Effects of nasal high flow on nocturnal hypercapnia, sleep, and sympathovagal balance in patients with neuromuscular disorders
ConclusionsNHF does not correct sleep-disordered breathing in NMD patients with NH. Both NHF and NIV exert no immediate effects on SVB. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - December 2, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep-disordered breathing in severe mental illness: clinical evaluation of oximetry diagnosis and management limitations.
CONCLUSION: Home oximetry may be a pragmatic option for SDB screening in patients with SMI but reliable full diagnostic and management pathways need to be developed. PMID: 33245500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 27, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Espinel P, Marshall N, Yee BJ, Hollis J, Smith K, D'Rozario AL, Gauthier G, Lambert T, Grunstein RR Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Excessive daytime sleepiness and associations with sleep-related motor vehicle accidents: results from a nationwide survey.
The objective of this study was to investigate how sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) affect falling asleep while driving and sleep-related MVAs/near-misses. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: A population-wide sample of Saudi adults was surveyed. The questionnaire gathered data on sleep quality, EDS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), and episodes of falling asleep while driving and sleep-related MVAs/near-misses in the previous year. Univariable and multivariable analyses were used to assess associations. RESULTS: A total of 19% (902/3802) and 10% (474/4229) of respondents had fallen asleep while driving or had a ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 26, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: AlShareef SM Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The role of obstructive sleep apnea on the prognosis of pulmonary embolism: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: OSA, especially moderate-severe OSA, was a risk factor for high-risk PE and recurrent PE. However, the current evidence showed that the length of hospital stay is not influenced by OSA. PMID: 33236203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 24, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Xu J, Wang X, Meng F, Zhao T, Tang T, Wu W, Wang W Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Analysis of snoring to determine the site of obstruction in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to apply sound analysis to determine the site of obstruction during DISE. Combining the data may help surgeons make more accurate assessments of the pattern of the disease. PMID: 33236204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 24, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Gürpınar B, Saltürk Z, Kumral TL, Civelek S, Izel O, Uyar Y Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The evaluation of serum tryptophan and kynurenine levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
CONCLUSION: In this study, there was no relationship between OSAS disease severity and IDO activity as assessed by immunoreactivity via the Kyn/Trp pathway. PMID: 33222028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 21, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: İriz A, Şemsi R, Eser B, Arslan B, Dinçel AS Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Effects of age and sex on the performance of the NoSAS score as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea: a hospital-based retrospective study in China.
This study aimed to explore the effects of age and sex on the predicting performance of this score. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 1119 subjects aged ≥ 18 years and with a total sleep time of ≥ 4 h during overnight polysomnography. Discrimination was assessed by using areas under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs), while predictive parameters were calculated by using contingency tables. RESULTS: Overall, a NoSAS score of 8 points or higher resulted in sensitivity, specificity, and AUC for predicting an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of ≥ 20 events/h of 74%, 36%, and 0.63 (in n...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 21, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Zhang Z, Yang D, Wang H, Liu X Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Ear-EEG for sleep assessment: a comparison with actigraphy and PSG.
CONCLUSION: A statistically significant improvement in both accuracy and kappa was observed from single-ear to single-ear with ipsilateral mastoid, and from single-ear with ipsilateral mastoid to cross-ear configurations for both two and five-sleep stage classification. In terms of sleep metrics, the results were more heterogeneous, but in general, actigraphy and single-ear with ipsilateral mastoid configuration were better than the single-ear configuration; and the cross-ear configuration was consistently better than both the actigraphy device and the single-ear configuration. PMID: 33219908 [PubMed - as supplied by ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 21, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tabar YR, Mikkelsen KB, Rank ML, Hemmsen MC, Otto M, Kidmose P Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Disorders of sleep in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy's disease).
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a progressive, X-linked lower motor neuron disorder exclusively affecting men. Since knowledge on sleep disorders in SBMA is scarce compared to other motoneuron diseases, this retrospective case-control study aimed to investigate sleep and sleep-related breathing in patients with SBMA. METHODS: In 23 non-ventilated patients with SBMA (median age 52 years), clinical disease characteristics, forced vital capacity and diagnostic polysomnographies were retrospectively evaluated. In 16 patients, overnight transcutaneous capnometry was available. T...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 21, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Langenbruch L, Perez-Mengual S, Glatz C, Young P, Boentert M Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Clinical evidence for a dynamic atrial fibrillation substrate in sleep apnea
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep medicine in otolaryngology units: an international survey.
