IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3571: Incidence and Risk Factors of Pre-Eclampsia in the Paropakar Maternity and Women ’s Hospital, Nepal: A Retrospective Study

This study aims to determine the incidence of pre-eclampsia and distribution of risk factors of pre-eclampsia at Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. A retrospective study included 4820 pregnant women from 17 September to 18 December 2017. Data were obtained from the medical records of the hospital’s Statistics Department. Associations between the risk factors and pre-eclampsia were determined using logistic regression analysis and expressed as odds ratios. The incidence rate of pre-eclampsia in the study population was 1.8%. Higher incidence of pre-eclampsia was observed for women older than 35 years (Adjusted Odds Ratio, AOR)= 3.27; (Confidence Interval, CI 1.42–7.52) in comparison to mothers aged 20–24 years, primiparous women (AOR = 2.12; CI 1.25–3.60), women with gestational age less than 37 weeks (AOR = 3.68; CI 2.23–6.09), twins pregnancy (AOR = 8.49; CI 2.92–24.72), chronic hypertension (AOR = 13.64; CI 4.45–41.81), urinary tract infection (AOR = 6.89; CI 1.28–36.95) and gestational diabetes (AOR = 11.79; CI 3.20–43.41). Iron and calcium supplementation appear to be protective. Age of the mothers, primiparity, early gestational age, twin pregnancy, chronic hypertension, urinary tract infection and gestational diabetes were the significant risk factors for pre-eclampsia. Iron and calcium supplementation and young aged women were somewhat protective...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Jingjing Qian, Qi Chen, Sean M. Ward, Enkui Duan, Ying ZhangEpidemiological studies have revealed that caffeine consumption during pregnancy is associated with adverse gestational outcomes, yet the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Recent animal studies with physiologically relevant dosages have begun to dissect adverse effects of caffeine during pregnancy with respect to oviduct contractility, embryo development, uterine receptivity, and placentation that jointly contribute to pregnancy complications. Interestin...
Source: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: November–December 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s):
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Our weekly DiabetesMine advice column answers a question about BPA exposure and its effect on diabetes.
Source: Diabetes Mine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Khalid A. Alburikan, Hatem A. AbuelizzAbstractBackgroundMiddle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus that was identified in 2012 in Saudi Arabia. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We identified factors associated with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) infection among suspected cases presented with sign and symptoms of upper respiratory infection or exposure to the virus. We also looked at the impact of medication history on vi...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Sirajudeen Shaik Alavudeen, Moteb Khobrani, C.K. Dhanapal, Javid Iqbal Mir, Sultan Mohammed Alshahrani, Noohu Abdullah Khan, Abdulaziz Alhossan
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Rebecca de Lorenzo, Giuseppe A. Ramirez, Daniele Punzo, Laura Lorioli, Rosanna Rovelli, Valentina Canti, Graziano Barera, Patrizia Rovere-QueriniAbstractBiologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are used in pregnant patients with rheumatic diseases. Long-term follow-up data about newborns exposed to bDMARDs during pregnancy are however scarce. Here we summarize the published evidence and available recommendations for use of bDMARDs during pregnancy. We analyse clinical features at birth and at follow-up of 84 childr...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatally initiated CBT did not improve maternal symptoms or child outcomes among non-help-seeking women with antenatal depression or anxiety. Our findings are not in line with present recommendations for universal screening and treatment for antenatal depression or anxiety, and future work may include the relevance of baseline help-seeking. PMID: 31806071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions This study revealed that LBBB patients with discordant T wave in lateral leads have significantly higher ischemic scores and worse functional parameters with more dyssynchrony in gated SPECT MPI.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We report a large mobile bladder calculus with intense 99mTc-MDP uptake demonstrated on both whole-body bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT images in a patient with complicated chronic history of urolithiasis and urinary tract infection. Bone tracer uptake in bladder calculus is a rare phenomenon and might be related to the composition and matrix of calculus, direct exposure to excreted radiotracer, and bacterial colonization on the surface of calculus.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
More News: Calcium | Diabetes | Endocrinology | Environmental Health | Hospitals | Hypertension | International Medicine & Public Health | Iron | Nepal Health | Pre-eclampsia | Pregnancy | Statistics | Study | Urinary Tract Infections | Women