and incident cancers in family members via risk-reducing strategies. The goal of the study was to evaluate the detection rate of Lynch syndrome via a targeted screening approach. In 2009, we incorporated targeted Lynch syndrome screening via immunohistochemistry for MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6, followed by MLH1 promoter hypermethylation, in select cases of endometrial carcinoma. Criteria for patient selection included (1) all patients
Source: International Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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