CONCLUSION: Significant concordance and few interesting divergences in diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders were observed between nationalities and types of institution. Economic resources might have played a significant role in the therapeutic choice. Trainees' lack of exposure to certain interventions and to a sufficient caseload appeared to be the main burden to overcome. PMID: 33216312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 20, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Cammaroto G, Bianchi G, Zhang H, Veer V, Kotecha B, Jacobowitz O, Llatas MC, de Apodaca PMR, Lugo R, Meccariello G, Iannella G, Gobbi R, Toh ST, Hsu YS, Baghat AY, Lechien JR, Calvo-Henriquez C, Chiesa-Estomba C, Barillari MR, Ibrahim B, Ayad T, Fakhry N, Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Relationships of sleep disturbance, intestinal microbiota, and postoperative pain in breast cancer patients: a prospective observational study.
Abstract PURPOSE: Our study was designed to examine the possible relationship between gut microbiota, sleep disturbances, and acute postoperative pain. METHODS: Using 16S rRNA sequencing, we analyzed preoperative fecal samples from women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Preoperative sleep disturbance was evaluated with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Peak and average pain at rest and movement were evaluated 24 h after surgery, using a numerical rating scale (NRS). Preoperative symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and General...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 19, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Yao ZW, Zhao BC, Yang X, Lei SH, Jiang YM, Liu KX Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Relationships of sleep disturbance, intestinal microbiota, and postoperative pain in breast cancer patients: a prospective observational study
AbstractPurposeOur study was designed to examine the possible relationship between gut microbiota, sleep disturbances, and acute postoperative pain.MethodsUsing 16S rRNA sequencing, we analyzed preoperative fecal samples from women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Preoperative sleep disturbance was evaluated with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Peak and average pain at rest and movement were evaluated 24 h after surgery, using a numerical rating scale (NRS). Preoperative symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorde...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 19, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical, polysomnographic, and cephalometric features of obstructive sleep apnea with AHI over 100.
CONCLUSIONS: VS-OSA patients were more likely to have apnea predominance, desaturation when sleeping despite a similar apnea duration, and rather shorter hypopnea duration, and arousals were evoked significantly earlier. PMID: 33201370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 17, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Sata N, Inoshita A, Suda S, Shiota S, Shiroshita N, Kawana F, Suzuki Y, Matsumoto F, Ikeda K, Kasai T Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Clinical, polysomnographic, and cephalometric features of obstructive sleep apnea with AHI over 100
ConclusionsVS-OSA patients were more likely to have apnea predominance, desaturation when sleeping despite a similar apnea duration, and rather shorter hypopnea duration, and arousals were evoked significantly earlier. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Hypnotic activities of Zao Ren An Shen capsule, a traditional Chinese medicine, in an  anxiety-like mouse model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ZRASC is an effective therapeutic strategy for both anxiety disorder and sleep disturbances in an anxiety-like mouse model. PMID: 33200339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 16, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Wang TX, Wei HH, Chen ZK, Qu WM, Huang ZL Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Hypnotic activities of Zao Ren An Shen capsule, a traditional Chinese medicine, in an  anxiety-like mouse model
ConclusionsOur results suggest that ZRASC is an effective therapeutic strategy for both anxiety disorder and sleep disturbances in  an anxiety-like mouse model. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Quality of sleep among patients diagnosed with tuberculosis-a cross-sectional study.
Abstract PURPOSE: Tuberculosis (TB) can affect sleep and can predispose patients to chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, sleep deprivation and diabetes mellitus can worsen tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality, to estimate the prevalence of poor sleepers and those at risk for restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to evaluate the knowledge and practices regarding sleep hygiene among patients diagnosed with TB. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to patients diagnosed with TB in Bengaluru, India. The questionnaire...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 10, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Raj JP, Ramesh N Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The association of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga frequency with sleep quality: a cross-sectional study from Singapore.
CONCLUSION: The practice of yogic breathing may benefit sleep quality. Further experimental investigations are warranted. PMID: 33174097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 10, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Sloan RA, Kanchibhotla D Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The association of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga frequency with sleep quality: a cross-sectional study from Singapore
ConclusionThe practice of yogic breathing may benefit sleep quality. Further experimental investigations are warranted. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Quality of sleep among patients diagnosed with tuberculosis —a cross-sectional study
AbstractPurposeTuberculosis (TB)  can affect sleep and can predispose patients to chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, sleep deprivation and diabetes mellitus can worsen tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality, to estimate the prevalence of poor sleepers and those at risk for restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to evaluate the knowledge and practices regarding sleep hygiene among patients diagnosed with TB.MethodsIn a cross-sectional study, a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to patients diagnosed with TB in Bengaluru, India. The questionnaire was comprised of &...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Adherence to prescribed overnight sleep study in patients suspected of sleep apnea: problem size and influential factors.
