Physical and Radiobiological Evaluation of Accelerated Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer and Comparison with Short-Term Clinical Outcomes.

Conclusion: The mean QF based on UPI was found to be close to unity, which correlates with being a better IMRT plan. The present study suggested the existence of a moderate correlation between the calculated NTCP values and their respective severities of the organ at risk (OAR’s). Accelerated IMRT with chemotherapy is a clinically feasible option in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with encouraging initial tumor response and acceptable acute toxicities. PMID: 31450921 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Pfeifer CR, Irianto J, Discher DE Abstract As a cancer cell invades adjacent tissue, penetrates a basement membrane barrier, or squeezes into a blood capillary, its nucleus can be greatly constricted. Here, we examine: (1) the passive and active deformation of the nucleus during 3D migration; (2) the nuclear structures-namely, the lamina and chromatin-that govern nuclear deformability; (3) the effect of large nuclear deformation on DNA and nuclear factors; and (4) the downstream consequences of mechanically stressing the nucleus. We focus especially on recent studies showing that constricted migration caus...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Schumacher L Abstract Collective cell migration is a key process in developmental biology, facilitating the bulk movement of cells in the morphogenesis of animal tissues. Predictive understanding in this field remains challenging due to the complexity of many interacting cells, their signalling, and microenvironmental factors - all of which can give rise to non-intuitive emergent behaviours. In this chapter we discuss biological examples of collective cell migration from a range of model systems, developmental stages, and spatial scales: border cell migration and haemocyte dispersal in Drosophila, gastrula...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Banerjee S, Marchetti MC Abstract Collective cell migration plays a central role in tissue development, morphogenesis, wound repair and cancer progression. With the growing realization that physical forces mediate cell motility in development and physiology, a key biological question is how cells integrate molecular activities for force generation on multicellular scales. In this review we discuss recent advances in modeling collective cell migration using quantitative tools and approaches rooted in soft matter physics. We focus on theoretical models of cell aggregates as continuous active media, where the...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Yang Y, Jolly MK, Levine H Abstract Collective cell migration plays key roles in various physiological and pathological processes in multicellular organisms, including embryonic development, wound healing, and formation of cancer metastases. Such collective migration involves complex crosstalk among cells and their environment at both biochemical and mechanical levels. Here, we review various computational modeling strategies that have been helpful in decoding the dynamics of collective cell migration. Most of such attempts have focused either aspect - mechanical or biochemical regulation of collective cel...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this review, the recent findings about the renoprotective agents were evaluated and screened with respect to the use of 99mTc-DMSA , which is preclinically and clinically used for animal cases and cancer patients under the treatment by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. PMID: 31612808 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Radiopharm Source Type: research
Conclusion: These observations disclosed that Ras-ERK1/2 promoted the development of lung cancer via decreasing H3K18ac through MDM2-mediated GCN5 degradation. These findings might provide a new therapeutic strategy for lung cancer. PMID: 31613681 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
New J. Chem., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ02990G, PaperXin Fu, Hua-qin Zhang, JUN Zhao, Lu-lu Yu, Qing-rong Liang, Yu Zhang, xiuguang yi, yong-xiu Li, Ji-long Hu, yuanqiao he, Qun Tang Colloidal gadolinium arsenite has been developed as arsenic trioxide nanoparticle prodrug (ATONP) by our group in the past five years, and it has illustrated highly promising for cancer therapy. Here... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: HART represents an attractive approach for patients with HNSCC where treatment intensification is indicated. PMID: 31519130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Selective SPECT/CT-guided ENI results in significant dose reductions to various organs-at-risk and corresponding NTCP values, and will subsequently reduce the incidence and severity of different troublesome radiation-related toxicities and improve quality-of-life. PMID: 30087057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion Our results indicate less acute treatment toxicity without any significant difference in terms of oncologic outcome with up-front neck dissection prior to (chemo)radiotherapy as compared with (chemo)radiotherapy alone. Well-designed randomized trials are required to verify this result and further investigate the impact of this strategy on late toxicity and oncologic outcome.
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Chemotherapy | Head and Neck Cancer | HNSCC | Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy | Laryngeal Cancer | Radiation Therapy | Skin Cancer | Squamous Cell Carcinoma | Study | Toxicology | Xerostomia