Metabolic Abnormalities, But Not Obesity Per Se, Associated with Chronic Kidney Disease in a Taiwanese Population

It is inconclusive whether obesity itself or metabolic abnormalities are linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to examine the association between different subtypes of obesity and metabolic abnormalities with CKD in adults.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 October 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical AnaesthesiologyAuthor(s): Lori-Ann Oliver, Jodi-Ann Oliver, Sargis Ohanyan, William Park, Aharon Benelyahoo, Nalini VadiveluPeripheral venous access is perhaps the most commonly performed procedure in hospitals, urgent care, or surgical centers across the country. The ability to obtain peripheral intravenous (IV) access, and in a timely manner, is arguably one of the most important skill sets to be mastered by health care professionals. While skill and experience play a role in successful and timely vascular access, numerous pati...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was 1) to assess the relationship between diagnosed DLP and cardiovascular disease in COPD patients and compare it with other known cardiovascular risk factors and 2) to determine the relationship between the different cardiovascular comorbidities and the severity groups according to the GOLD 2017 classification.MethodsA cross-sectional, observational study was performed in 454 outpatients with COPD during their follow up. We calculated the prevalence of each of the cardiovascular comorbidities and the probability of each of the cardiovascular risk factors to occur jointly with a vascular diseas...
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetic nephropathy was common among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care in Hong Kong. Early identification and control of the modifiable risk factors are of upmost importance in preventing the complication.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study examined whether self-monitoring can reduce clinic BP in patients with hypertension-related co-morbidity. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of articles published in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to January 2018. Randomised controlled trials of self-monitoring of BP were selected and individual patient data (IPD) were requested. Contributing studies were prospectively categorised by whether they examined a low/high intensity co-intervention. Change in BP and likelihood of uncontrolled BP at 12-months were examined according to number and type of hypertension-related co-morbidity in a o...
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
Obesity is an independent risk factor for renal functional decline in people with chronic kidney disease and is highly prevalent amongst people with the leading cause of chronic kidney disease, diabetic kidney disease [1]. Intentional weight loss strategies hold promise as a means of arresting progressive renal functional decline in diabetic kidney disease [2]. Optimisation of renal outcomes after metabolic surgery centres on blood pressure and glycaemic control as well as addressing proteinuria.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
We examined the relationship between baseline MetS and renal dysfunction after a 3-year evaluation based on estimated glomerul ar filtration rate (eGFRCKDEPI) using the CKD-EPI equations modified by the Japan coefficient. CKD was defined as dipstick-positive proteinuria (>  or = 1 +) or a low eGFRCKDEPI (
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In conclusion, common chronic non-communicable diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, hyperhomocysteinemia, hyperuricemia, and hypertriglyceridemia, were associated with greater prevalence of CKD.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Tchang BG, Abel B, Zecca C, Saunders KH, Shukla AP Abstract Introduction: Obesity is a chronic disease caused by dysfunctional neurohormonal systems that result in excess weight, adiposopathy, and increased risk for many comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Lorcaserin is a serotonergic agonist specific to the 5HT2C receptor that is FDA-approved for the long-term management of obesity in adults with BMI>30 kg/m2 or BMI>27 kg/m2 and at least one weight-related comorbidity.Areas covered: The authors review the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundWhile evidence of improved renal function following gastric bypass exists, pre-operative predictors of this improvement are not completely known.ObjectivesTo assess the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 1  year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and to identify pre-operative predictors associated with the improvement of renal function.MethodsA historical cohort study, which included 109 obese patients before and 12  months after RYGB, was classified into subgroups according to GFR (normofiltration, hypofiltration (GFR   95th percentile)). The 5th and 95th percentiles were 90 and ...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
2017 ended as a banner year for my family, but things didn’t look great at the start. A death sentence met us in a boxing ring, and we had to school ourselves on fighting to live. I never thought much about the 37 million American adults who suffer from kidney disease until my husband Neil became one of them. Celebrating our first year of marriage in 2001, we learned by accident through an unrelated medical exam that my husband has polycystic kidney disease, an illness which causes the kidneys to fill with cysts over time, rendering the organs unable to function properly. There is no cure. There was nothing to do but...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Healthcare medicine public health Source Type: news
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