CONCLUSION: The majority of patients at risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea did not follow the recommendation for polysomnography, indicating a need for systematic interventions. Among the identified barriers, knowledge and psychological factors are modifiable ones that can be addressed with the patient. We theorize that raising awareness among patients by providing additional information and eliminating concerns may help to increase the rate of adherence. Insurance coverage or subsidy to reduce the sleep study costs may also be an effective strategy to increase adherence to recommendations for polysomnography. ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 7, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Aalaei S, Amini M, Taghipour A, Afsharisaleh L, Rezaeitalab F, Asadpour H, Eslami S Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Adherence to prescribed overnight sleep study in patients suspected of sleep apnea: problem size and influential factors
ConclusionThe majority of patients at risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea did not follow the recommendation for polysomnography, indicating a need for systematic interventions. Among the identified barriers, knowledge and psychological factors are modifiable ones that can be addressed with the patient. We theorize that raising awareness among patients by providing additional information and eliminating concerns may help to increase the rate of adherence. Insurance coverage or subsidy to reduce the sleep study costs may also be an effective strategy to increase adherence to recommendations for polysomnography. (Sourc...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 7, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP therapy on excessive daytime sleepiness and quality of life in subjects with  obstructive sleep apnoea: an AB design study.
CONCLUSIONS: Subjects reported adequate compliance with CPAP at 1 month, and both ESS and short SAQLI showed a significant improvement in these patients. CPAP compliance improved both QoL and sleepiness in patients with OSA. PMID: 33151498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 5, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Venkatnarayan K, Devaraj U, Veluthat C, Louis V, Ramachandran P, D'Souza G, Krishnaswamy UM Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP therapy on excessive daytime sleepiness and quality of life in subjects with  obstructive sleep apnoea: an AB design study
ConclusionsSubjects reported adequate compliance with CPAP at 1 month, and both ESS and short SAQLI showed a significant improvement in these patients. CPAP compliance improved both QoL and sleepiness in patients with  OSA. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 5, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

CPAP adherence reduces cardiovascular risk among older adults with obstructive sleep apnea.
CONCLUSIONS: In this national study of older adult Medicare beneficiaries with OSA, CPAP adherence was associated with greatly reduced risk for CVD events. This risk reduction was consistent across race, sex, and socioeconomic subgroups. PMID: 33141315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 3, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Wickwire EM, Bailey MD, Somers VK, Srivastava MC, Scharf SM, Johnson AM, Albrecht JS Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

CPAP adherence reduces cardiovascular risk among older adults with obstructive sleep apnea
ConclusionsIn this national study of older adult Medicare beneficiaries with OSA, CPAP adherence was associated with greatly reduced risk for CVD events. This risk reduction was consistent across race, sex, and socioeconomic subgroups. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 3, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of minimally invasive surgery on the sleep quality and work ability of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of minimally invasive surgical treatment on the sleep quality and work ability of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent minimally invasive surgery in the Sleep Respiratory Disease Diagnostic and Treatment Center of the West China Fourth Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to January 2019 were selected as study subjects. All subjects completed polysomnography monitoring (PSG), an Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), and a work ability index (WAI) before and 1 year after the minimally inva...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 31, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Zhang XQ, Liu LJ, Li XY, Li XQ, Jiang LQ, Zeng P, Zhang Q Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Effect of minimally invasive surgery on the sleep quality and work ability of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome
AbstractObjectiveTo explore the effect of minimally invasive surgical treatment on the sleep quality and work ability of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).MethodsFifty-one patients who underwent minimally invasive surgery in the Sleep Respiratory Disease Diagnostic and Treatment Center of the West China Fourth Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to January 2019 were selected as study subjects. All subjects completed polysomnography monitoring (PSG), an Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), and a work ability index (WAI) before and 1  year after the minimally invasive surgery so tha...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 31, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Predictive ability of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders-3 in identifying risk of obstructive sleep apnea among recently unemployed adults.
This study explores the predictive ability of the ICSD-3A for OSA as compared with objective measures of respiratory event index (REI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 291 participants who completed a home sleep apnea test (HSAT) during the screening evaluation of the Assessing Daily Activity Patterns through occupational Transitions (ADAPT) study were included. METHODS: Participants were classified as having mild OSA (REI ≥ 5 and 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 30, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Silva GE, Rojo-Wissar DM, Quan SF, Haynes PL Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Normal and obstructive breathing physiology during sleep.
