The interactions of dopamine and oxidative damage in the striatum of patients with neurodegenerative diseases

This study investigated the possibility of significant interactions between these molecules that are involved in the late‐stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), Parkinson disease dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and controls using ELISA assays, autoradiography , and mRNA in situ hybridization assay. Interestingly, lower DNA/RNA oxidative adducts levels in the caudate and putamen of diseased brains were observed with the exception of an increased DNA oxidative product in the caudate of AD brains. Similar changes were found for dopamine concentration and ve sicular monoamine transporter 2 densities. We also found that downstream pre‐synaptic dopamine D1 Receptor binding correlated with dopamine loss in Lewy body disease groups, and RNA damage and β‐site APP cleaving enzyme 1 in the caudate of AD. This is the first demonstration of region‐specifi c alterations of DNA/RNA oxidative damage which cannot be viewed in isolation, but rather in connection with the interrelationship between different neuronal events; chiefly DNA oxidative adducts and density of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 densities in AD and PD patients.
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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