Correction to: Sleep medicine in otolaryngology units: an international survey
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34519943 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 14, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Giovanni Cammaroto Giulia Bianchi Henry Zhang Vik Veer Bhik Kotecha Ofer Jacobowitz Marina Carrasco Llatas Paula Mart ínez Ruiz de Apodaca Rodolfo Lugo Giuseppe Meccariello Giannicola Iannella Riccardo Gobbi Song Tar Toh Ying-Shuo Hsu Ahmed Yassin Baghat Source Type: research

Correction to: Sleep medicine in otolaryngology units: an international survey
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34519943 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 14, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Giovanni Cammaroto Giulia Bianchi Henry Zhang Vik Veer Bhik Kotecha Ofer Jacobowitz Marina Carrasco Llatas Paula Mart ínez Ruiz de Apodaca Rodolfo Lugo Giuseppe Meccariello Giannicola Iannella Riccardo Gobbi Song Tar Toh Ying-Shuo Hsu Ahmed Yassin Baghat Source Type: research

Correction to: Sleep medicine in otolaryngology units: an international survey
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34519943 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02486-x (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 14, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Giovanni Cammaroto Giulia Bianchi Henry Zhang Vik Veer Bhik Kotecha Ofer Jacobowitz Marina Carrasco Llatas Paula Mart ínez Ruiz de Apodaca Rodolfo Lugo Giuseppe Meccariello Giannicola Iannella Riccardo Gobbi Song Tar Toh Ying-Shuo Hsu Ahmed Yassin Baghat Source Type: research

Correction to: Sleep medicine in otolaryngology units: an international survey
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 14, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Residual hypoxemia in obesity-hypoventilation syndrome: quantification of the ventilation/perfusion imbalance
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 13. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02484-z. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34514514 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02484-z (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Laura Martinez Vega Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado Ram ón Fernández Álvarez Source Type: research

Impact of oral appliance therapy on quality of life (QoL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea - a systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: Overall, a significant improvement in the QoL was observed with the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, following oral appliance therapy.PMID:34515959 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02483-0 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Hita Rangarajan Sridevi Padmanabhan Sukanya Ranganathan Vignesh Kailasam Source Type: research

Residual hypoxemia in obesity-hypoventilation syndrome: quantification of the ventilation/perfusion imbalance
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 13. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02484-z. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34514514 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02484-z (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Laura Martinez Vega Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado Ram ón Fernández Álvarez Source Type: research

Impact of oral appliance therapy on quality of life (QoL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea - a systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: Overall, a significant improvement in the QoL was observed with the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, following oral appliance therapy.PMID:34515959 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02483-0 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Hita Rangarajan Sridevi Padmanabhan Sukanya Ranganathan Vignesh Kailasam Source Type: research

Impact of oral appliance therapy on quality of life (QoL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea — a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionOverall, a significant improvement in the QoL was observed with the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, following oral appliance therapy. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Residual hypoxemia in obesity-hypoventilation syndrome: quantification of the ventilation/perfusion imbalance
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of oral appliance therapy on quality of life (QoL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea — a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionOverall, a significant improvement in the QoL was observed with the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, following oral appliance therapy. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Residual hypoxemia in obesity-hypoventilation syndrome: quantification of the ventilation/perfusion imbalance
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 13, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Do Not Wake up to Ventilator Alarms
CONCLUSION: Most subjects with CCHS did not awaken to ventilator or monitoring alarms and a majority of these patients did not have nighttime nursing. (Mathur et al. in Sleep 43(Supplement_1):A333, 2020).PMID:34506013 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02452-7 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 10, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Shreya Mathur Eric Laifman Thomas G Keens Sheila Kun Sally L Davidson Ward Iris A Perez Source Type: research