CONCLUSION: The OC enables quantification of all breaths of a nighttime recording according to their degree of flattening. The relation of strong limited to less strong limited breaths is the same across the three study groups. The analysis of the corresponding EP to a given OC value for each study group identified the EP that is necessary to cause a given flow as the only parameter that discriminates degrees of severity of OSA. The trial registration number is DRKS00018095 from 2019 to 10-09. PMID: 33128177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 30, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Kerl J, Noeke P, Heyse D, Dellweg D Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Predictive ability of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders-3 in identifying risk of obstructive sleep apnea among recently unemployed adults
This study explores the predictive ability of the ICSD-3A for OSA as compared with objective measures of respiratory event index (REI).ParticipantsA total of 291 participants who completed a home sleep apnea test (HSAT) during the screening evaluation of the Assessing Daily Activity Patterns through occupational Transitions (ADAPT) study were included.MethodsParticipants were classified as having mild OSA (REI  ≥ 5 and 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Normal and obstructive breathing physiology during sleep
ConclusionThe OC enables quantification of all breaths of a nighttime recording according to their degree of flattening. The relation of strong limited to less strong limited breaths is the same across the three study groups. The analysis of the corresponding EP to a given OC value for each study group identified the EP that is necessary to cause a given flow as the only parameter that discriminates degrees of severity of OSA.The trial registration number is DRKS00018095 from 2019 to 10-09. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluating the performance of five scoring systems for prescreening obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that the STOP-Bang questionnaire and the SACS both show better predictive value than other scoring systems among the five screening tools for OSAHS. Both scoring systems are simple and easy to implement for screening for OSAHS in the community and in hospitals. PMID: 33123926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Wang W, Yuan S, Le Grange JM, Zheng H, Yao T, Peng W, Zhang J Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Asian patients with  sleep apnea with low arousal threshold and sleep structure change with continuous positive airway pressure.
CONCLUSION: Low ArTH was prevalent in this large sample of patients with OSA. Arousal threshold was not associated with an increased risk of physical illnesses but was with certain clinical complaints. Low-ArTH patients benefited from CPAP titration study for improved sleep structure. PMID: 33123927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Hang LW, Huang CS, Cheng WJ Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Assessing the effect of nicotine dose in cigarette smoking on sleep quality.
CONCLUSION: While previous studies established a relation either between cigarette smoking and sleep or between nicotine patches and sleep, the present study is the first to establish that higher nicotine doses in cigarettes were associated with more sleep disturbances. PMID: 33118055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: AlRyalat SA, Kussad S, El Khatib O, Hamad I, Al-Tanjy A, Alshnneikat M, AbuMahfouz B Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Evaluating the performance of five scoring systems for prescreening obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome
ConclusionsOur study indicated that the STOP-Bang questionnaire and the SACS both show better predictive value than other scoring systems among the five screening tools for OSAHS. Both scoring systems are simple and easy to implement for screening for OSAHS in the community and in hospitals. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Asian patients with  sleep apnea with low arousal threshold and sleep structure change with continuous positive airway pressure
ConclusionLow ArTH was prevalent in this large sample of patients with  OSA. Arousal threshold was not associated with an increased risk of physical illnesses but was with certain clinical complaints. Low-ArTH patients benefited from CPAP titration study for improved sleep structure. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Assessing the effect of nicotine dose in cigarette smoking on sleep quality
ConclusionWhile previous studies established a relation either between cigarette smoking and sleep or between nicotine patches and sleep, the present study is the first to establish that higher nicotine doses in cigarettes were associated with more sleep disturbances. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 29, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on gastroesophageal reflux in patients with  obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis.
In this study, we utilized meta-analysis to investigate whether or not CPAP treatment reduces the incidence of reflux. METHODS: Two independent reviewers obtained the data sources from the database of PubMed, Elsevier, Cochrane library, and CNKI using search terms, and then filtered the target articles based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan (version 5.3) and STATA (version 12.0) were used for data synthesis. The effect of CPAP treatment on GERD was studied by calculating the weighted mean difference (WMD) and standard deviation (SD) before and after CPAP treatment. RESULTS: Ten studies in...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 28, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Li C, Wu ZH, Pan XL, Yuan K Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Response to a letter to the editor titled, "Weight loss in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: an interventional procedure".
