Prevalence of self-reported sleep problems amongst adults with obstructive airway disease in the NHANES cohort in the United States.

This study was designed to examine the association between sleep problems and different categories of OAD amongst US adults. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the US civilian non-institutionalized population from 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 3204 study participants aged ≥35 years were stratified into four groups, using a self-reported history of asthma and data from spirometry: asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) (n = 70, 2.2%), asthma (n = 168, 5.2%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (n = 412, 12.8%), and those without any OAD (normal) (n = 2554, 79.7%). After characterizing the baseline demographics and health status of the four groups, multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the likelihood of sleep problems in adults after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, smoking, alcohol, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), depression, and diabetes. The index sample was the normal group. Sleep problems were defined as any complaints which affect or involve sleep. RESULTS: The participants with COPD were older (62.0 ± 11.7 years) as compared to ACO (59.1 ± 11.3 years), asthma (53.6 ± 11.3), and normal groups (53.8 ± 12.1) (p 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study seeks to use the relative refractory period, a sensitive parameter for detecting early change in peripheral polyneuropathies, as a tool for early detection of diabetic polyneuropathy. Design The relative refractory period of the median and sural sensory nerves was measured in 57 diabetic patients (male 31, female 26) and 23 healthy controls (male 16, female 7). The shortest interstimulus interval, where the latency of the response to the second stimulus recovers to normal, was defined as the relative refractory period. Results The relative refractory period of the median and sural nerves were significantly...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Julia B. McDonald, Melanie L. Bozzay, Konrad Bresin, Edelyn VeronaAbstractA prominent characteristic of externalizing psychopathology is the inability to suppress or modulate behavioral responses and impulses. These tendencies have been associated with cognitive indicators of inhibitory control (P3) and error processing (error-related negativity [ERN] and positivity [Pe]). However, the extent to which these trait-like components are characteristic of specific manifestations, or externalizing proneness more generall...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Robinson J, Lang B, Clippinger D Abstract The complexity and cost of diabetes care are barriers to a free health clinic attempting to provide quality care to uninsured patients. The alphabet strategy intervention was selected to increase the number of patients with diabetes receiving care according to the American Diabetes Association guidelines because it is simple and cost-effective. The project results revealed statistically significant increases in clinic uptake of diabetes education, blood pressure interventions, proteinuria, glucose control measurement and intervention, eye exams, and foot exams. The...
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
Company is Acting Out of an Abundance of Caution Recall Limited to One Lot of Bottles Produced and Shipped in the U.S. in 2018 NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J., Oct. 18, 2019 -- (Healthcare Sales &Marketing Network) -- Out of an abundance of caution, Johnson &... Biopharmaceuticals, Product Recall Johnson &Johnson, Johnson's Baby Powder, asbestos contamination, asbestos
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: We found greater BV after training throughout spring/summer conditions, compared with interrupting spring/summer exposure to train at altitude in the cold, with no additional benefits observed from a heat camp following spring/summer training. PMID: 31621644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Int J Sports Physiol Perform Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The heart rate recovery test, countermovement jump test, eccentric hamstring force test, and perceptual wellness all possess acceptable measurement sensitivity. Signal to noise ratio analysis is a novel method of assessing measurement characteristics of monitoring tools. These data can be used by coaches and scientists to identify meaningful changes in common measures of fitness and fatigue in professional Australian football. PMID: 31615972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Int J Sports Physiol Perform Source Type: research
Authors: Pincus T, Schmukler J, Castrejon I Abstract A patient history generally provides the most important information in diagnosis and management of patients with most rheumatic diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). Patient history components can be expressed as quantitative, structured, "scientific" data, rather than "subjective" narrative descriptions, using patient self-report questionnaires. The Western Ontario McMaster (WOMAC) questionnaire is used in all OA clinical trials, and the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) in all rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical trials, as "diseas...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Low socioeconomic status and patient questionnaires in osteoarthritis: challenges to a "biomedical model" and value of a complementary "biopsychosocial model". Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2019 Sep-Oct;37 Suppl 120(5):18-23 Authors: Pincus T, Castrejon I Abstract Modern medical care is based largely on a paradigm known as a "biomedical model," in which "objective," high-technology biomarkers guide clinical care, and most health outcomes are determined by health professionals rather than individuals, using drugs as the primary therapy. The biomedical model is spectacularly...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Hawker GA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting 1 in 3 people over age 65 and women more so than men. The prevalence of OA is rising due, in part, to the increasing prevalence of OA risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and joint injury. OA-related joint pain causes functional limitations, poor sleep, fatigue, depressed mood and loss of independence. Compared to age and sex-matched peers, OA patients incur higher out of pocket health-related expenditures and substantial costs due to lost productivity. Most people with OA (59-87%) have at least one othe...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Jeong MJ, Kwon H, Kim MJ, Han Y, Kwon TW, Cho YP Abstract Purpose: We aimed to compare clinical outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) between Korean patients with and without severe contralateral extracranial carotid stenosis or occlusion (SCSO). Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2014, a total of 661 patients who underwent 731 CEAs were stratified by SCSO (non-SCSO and SCSO groups) and analyzed retrospectively. The study outcomes included the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as stroke or myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality during the perioperat...
Source: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Surg Treat Res Source Type: research
More News: Alcoholism | Asthma | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary | Depression | Diabetes | Endocrinology | Insomnia | Nutrition | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Respiratory Medicine | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Smokers | Snoring | Spirometry | Study | USA Health