Children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Do Not Wake up to Ventilator Alarms
CONCLUSION: Most subjects with CCHS did not awaken to ventilator or monitoring alarms and a majority of these patients did not have nighttime nursing. (Mathur et al. in Sleep 43(Supplement_1):A333, 2020).PMID:34506013 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02452-7 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 10, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Shreya Mathur Eric Laifman Thomas G Keens Sheila Kun Sally L Davidson Ward Iris A Perez Source Type: research

Children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Do Not Wake up to Ventilator Alarms
CONCLUSION: Most subjects with CCHS did not awaken to ventilator or monitoring alarms and a majority of these patients did not have nighttime nursing. (Mathur et al. in Sleep 43(Supplement_1):A333, 2020).PMID:34506013 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02452-7 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 10, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Shreya Mathur Eric Laifman Thomas G Keens Sheila Kun Sally L Davidson Ward Iris A Perez Source Type: research

Children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Do Not Wake up to Ventilator Alarms
ConclusionMost subjects with  CCHS did not awaken to ventilator or monitoring alarms and a majority of these patients did not have nighttime nursing. (Mathur et al. in Sleep 43(Supplement_1):A333,2020) (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 10, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with moderate-severe obesity: a clinical evaluation tool for OSA?
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02475-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a widespread comorbidity of obesity. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been demonstrated very effective in treating patients with OSA. The aims of this study were to investigate whether or not cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can characterize patients with OSA and to evaluate the effect of nasal CPAP therapy.METHODS: An observational study was conducted on patients with moderate to severe obesity and suspected OSA. All patients underwent cardiorespiratory sleep study, ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 6, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Marco Vecchiato Daniel Neunhaeuserer Giulia Quinto Silvia Bettini Andrea Gasperetti Francesca Battista Andrea Vianello Roberto Vettor Luca Busetto Andrea Ermolao Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with moderate-severe obesity: a clinical evaluation tool for OSA?
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02475-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a widespread comorbidity of obesity. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been demonstrated very effective in treating patients with OSA. The aims of this study were to investigate whether or not cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can characterize patients with OSA and to evaluate the effect of nasal CPAP therapy.METHODS: An observational study was conducted on patients with moderate to severe obesity and suspected OSA. All patients underwent cardiorespiratory sleep study, ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 6, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Marco Vecchiato Daniel Neunhaeuserer Giulia Quinto Silvia Bettini Andrea Gasperetti Francesca Battista Andrea Vianello Roberto Vettor Luca Busetto Andrea Ermolao Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with moderate-severe obesity: a clinical evaluation tool for OSA?
Sleep Breath. 2021 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02475-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a widespread comorbidity of obesity. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been demonstrated very effective in treating patients with OSA. The aims of this study were to investigate whether or not cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can characterize patients with OSA and to evaluate the effect of nasal CPAP therapy.METHODS: An observational study was conducted on patients with moderate to severe obesity and suspected OSA. All patients underwent cardiorespiratory sleep study, ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 6, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Marco Vecchiato Daniel Neunhaeuserer Giulia Quinto Silvia Bettini Andrea Gasperetti Francesca Battista Andrea Vianello Roberto Vettor Luca Busetto Andrea Ermolao Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with moderate-severe obesity: a clinical evaluation tool for OSA?
AbstractPurposeObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a widespread comorbidity of obesity. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been demonstrated very effective in treating patients with OSA. The aims of this study were to investigate whether or not  cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can characterize patients with OSA and to evaluate the effect of nasal CPAP therapy.MethodsAn observational study was conducted on patients with moderate  to severe obesity and suspected OSA. All patients underwent cardiorespiratory sleep study, spirometry, and functional evaluation with ECG-monitored, incre...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 6, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of oral appliances on serum cytokines in adults with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: Although limited, existing scientific evidence showed that OA therapy may improve serum cytokine levels in adults with OSA. However, short treatment periods are not effective in reducing markers of systemic inflammation which may require extended time and a decrease of in apneic events to improve.PMID:34482502 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02485-y (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 5, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Paulo Mecenas Giza Hellen Nonato Miranda Nathalia Carolina Fernandes Fagundes David Normando Karina Correa Flexa Ribeiro Source Type: research