Response to a letter to the editor titled, "Weight loss in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: an interventional procedure". Sleep Breath. 2020 Oct 28;: Authors: Tsuyumu M, Tsurumoto T, Iimura J, Nakajima T, Kojima H PMID: 33113071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 28, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tsuyumu M, Tsurumoto T, Iimura J, Nakajima T, Kojima H Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on gastroesophageal reflux in patients with  obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis
In this study, we utilized meta-analysis to investigate whether or not CPAP tre atment reduces the incidence of reflux.MethodsTwo independent reviewers obtained the data sources from the database of PubMed, Elsevier, Cochrane library, and CNKI  using search terms, and then filtered the target articles based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan (version 5.3) and STATA (version 12.0) were used for data synthesis. The effect of CPAP treatment on GERD was studied by calculating the weighted mean difference (WMD) and standard devia tion (SD) before and after CPAP treatment.ResultsTen studies involving a tot...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 28, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Response to a letter to the editor titled, “Weight loss in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: an interventional procedure”
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 28, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Severity evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea based on speech features.
CONCLUSION: This study constructed a severity evaluation model of OSA based on speech signal processing and machine learning, which can be used as an effective method to screen patients with OSA. In addition, it was found that Chinese pronunciation can be used as an effective feature to predict OSA. PMID: 33111168 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 27, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Ding Y, Wang J, Gao J, Fang Q, Li Y, Xu W, Wu J, Han D Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Severity evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea based on speech features
ConclusionThis study constructed a severity evaluation model of OSA based on speech signal processing and machine learning, which can be used as an effective method to screen patients with OSA. In addition, it was found that Chinese pronunciation can be used as an effective feature to predict OSA. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 27, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of intranasal steroids on continuous positive airway pressure compliance among patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea can produce troublesome nasal symptoms, especially congestion, which may affect the continuity of using CPAP. Intranasal steroids are often prescribed to reduce these side effects, although few recent studies exist supporting the benefits of this treatment for CPAP-induced nasal side effects. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with OSA were enrolled in a prospective, randomized controlled study. All patients received CPAP treatment and were divided in two groups. The study group was prescribed fluticasone f...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 26, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Segsarnviriya C, Chumthong R, Mahakit P Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The impact of OSA and CPAP treatment on cell adhesion molecules' night-morning variation.
Abstract PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been related to vascular inflammation and production of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). We aimed to determine night-morning variation of CAMs in patients with OSA compared to controls and the effect of one-night continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on them. METHODS: Nonsmoking men went through a full-attended polysomnography (PSG) study. Participants with moderate to severe OSA went through another PSG study while being treated with CPAP. Participants who did not have OSA composed the control group. Serum levels of intercellular a...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 26, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Nikitidou O, Daskalopoulou E, Papagianni A, Vlachogiannis E, Dombros N, Liakopoulos V Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

The impact of OSA and CPAP treatment on cell adhesion molecules ’ night-morning variation
AbstractPurposeObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been related to vascular inflammation and production of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). We aimed to determine night-morning variation of CAMs in patients with OSA compared to controls and the effect of one-night continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on them.MethodsNonsmoking men went through a full-attended polysomnography (PSG) study. Participants with moderate to severe OSA went through another PSG study while being treated with CPAP. Participants who did not have OSA composed the control group. Serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 26, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of intranasal steroids on continuous positive airway pressure compliance among patients with obstructive sleep apnea
AbstractBackgroundContinuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea can produce troublesome nasal symptoms, especially congestion, which may affect the continuity of using CPAP. Intranasal steroids are often prescribed to reduce these side effects, although few recent studies exist supporting the benefits of this treatment for CPAP-induced nasal side effects.MethodsEighty-three patients with OSA were enrolled in a prospective, randomized controlled study. All patients received CPAP treatment and were divided in two groups. The study group was prescribed fluticasone furoate nasal spray 5...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 26, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The rate of decrease in oxygen desaturation during severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is correlated with subjective excessive daytime sleepiness.
Abstract PURPOSE: To explore factors that influence subjective excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: Patients with snoring seen at the Sleep Medicine Center of The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2018 and November 2019 were included in this study. All patients underwent polysomnography (PSG). Noninvasive frequency-domain analysis was used to assess the autonomic nervous system regulation of the heart, with the low frequency (LF)/high frequency (HF) power ratio used to represent the sym...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - October 25, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Zhang S, Meng Z, Zhang X, Huang M, Xu J Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research