Effects of oral appliances on serum cytokines in adults with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review
ConclusionsAlthough limited, existing scientific evidence showed that OA therapy may improve serum cytokine levels in adults  with OSA. However, short treatment periods are not effective in reducing markers of systemic inflammation which may require extended time and a decrease of in apneic events to improve. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 5, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep-disordered breathing and cerebral small vessel disease-acute and 6  months after ischemic stroke
In conclusion, 6 months after stroke, AHI decreased, but 44% still had AHI ≥ 15. Persistent SDB in both the acute state and at follow-up was associated with a higher SVD score, but not to the TOAST subgroups. SDB evaluation should be offered to stroke patients, and the effect of SDB on cerebral small vessel disease needs to be further investigated using the well-defined SVD score.TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov NCT02111408, April 11, 2014.PMID:34476728 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02482-1 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 3, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Sofie Amalie Simonsen Adam Vittrup Andersen Anders Sode West Frauke Wolfram Poul Jennum Helle K Iversen Source Type: research

Nasal function and CPAP use in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: a systematic review
CONCLUSION: There appears to be a link between nasal volumes or nasal resistance and CPAP compliance, an increase in nasal inflammation caused by CPAP and a beneficial effect of nasal surgery on CPAP usage, but no significant effect of CPAP on nasal patency or effect of topical steroids on CPAP compliance. Results are more mitigated with regard to the effect of nasal symptoms on CPAP use and vice versa, and further research in this area would help identify patients who may benefit from additional support or treatment alongside CPAP.PMID:34476729 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02478-x (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 3, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Marina Brimioulle Konstantinos Chaidas Source Type: research

Examination of the diaphragm in obstructive sleep apnea using ultrasound imaging
CONCLUSION: A combination of anthropometric measurements, demographic factors, and US imaging may be useful for screening patients for possible OSA. These findings need to be confirmed in larger sample sizes in different clinical settings.PMID:34478056 | DOI:10.1007/s11325-021-02472-3 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 3, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Vikt ória Molnár Andr ás Molnár Zolt án Lakner D ávid László Tárnoki Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki Zs ófia Jokkel Helga Szab ó Andr ás Dienes Emese Angyal Fruzsina N émeth L ászló Kunos L ászló Tamás Source Type: research

Examination of the diaphragm in obstructive sleep apnea using ultrasound imaging
ConclusionA combination of anthropometric measurements, demographic factors, and US imaging may be useful for screening patients for possible OSA. These findings need to be confirmed in larger sample sizes in different clinical settings. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 3, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep-disordered breathing and cerebral small vessel disease —acute and 6 months after ischemic stroke
In conclusion, 6  months after stroke, AHI decreased, but 44% still had AHI ≥ 15. Persistent SDB in both the acute state and at follow-up was associated with a higher SVD score, but not to the TOAST subgroups. SDB evaluation should be offered to stroke patients, and the effect of SDB on cerebral small vessel disease needs to be further investigated using the well-defined SVD score.Trial registrationclinicaltrials.gov NCT02111408, April 11, 2014 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 2, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Nasal function and CPAP use in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: a systematic review
ConclusionThere appears to be a link between nasal volumes or nasal resistance and CPAP compliance, an increase in nasal inflammation caused by CPAP and a beneficial effect of nasal surgery on CPAP usage, but no significant effect of CPAP on nasal patency or effect of topical steroids on CPAP compliance. Results are more mitigated with regard to the effect of nasal symptoms on CPAP use and vice versa, and further research in this area would help identify patients who may benefit from additional support or treatment alongside CPAP. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 2, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep-disordered breathing and cerebral small vessel disease —acute and 6 months after ischemic stroke
In conclusion, 6  months after stroke, AHI decreased, but 44% still had AHI ≥ 15. Persistent SDB in both the acute state and at follow-up was associated with a higher SVD score, but not to the TOAST subgroups. SDB evaluation should be offered to stroke patients, and the effect of SDB on cerebral small vessel disease needs to be further investigated using the well-defined SVD score.Trial registrationclinicaltrials.gov NCT02111408, April 11, 2014 (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 2, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Nasal function and CPAP use in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: a systematic review
ConclusionThere appears to be a link between nasal volumes or nasal resistance and CPAP compliance, an increase in nasal inflammation caused by CPAP and a beneficial effect of nasal surgery on CPAP usage, but no significant effect of CPAP on nasal patency or effect of topical steroids on CPAP compliance. Results are more mitigated with regard to the effect of nasal symptoms on CPAP use and vice versa, and further research in this area would help identify patients who may benefit from additional support or treatment alongside CPAP. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 2, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The rate of decrease in oxygen desaturation during severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is correlated with subjective excessive daytime sleepiness
AbstractPurposeTo explore factors that influence subjective excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).MethodsPatients with snoring seen at the Sleep Medicine Center of The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People ’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2018 and November 2019 were included in this study. All patients underwent polysomnography (PSG). Noninvasive frequency-domain analysis was used to assess the autonomic nervous system regulation of the heart, with the low frequency (LF)/hig h frequency (HF) power ratio used to represent the sympathetic-par...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Determination of thresholds for minimally important difference and clinically important response on the functional outcomes of sleep questionnaire short version in adults with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea
ConclusionsMinimally important difference and clinically important response estimates for the FOSQ-10 for adults with excessive daytime sleepiness in narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea will be helpful for interpreting changes over time and defining a clinical responder.ClinicalTrials.gov identifiersNCT02348593 (first submitted January 15, 2015) and NCT02348606 (first submitted January 15, 2015) (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Efficacy of nasal masks  versus nasal pillows masks during continuous positive airway pressure titration for patients with obstructive sleep apnea
This study aimed to compare the polysomnography outcomes during CPAP titration while comparing two types of masks (nasal and pillows) and to assess whether or not the patient characteristics differed between mask preferences.MethodsIn a sleep-disorders clinic, we prospectively analyzed all patients undergoing  CPAP titration for three consecutive months. CPAP pressures were manually titrated. Anthropometric data (age, sex, body mass index, and neck and waist circumferences) and OSA severity were documented. Patients completed a self-administered questionnaire that measured nasal obstruction (NOSE scale) . Be...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The design of RIP belts impacts the reliability and quality of the measured respiratory signals
ConclusionThe design of RIP belts affects the reliability and quality of respiratory signals. The disposable RIP belts that had integrated contacts and did not fold on top of themselves performed the best. The cut-to-fit RIP belts were most likely to be unreliable, and the semi-disposable folding belts produced the lowest-quality RIP flow signals compared to the cannula flow signal. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The impact of OSA and CPAP treatment on cell adhesion molecules ’ night-morning variation
AbstractPurposeObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been related to vascular inflammation and production of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). We aimed to determine night-morning variation of CAMs in patients with OSA compared to controls and the effect of one-night continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on them.MethodsNonsmoking men went through a full-attended polysomnography (PSG) study. Participants with moderate to severe OSA went through another PSG study while being treated with CPAP. Participants who did not have OSA composed the control group. Serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of nasal high flow on nocturnal hypercapnia, sleep, and sympathovagal balance in patients with neuromuscular disorders
ConclusionsNHF does not correct sleep-disordered breathing in NMD patients with NH. Both NHF and NIV exert no immediate effects on SVB. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Hypnotic activities of Zao Ren An Shen capsule, a traditional Chinese medicine, in an  anxiety-like mouse model
ConclusionsOur results suggest that ZRASC is an effective therapeutic strategy for both anxiety disorder and sleep disturbances in  an anxiety-like mouse model. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Correlation of site of obstruction between two dynamic evaluation modalities in obstructive sleep apnea patients: drug-induced sleep endoscopy and sleep videofluoroscopy
ConclusionsWe found a good overall agreement between the two dynamic airway evaluation modalities during drug-induced sleep, and this correlation may be improved if the posterior displacement of the anterior tongue during DISE is used as a sign of TB obstruction. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Validating the Lithuanian version of the STOP-BANG questionnaire for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea
In this study, we included patients ≥ 18 years of age who underwent overnight polysomnography between January 1 in 2018 and January 1 in 2019. All patients completed the STOP-BANG questionnaire before polysomnography. To assess the adequacy of the questionnaire, we used contingency tables and areas under the receiver operating chara cteristic curve.ResultsThe study included 236 patients. The mean age of the patients was 55.2 ± 11.5 years and 159 (68%) were men. The mean apnea-hypopnea index for the entire study group was 33.8 ± 28.4, and the mean STOP-BANG score was 5.4 ± 1.6 points. Moderate (0.3–0.7,p
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP therapy on excessive daytime sleepiness and quality of life in subjects with  obstructive sleep apnoea: an AB design study
ConclusionsSubjects reported adequate compliance with CPAP at 1 month, and both ESS and short SAQLI showed a significant improvement in these patients. CPAP compliance improved both QoL and sleepiness in patients with  OSA. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Circulating levels of cytokines are increased in restless legs syndrome
In this study, we compared the circulating levels of hsCRP, IL-1 β, IL-6, and TNF-α in patients with primary restless legs syndrome [RLS] and healthy control subjects.MethodsWe prospectively included 29 patients with primary RLS and 65 healthy controls [HC], all age-sex matched. The diagnosis of RLS was established using international guidelines. IRLSSG Severity Scale was used to evaluate the severity of RLS. Plasma levels of hsCRP, IL-1 β, IL-6, and TNF-α were measured in all participants.ResultsThe mean age of patients was 37.8  ± 11.3 and 52% of RLS group were women. Serum IL-1...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Prospective assessment and risk factors of sleep disturbances in total hip and knee arthroplasty based on an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery concept
ConclusionsSleep disturbance is highly prevalent among patients undergoing TJA. More attention and multimodal approaches with well-controlled pain, mental counseling, and possibly preemptive use of sleep medication may improve sleep quality in TJA patients to promote recovery. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Excessive daytime sleepiness and associations with sleep-related motor vehicle accidents: results from a nationwide survey
The objective of this study was to investigate how sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) affect falling asleep while driving and sleep-related MVAs/near-misses.Participants/methodsA population-wide sample of Saudi adults was surveyed. The questionnaire gathered data on sleep quality, EDS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), and episodes of falling asleep while driving and sleep-related MVAs/near-misses in the previous year. Univariable and multivariable analyses were used to assess associations.ResultsA total of 19% (902/3802) and 10% (474/4229) of respondents had fallen asleep while driving or had a sleep-related MV...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical use of STOP-BANG and ESS questionnaires in the evaluation of obstructive sleep apnoea –related risk factors for motor vehicle accidents among public transport drivers in Delhi, India
AbstractPurposeTo assess the clinical use of Epworth Sleepiness Score (ESS) and STOP-BANG questionnaires in the evaluation of sleep apnoea –related risk factors for motor vehicle accident (MVA) among public transport drivers in Delhi, India.MethodsThe present cross-sectional study is based on data collected between April 2018 and March 2019 from public transport drivers in Delhi. All drivers coming for gas filling to 43 compressed natural gas (CNG) stations in Delhi were included in the study. The evaluation of sleep apnoea –related risk factors for motor vehicle accident was done using ESS and STOP-BANG Score....
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical, polysomnographic, and cephalometric features of obstructive sleep apnea with AHI over 100
ConclusionsVS-OSA patients were more likely to have apnea predominance, desaturation when sleeping despite a similar apnea duration, and rather shorter hypopnea duration, and arousals were evoked significantly earlier. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - September 1, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research